Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1):366. 1855  ((=) Pygeum acuminatum Colebr.);
Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Magway, Taninthayi, Yangon), China (Yunnan), Laos, Vietnam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Andamans (South Andamans), Bangladesh, Java as per Catalogue of Life (Pygeum ceylanicum Gaertn.);

Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, brownish-black, rough, vertically fissured and shallowly horizontally cracked forming thin tessellate flakes; branchlets prominently lenticellate.

Leaves simple, alternate; stipules small, lateral, cauducous; petiole 10-22 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 10-21 x 4.5-8.5 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, or elliptic-ovate, base acute, round or oblique, apex acuminate or obtusely acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, slender, intercostae reticulate, prominent, 2 pitted glands at base on either side of the midrib often present.
Flowers bisexual, 5-6 mm across, white, in axillary racemes; bracts forming a cone in buds, deciduous; calyx tube campanulate; lobes 5-6, ovate, acute or obtuse, densely hairy; petals 5-6, oblong, tomentose without; stamens 20-30; filaments slender, incurved; anthers small; ovary sessile, inferior, 1-celled, glabrous, ovules 2, pendulous; style 1, subulate; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe 20-25 x 35-37 mm, depressed globose, obscurely 2-lobed, glabrous; seeds 2, globose.     
Flowering and fruiting: September-April
Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
Distribution: Indo-Malesia;

tree with green fruits for id mm3 16 03 2013 :  5 images. 6 posts by 3 authors.
another tree with green fruits
these trees were about twenty five to thirty feet tall
locals call it monkey fruits because monkeys love it
would appreciate an id

This is Dhaka [Prunus ceylanica, previously Pygeum gardneri]. Will send my photographs of this later.

Have this on my property at Shahapur. Sending a few photographs to showcase the leaves.

You helped me ID of my tree dpotted in Dec. Will share in a separate thread.
Only 5 species of Rosaceae are native to Maharashtra and this is the only tree from the family which is observed naturally in Maharastra.

Do you have any photographs of the flowers
Would really like to see them
Couldn’t find anything on the net


Plant for ID 17/03/2013 SMP2 :
Recently I observed one tree from Mahabaleshwar posted by … and IDed as Prunus ceylanica.
I think I saw similar tree in Mahabaleshwar. Fairly large sized with characteristic fruits. (Sorry for the poor quality of pictures)
Lot many birds were gathered in the thicket of the tree to relish on them. Is this also the same tree?

Naikambakam in Malayalam

Prunus ceylanica I hope

Thanks …

Thanks for the pictures. Would you be able to tell us what birds were eating the fruit. It would be of great use to us. Interestingly, in the north east, the fruits are dark purple in colour when ripe.

I am not sure which birds were there but I know the location and if I happen to go there again I would definitely check it.

Nilgiris :: Shola tree for identification :: 190114MK001 :  Attachments (5).  5 posts by 4 authors.

Please help me in identifying this medium-sized tree found in dense evergreen forests of Nilgiris.
Height: 10 metre
Fruit: 1-2 cm across
Place: Longwood Shola, Kothagiri, TN
Alt.: 2005 m asl
Date: 07 Jan 2014 

Check for Prunus ceylanica, Rosaceae

The specimen from uploaded from Nilgiri forests is Prunus ceylanica of Rosaceae. The characteristic partial bilobed fruits, entire margin of the leaf are the features for which I suggest that it can be P. ceylanica.

Prunus ceylanica known as Naikambakam in Malayalam


Diospyros ? for Identification SN Aug 53 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Please identify this cultivated tree in garden, Bangalore.

This looks like Prunus ceylanica [previously Pygeum gardneri]. Please check this link : Google Groups

Supporting …

ANNOV36/36 Syzygium sp. for identification : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (5)

Family: Myrtaceae
Date: 15th November 2015
Place: Agumbe, Shimoga District, Karnataka
Habit: Tree
Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest

This belongs to Rosaceae and is Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq.
Identified by Siddarth Jude Machado.

via Species‎ > ‎P‎ > Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq. … family: Rosaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
PROO-nus — plum family … Dave’s Botanary
sey-LAN-ee-kuh — of or from Ceylon (Sri Lanka) … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asCeylon cherry • Malayalamഅട്ടനാറിപ്പൊങ്ങ് attanariponguഇരട്ടാനി irattaniമുട്ടക്കൊങ്ങ് muttakkonനെയ്‌ക്കമ്പകം naikambagam,നായ്‌ത്തമ്പകം naithambagamരെട്ടിയാൻ rettiyan • Marathiढाका dhakaकौला kaulaकोगल kogal • Tamilஆட்டன்ரிகோங்கு attanrikonguமுட்டைநாரி கோங்கு muttainari konguபாலன்கச்சி palankacchi 
botanical namesPrunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq. … synonymsPolydontia ceylanica Wight • Pygeum cochinchinense J.E.Vidal • Pygeum zeylanicum Gaertn. … and many more at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 

Thanks, …, for these wonderful compilations.

Small tree from West Bengal for ID : Attachments (3 + 2). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Tree, about 5 tall. Altitude 75m. Locality Buxa Tiger Reserve.

Looks like a wild species of Prunus of Rosaceae family.

Is it something from Anacardiaceae the fruit structure and the long pedicel remnds me of it may be I am totally wrong.

Agree with … This is a species of Prunus possibly P.ceylanica [Pygeum gardneri] locally called Dhaka. Have grown these saplings from seed.

406 ID wild tree:
Please ID wild tree.
It’s dry pod easily break when fall on open ground other than grassland, but at the same time the seed in it also divided into two parts at its very centre portion, so I think the propagation of this plant is to be difficult.
Location: near Vannappuram, Thodupuzha, Idukki Dist., Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 29DEC2022, 01.50pm
Habitat: wild moisture sloppy hill, streamside
Plant habit: tree overgrown, erect, branches, branchlets, hard woody stem 60 inches base circumference, rough flaked brown bark
Height: 09 meters
Leaves: alternate, elliptic, acute, simple, glossy, lite wavy margins, size upto:16×6cm
Flower: axillary spike racemose, clustered, diameter:07mm, off-white, good fragrance
Fruit: drupe, green into brown, ovoid, size:23×15mm
Seed: brown, single, ovoid, size:20×12mm
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Inflorescence looks similar to images at Terminalia, but fruit looks different.

Fruit shape reminds me of Euphorbiaceae.

Yes, inflorescence is very close to Terminalia. Observed from outside, only fruits are different when compared with fruits of both plants. I got unripen fruit image of the said tree already in September, and I am waiting for its flower images till the December. Leaves of Terminalia is purely ovoid. Also having closeups of Terminalia inflorescence,  the same will be posted as soon as possible for reference.

Yes, your suggestion of fruit shape of Euphorbiaceae is very correct and the said fruit is bi-lobed, but only one seed in it.

Check Prunus ceylanica

Yes, appears close as per images at

Yes it is Prunus ceylanica, dear Smita ji, thank you very much for ID my plant

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