Indigofera tinctoria L. (Syn: Anila tinctoria var. normalis Kuntze; Indigofera anil var. orthocarpa DC.; Indigofera bergii Vatke; Indigofera cinerascens DC.; Indigofera houer Forssk.; Indigofera indica Lam.; Indigofera oligophylla BakerIndigofera orthocarpa (DC.) O.Berg & C.F.Schmidt; Indigofera sumatrana Gaertn.; Indigofera tinctoria Blanco; Indigofera tinctoria var. brachycarpa DC.; Indigofera tinctoria var. torulosa Baker f.; Indigofera tulearensis Drake);
.
in-dee-GO-fer-uh — bearing indigo … Dave’s Botanary
tink-TOR-ee-uh — used in dyeing or has a sap which can stain … Dave’s Botanary
.
commonly known as: Bengal indigo, common indigo, Indian indigo, true indigoAssamese: নীল neelBengali: নীল neelGujarati: ગળી galiHindi: नील neel, नीलिका nilikaKachchhi: ગરીજો ઝાડ garijo jhad, ગુડી gudi, નીલ neelKannada: ಅಂಜೂರ ನೀಲಿ anjoora neeli, ಹೆಣ್ಣು ನೀಲಿ hennu neeli, ನೀಲಿ ಗಿಡ neeli gida, ಒಳ್ಳೇ ನೀಲಿ olleneeliKonkani: नीळी neeliLadakhi: ནི་ལ་ ni laMalayalam: അമരി amari, നീലയമരി nilayamariManipuri: ꯅꯤꯝ download font nimMarathi: नीळ neel, नीली niliMizo: chi-chaOdia: ନୀଳ nila, ରଙ୍ଗପୁଷ୍ପ rangapushpa, ଶ୍ଯାମଳିକା shyamalikaPali: नीली niliPunjabi: ਲੀਲ lilRajasthani: नील neelSanskrit: गन्धपुष्पा gandhapushpa, महारसा maharasa, नीलक nilaka, नीलिणी nilini, रङ्गपुष्पी rangapushpi, रञ्जनी ranjani, श्यामलिका shyamalikaTamil: அவுரி avuri, நீலி niliTelugu: అవిరి aviri, నీలిచెట్టు nilichettuTibetan: ནི་ལ་ ni laTulu: ನೀಲಿ neeliUrdu: نيل neel, نيلکا nilika
.
India (N): Andhra Pradesh ; Arunachal Pradesh ; Assam ; Bihar ; Dadra-Nagar-Haveli ; Daman; Delhi ; Diu ; Goa; Gujarat ; Haryana ; Himachal Pradesh ; Jammu-Kashmir ; Karnataka; Kerala ; Madhaya Pradesh ; Maharashtra; Manipur; Meghalaya; Mizoram; Nagaland; Orissa; Pondicherry ; Punjab ; Rajasthan; Sikkim ; Tamil Nadu; Tripura ; Uttar Pradesh ; West Bengal & other countries as per ILDIS;
.

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Fabaceae (pea, or legume family) » Indigofera suffruticosa (syn. Anila tinctoria, Indigofera anil)
… also placed in Papilionaceae
in-dee-GO-fer-uh — bearing indigo
suf-roo-tee-KO-sa — somewhat shrubby
commonly known as: Guatemalan indigo, anil, small-leaved indigo, West Indian indigo, wild indigo • Hindi: विलायती नील vilayati nil • Marathi: निळंबी nilambi • Sanskrit: नीलिका nilika, नीलिनी nilini, विषशोधनी vishashodhani • Tamil: சீமைநீலி cimai-nili
Native to: tropical Americas, naturalized in paleotropics
References:
• Flowers of India … flowersofindia
• NPGS / GRIN … http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?20058
• FAO … fao
• M.M.P.N.D. … plantnames
• DDSA … http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Views attached from:
… Vaghbil, Thane
For more views: flickr


Could this be I. tinctoria
Leaflets are too few (I can see nine) for I. suffruticosa
Pods are too long for suffruticosa 

… many thanks for raising your doubts, …
Other friends who are familiar with Indigo species may also please put in facts.
The plant in photograph grows in my vicinity, in estuarine area.
The height is just about (hardly) a metre … and grows as wide too.

The pods we see here are about 4 – 5 cm long, and about 3 mm wide.


