Gouania leptostachya DC., Prodr. 2: 40 1825. (syn: Gouania tiliifolia Roxb. (ambiguous synonym); Naegelia dubia Zoll. & Mor.);
China (Guangxi, Yunnan), Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi, Yangon), Bhutan, Nepal, peninsular Malaysia, Philippines (Luzon to Mindanao), India (Assam, Darjeeling, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Maharashtra), Andamans (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobars (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Slender Spiked Gouania • Bengali: Batvaasi • Garo: Dibok-pak-bidu, Dumigong • Hindi: Bitkil-chaand • Khasi: Mei teiniong • Nepali: Batvaasi • Telugu: penki tiga

I photographed this species on the day before yesterday in a village scrub where I found Callicarpa.
Unlike FoC description of G. leptostachya DC. fruits in my species are not winged. Fruits really are quite different looking in Wight’s illustration.
My species rather looks like G. tiliaefolia (tiliifolia) of “Plants of the Coast of Coromandel“. Hints of three-valved capsule can be seen in the last fruit pic.
BSI description of spp can be accessed at efloraindia.nic.in.
Protologue of the taxon can be viewed at biodiversitylibrary.

Thanks Sir, no more I am interested in knowing the name of this plant. It may be as I suggested may not be as well.


Attachments (2)

Species for Id :  5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- 2 Mb each
Location : Chilkigarh, WB, India
Date : 12 January 2019

Any idea about the family? Euphorbiaceae?

Gouania leptostachya of Rhamnaceae.

Exactly sir thank you.


ID please 170519PG3 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 mb.
Sending some plant photographs for Identity, These are climbing species of tropical forests.
Locality-Papum Pare district of Arunachal Pradesh
Alt.- 100-800 msl

Could be Gouania leptostachya

Thanks, …, for the id.
It may be Gouania leptostachya, as suggested by you, as per images and details herein.

Dehradun-Mussoorie Tour 2013:: Shrub/Tree for id.. : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
This small tree was shot from near “Guchchu Paani” in Dehradun.. only fruits were recorded.. hope this is identifiable…

Can this be Gouania microcarpa ?

I agree with … id – Gouania microcarpa.

I think more closer to images at Gouania leptostachya DC. rather than those at Gouania microcarpa DC.



ID-Climber 02 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Help me to identify this Climber .
Date/Time- 28/8/2010– 01:30 PM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-  Kokrajhar, Assam, Alt 90m
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- CLIMBER
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 5.5-12-5-9cm
Inflorescence Type/ Size- 9-20cm
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- White

Gouania lupuloides !

Yes this is Gouania lupuloides
I am attaching an article regarding this plant.
Hope you will enjoy.
Attachments (1)

Gouania lupuloides Urb. Symb. Antill. (Urban). 4(3): 378. 1910

Catalogue of Life does not give any distribution of Gouania lupuloides (L.) Urb. in India. So it may be some other species.

I guess this is Gouania leptostachya DC. only !

Thanks, …, You may be right.


IDENTITY : 61 : 11 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching image of a climber which is in bloom at Cooch Behar at this time. The flowers are tiny and white. Leaves are serrated.
Can you identify the species please ?

Rhamnaceae, Could be Gouania leptostachya,

it is Sageretia filiformis leaf (Roth ex Schult.) G. Don/ syn. Rhamnus parviflora Roemer & Schultes; Sageretia parviflora (Roem. & Schult.) G. Don (we collected it from Maredumilli forest)

Sorry, ma’am, this is Gouania only not Sageratia, I too collected both sp.,

Differentiate characters,
Leaves have 3-5 lateral nerves, base not cordiform, ovate-lanceolate…….Sageratia
Leaves have up to 12 lateral nerves, base clearly cordiform, orbicuar-ovate  …..Gouania
key not from literature from my field observation-only,

Thank you for the clarification. In the absence of fruit and internal flower structure, I have mistaken, The leaf veins are 3-5, distant and spines present in our specimen,  thank you for the observations.

Please identify this climber – NS 01042013: 5 images.  6 posts by 4 authors.
Photographed on my property at Shahapur last week.

It looks like Celastrus paniculatus

Thanks … Am familiar with Jyotismati [Celastrus paniculatus], some of my photographs of which are available at this link
This one looked different. However, will keep it in mind.

It may be Gouania microcarpa of Rhamnaceae (please note the coiled tendrils).

… is right!!

Thanks … & … for a possible id. Have checked the photographs of Gouania microcarpa in the archives of this group. Have not encountered anything similar at Shahapur, but will keep a watch.

Leaf shape wise as well as per distribution, appears more closer to Gouania leptostachya DC. rather than those at Gouania microcarpa DC.


SK 2948 August 2021: 4 very high res. images.
Location: Far West, Nepal
Altitude: 792m.
Date: July 2021
Habit : Wild

It is from Rhamnaceae…
May be Gouania sp.

Yes it’s Guinea leptostachya, I too agree with…

Yes, Gouania leptostachya as per images and details herein and as per comparative images at Gouania.


Regarding the identification of the sp. collected from Cuttack Odisha on Aug 2023: 6 high res. images.

It is from Rhamnaceae.
Pl. check

Yes sir thank you very much Sir

Yes, it’s Gouania leptostachya … I too have collected from eastern ghats … locality paderu, visakhapatnam of andhra pradesh.




Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  IPNI  BSI Flora of India  Flora of China  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993- Details)  Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary By C.P. Khare (2008)