Garcinia cowa Roxb. ex Choisy, Prodr. 1: 561 1824. (Syn: Cambogia crassifolia Blanco; Garcinia cambogia Roxb. [Illegitimate]; Garcinia cornea Roxb. ex Sm.; Garcinia dioica Sm. [Illegitimate]; Garcinia roxburghii Wight; Garcinia umbellifera Wall. [Invalid]; Garcinia wallichii Choisy; Oxycarpus gangetica Buch.-Ham.);
Evergreen trees, to 15 m high, bark smooth, surface greyish-brown; blaze creamy-yellow; exudation yellow, sticky, scanty; branches horizontal; branchlets quadrangular, drooping. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, estipulate; petiole 8-13 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 8-17 x 2.5-7 cm, elliptic-oblong, oblanceolate or broadly lanceolate, base acute, attenuate or cuneate, apex acute or obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, thickly coriaceous; lateral nerves 15-21 pairs, pinnate, ascending, slender, prominent, looped along the margin forming intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers dioecious, small, yellow; male flowers: to 1 cm across, 3-8 in axillary or terminal fascicles; pedicels about 6 mm long; sepals 4, 4-6 mm long, unequal, broadly ovate, fleshy, yellow; petals 4, 8-10 mm long, oblong, yellow flushed with pink or red; stamens numerous on a convex fleshy receptacle; anthers oblong; filaments short; rudimentary pistil absent; female flowers: upto 1.5 cm across, 2-5 in terminal fascicles, longer than male flowers, yellow; pedicel short; staminodes in a ring of 4 bundles of 3-8 around the ovary; filaments unequal; ovary superior, subglobose, 6-8 locular, ovules one in each cell; stigma sessile, flat, deeply divided into 6-8, papillose, wedge shaped rays. Fruit a berry, 2-4 cm across, depressed, globose, with 4-8 vertical grooves, smooth, yellow, ridid, beaked; seeds 4-8, oblong with a soft aril.
Flowering and fruiting: December-September
Evergreen and shola forests
India to Indo-China
From India Biodiversity Portal )
Garcinia sp. for ID : Attachments (1). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Date : 21-03-2014.
Habitat : Wild. Habit : Small or Small to medium-sized evergreen tree.
Note : Fruit yellow when ripe, edible.
The leave & flowers resemble Garcinia gummigutta-The malabar tamarind.
Garcinia – some species in India & eFI with some keys
efi page on Garcinia xanthochymus
It may not be Garcinia gummigutta as I presume the post plant is from Mizoram.
It is Garcinia cowa
Garcinia cowa (Clusiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Here is the photo of a Common Garcinia tree with edible fruits in the Andamans.
Flowering in August, at low altitudes.
Photo by courtesy of Dr. Vinod Maina.
Garcinia (Clusiaceae) for ID : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Location: Andaman Islands
Habitat: Inland hill forests
Suggested ID: G. cowa or G. xanthochymus.
Of the two, it appears close to Garcinia cowa Roxb. ex Choisy as per the following: