Combretum roxburghii Spreng., Syst. veg. 2:331. 1825 (Syn: Combretum album Pers. (ambiguous synonym); Combretum bracteatum Herb. Madr. ex Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Combretum decandrum Roxb. (ambiguous synonym); Combretum madolata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Pentaptera roxburghii (Spreng.) Tul.; Poivrea roxburghii (Spreng.) DC.);
Madagascar [I]; China (S-Guangxi, SW-Yunnan); Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab); Nepal; India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.); Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay, Sagaing, Yangon); Thailand; Laos as per Catalogue of Life;
Indian Subcontinent to China (SW. Yunnan, S. Guangxi) and Indo-China: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO;

This medium size tree?? (or a straggler) was recorded in wild from Chakrata area, I am not sure if this is from Combretaceae, and there is mingling up in the pics, still the fruits are visible to invite clues…
Please give your valuable opinion…

It looks me Combretum roxburghii

The key to the species leads on to Combretum album (syn. C. roxburghii) and the 5-winged sessile fruits are characteristic. It is however not a tree.

Thanks …, this was not a tree as far as I remember…
Till I come back with some better images, I take this as C. roxburghii ..


Fwd: Identify of this plant species BR4 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
May I request you to identify these plant specimens.

Where & when these pictures have been taken ?

… species of Combretum ?

Combretum species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

This is collected from Jhargram, Western part of West Bengal. Thanks for your guidance. I shall check the literature and let you know.

This plant is mentioned in the Prain, Bengal. Pl. 1: 482. 1903 as Combretum decandrum Roxb. (Iconotype: Roxburgh, Pl. Coromandel 1: 43, t. 59. 1796), which is, however, a later homonym of that of Jacq. 1760.  The next available name is C. roxburghii Spreng. 1825, a new name applied for the Roxburgh’s plant.  However, in my opinion, C. album Pers. 1805, based on a different type, is the name applicable for this species.

Combretum roxburghii :: Chandaka – Dampara WLS :: 14 JAN 2019 : 6 posts by 4 authors. 9 images.
Chandaka – Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary  
Date: January 14, 2019 … Altitude: about 46 m (151 feet) asl
Combretum roxburghii  Spreng. … … … thanks to for the ID at facebook.



Plant observed on riverbeds : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3) – around 900 kb each.
Please, ID this plant seen on river beds of the Konar, below the dam.
Both lianas or stranglers.
Unfortunately now flowers. Photograhed in fruiting season.

A Terminalia / Combretum sp. I think.

Pl. check comparative images at Combretum

Combretum roxburghii ??

Yes, Combretum roxburghii Spreng. is one possibility.
What are the species of Combretum reported from your area ?

I would like to know from the experts that why the new name, Combretum album Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 411. 1805, replacing the illegitimate name Combretum decandrum Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1: 43, t. 59. 1796, non Jacq. 1760 is not acceptable? Why the name Combretum roxburghii Spreng., Syst. Veg. 2: 331. 1825, nom. nov. published much later is acceptable? 

I am now in receipt of a clarification from an expert.
Persoon (1805) proposed the new name in anticipation of future acceptance and therefore it is not acceptable.
Hence, the name, Combretum roxburghii Spreng. is the accepted name for the species and to be applied for the images here.

good to know. never knew people in the past just named plants in the hope that it will be accepted. seems they were playing games?


MS,Nov.,2021/78 Combretum roxburghii ? for id.:
Location : Keifang

Date : 30-03-2016
Habit : Climbing shrub
Habitat : Wild

Oh yes.


Mussaenda sp. (?) from Kamrup district, Assam:

Attaching images of what looks likeMussaenda sp.

Date : 21.12.2012

Location: Kamrup district

Family : Rubiaceae (?)

Genus & species : Mussaenda sp

Habitat: Grows wild on rocky slopes

Habit : Shrurb

As I mentioned earlier, a friend of mine and I study the families separately and make notes based on what is given on the eflora site. We have done Rubiaceae before, so I went back to our notes and compared it with the pictures … had sent. According to our notes, flowers in this family have between 4-5 petals and quoting from the page “The stamens are as many as the number of petals and they alternate with them.”
This may of course be an exception or I’m missing something but there seems to be more than 5 anthers. Everything else seems to be in order though!
The page: efi thread

looks like a member of Combretaceae

This is Combretum sp.

Combretum roxburghii (described in many floras as Combretum decandrum)

Please check Combretum roxburghii.

Yes, it is.


Combretum roxburghii Spreng.: 4 very high res. images.

Location: Jalthal, Jhapa, East Nepal
Date: 01 January 2023
Elevation: 97 m.
Habitat: Wild
Nepali name : काली लहरा Kaalee Laharaa / थक्यौली Thakyoulee

Yes, appears close to images at

As per Gangopadhyay in V. Singh et al., Flora of India 9: 326. 2021, this is Combretum album Pers., an illegitimate name. For me, this is Combretum roxburghii Spreng.

Thank you … !  Combretum album Pers. is Syn, isn’t it ?

Yes …, Better not to follow Flora of India Volume 9.


Combretaceae: Combretum roxburghii Spreng.: 1 image.
synonyms: Combretum album Pers., Combretum decandrum Roxb., Poivrea roxburghii (Spreng.) DC.
location/date: Harisal village, Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Amravati Distr., Maharashtra, November 1994




POWO  Catalogue of Life  GRIN  Flora of China  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  India Biodiversity Portal  Useful tropical plants  The Plant List Ver.1.1 (Combretum roxburghii Spreng. is a synonym of Combretum album Pers.

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