Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche, Courier Forschungsinst. Senckenberg 71: 132 1984 (Syn: Kickxia incana (Wall.) Pennell; Linaria incana Wall. (ambiguous synonym));
Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Quetta, N.W.Frontier Prov., Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Murree, Salt Range, Rawalpindi), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), India, Nepal, Bhutan, Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran) as per Catalogue of Life;
Keys in Flora of Bhutan by AJC Grierson and D G Long, Vol.2 Part 3 (2001):
1. Plant densely greyish-villous or hirsute . . . . .. 1. Kickxia incana (syn. of Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche)
+ Plant glabrous or almost so . .. . . .. 2
2. Calyx lobes 0.9— 1.2mm broad. irregularly lobed near base: corolla 8 10mm …. 2. K. membranacea (Bhutan as per Catalogue of Life)
+ Calyx lobes 0.4—0.8mm broad. entire: corolla 5—8mm . .  .. 3
3. Seeds with large, blunt, whitish papillae; leaves papillose beneath …. 3. K. papillosa (Bhutan as per Catalogue of Life)
+ Seeds with small barbate tubercles; leaves not papillose beneath …. 4. K. ramosissima (Nanorrhinum ramosissimum (Wall.) Betsche)
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1943- Description & Keys- Kickxia ramosissima, incana & subsessilis
KIK-zee-uh — named for Belgian botany professor J. J. Kickx … Wikipedia • Dave’s Botanary
in-KAN-nuh — hairy, hoary; grey or silver colored … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known ashairy cancerwortKabul toadflax 


Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Kickxia incana at Tung fort -PKA24:: : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors
Saw this herb on the fort wall of Tungi fort (Lonavala region).
Bot. name : Kickxia incana
Family: Scrophulariaceae.


Scrophulariaceae fortnight :: Kickxia incana at Tung fort :: DV31 : 3 images. 6 posts by 5 authors.
Kickxia incana (Wall.) Pennell … also placed in Plantaginaceae at Tung fort on 13 OCT 12

The lighting on the leaves is beautiful, …

The 1 cm long pedicels described in the key to differentiate it from the other Kickxia is clearly seen here apart from the leaf characters.

via Species‎ > ‎K‎ > Kickxia incana (Wall.) Pennell … family: Orobanchaceae ~ Scrophulariaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
KIK-zee-uh — named for Belgian botany professor J. J. Kickx … Wikipedia • Dave’s Botanary
in-KAN-nuh — hairy, hoary; grey or silver colored … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known ashairy cancerwortKabul toadflax 
botanical namesKickxia incana (Wall.) Pennell … synonymsLinaria incana Wall. • Linaria ramosissima var. pubescens Stocks • Linaria cabulica Benth. … IBIS-Flora • Shodhganga 
October 13, 2012 … Tung fort, off Lonavala 

Nice pic and information.

¿ nan-or-RYE-num ? — nanos (dwarf); rhinum (snout); referring to the flower’s shape … Dave’s Botanary
in-KAN-num — hairy, hoary; grey or silver colored … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: hairy cancerwort, hairy toadflax

botanical namesNanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche … homotypic synonymsKickxia incana (Wall.) Pennell • Linaria incana Wall. … POWO

Bibliography / etymology
Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
hairy cancerwort, hairy toadflax
  • name coined, for want of name, by Flowers of India
  • hairy – the epithet incanum = hairy or hoary; cancerwort – several species of Kickxia (synonym of Nanorrhinum) genus are commonly known as cancerworts – Wikipedia; … toadflax is the common name of several related genera of plants in the family Plantaginaceae – Wikipedia
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in States and Union Territories of India ~~~~~
*Gujarat, *Himachal Pradesh, *Jammu & Kashmir, *Jharkhand, *Karnataka, *Madhya Pradesh, *Maharashtra, *Rajasthan

* no given name / no name found, in the regional language(s) of the state

~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Names compiled / updated at

No idea about it’s Malayalam name.

This plant does not have a name in any of the regions where it is distributed !!

Kickxia??301209PKA2 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Came across this herb near the rock walls of “Aurangabad Caves” (25-12-2009). Leaves were resembling arrow head.
Family: Scrophulariaceae
To me it looks like some sp. of Kickxia? Kindly provide ID..

My guess is Kickxia ramosissima.

