Ficus neriifolia Sm., Cycl. 14: 21 1810. (syn: Ficus densa Miq.; Ficus diadena Steud.; Ficus fieldingii Miq.; Ficus gemella Wall. ex Miq.; Ficus nemoralis Wall. ex Miq.; Ficus nemoralis var. fieldingii (Miq.) King ..; Ficus neriifolia var. fieldingii (Miq.) Corner ..; Ficus trilepis Miq.; Ficus wardii C.E.C.Fisch.);
India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, Western to Eastern Himalayas from 500 – 2,200 m. Often planted near villages for cattle fodder), Bhutan, China, Indochina, Myanmar, Nepal as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;
Ficus neriifolia grows as a tree up to 15 m (50 ft) tall with smooth, dark grey bark on its trunk. The hairless, leathery oval to lanceolate (spear-shaped) leaves are up to 8–18 cm (3 1⁄4–7 in) long by 3–6.5 cm (1 1⁄8–2 1⁄2 in) wide, and often asymmetrical in shape. The 8–10 cm (3 1⁄4–4 in) diameter figs are rounded, oval, or cylindrical and grow in pairs off older branches.
Ficus neriifolia is found in Mêdog County in southern Tibet and western Yunnan province in China, as well as Bhutan, Myanmar, central and western Nepal, northeastern India including Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Uttar Pradesh.
It grows in forests of both coniferous and broadleaved trees at elevations of 1,700–2,900 m (5,600–9,500 ft) above sea level in China, and 500–2,200 m (1,600–7,200 ft) above sea level in India.
The figs and leaves are eaten by the endangered black crested gibbon (Nomascus concolor) in Yunnan province, particularly between May and September where it is the most commonly eaten plant species. It is also an important food item of the eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys)
The foliage of Ficus neriifolia is used as fodder and its wood used as fuel in Nepal. The juice of the stem bark is used as a folk remedy for conjunctivitis and boils This fig tree is considered good for indoor bonsai in temperate climates, and it is easily shaped and pruned.
(From Wikipedia on 31.3.16)
Ficus neriifolia ATMAR2016/05 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)
Ficus neriifolia Sm. New on efloraindia
Ficus nemoralis Wall. ex Miq.
Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner
Treated in FLORA SIMLENSIS as Ficus nemoralis Wall.
Lal Babu Chaudhary et al. treated it as Ficus neriifolia J. E. Sm. in
Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India.
Ficus neriifolia Sm. is accepted name according to the PLANT LIST.
March 2015 & 2016
Some useful links:
Thanks, …, for posting a new species for efi.
absolutely new to me. just seeing the leaves never would have guessed as a ficus esp the crinkly edges of these rather skinny/less thick leaves
Ficus neriifolia ABOCT2017/05 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
I have been meaning to file photos of this tree for a while now. I photographed it near Dal Lake where people plant it on the border of their fields and collect leaves as fodder for cows. Locally it is called Doodhi. I looked at … wonderful post and our plants look similar. Please correct me if I am making a mistake in identifying it
Near Dal Lake, Dharamshala, HP
12 August and 02 September 2017
Please explain what is meaning of nerii. Am aware of meaning of folia.
I do not know as yet. Both my plant books on botanical names do not have it. I will let you know if I find out and please share if you do before me.
The meaning of “nerii” is relative to a plant named “Nerium oleander“. So “neriifolia” means “leaf of nerium”
Ficus neriifolia ATDEC2017/02 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Request for Identification : 21 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1) – 3 Mb.
Can you please help me to identify.
I think taken in taken in East Khasi Hills, Meghalaya
Yes … It has been taken in East Khasi Hills, Meghalaya.
It is Ficus but … may help for correct ID !
The photograph of Ficus species looking belongs to subgenus Urostigma. Material should be studied physically for exact species confirmation.
kindly check with Ficus nemoralis
Kindly match this with Ficus nemoralis
I still think it to be Ficus nemoralis. Have you tried matching and found unsuitable? If so, kindly mention the differences so that I may start over again.
Attaching a photo from kew herbarium for reference.
I agreed with your id. Pl. see my full reply.
That would be great! Will check it right now..
Where was it clicked?
I think Meghalaya.
… would be the best person. It occurs atleast uptill about 1800 m or maybe more all over Khasi hills in Meghalaya
SK1144 26 MAY 2018 : 11 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
Location: Soureni, India
Date: 7 May 2018
Altitude: 4000 ft
Habit : Wild
I know it is ficus.
Comparative images are available at Ficus
Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner ex R.R. Stewart. ???
Yes sir its Ficus neriifolia Sm.
Synonyms – Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner
Does not look like matching with F. neriifolia Sm.
Which one is accepted name and which one synonenym? I found the following in the web.
Sir plant list show Ficus neriifolia sm. as accepted name of Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner
But Catalogue of life show F. neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner ex R.R. Stewart. (accepted name)
And it looks that your plant is Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis.
Please compare the plant with … plant posted on group.
Here are some more links of F. neriifolia var. nemoralis and F.neriifolia smith.
Ficus sp. for ID from Himachal-GS01032020-4 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help with the ID of this Ficus species, Along Bhangayani Temple to Nohradhar Road, Himachal Pradesh, May 24, 2015.
I think Ficus neriifolia var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner (Syn F. nemoralis Wall.) differing from type in longer peduncles.
I guess ID is correct …!
Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012, only gives Ficus neriifolia J. E. Sm. with F. neriifolia J. E. Sm. var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner as syn.
(Notes: Corner (1965) has treated F. neriifolia J. E. Sm. var. nemoralis (Wall. ex Miq.) Corner, F. neriifolia J. E. Sm. var. fieldingii (Miq.) Corner and F. neriifolia J.E. Sm. var. trilepis (Miq.) Corner separately. However, Wu et al. (2003) have merged all of them under F.neriifolia J. E. Sm. Since, receptacles are distinguishable among them, they need further studies.)
MS March, 2020/10 Ficus sp. ? for ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Location : Hmuifang, Mizoram
Altitude : ca 1,430 m.
Habit : Middle-sized tree with milky juice
Habitat : Wild
Ficus neriifolia ?
For me your ID is correct & matches with one available at
This is Ficus neriifolia Sm.