Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 189 1788. (Syn: Antidesma frutescens Jack; Antidesma ghaesembilla var. genuinum Müll.Arg., not validly publ.; Antidesma ghaesembilla var. paniculatum (Blume) Müll.Arg.; Antidesma ghaesembilla var. vestitum (C.Presl) Müll.Arg.; Antidesma paniculatum Blume; Antidesma pubescens Roxb.; Antidesma rhamnoides Brongn. ex Tul.; Antidesma schultzii Benth.; Antidesma spicatum Blanco; Antidesma vestitum C.Presl; Cansjera grossularioides Blanco; Cansjera rheedei Blanco, sensu auct. (misapplied name); Tsjeru-caniram grossularioides (Blanco) Kuntze);
Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to N. Australia as per WCSP;
Assam; Bangladesh; Bismarck Archipelago; Borneo; Cambodia; China South-Central; China Southeast; East Himalaya; Hainan; India; Jawa; Laos; Lesser Sunda Is.; Malaya; Maluku; Myanmar; New Guinea; Nicobar Is.; Northern Territory; Philippines; Queensland; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Sumatera; Thailand; Vietnam; West Himalaya; Western Australia as per Catalogue of Life;

Trees, to 12 m high, bark grey; branchlets brown or greyish, lenticellate, greyish, fulvous, brown or ferrugineous-tomentellous, glabrescent in age. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate; stipules lateral, 3-8 mm long, linear or lanceolate, deciduous; petiole 3-25 mm, slender, tomentose, lamina 2.5-14 x 1.5-10 cm, oblong, oblong-elliptic, obovate, suborbicular or ovate; base round, cordate, truncate, subacute or obtuse, apex round, obtuse, retuse or apiculate, margin entire, chartaceous to thinly coriaceous or sometimes membranous, glabrous or sparsely pilose on midrib and lateral nerves above grey or fulvous tomentellous to thinly pilose beneath, lateral nerves 3-7 pairs, parallel, slender, prominent intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, reddish-yellow; male flowers: in terminal and axillary much branched spikes; peduncle densely brown or fulvous tomentose; bracts 1-5 mm long, linear or narrowly ovate, densely pilose; perianth ca.1.2 x 1-2 mm, cupular, densely pilose or tomentellous outside, lobes 5, ovate, acute; disc glands free, inter staminal, pilose towards apex; stamens 4-5, 1-2 mm long; anther cells orbicular; pistillode obconic; female flowers: in terminal and axillary branched or simple racemes; peduncle densely brown or fulvous tomentose; pedicel 0.8-1.5 mm, densely pilose; perianth cupular, 1-1.5 x 1.5-2 mm, densely pilose outside, lobes 5, elliptic, ovate or linear-oblong, almost free, acute; disc annular; ovary superior, 1-1.5 mm long, 1-[2 ] locular, ovules 2 in each cell, ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid, often oblique, tomentose; styles terminal. Fruit a drupe 4-6 x 3-5 mm, compressed-orbicular, glabrous, reddish-brown or black, alveolate.

Flowering and fruiting: January-December
Moist deciduous forests
Indo-Malesia to Australia

Hooghly Today : shrub 19 April 2013 : Attachments (9 + 5). 5 posts by 3 authors.
This is 4 ft to 6 ft shrub found inside a private property.

Is it any Antidesma sp ???????????????????

Many many thanks for the ID. I was reading the key, in the “Bengal Plants”, it seems to be the Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertner (Antidesma pubescens Roxb.). Found a few illustrations –

Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. … Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
in Colomba, Goa on 14 JUL 13  

Excellent photos …

Seen this tree at Goa.
Bot. name: Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn.
Family: Euphorbiaceae

Excellent photos indeed.

ID-28022014-PR-3 :  Attachments (4). 6 posts by 3 authors.
Plants from gujarat
habit tree
dnt no about family
i think its Sapindus emarginatus ?

It could be Antidesma ghaesembilla

Yes, Sir, this looks like so.

I would like to inform you that this is certainly Antidema ghaesembilla, perhaps a glabrous variant.

It is a typical Antidesma ghaesembilla of Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae sens. lat.


ANAUG34 Please identify this tree : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Camp Gee Dee (Bangalore)
17th August 2014

Antidesma or some exotic tree ?

This tree was found within the forest sir. Can exotics be found that far in?

Two more photographs- Attachments (2)

ID suggested as Cordia sp. by …

It is Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn., I saw it near Chennai. 

Thank you sir.


Tree for ID Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu NAW-OCT-11 : 16 posts by 8 authors. Attachments (5).
Kindly identify this tree with edible drupes photographed at the herbal park, Tiruvannamalei, Tamil Nadu in September 2014.
The small drupes 3-4 mm diameter have a sweet-sour flesh.

vaccinium sp.?

The first appearance remind me a species of Antidesma ghaesembilla. Please check the details with a flora.

You may refer to the book entitled ‘Plant Resources of Tiruvannamalai District Tamil Nadu India R. Vijayasankar, K. Ravikumar and P. Ravichandran, Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, 2012, xiv, 756 p,’ – written by our distinguished taxonomist of our Eflora group “Dr. Vijayasankara Raman’

Looks like Antidesma ghaesembilla.

