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Ephedra foliata, with the common name shrubby horsetail, is a species of Ephedra. The plant is native to Western Asia, the Middle East, and Central Asia, from Egypt to Iran and India.
(From Wikipedia on 26.12.13)
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Distributed in northwest and eastern Africa and widespread across the Arabian Peninsula, extending east to India (Saharo-Sindian/Irano-Turanian distribution; Freitag and Maier-Stolte 2003). Occurs from sea level up to 1,700 m.
Native: Afghanistan; Algeria; Bahrain; Chad; Djibouti; Egypt (Egypt (African part), Sinai); Ethiopia; India (Punjab); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Jordan; Kuwait; Mauritania; Morocco; Oman; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Somalia; Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; Western Sahara; Yemen (North Yemen, South Yemen)
A shrub, climbing/scrambling, occurring on rocky slopes and wadi-sides. Noted as a typical component of different types of thorn savanna in semi-arid and arid climates (Freitag and Maier-Stolte 2003).
Flowers from February to May.
Used medicinally and fruit is eaten as a dessert or as famine food, although these are not considered to be major threats.
(From IUCN Red List (LC) on 26.12.13)
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This Ephedra sp. is planted at Department of Botany, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra..
will share pics of male strobili once they appear..
Here are the female strobili, wanted to know the id..

Can this be Ephedra foliata ?


Got some pics showing habit of this plant from my college in Panipat.. wanted to share..


Thanks, …, Flora of Pakistan (In stated link) gives Ephedra foltata Boiss (& not Ephedra foliata Boiss., which is an accepted name).

For more details of species found in India, pl. see efi page Ephedra


Yes, this is Ephedra foliata (Syn. E. ciliata)


I think that is a spelling mistake in Flora of Pakistan. Ephedra ciliata Fisch. & C.A.Mey. is shown as a syn,. of Ephedra foliata Boiss. in The Plant List.


… the correct name seems: Ephedra foliata Boiss. ex C.A.Mey vide Plant List 2010 [http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-332926] and IUCN Redlist [http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/201696/0]


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Fwd: ID of Mistletoe plant on Acacia modesta..Pakistan (January 2020) : 22 posts by 6 authors. 14 images– around 1 mb each.

Please find attached some photographs of a mistletoe plant found on the Acacia modesta in a scrub forest area of Punjab, Pakistan. I didnt find flower/fruit at this stage but can check in later season.  i have checked with the Loranthaceae family in flora of Pakistan but it looks somehow different.
Please share your views regarding its correct identification.

He has properly identified it mistletoe plant.


I could not find a match as per comparative images at

Isn’t it a species of Viscum? Santalaceae


Thanks, …,
But could not find a match as per comparative images at Viscum and details in Flora of Pakistan

This might be Viscum sp., of Viscaceae

Thank you for your responses. But i checked with Viscum species reported from Pakistan and it is different from them. Viscum in Flora of Pakistan @ efloras.org
Can some one please suggest its species also?

Viscum articulatum Burm.f. ??

How about Viscum articulatum?

I have also suggested accordingly …!

Viscum articulatum looks like this in very dry conditions.


Thanks, …. I tried looking for detailed images on net. I am not sure.
Hi, …, Pl. check specimens in GIBF and detailed images at Phytoimages

This is Viscum angulatum as per details at Flora of Peninsular India.

But it seems like Ephedra


Thanks, … Ephedra look a bit different as per comparative images herein.


Last year (January 2020), i posted a plant that looks like Viscum sp. It was without any flowers at that time. Then Covid came and we didnt manage to visit forest again. Last week (12.4.21), my lab fellow visited the same place for searching of its flowering stage in order to confirm its identification. Please find attached the photos of flowering portion. However, it looks like Ephedra sp to Rahul Sharma (replied on facebook Indian Flora page). Can you please look at the plant and confirm about its genus and species?


It is for sure Ephedra sp.


Ephedra foliata Boiss. ex C.A.Mey.!


It is Ephedra foliata

I have already given the ID to the Indian Flora group.


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