The plant in the attached photo is Kickxia ramosissima from the family Scrophulariaceae. commonly known as branced cancerwort

Yes it is K. ramosissima. The spur on corolla is not showing but it may be there

Taking it as Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche in view of details at Are Nanorrhinum incanum & Nanorrhinum ramosissimum same or all our observation are of Nanorrhinum ramosissimum ? 

This was identified by … as Kickxia ramosissima (Wall.) Janchen.. Will you please check this once again for ID. 

Identity looks correct!
Nanorrhinum ramosissimum is closely allied with Nanorrhinum woodii. Following key separates both the sp. and in this case size of corolla tube matters. Hence, please check the measurements of your plant.
The second species is not found in India and is native to Yamen.

Corolla-tube 1.5-3 mm wide at mouth; corolla including spur 3.5-11 mm long ………….. N. ramosissimum
Corolla-tube 3.5-9 mm wide at mouth; corolla including spur 10-19 mm long ……………. N. woodii

Nanorrhinum woodii does not have any distribution in India as per Catalogue of Life and POWO.
N. ramosissimum is by and large glabrous, which your plant is not.


Came across this herb near the rock walls of “Aurangabad Caves” (25-12-2009).
Leaves were resembling arrow head.
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Bot. name: Kickxia ramosissima

It has become more hairy and with narrower leaves at Aurangabad. Nice pics.

Kickxia ramosissima (Wall.)
Herbs 25-30 cm tall, perennial much branches from base, suberect. Leaves variable : the lower 5-7 lobed, 1.5-3.5 x 1-2 cm, triangular hastate; the upper lanceolate-sagittate, flowers yello; calyx and corolla hairy. Capsules 0.4  cm ovoid or subglobose. Seeds echinate.
Frequent as epiphyte on old walls and rocks.

Complete details through nice pics..

Nanorrhinum ramosissimum in FOI : 4 posts by 2 authors.
… image at Nanorrhinum ramosissimum in FOI may be of Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche, but I have to see a high resolution image and know the place of its clicking.

Here are … original images. Place was somewhere in Maharashtra.
Attachments (2)- 1 mb each.

“Flowers axillary; pedicels filiform, much longer than most of the leaves”
From this aspect, … plant has much smaller flower-stalks, which are not threadlike, and so may not be Nanorrhinum ramosissimum.

Yes, Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche as per keys and details herein

Identification of herb : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Please identity this small herb from Aravali hills.
Location… Bhilon ka bedla, Udaipur, Raj. 
Date 23Jul 2020.
Would love to interact with people from Udaipur in this group.

It is Kickxia ramossisima..

Why not K.incana as per Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1943- Description & Keys- Kickxia ramosissima, incana & subsessilis) ?
Plant ID assistance SD065: 4 images.
Found on a steep rocky slope left over by mining, near Neemrana, Rajasthan

Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche ??

Yes, as per images and keys at Nanorrhinum incanum 


Need help with tiny yellow flower id in Aravalli quartzite: 3 images.

Kackxia sp.

Nanorrhinum ramosissimum subsp. ramosissimum ??

Yes it’s accepted one …

It is Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche as per keys and details herein.


Wild Plant for ID : Nasik : 04JAN22 : AK – 01:
Wild plant seen growing today.
The leaves had an unusual, triangular shape.

Maybe same as at ‘Wild Plant for ID : Nasik : 04JAN22 : AK 02’

Since they are new to me, I was not very sure. Hence posted them separately.
Both were seen in the same location.

Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche [Plantaginaceae]. Same as the one in your earlier post.


Wild Plant for ID : Nasik : 04JAN22 : AK – 02: 3 images.
Another wild plant seen with tiny yellow flowers growing on a wall.

The photographs are not very clear but the densely hairy character of this plant is indicative of Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche [Plantaginaceae].

The plant was seen growing in a dark corner.
I will take better photographs and add them.

Pl. post high res. images to verify the details.

Yes, it’s Nanorrhinum incanum

Adding although … has already confirmed the id.
1 high res. image

Yes, Nanorrhinum incanum


Nepali name(s) of Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche:
Please help with Nepali name(s) of Nanorrhinum incanum (Wall.) Betsche … syn. Kickxia incana (Wall.) Pennell.

Sorry … No Nepali name !




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