Many thanks … Just as per your thoughts, this ID is resolved to Indigofera tinctoria based on discussion in a recent post of …



ID181209PHK 4 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)

ID please
A Indigofera Spp.
Photographed at Sagargad, Alibag


… could be Indigofera suffruticosa (syn. Indigofera anil, Anila tinctoria)


The plant in the attached photo graph is Indigofera suffruticosa [anil de pasto].


Does not seem to match with fruits at FOC illustration
Is it Indigofera tinctoria ?


Indigofera suffruticosa : 2 posts by 2 authors.

Indigofera suffruticosa
Today (12.8.10) at Alibag


Does not seem to match with fruits at FOC illustration
Is it Indigofera tinctoria ?


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Indigofera tinctoria
Herb prostrate. Munnar Kerala. Dec
Earlier posted and identified by …
Please have a look again and validate.
Looks close to Indigofera endecaphylla.


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Indigofera tinctoria SN Aug 13 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).

Indigofera tinctoria L. wild weed (Cosmetic medicinal herb, used as food colour) from Mangalore area of Karnataka


Looks different from images of Indigofera tinctoria at Wikipedia & efi thread.

It may be some other species.


Appears close to images at Indigofera suffruticosa Mill. 

Chances of Indigofera cassioides DC. are higher because leaflets in images are 13-15, leaf apex emarginate or obtuse, pods appear to be straight.
Indigofera tinctoria – leaflets 7-11, obtuse or apiculate.
Indigofera suffruticosa – leaflets
11-15(-19), apex acute to rarely rounded and racemes not more than 3cm.


In the image the leaves are not emarginate, it appears as emarginate. leaflet colour, number are showing the typical indigofera tinctoria features. The observation is made in the early season of the herb, so the flowers are not well developed. the number of leaflets and the phyllotoxy of the leaflet are matching with Indigofera tinctoria. There are variation in the same herb from place to place.


Please find the images of Indigofera tinctoria observed recently from Madanapalli area of AP.

Attachments (2)


Thanks, … But size of inflorescence is too small compared to size of the leaves.


Due to some environmental stress most of the places the inflorescence is stunted. You can refer the inflorescence of AP image.



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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: FOR VALIDATION Indigofera suffruticosa :: Thane :: DVOCT88 : 7 posts by 4 authors. 10 images.Indigofera ¿ suffruticosa ?

Please validate this ID; my earlier post was not conclusive. There are a few posts related to I. suffruticosa in group’s archive. Couple of Pravin Kawale ji’s posts seem to have plants very similar to what I am posting.
The posted plant is about a metre high bushy shrub, and is as wide, growing near creek, on large bund of paddy field. I do not recollect dimensions of pods, the flower must be 3 – 4 mm across.
at Vaghbil on October 18, 2009
at Vaghbil on October 19, 2008
at Vaghbil on July 19, 2008

efi page on Indigofera suffruticosa 


By any chance this plant could be Indigofera astragalina


the pods of posted plant and that of I. astragalina look different …

(you may click on photos to see larger pictures).


Check also Indifofera longiracemosa OR Indigofera tinctoria L.


Many thanks … Will check the possibilities of Indigofera longeracemosa OR Indigofera tinctoria.


I second … views. It is not I. suffruticosa nor I. astragalina.


efi page on Indigofera tinctorial 


Thanks to … for his suggested ID and to …; this ID is resolved to Indigofera tinctoria based on discussion in a recent post of …


My facebook post on same plant was identified as Indigofera tinctoria.



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Indigofera tinctoria ? : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 1 MB.
Indigofera tinctoria ?

May be as per images at Indigofera tinctoria ?



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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Indigofera suffruticosa for validation:: Panipat :: NS OCT 73/73 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Please validate the id of this shrub, from Panipat and Kaithal..
I hope this is Indigofera suffruticosa


I think more closer to images, distribution and details at Indigofera tinctoria
Pl. also see for differences between the two:


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Tephrosia sp? please validate, From Nateshwar, Jalgaon, Maharashtra – Aug-2016. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Height of plant 2 feets app., pods small 3cm cyllendric. Forest, mixed deciduous type.

Please compare with Indigofera suffruticosa
flowersofindia


Thank you … looks perfect match with above link! matching with all characters.


I think more closer to images, distribution and details at Indigofera tinctoria
Pl. also see for differences between the two:


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Request for ID- 090318 SR1 : 1 post by 1 author.
I request to validate the following Indigofera caerulea or I.tinctoria.