Antidesma ghaesembilla

the fruit bunch grouping is not Antidesma ghaesembilla
closer to descriptions of vaccinum sp…
though not blueberry etc, but there are so so so many, i am not up to speed in deciphering them.
sorry cant be more help

To me it’s Antidesma ghaesembilla

are there any papers or reviews that shows the fruits, bunches etc in all their variations? would help me tremendously. thanks

I don’t know of any special papers about this plant. I”m familiar with it from seeing it in the field.
All available floras have good descriptions. Flora of China has an illustration as well.

… could you look at this case please and give me advice?

This is Antidesma ghaesembilla (Phyllanthaceae/ Euphorbiaceae; ovary superior).
Vaccinium (Ericaceae; ovary inferior) in Tamil Nadu generally occurs in high altitudes of W. & E. Ghats and not recorded from the present locality.
The features of fruits and leaves are completely different in these two.
I am familiar with this species; and incidentally this is from my study area 🙂
Several experts have already confirmed the ID here, so I won’t doubt or get confused.

Thanks … I’ll have to look at the key again


Is it is Euphorbiaceae memeber..? : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
I collected this from Kottayam dt. anybody can help me to get the Correct ID

Appears to be Antidesma ghaesembilla of family Phyllanthaceae.

ID17072015PHK1 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Id Please
A shrub at Alibag,Maharashtra
17 Jul,2015

Please check for Antidesma ghaesembilla,

This is Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. of the family Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae, sensu lato.


GRAM 2016 July – Antidesma for ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (14)
Requesting help with ID of this possible Antidesma species, as suggested by … Specimen was found at Kasara, Maharashtra in July 2016.

Thanks, … Your images are as good as …
If you can keep them within say 150 KB each, these may get preference while inserting images in efi pages.
You can check with Antidesma species we have in efi so far.

Will do that, thank you very much Sir.

You can think of Antidesma ghaesembilla.

Thank you very much sir

Identity of a Plant (mixed thread) : 16 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (1)

Location : Palakad, Kerala
Date : 28/07/2016
Habit : Shurb
Habitat : Wild

This reminds me of Antidesma ghaesembilla but please check number of seeds per fruit.

The image is of Antidesma ghaesembilla

The images forwarded  for identifications were named as Antidesma ghaesembilla and Sesamum malabaricum. The images of the  latter were without flowers or fruits. Images of the above species taken by me are attached for comparison.
1 correct image.

1 Yes the first one is Antidesma gasembilla; the remaining two (herb) are Sesamum malabaricum


I D KANNUR 06 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Please identify this small tree. I think these are male and female flowers. It is from Kannur District of Kerala.



Tree for Id-ID14012018SH1 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)- around 1 Mb each.

Tree for Id pl.
Location – Junona Forest near Chandrapur (Maharashtra)
Date – July. 2009

This appears to be Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. [Phyllanthaceae].

BRS 490 27072013 :  Attachments (2). 10 posts by 4 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.
Date: 21.07.2013
Location: Adyar, Chennai
habitat: garden
Habit: tree

Looks like Terminalia species.

If you have any other photographs showing clearly the leaf arrangement, fruits etc., please post. May I know the garden , where you photographed.

To me seems to be Terminalia paniculata, AiN in Marathi from the colour of the bark

I have attached further images of the same plant for id. confirmation.

This is a species of Antidesma possibly Antidesma acidum. Will send my photographs of this later.
My photographs of Antidesma bunius are available at these links 

Please check these links

To me these appears closer to images at Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. rather than those at Antidesma acidum Retz. 

You are most welcome. My photographs of Antidesma acidum.

To me these appears closer to images at Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. rather than those at Antidesma acidum Retz. 

All are A. ghaesembilla. Easiest to identify.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae :Antidesma acidum from Chennai BRS 025 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing the images of Antidesma acidum from Adyar, Chennai.

Nice photos. Correct identification.

To me these appears closer to images at Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. rather than those at Antidesma acidum Retz. 

Antidesma ghaesembilla.


Plant species for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Place : Chilkigarh, WB
Date : 29 April 2018

 I think it is Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn.


ID Kannur 09/02/22:
Please identify this shrub… from Kannur district of Kerala

It looks like Antidesma ghaesembilla


Is this Embelia tsjeriam-cottam, Sawantwadi forest, Sindhudurg Distric: 5 images.

Sharing a shrub from Sawantwadi, Sindhudurg forest for identification.
Habit- Shrub
Size- 8 feet appx
Habitat- Wild
Kindly confirm, is this Malabar Embelia.

Antidesma ghaesembilla

Yes sir

Yes, appears close to images at


498 ID wild plant: 17 high res. images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location: bloomed near Nadukani Hills Kothamangalam Ernakulam Kerala INDIA
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 18JUL2023, 02.20pm
Habitat: wild moisture rocky evergreen misty sloppy grassland alpine
Plant habit: shrub, erect/obliquely, branches, hard cylindrical stem 08mm base diameter, rough silverish bark, purplish sprout, perennial
Height: 03 feet
Leaves: alternate ovate obtuse acute simple flexible, tamarind tasted, size upto: 08×4cm
Flower: axillary spike inflorescence, diameter:03mm, yellow, fragrant
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

This appears to be the male plant of Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. [Phyllanthaceae].

Yes, it is Antidesma ghaesembilla dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant





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