Xylosma controversa Clos, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 8: 231 1857. (syn: Flacourtia cataphracta Wall.; Myroxylon controversum (Clos) Kuntze);
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, ?Yunnan), peninsular Malaysia, Vietnam, Assam, India (West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya) as per Catalogue of Life


Xylosma controversa Clos : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (10)- around 800 kb each.

Location: Godawari, Nepal  
Date: 18 April 2018
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Habit: Wild
Nepali Names : डाँडे  काँडा Daande Kaandaa / धारे काँडा Dhaare Kaandaa

Excellent photography, …
You are doing a great service for the plants of Nepal. Adding Nepali names in this database will help the future generations..

SK 2836 09 November 2020 : 7 very high resolution images.

Location: Kathmandu Valley
Date:  November 2020 
Elevation: 15500m.
Habitat  : Wild

A species of Xylosma perhaps

This one resembles Xylosma longifolium

Xylosma controversa Clos ??

I will go for Xylosma controversa as per keys in Flora of China.



SK46JUL23-2016:ID : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 high res. images. 

Enclosing some pictures for identification.
Location : Godawari Botanical Garden Nepal
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Date: 13 July, 2016

Any idea about the family or genus pl. ?

I think you have posted similar plant in another thread. Can you recall the Id ?

Xylosma sp.

Xylosma controversa Clos


Celtis australis L.: 10 images.

Location: Ranibari, Kathmandu
Date: 5 April 2021
Elevation: 1370 m.
Habitat : Wild
Nepali Name : खरी Kharee

I think fruits and their arrangement, look different as per images at WikipediaEncyclopedia of Life and bgflora

It was labelled !

Once again I fail, Sir, and yes, all Celtis search displays solitary fruit!
Alternate leaf with serrate margin … can it be any Ilex?

Please, forget Ilex, better try Trema. Pic “DSC_0743” suggests it could be a Trema.

Does not seem to match with both as per Ilex or Trema

Extremely sorry, SIr, didn’t notice the trunk (DSC_0752) is armed. It cancels any chance of Trema.
Now, which Celtis does have an armed trunk? That I do not know.
Flora of Nepal lists 3 species – http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=105995. Of those 3 species Celtis australis L. perhaps would be C. australis auct. non L. ….. please check –

  1. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=220002510
  2. POWO
KEW doesn’t think Celtis australis L. is distributed in Nepal or India – POWO
This much I could do !!!

Can it be ripe state of link ? @efi thread

I think you are right as per images at Xylosma controversa

Yes …


SK 3854 September 2023: 5 high res. images.

Location: Indra Daha, Kathmandu, Nepal

Date: 07 September 2023

Altitude: 1573 m.
Habitat : Wild

This could be a Xylosma sp. [Salicaceae].

Yes. it appears close to images at




Catalogue of Life  POWO  The Plant List Ver.1.1  Tropicos  IPNI  Catalogue of Life  GBIF (with type specimens) High resolution specimen  High resolution specimen 2  Flora of China FOC illustration  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Asian Flora 

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