Macrosolen trigonus (Wight & Arn.) Tiegh. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 42: 442. 1895, in obs. Loranthus trigonus Wight & Arn.; Dendrophthoe trigona (Wight & Arn.) Danser ex Santapau as per BSI Flora of India

Dendrophthoe trigona (Wight & Arn.) Danser ex Santapau, Rec. Bot. Surv. India 16(1): 263 1953. (syn: Elytranthe trigona (Wight & Arn.) Engl.) as per The Plant List Ver.1.1;

India: Western Peninsula in evergreen forests at 800 m and above, often found on Ficus spp. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu as per BSI Flora of India;

Parasitic shrubs; branches to 15 mm thick, rugose, glabrous. Leaves to 20 x 13 cm, ovate, obtuse, acute at base, coriaceous; petiole 1.5 cm long, flattened or winged. Racemes to 3 cm long; bracts cup shaped. Flowers pink; calyx cupular, truncate, glabrous; corolla 15-20 mm long, split to the middle. Berry 1 x 0.5 cm, obovoid.

Flowering and fruiting: May-September
Semi-evergreen forests
Western Ghats (endemic)
Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal





TSP20OCT2015-1: Loranthaceae sp for ID assistance. : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Submitting few images of a Loranthaceae sp for ID assistance….Could it be a Dendropthoe sp…?? 

Habit: Epiphytic, Parasitic shrub. 

Habitat: Semi-evergreen forest..

Sighting: Haandi, Chikmagalur, about 1200 msl 

Date: 28-09-2015

Probably the variable Dendrophthoe falcata once again.

unable to suggest anything, number of corolla segments, length of corolla, type of inflorescence not clear to me

Dendrophthoe trigona


31-TSP-ID-13JAN2016-3-Mullaianagiri: Loranthaceae sp for ID. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

Kindly identify this Loranthaceae sp.. 

Habit: Woody parasite 

Habitat: Wild, Shola forest 

Sighting: Mullaianagiri, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1700 msl 

Date: 29-12-2015

Dendropthoe trigona



30-TSP-ID-13JAN2016-2-Kottigehara:Loranthaceae sp for ID : 13 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (7)

Kindly identify this Loranthaceae sp.. 

Habit: Woody parasite 

Habitat: Wild, Evergreen forest 

Sighting: Kottigehara, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl 

Date: 28-11-2015

The plants are Dendrophthoe trigona of Loranthaceae

Dendropthoe trigona

Please check with Macrosolen spp.

Thanks for your feedback … The specimen in question is identical to the specimen that was earlier identified as Dendropthoe trigona (31-TSP-ID-13JAN2016-3). I think … is right. It has to be D.trigona..!

Please refer to Flora of India Volume 23 wherein Dendrophthoe trigona is treated as Macrosolen trigonus.

Vide: C.J. Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 76. 1996.

Thanks … Keeping My finger crossed as to how the species is to be considered as to its nomenclature since the Plant List considers M.trigonus as an unresolved name…! 

Please do not bother about the plant list for the present.  It is simply a compilation and maintained by Rafael Govaerts at Kew. There are many Indian plants in the list for which they will show the status “unresolved”.  The family Loranthaceae was worked out by Prof. Rajasekaran of Presidency College Madras but he could not see the same in print as he was no more in 2012 when Fl. India Vol. 23 was finally published. The keys were prepared by him. While updating the work for the Volume I simply reduced the descriptions as per the requirements and tried to maintain the latest nomenclature. Please try to identify your images with the keys and descriptions now available with you and fix the identity. Correct name can be fixed any time. Updates in Loranthaceae are available, but none from Karnataka so far. 

Thanks … for the info. Your advise is well taken. Even I think that it is better to rely on our own floras without bothering on nomenclatures contained elsewhere. Thanks again and regards. 

the plant list is // has been unhappily received ever since it started partly their ignorance partly lack of data to back up our assertions in our own flora.

both can be rectified, by diligence. takes time and willingness.

I agree with … ignore plant list when we have our own literature



This parasitic plant was seen at Lalbagh, Bangalore on 12 Nov, 2014.

Sorry for bad picture due to low light in cloudy weather.

Dendrophthoe trigona

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