India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, Western to Eastern Himalayas from 500 – 2,200 m. Often planted near villages for cattle fodder), Bhutan, China, Indochina, Myanmar, Nepal as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy-   Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;

Ficus neriifolia is a species of fig (Ficus). It is native to Asia, including Bhutan, Burma, China, India, and Nepal.[1]

Ficus neriifolia grows as a tree up to 15 m (50 ft) tall with smooth, dark grey bark on its trunk. The hairless, leathery oval to lanceolate (spear-shaped) leaves are up to 8–18 cm (3 14–7 in) long by 3–6.5 cm (1 18–2 12 in) wide, and often asymmetrical in shape. The 8–10 cm (3 14–4 in) diameter figs are rounded, oval, or cylindrical and grow in pairs off older branches.[1]
Ficus neriifolia is found in Mêdog County in southern Tibet and western Yunnan province in China, as well as Bhutan, Myanmar,[1] central and western Nepal,[3] northeastern India including Sikkim,[1] Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Uttar Pradesh.[2]
It grows in forests of both coniferous and broadleaved trees at elevations of 1,700–2,900 m (5,600–9,500 ft) above sea level in China,[1] and 500–2,200 m (1,600–7,200 ft) above sea level in India.[2]
The figs and leaves are eaten by the endangered black crested gibbon (Nomascus concolor) in Yunnan province, particularly between May and September where it is the most commonly eaten plant species.[4] It is also an important food item of the eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys)[5]
The foliage of Ficus neriifolia is used as fodder and its wood used as fuel in Nepal. The juice of the stem bark is used as a folk remedy for conjunctivitis and boils[3] This fig tree is considered good for indoor bonsai in temperate climates, and it is easily shaped and pruned.[6]
(From Wikipedia on 31.3.16)

Ficus neriifolia ATMAR2016/05 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)
Ficus neriifolia Sm. New on efloraindia
Ficus nemoralis Wall. ex Miq.
Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner
Treated in FLORA SIMLENSIS as Ficus nemoralis Wall.
Lal Babu Chaudhary et al. treated it as Ficus neriifolia J. E. Sm. in
Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India.
Ficus neriifolia Sm. is accepted name according to the PLANT LIST.
March 2015 & 2016

Some useful links:

Thanks, …, for posting a new species for efi.

absolutely new to me. just seeing the leaves never would have guessed as a ficus esp the crinkly edges of these rather skinny/less thick  leaves

Attachments (1)


Ficus neriifolia ABOCT2017/05 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

I have been meaning to file photos of this tree for a while now. I photographed it near Dal Lake where people plant it on the border of their fields and collect leaves as fodder for cows. Locally it is called Doodhi. I looked at … wonderful post and our plants look similar. Please correct me if I am making a mistake in identifying it
Ficus neriifolia
Near Dal Lake, Dharamshala, HP
1800m approx.
12 August and 02 September 2017 

Please explain what is meaning of nerii. Am aware of meaning of folia.

I do not know as yet. Both my plant books on botanical names do not have it. I will let you know if I find out and please share if you do before me.

The meaning of “nerii” is relative to a plant named “Nerium oleander“. So “neriifolia” means “leaf of nerium”


Ficus neriifolia ATDEC2017/02 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Ficus neriifolia


Request for Identification : 21 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1) – 3 Mb.
Can you please help me to identify.

I think taken in taken in East Khasi Hills, Meghalaya

Yes … It has been taken in East Khasi Hills, Meghalaya.

It is Ficus but … may help for correct ID !

The photograph of Ficus species looking belongs to subgenus Urostigma. Material should be studied physically for exact species confirmation.

kindly check with Ficus nemoralis

Kindly match this with Ficus nemoralis

To me also appear close to images at Ficus neriifolia (syn: Ficus nemoralis Wall. ex Miq.)

I still think it to be Ficus nemoralis. Have you tried matching and found unsuitable? If so, kindly mention the differences so that I may start over again.Attaching a photo from kew herbarium for reference.