Yes, appears close as per images at Indigofera tinctoria. Pl. also check Indigofera suffruticosa Mill. (though ILDIS does not show any distribution here) as per comparative images at Indigofera

to me it is not Indigofera tinctoria; more close to Indigofera suffruticosa 


I think more closer to images, distribution and details at Indigofera tinctoria
Pl. also see for differences between the two:


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Indigophera : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Which indigophera?
Local Mar.name is Govardhan
At kanakeshwar, Alibag


most probably Indigofera coerulea Roxb.


I think more closer to images, distribution and details at Indigofera tinctoria


this is Indigofera coerulea from Fabaceae. observed this at Gorai, Mumbai


I. coerulea have 5 to 9 leaflets, rarely 11.
I can observe 13 leaflets here. 



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Konkan, May 2014 :: Requesting ID of this shrub :: 29MAY2014 :: ARK-16 : 17 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (5).
Requesting to please ID this shrub captured near Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
Is this some Indigofera species?

Indigofera tinctoria to me, Fabaceae
Please mention flowering time and habitat
Is it cultivated ?

The plant was growing wild in the backyard of a house. This was clicked in May 2014…


this could be Indigofera coerulea ..


Could it be Tephrosia purpurea? Kolinjil in Malayalam.


It might be Indigofera suffruticosa


If we have fruit also for this taxon, can identify perfectly. For Indigofera tinctoria, pods are long and recurved. But the closely allied (but often misidentified) one namely Indigofera longiracemosa has small pods.
I think this taxon is I. tinctoria L.

 


Thank you … for the feedback. Attaching herewith cropped pic of the earlier posed pics to show the pods… Attachments (1)


this picture doesn’t show any mature pods and is rather misleading.
There are several posts of Indigofera suffruticosa in the archives of eFlora which seem to match your plant.


Thanks, … for the explanation. I thought there were pods at the bottom of the pic that I posted today.
Thanks … for the ID as well.
I was initially confused, but I. suffruticosa and I. tinctoria seem to be synonyms.
Is this correct?


AS far as I know they are not synonyms.


Sir David Prain, in his ‘Bengal Plants’, divides Indigofera tinctoria L. into two –

i) leaflets hardly longer than broad; racemes shorter than leaves = tinctoria = “Chota Nagpur; Behar; rare, not cultivated in our area” (Prain)
ii) leaflets longer than broad; racemes as long as leaves = sumatrana = “cultivated, chiefly Tirhut; occasionally spontaneous in Tamarisk jungles and on river banks… Bengal indigo” (Prain)
FoP informs I. tinctoria leaflets alternate – http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=116399#KEY-1-7
To my understanding, we can rule out tinctoria.
FoC infoms I. suffruticosa Mill. is 11 to 19 foliolate. In this set only one or two leaves have 11 leaflets; mostly 5 to 9.
Roxburgh’s plant is in http://linnean-online.org/45121/ and in plantillustrations. Decription can be found in FI (leaflets 3 to 5 pairs).
I will select the Roxburgh’s plant out of the above three

Thank you … for this detailed explanation….. I really wonder about your analytical skills (and patience) and wish I had even a fraction of it… … had also indicated I. coerulea in his post above.

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Indigofera argentea var.caerulea: I’d confirm : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)- 2 mb and 3 mb
Indigofera argentea var. caerulea

.


Indigofera suffruticosa in FOI : 3 posts by 2 authors.

Thanks … for resurfacing this validation.
From earlier discussions: efi thread one and two
and per your suggestion, I will revise labels in my flickr notes to Indigofera tinctoria.

Also corrected in FOI.


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Shrub Id from _SM 602 : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Habitat : Wild
Location : Saint Martin’s Island, Bangladesh
Flowering: Jan
Photo taken : Jan, 2018

Seems to be Indigofera tinctoria.

I agree.

is it possible to get a picture of the complete inflroescence ?



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Charkop, Mumbai :: Climber for ID :: ARK2019-51 :

12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)
Requesting to please ID this climber. This was found on a wasteland near the Charkop mangroves in Mumbai in April 2019.

Some Indigofera; I too wanting to know the ID.
I have mine from Vaghbil, Thane – similar habitat – saline soil, pending for ID, twice posted …
efi thread one and two

It appears as Indigofera tinctoria

Thanks very much, … I hope we get more comments.

I guess I. tinctoria matches.

Thanks … very much for your thoughts.
I too think it must be Indigofera tinctoria.
I will be very glad if we get some confident validations for the ID of the posted plant.
Pictures of Indigofera tinctoria in Google image results are confusing – especially when we compare flowers and leaves among the results.
Indigofera cassioides, whose flowers are relatively different, borne in larger clusters, seem to be labelled by some as I. tinctoria in the results.

