Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1):366. 1855 ((=) Pygeum acuminatum Colebr.);
Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Magway, Taninthayi, Yangon), China (Yunnan), Laos, Vietnam, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Andamans (South Andamans), Bangladesh, Java as per Catalogue of Life (Pygeum ceylanicum Gaertn.);
PROO-nus — plum family … Dave’s Botanary
sey-LAN-ee-kuh — of or from Ceylon (Sri Lanka) … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Ceylon cherry • Malayalam: അട്ടനാറിപ്പൊങ്ങ് attanaripongu, ഇരട്ടാനി irattani, മുട്ടക്കൊങ്ങ് muttakkon, നെയ്ക്കമ്പകം naikambagam,നായ്ത്തമ്പകം naithambagam, രെട്ടിയാൻ rettiyan • Marathi: ढाका dhaka, कौला kaula, कोगल kogal • Tamil: ஆட்டன்ரிகோங்கு attanrikongu, முட்டைநாரி கோங்கு muttainari kongu, பாலன்கச்சி palankacchi
Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, brownish-black, rough, vertically fissured and shallowly horizontally cracked forming thin tessellate flakes; branchlets prominently lenticellate.
Leaves simple, alternate; stipules small, lateral, cauducous; petiole 10-22 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 10-21 x 4.5-8.5 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, or elliptic-ovate, base acute, round or oblique, apex acuminate or obtusely acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, slender, intercostae reticulate, prominent, 2 pitted glands at base on either side of the midrib often present.
Flowers bisexual, 5-6 mm across, white, in axillary racemes; bracts forming a cone in buds, deciduous; calyx tube campanulate; lobes 5-6, ovate, acute or obtuse, densely hairy; petals 5-6, oblong, tomentose without; stamens 20-30; filaments slender, incurved; anthers small; ovary sessile, inferior, 1-celled, glabrous, ovules 2, pendulous; style 1, subulate; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe 20-25 x 35-37 mm, depressed globose, obscurely 2-lobed, glabrous; seeds 2, globose.
Flowering and fruiting: September-April
Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
(Ref. India Biodiversity Portal – Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi);
tree with green fruits for id mm3 16 03 2013 : 5 images. 6 posts by 3 authors.
another tree with green fruits
these trees were about twenty five to thirty feet tall
locals call it monkey fruits because monkeys love it
would appreciate an id
This is Dhaka [Prunus ceylanica, previously Pygeum gardneri]. Will send my photographs of this later.
Have this on my property at Shahapur. Sending a few photographs to showcase the leaves.
You helped me ID of my tree dpotted in Dec. Will share in a separate thread.
Do you have any photographs of the flowers
Plant for ID 17/03/2013 SMP2 :
Naikambakam in Malayalam
Prunus ceylanica I hope
Thanks for the pictures. Would you be able to tell us what birds were eating the fruit. It would be of great use to us. Interestingly, in the north east, the fruits are dark purple in colour when ripe.
I am not sure which birds were there but I know the location and if I happen to go there again I would definitely check it.
Please help me in identifying this medium-sized tree found in dense evergreen forests of Nilgiris.
Height: 10 metre
Fruit: 1-2 cm across
Place: Longwood Shola, Kothagiri, TN
Alt.: 2005 m asl
Date: 07 Jan 2014
Check for Prunus ceylanica, Rosaceae
The specimen from uploaded from Nilgiri forests is Prunus ceylanica of Rosaceae. The characteristic partial bilobed fruits, entire margin of the leaf are the features for which I suggest that it can be P. ceylanica.
Diospyros ? for Identification SN Aug 53 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Please identify this cultivated tree in garden, Bangalore.
This looks like Prunus ceylanica [previously Pygeum gardneri]. Please check this link : Google Groups
ANNOV36/36 Syzygium sp. for identification : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (5)
NAMES OF PLANTS IN INDIA :: Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq. : 4 posts by 3 authors.
via Species > P > Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq. … family: Rosaceae
Thanks, …, for these wonderful compilations.
Small tree from West Bengal for ID : Attachments (3 + 2). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Tree, about 5 tall. Altitude 75m. Locality Buxa Tiger Reserve.
Looks like a wild species of Prunus of Rosaceae family.
Is it something from Anacardiaceae the fruit structure and the long pedicel remnds me of it may be I am totally wrong.
Agree with … This is a species of Prunus possibly P.ceylanica [Pygeum gardneri] locally called Dhaka. Have grown these saplings from seed.
Inflorescence looks similar to images at Terminalia, but fruit looks different.
Fruit shape reminds me of Euphorbiaceae.
Yes, inflorescence is very close to Terminalia. Observed from outside, only fruits are different when compared with fruits of both plants. I got unripen fruit image of the said tree already in September, and I am waiting for its flower images till the December. Leaves of Terminalia is purely ovoid. Also having closeups of Terminalia inflorescence, the same will be posted as soon as possible for reference.
Yes, your suggestion of fruit shape of Euphorbiaceae is very correct and the said fruit is bi-lobed, but only one seed in it.
Check Prunus ceylanica
Yes, appears close as per images at
Yes it is Prunus ceylanica, dear Smita ji, thank you very much for ID my plant