Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. 24 1844. (syn: Cyperus brevifolius f. firmiculmis Kük.; Cyperus cruciformis (Schrad. ex Schult.) Endl.; Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.; Kyllinga brevifolia var. andamanica Wad.Khan & Diwakar; Kyllinga brevifolia var. cruciformis (Schrad. ex Schult.) Cherm.; Kyllinga brevifolia var. gibbosa Honda; Kyllinga brevifolia var. intermedia (R.Br.) Kük.; Kyllinga brevifolia f. laxa H.Pfeiff.; Kyllinga brevifolia var. longifolia Boeckeler; Kyllinga cruciata Nees, not validly publ.; Kyllinga cruciformis Schrad.; Kyllinga elongata Kunth; Kyllinga fuscata Miq.; Kyllinga gracilis Kunth; Kyllinga hohenackeri Hochst. ex Steud., pro syn.; Kyllinga honolulu Steud. ex Jard.; Kyllinga intermedia R.Br.; Kyllinga intermedia var. oligostachya C.B.Clarke; Kyllinga laxa Schrad. ex Nees; Kyllinga longiculmis Miq.; Kyllinga monocephala L.f., nom. illeg.; Kyllinga monocephala Thunb., nom. illeg.; Kyllinga nivea Pers.; Kyllinga odorata Liebm., nom. illeg.; Kyllinga oligostachya Boeckeler; Kyllinga pumilio Steud.; Kyllinga sororia Kunth; Kyllinga tenuis Baldwin; Kyllinga tenuissima Steud.; Kyllinga tricephala Salisb.; Mariscus kyllingioides Steud.; Schoenus capitatus Crantz);
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Trop. & Subtrop. as per WCSP;
Key to the species from efloraofindia thread:
There are two infraspecific taxa for Kyllinga brevifolia. A key to the subspecies is given below..
Key to the subspecies
Grass ID request – RK16 – 15-Oct-2012: This grass (?) seen in Karjat area with three leaves and flower in the central node.
Seems to be a Kyllinga sp., a member of Cyperaceae – http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=117357.
Please wait for experts view.
I have had an earlier post of Kyllinga … explained two species in that thread – efi thread.
Yes it is Kyllinga sp. of Cyperaceae
Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week: Poaceae- Cyperus bravifolius from STR (nsd-7) : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Cyperus bravifolius (Rottb.) Hassk. Photograph from Satpura Tiger Reserve Seoni M.P. please validate
As per key provided by Manudev Ji, i think, it is Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. (Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.).
Two more similar looking species, with tufted culms –
i) Kyllinga cylindrica Nees should have more cylindric (three-fourth inch) spike
ii) Kyllinga squamulata Vahl is with leaves often longer than stems, and distributed in Western India, Kashmir.
This is a common sedge along water channels, this one shot from around wheat fields of my native place in Kaithal. I hope this should be Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. Please correct me if I am wrong..
Nice photographs …
I can see … already confirmed the ID – efi thread🙂
Hooghly : sk-Oct-15 : Kyllinga sp.? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Another small, less than 6 inches cyperaceae, in front of my house, photographed today. (3.10.14)
It is Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.
Hooghly – Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.? : Attachments (6). 3 posts by 2 authors.
It is hard to believe that this small plant can be Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. But i have no other option, for if it would had been at least 6 inches high and with reddish/brownish spike i might have think of Rhynchospora wallichiana Kunth!
Recorded on 31/8/13, in front of my school.
Yes, it is Kyllinga brevifolia
sk2015sept16/16 – Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
This is my 3rd upload of this species, recorded yesterday. This is time it is rather stouter than the previous two.
Poor picture quality is due to cloudy day, low light in bamboo thicket, exhausted camera life!
Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week :: Cyperaceae » Kyllinga nemoralis at Tungareshwar WLS :: 01 AUG 09 12:46 :: DV03 : 3 images. 11 posts by 5 authors.
Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel
kil-LING-a — named for Peter Kylling, Danish botanist … Dave’s Botanary
nem-or-RAY-lis — of woods or groves … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: white-flowered kyllinga, white water sedge, whitehead spikesedge • Hindi: चूड़ाला churala, निर्बिसी nirbisi • Kannada: ಅನಂತ ಕೊಂದೆ ಹುಲ್ಲು anantha konde hullu, ನೀರವಿಷ ಮುಸ್ತೆ neervisha muste • Malayalam: മുത്തങ്ങ muttanna • Manipuri: কৌথুম kouthum • Marathi: निर्विषी nirvishi
Distribution: tropical Africa, Pakistan, India, China to Japan, Malesia; naturalized in tropical Americas
References: Flowers of India • Flora of Pakistan • Flora of China • NPGS / GRIN
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on 01 AUG 09
Earlier at efi thread, one of my uploads has got the ID of Kyllinga nemoralis.
The plant posted here looks a bit different in context of the inflorescence – please therefore validate the ID in this post.
In the northern Konkan and Western Ghats of Maharashtra, we have at least following species of Kyllinga reported:
Reference (PDF) : The Gazetteer Department (Govt. of Maharashtra) – महाराष्ट्रातील वनस्पतीशास्त्र आणि वनसंपदा
Very eager to see uploads of various species of Kyllinga.
I was trying to understand various Kyllinga mentioned by …, but……. 🙁
Descriptions can be read in Flora of British India –
Kyllinga melanosperma Nees herbarium – europeana
Kyllinga squamulata Thonn. ex Vahl pics – zimbabweflora
Kyllinga bulbosa P.Beauv. – idao.cirad
In our group we have posts of other two species.
Many thanks … I am hoping many of us share their sightings of various species of Kyllinga.
The pictures at the links are good; but familiarity with grasses and sedges is absolutely low – not yet able to grasp the differences.
“we are in the same boat brother…”
Good morning …
This might help :- http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF23/Kyllinga.pdf
According to Flora of British India, K. cylindrica Nees is scattered widely in India, not plentiful anywhere. I am thinking if your species efi thread can be the same.
I think same as in another thread:
Thanks …, I have revised my notes accordingly.
SK 2775 09 October 2020 – Grass : 12 posts by 3 authors. 4 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location: Nagarkot, Kathmandu
Date: 12 September 2020
Elevation: 2044 m.
Habit : Wild
It may rather be from Cyperaceae.
Could be Cyperus sp
No. of leaves at the base of inflorescence..???
It should be in the images, there are 5.
Close to Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk. or Cyperus mindorensis (Steud.) Huygh
Need to check spike and nuts.
This seems to be Kyllinga brevifolia, but need to be confirmed with specimens.
Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week :: Cyperaceae » Kyllinga ¿ species ? at Prabalgad :: 11 JUL 10 08:36 :: DV22 : 2 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.
Kyllinga ¿ species ?
Place, Altitude: Prabalgad near Panvel … about 1000 ft asl
Any chance of Kyllinga bulbosa P. Beauv. ?
Dinesh Sir, the links below may help (may not as well!)-
Can be Kyllinga bulbosa P. Beauv., need a specimen to confirm the identity.
Taking it as Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy as per Prasad ji’s publication:
On the identity and occurrence of Cyperus pseudoalatus and Cyperus richardii (Cyperaceae) in India– Prasad V.P.- Rheedea Vol. 31(2): 85–88 (2021) (Abstract: Cyperus pseudoalatus (Wad.Khan & R.D. Taur) Kottaim. (Kyllinga pseudoalata Wad.Khan & R.D.Taur) is reduced to a synonym of Cyperus tenuifolius (Steud.) Dandy, with critical discussion. Based on a careful scrutiny of the protologues and type images of Kyllinga bulbosa P.Beauv., K. tenuifolia Steud. and Cyperus richardii Steud., it is confirmed that the plants reported earlier from India and Sri Lanka as Kyllinga bulbosa (Cyperus richardii) are likely misidentified and represent Cyperus tenuifolius.)
This can be Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Endl. ex Hassk. (Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.) in flowering stage. But need to examine the specimen to confirm the identity.