Corydalis chaerophylla DC., Prodr. 1: 128 1824. (syn: Capnoides chaerophylla Kuntze);
India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Darjeeling, Arunachal Pradesh), Sikkim,
Nepal, Bhutan, S-Tibet (Chumbi) as per Catalogue of Life;
Erect herbs, stout, robust 0.5-1.3 mm tall. Stem simple, grooved, dichotomously branched, glabrous to crisply pubescent near the base. Root stocks woody, thick, branched, scaly and covered with dry leaf-sheaths, up to 30 cm long. Basal radical leaves few, triangular or broadly ovate in outline 8-15 x 6.5-14 cm across, with 3 triangular, broadly ovate, bipinnatisect lateral and terminal pinnae, sessile, decurrent, ultimate segments 5-12 lobulate, linear-oblong, margin entire or subentire, petiolules about 15-25 mm long, glabrous above, petiole slender, sheathing at the base, about 2-5 cm long. Cauline leaves in the upper part of the plant, similar to radical leaves, but becoming sessile towards the shoot. Inflorescence terminal, dichotomously branched, densely flowered about 6-40, about 4-10 cm long, elongating in fruit, about 10-20 cm long, bracts linear lanceolate, margin entire, apex long acuminate, about 3-4 mm long. Flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, golden yellow, pedicels 2-3 mm long, deflexed in fruit, Sepals 2, ovate-orbicular, margin faintly serrulate, about 1 mm long, petals 4, outer series dissimilar, very narrowly crested, apex apiculate, upper petal 11-13 mm long, slender spur, usually straight about 8-9 mm long, nectar glands up to three fourth the spur, in lower petal basal pouch prominent. Stamens 6, in 2 bundles, anthers dimorphous. Ovary unilocular, hypogynous, glabrous, style filiform, flattened and grooved, stigmas dilated. Fruits capsules, obovoid-ellipsoid, about 8-10 x 3-4 cm across, spreading dehiscing when mature by tumid or inflated valves. Seeds 2-5, suborbicular, about 1 mm across, shining black.
Along streams and forest clearing, altitude 2100-4200 m.
Asia: Bhutan, India: Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Nepal.
(attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi from India Biodiversity Portal)
SK1521 20 Oct 2018 : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- around 400 kb each.
Location: Shivapuri National Park, Nepal
Date: 24 August 2018
Habit : Wild
Corydalis juncea Wall. ??
Thanks, …,Efi page available at
I did check … Need validation.
To me looks different from illustration at Corydalis juncea Wall. at FOC illustration
O yes, very different. This is a species in the C. chaerophylla group.
You check these two descriptions:
33. Corydalis terracina Lidén, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 18(6): 528 (1989).
Perennial herbs to 25–50 cm. Rootstock stout, apically with small fibrous petiole remnants. Stem erect, few, usually unbranched, with 1–3 leaves in upper half. Radical leaves several, in distinct rosette, with 5–10 cm petioles, triangular, 8– 12 × 10–15 cm, ternate with pinnate to bipinnate long-stalked primary leaflets; ultimate leaflets ± deeply cut into oblong to ovate subacute lobes. Cauline leaves subsessile, 4–10 × 4–8 cm. Racemes dense, secund, 9–30-flowered, 4–15 cm. Bracts linear to narrowly obovate, 4–5 mm. Pedicels 4–5 mm, recurved in fruit. Sepals 3 × 3 mm, rounded, dentate. Corolla dirty yellow with brownish veins. Upper petal 18–24 mm, crested; spur cylindric, straight or slightly curved, 13–15 mm, nectary half to two thirds as long; lower petal saccate at base.
Inner petals 10–12 mm. Stigma square, flat, with four simple papillae at apex, inner ones small, distinct, outer broad, diffuse; geminate papillae laterally and on basal lobes. Capsule pendent, obovoid, 8–10 mm, 5–10-seeded, explosively dehiscent. Style 2.5 mm. Seeds 1.5–1.9 mm, smooth.
