Cleome aspera J.König ex DC. (Images by Prabhu Kumar KM, identified by Vijayasankar)


Cleome austroarabica D.F.Chamb. & Lamond (Oman) (Images by Aarti S.Khale)


Cleome brachycarpa (Forssk.) Vahl ex DC. (Images by Aarti S. Khale (photographed in Oman))


Cleome felina L.f. (Images by Nadeem Waqif, identified by Vijayasankar)


Cleome gynandra L. (Images by Nidhan Singh)


Cleome monophylla L. (Images by T. Badri Narayanan)


Cleome rupicola Vicary (Images by Aarti S. Khale (photographed in Oman))


Cleome rutidosperma DC. (Images by Dinesh Valke (1) and Pravin Kawale (2,3,4))



Cleome scaposa DC. (Egypt (SE-Egypt), Oman (Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir), Yemen (Aden Desert, coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut, N-Inner Yemen, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen), Qatar, Libya, Djibouti, Socotra, Somalia, Ethiopia, N-Kenya, Sudan, Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Niger, Chad, Burkina Faso, S-Saharan Mts., Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Sal Isl.), India (Himachal Pradesh, Indian Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra), Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, N.W.Frontier Prov., Peshawar, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi) as per CoL)

(Images by Gautam (1,2,3- ID by Viplav Gangar) and Satish Phadke)


Cleome tenella L.f. (Images by Lalithamba (1,2) and Muthu Karthick (3,4- ID by Dr Narasimhan))


Tarenaya hassleriana (Chodat) H. H. Iltis (As per efi thread: Stamen colour purple in Tarenaya hassleriana & green in Cleoserrata speciosa
Stamens are inserted together in a club like stub above the bottom in Tarenaya hassleriana, while these are inserted in the bottom in Cleoserrata speciosa.)

Tarenaya spinosa (Jacq.) Raf.  (FoNA for Tarenaya spinosa (Jacquin) Rafinesque says sepals green, lanceolate, 6-8 × 0.8-1.3 mm, glandular-pubescent; petals white or greenish white (somewhat reddish abaxially), …. stamens white, 20-50 mm; anthers 9-10 mm.
While for Tarenaya hassleriana (Chodat) H. H. Iltis, it states sepals (reflexed after anthesis), green, linear-lanceolate, 5-7 × 0.8-1.3 mm, glabrous; petals usually pink or purple, sometimes white (or fading to white by second day), …. stamens purple, 30-50 mm; anthers 9-10 mm. )

Species with description & Keys as per Flora of Pakistan :
Cleome ariana Hedge & Lamond
Cleome brachycarpa Vahl ex DC.
Cleome dolichostyla Jafri
Cleome fimbriata Vicary
Cleome heratensis Bunge et Bien. ex Boiss.
Cleome oxypetala Boiss.
Cleome rupicola Vicary
Cleome scaposa DC.
Cleome spinosa Jacq.
Cleome viscosa L. (Syn. of Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf.)

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Cleome angustifolia Forsk Herb Plains, Sandy Localities Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983 Cuddalore, Kanchee puram, Kanniya kumari, Salem, Thiruvallur, Tirunelveli, Vilup puram, Virudhu nagar
Cleome aspera Koen ex. DC. Herb Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983 All districts
Cleome burmannii Wight & Arn. = Cleome rutidosperma var. burmannii Herb Plains, Moist Localities Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Thanjavur, Tirunelveli
Cleome chelidonii L.  Erect Herb Plains, Moist Localities Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Kanchee puram, Ramanatha puram, Salem, Thiruvallur, Thanjavur, Tiruchchira ppalli, Vilup puram
Cleome felina L.   Erect Herb Plains, Dry Localities Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Thiruvallur, Kanche epuram, Madurai, Ramanatha puram, Salem, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tiruvanna malai, Viluppuram
Cleome hassleriana Chod. (syn. of Tarenaya hassleriana) Herb Western Ghats Matthew, 1999 Dindigul
Cleome monophylla L. Herb Plains Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts
Cleome rutidosperma DC. Herb Native of Tropical America, Naturalized Flora India, VOL. 2, 1993 All districts
Cleome speciosa Raf.(syn. of Cleoserrata speciosa (Raf.) Iltis.) Herb Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America    Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem
Cleome viscosa L.(Syn. of Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf.) Herb Plains Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 All districts


Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 7.1.14 :

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Cleome chelidonii Cleomaceae Celandine Spider Flower
Cleome gynandra Cleome pentaphylla, Gynandropsis gynandra, Gynandropsis pentaphylla Cleomaceae Wild Spider Flower
Cleome houtteana Cleome hassleriana, Cleome sesquiorygalis, Tarenaya hassleriana Cleomaceae Spider Flower
Cleome rutidosperma Cleome ciliata Cleomaceae Fringed Spider Flower
Cleome simplicifolia Polanisia simplicifolia Cleomaceae Simple Leaved Clammyweed
Cleome speciosa (syn. of Cleoserrata speciosa (Raf.) Iltis.) Cleome speciosissima, Gynandropsis speciosa Cleomaceae Showy Spider Flower
Cleome viscosa (Syn. of Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf.) Polanisia viscosa Cleomaceae Asian Spider Flower

Capparaceae and Cleomaceae Fortnight: September 1 to 14 2013 : Here is list plants of both these families reported from India.
Members are requested to suggest any addition or deletion please.
Cleome angustifolia (syn. of Cleome tenella),
Cleome ariana
Cleome aspera Koen.
Cleome burmannii Cleome rutidosperma var. burmannii
Cleome chelidonii
Cleome felina
Cleome fimbriata
Cleome gynandra
L. var. gynandra
Cleome gynandra L. var. nana
Cleome hassleriana (syn. of
Tarenaya hassleriana)
Cleome houtteana
Cleome monophylla
Cleome rutidosperma
Cleome scaposa
Cleome simplicifolia

Cleome speciosa (
syn. of Cleoserrata speciosa (Raf.) Iltis.)
Cleome spinosa (syn. of
Tarenaya spinosa )
Cleome vahliana  (
syn. of Cleome brachycarpa (Forssk.) Vahl ex DC.)
Cleome viscosa L. var. nagarjunakondensis (
synonym of Cleome viscosa L.)
Cleome viscosa L. var. viscosa  (Syn. of
Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf.)
I have prepared this list by compiling names from all the resources available with me and and information extracted from web resources as much as i could get.

I checked species of Cleome & found that some are not valid names (rather syn. of other stated names) while a few others have been moved to another genera like Tarenaya hassleriana & Tarenaya spinosa
I think this appears to be a situation in other genera also & situation may get confused.


1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
Cleome rutidosperma var. burmannii – Kerala & Tamilnadu
Cleome gynandra var. nana- Rajasthan


Cleome gynandra var. nana


Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy(2002) Description & Keys

Cleome aspera

Cleome chelidonii

Cleome felina

Cleome gynandra

Cleome monophylla

Cleome tenella

Cleome viscosa (Syn. of Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf.),


Flora of Eastern Karnataka, Volume 1 By N. P. Singh (1988- Description with Keys

Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000- Details with Keys

Cleome aspera

Cleome felina

Cleome gynandra

Cleome viscosa (Syn. of Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf.),

Cleome angustifolia (syn. of Cleome tenella),


Cleome :  1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cleome

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other databases/ books.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments are welcome.


Re: Cleome species pages : 1 post by 1 author.

I have inserted images on species pages of Cleome.
I am not able to make genus page (my system & browser are older) which is requested here.

Thanks, … I will do that.

Pl. go through Cleome (‎‎Cleomaceae) page with images of species (mainly done by D. S. Rawat ji) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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