Yes …! Some of the images in Google are misleading


Thank you … for validating !

.


Please help with Nepali name(s) of Indigofera tinctoria, if any.

I could not find Nepali name for this sp.



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via Species‎ > ‎I‎ > Indigofera tinctoria L. … family: Fabaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
in-dee-GO-fer-uh — bearing indigoDave’s Botanary
tink-TOR-ee-uh — used in dyeing or has a sap which can stainDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Bengal indigo, common indigo, Indian indigo, true indigoAssamese: নীল neelBengali: নীল neelGujarati: ગળી galiHindi: नील neel, नीलिका nilikaKachchhi: ગરીજો ઝાડ garijo jhad, ગુડી gudi, નીલ neelKannada: ಅಂಜೂರ ನೀಲಿ anjoora neeli, ಹೆಣ್ಣು ನೀಲಿ hennu neeli, ನೀಲಿ ಗಿಡ neeli gida, ಒಳ್ಳೇ ನೀಲಿ olleneeliKonkani: नीळी neeliLadakhi: ནི་ལ་ ni laMalayalam: അമരി amari, നീലയമരി nilayamariManipuri: ꯅꯤꯝ download font nimMarathi: नीळ neel, नीली niliMizo: chi-chaOdia: ନୀଳ nila, ରଙ୍ଗପୁଷ୍ପ rangapushpa, ଶ୍ଯାମଳିକା shyamalikaPali: नीली niliPunjabi: ਲੀਲ lilRajasthani: नील neelSanskrit: गन्धपुष्पा gandhapushpa, महारसा maharasa, नीलक nilaka, नीलिणी nilini, रङ्गपुष्पी rangapushpi, रञ्जनी ranjani, श्यामलिका shyamalikaTamil: அவுரி avuri, நீலி niliTelugu: అవిరి aviri, నీలిచెట్టు nilichettuTibetan: ནི་ལ་ ni laTulu: ನೀಲಿ neeliUrdu: نيل neel, نيلکا nilika
botanical names: Indigofera tinctoria L. … synonyms: Anila tinctoria (L.) Kuntze • Indigofera indica Lam. • Indigofera sumatrana Gaertn. … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
October 18, 2009 … Vaghbil, Thane


.


110 ID wild plant: 11 images.

Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Flower date: 22.07.2021, 01.40 pm
Altitude: 1400fsl
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: under shrub, erect, branches, hard old stem, purpled young stem, perennial
Height: 02 meters
Leaves: alternate, pinnate, leaflets opposite, ovate, size:3×1.7cm or less, bitter taste, bluish green coloured
Flower: inflorescence, size:2.5×2×2mm, pink, non fragrant
Fruit: round beans green into brown, size:2.5×0.3cm, edible
Seed: black 5-6 nos., pea shaped, size:2×1.7mm, edible
Camera: Samsung Galaxy A21s

Indigofera


Yes, it is close to Indigofera tinctoria …  Thank you very much for ID my plant,


I guess you are right


Yes, You are right … I have seen this plant on hedges abundantly . At maturity the pods are dark brown in colour. Here attaching two photographs of the speciman.
2 images.



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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Indonesia 8 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
We have a kind of Crotalaria found near the beach of Cilacap Central Java.  Could you id this please. 


It looks like an Indigofera sp.


Indigofera tinctoria,



Identification Request of Indigofera sp. : 4 images.
Habitat: outer road side
Habit: Herb
Location: Bundi, Rajasthan
Date – 21-01-2021


Indigofera coerulea,


… correct


I think it may be Indigofera tinctoria as no. of leaflets are more than Indigofera coerulea as per descriptions in the book pages in the Flora of Peninsular India
http://flora-peninsula-indica.ces.iisc.ac.in/herbsheet.php?id=4354&cat=7
http://flora-peninsula-indica.ces.iisc.ac.in/herbsheet.php?id=4385&cat=7


Once look …, if based on leaf lets,
Flora of Andhra Pradesh.
1 image.

Indigofera tinctoria L. is correct ID !

.


Wild Plant for ID : Nasik : 27SEP21 : AK – 049: 4 images.
A wild plant seen last week (27.9.21) in Nasik.


Please check Indigofera in FoI and efi.


I think Indigofera tinctoria L. as per comparative images at Indigofera.


I guess you are right


Adding more images clicked last month including those of the pods.
3 images


 


References:

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