Distribution: Endemic to Nepal.
Altitudinal range: 1300–2700 m.
Ecology: Terrace banks and track-sides.
Flowering: April–October. Fruiting: May–November.
Easily distinguished from Corydalis chaerophylla DC. in growth habit. In the herbarium the unbranched stems, the longer and broader flowers, large rounded sepals and usually distinctly saccate lower petal are distinctive.
35. Corydalis chaerophylla DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 128 (1821). र र Okhare jhar (Nepali).
Perennial herbs 0.6–1.3 m. Rootstock stout with some scaly remains from previous years’ growth at apex. Stem erect, leafy and branched in upper half. Radical leaves few, fern-like, with 10–30 cm petioles, triangular, 13–20 × 10–20 cm. Petioles of cauline leaves 2–6 cm. Cauline leaves green above, glaucous beneath, 7–15 × 5–12 cm; leaflets deeply dentate to pinnatifid into acute lobes. Upper leaves subsessile, smaller, triangular, bipinnate. Racemes 5–15 cm, spicate, dense, secund, 10–40- flowered, sometimes branched. Bracts linear to narrowly obovate, 4–5 mm. Pedicels 4–5 mm, recurved in fruit. Sepals 1–1.5 × 1 mm, dentate, sometimes acuminate. Corolla pale yellow, often with brownish or greenish suffusion. Outer petals without or usually with narrow crest, subacute; upper petal 15– 20 mm, spur cylindric, straight or slightly curved, 8–12 mm, nectary half to three quarters as long; lower petal navicular, not saccate, distal part often not reflexed. Inner petals 7–9 mm. Stigma square, flat, with four simple papillae at apex, inner ones small, distinct, outer broad, diffuse; geminate papillae laterally and on basal lobes. Capsule pendent, obovoid, 8–10 mm, 5–10-seeded, explosively dehiscent. Style 2–2.5 mm. Seeds 0.9–1.4 mm.
Distribution: Nepal, W Himalaya, E Himalaya and Assam- Burma.
Altitudinal range: 1800–4000 m.
Ecology: Forests and clearings, often close to running water. Flowering: April–September. Fruiting: May–November.
Thank you … for the lead.
I guess it is matching to Corydalis chaerophylla DC. but exact
location is not showing in the map. However, I think it is correct.
SK1994 12 June 2019 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9)- around 700 kb each.
Location: Godawari, Lalitpur,, Nepal
Altitude: 1698 m.
Date: 04 June 2019
Habit : Wild
Corydalis ?? Could not get a match from any of listed from ACFPN.
Thank you … Nepali Names : ओखरे घाँस Okhare Ghaans/ कर्मे घाँस Karme Ghaans/ पँहेले Pahenle/ पिले Pile
Corydalis chaerophylla DC. : 7 posts by 1 author. 7 images- 4 to 7 mb each.
Location: Phulchoki, Lalitpur
Date: 07 October 2020
Habit : Wild
Nepali Names : ओखरे घाँस Okhare Ghaans / कर्म घाँस Karm Ghaans
SK 2846 13 November 2020 : 11 very high resolution images.
Location: Kathmandu Valley
Date: October 2020
Habitat : Wild
Corydalis chaerophylla DC. or its subsp. ??
I do not know the difference between two varieties of Corydalis chaerophylla reported in Checklist of Nepal.
But going by elevation, it should be Corydalis chaerophylla var. chaerophylla DC.
Thank you for alerting me to the Nepal checklist. I had no idea. Who is responsible for this mess? Many things in it are really bizarre, and there is no reason to take it seriously. There is a recent flora volume that you can trust.
Thanks a lot, … Yes, Flora of Nepal- online Flora only mentions Corydalis chaerophylla
It also mentions C. geranifolia, but as a distinct species.
Yes … Only one sp. under chaerophylla and subsp. geraniifolia is now. C geraniifolia !
Catalogue of Life The Plant List Ver.1.1 IPNI