I agreed with your id. Pl. see my full reply.

That would be great! Will check it right now..

Where was it clicked?

I think Meghalaya.

… would be the best person. It occurs atleast uptill about 1800 m or maybe more all over Khasi hills in Meghalaya

SK1144 26 MAY 2018 : 11 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
Location:  Soureni, India 
Date: 7 May  2018
Altitude: 4000 ft
Habit : Wild

Ficus sp.

I know it is ficus.

Comparative images are available at Ficus

Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner ex R.R. Stewart. ???

Yes sir its Ficus neriifolia Sm.
Synonyms – Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner

Does not look like matching with F. neriifolia Sm.
Which one is accepted name and which one synonenym? I found the following in the web.

Sir plant list show Ficus neriifolia sm. as accepted name of Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner
But Catalogue of life  show F. neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner ex R.R. Stewart. (accepted name)
And it looks that your plant is Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis.
Please compare the plant with … plant posted on group.
Here are some more links of F. neriifolia var. nemoralis and F.neriifolia smith.

Ficus sp. for ID from Himachal-GS01032020-4 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help with the ID of this Ficus species, Along Bhangayani Temple to Nohradhar Road, Himachal Pradesh, May 24, 2015.

I think Ficus neriifolia varnemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner (Syn F. nemoralis Wall.) differing from type in longer peduncles.

I guess ID is correct …!

Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy-   Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012, only gives Ficus neriifolia J. E. Sm. with F. neriifolia J. E. Sm. var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner as syn.
(Notes: Corner (1965) has treated F. neriifolia J. E. Sm. var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner, F. neriifolia J. E. Sm. var. fieldingii (Miq.) Corner and F. neriifolia J.E. Sm. var. trilepis (Miq.) Corner separately. However, Wu et al. (2003) have merged all of them under F.neriifolia J. E. Sm. Since, receptacles are distinguishable among them, they need further studies.)

MS March, 2020/10 Ficus sp. ? for ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Location : Hmuifang, Mizoram
Altitude : ca 1,430 m.
Habit : Middle-sized tree with milky juice
Habitat : Wild

Ficus neriifolia ?

For me your ID is correct & matches with one available at

This is Ficus neriifolia Sm.


Ficus for ID from Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh-GS24112021-2: 3 high res. images.
Please help with ID of Ficus species clicked from near Maa Bhangayni temple, Sirmour Himachal Pradesh, 25-5-2015.

Leaf closer view

Ficus neriifolia Sm.

Ficus neerifolia (=F. nemoralis) !!!

Already identified earlier at Ficus sp. for ID from Himachal-GS01032020-4

Strange but true, identified myself but failed to update my database. Age has its effect.


Id of Ficus species please: 2 high res. images.
Kindly let me know Id of Ficus,
Was found at Laitkor forest, Shillong elevation 1780 m
June 2022

Can you post close up of figs?

Was it a shrub or a tree?

Pl. check the following links (as per comparative images at Ficus):
Ficus neriifolia Sm.
Ficus heterophylla L.f.

The ficus was a shrub sized about 15 ft tall with wide canopy and the petiole was reddish

What do you think of Ficus neriifolia Sm. ?

Yes Sir! it is Ficus neriifolia


Unknown Tree from Manipur: 2 images.
Place of Observation: Shirui hills
January, 2021

I think close to images at


Ficus neriifolia Sm.: 12 high res. images.

Location: Phulchoki, Kathmandu
Date:  08 July 2023
Elevation:  2335 m.
Habit : Wild.


SK 3924 17 January 2024: 7 very high res. images.

Location: The Terrace Resort, Lankuri Bhanjyang, Lalitpur
Date: 13 January 2024 
Elevation: 2000 m.
Habit : Not sure
Ficus neriifolia Sm. ????

Shared images are of Ficus neriifolia Sm.; Rees, Cycl. 14: Ficus no. 21 (1810)




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