A taxonomic study on the diversity of Indian Knema Lour. (Myristicaceae) – Dipanwita Banik and Priyankush Protim Bora- June 2016 Taiwania 61(2):141-158
(Abstract: A taxonomic study on the diversity of the genus Knema Lour. belonging to the family Myristicaceae R. Br. in India revealed the distribution of the ten taxa under four series in North East and Peninsular India and Andaman and Nicobar Islands including two endemic species. Knema ser. Obovoideae W.J. de Wilde is synonymised here under ser. Knema. Series Knema is represented by two species and ser. Glaucae W.J. de Wilde by one species in North East India, while ser. Laurinae W.J. de Wilde is represented by three species and two subspecies in North East India and Andaman and Nicobar Island, and ser. Glomeratae W.J. de Wilde by 2 species in South and NE India. This is the first taxonomic study on the genus in India. All the taxa are cited with updated nomenclature, diagnostic characters, distribution, phonological data, vernacular names, line drawings, photo plates and specimens examined in various herbaria. Taxonomic keys are provided for easy identification of these taxa).
Species listed with distribution:
Knema lenta Warb. (India (Andaman Is., Arunachal Pradesh), Bangladesh, Myanmar, China (Yunnan-Mengla, Ruili) Thailand, Vietnam)
Knema attenuata (Hook.f. & Thomson) Warb. (India: Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka (Uttar Kannada, Belgaum, Shimoga, Mysore), Kerala (Kollam, Thiruvanathapuram, Thrusur, Iddukki, Palghat, Trichur, Cannanore) Tamilnadu (Hosur), Andhra Pradesh (East Godavari-Dummakonda), endemic to peninsular IndiaCommon in Myristica swamps, evergreen
forests, rocky riverside in Kulathupuzha, Quilon, Kerala. Grows between 46–915m.)

Knema erratica (Hook.f. & Thomson) J. Sinclair (India (N. West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram), Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Laos, Vietnam.- Grows in between 79–238m)
Knema globularia (Lam.) Warb. (India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura), China (Yunnan), Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore)
Knema tenuinervia W.J. de Wilde subsp. tenuinervia W.J. de Wilde (E. Nepal, India (Aruachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal), Bhutan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos, N.C.W. Myanmar, China (Yunnan-Jinping, Xishuangbanna, Yingjiang)- On the slopes in between 457–610m, in primary forests)
Knema andamanica (Warb.) W.J. de Wilde
subsp. andamanica (ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS (North Andamans, Rampur near Mayabandar, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Mount Harriett, Jusonabad, Long island, Diamond island), Little Andamans, & Nicobar Islands (Narcondam Islands, Katchall Islands, Great Nicobar) and endemicGrows upto 30m.)
subsp. nicobarica (Warb.) W.J. de Wilde (India (Nicobar Islands), Peninsular Thailand, Malaysia (Penang) and Indonesia (N. Sumatra)Grows up to 1200m)
subsp. peninsularis W.J. de Wilde (India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands), ThailandForest up to 100m altitude)
Knema angustifolia (Roxb.) Warb. (India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura), Bangladesh, N. MyanmarMedium sized tree in primary forest,
scatteredly distributed)
Knema linifolia (Roxb.) Warb. (Bhutan (Samchi, Sarbhang and Gyegphug dist), India (Assam, Meghalaya, Western Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, West Bengal), Bangladesh (Chittagong) and Myanmar, China (SW Yunnan))Grows in between 137–854m, shaded places in primary forests.)

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Knema andamanica (Warb.) W. J. J. O. de Wilde (Andaman and Nicobar Islands as per POWO)


Knema angustifolia (Roxb.) Warb. (Arunachal Pradesh to N. Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Myanmar as per POWO)

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Knema attenuata (Hook.f. & Th.) Warb.

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Knema erratica (Hook. fil. & Thoms.) J. Sinclair (China (Yunnan), Bengal, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma], Bangladesh, Sikkim, India (Darjeeling, Duars, Terai), Laos as per Catalogue of Life)

  

Knema linifolia (Roxb.) Warb. (E. Himalaya to China (SW. Yunnan) and Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar as per POWO)

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Knema tenuinervia W. J. J. O. de Wilde (E. Nepal to China (S. Yunnan) and Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal as per POWO)

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