Tylophora ovata (Lindl.) Hook. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 2: 726 1841. (syn: Diplolepis apiculata Lindl.; Diplolepis ovata Lindley; Gymnema hirsuta Wall.; Tylophora atrofolliculata F. P. Metcalf; Tylophora hirsuta (Wall.) Wight; Tylophora hispida Decne.; Tylophora hispida var. brownii Hayata; Tylophora jacquemontii Decne.; Tylophora lanyuensis Liu & Lu; Tylophora mollissima Wall.; Tylophora ovata var. lanyuensis (Liu & Lu) S.S. Ying; Tylophora panzhutenga Z. Y. Zhu; Vincetoxicum hirsutum (Decne.) Kuntze; Vincetoxicum hispidum (Decne.) Kuntze; Vincetoxicum mollissimum (Wall.) Kuntze);
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, India (N- & NE-India, SW Ghats (Nilgiris & Pulneys), tropical Himalayas, Darjeeling), Burma, Nepal, Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab), Jammu & Kashmir (Murree, Poonch), Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak), Philippines (Batan) as per Catalogue of Life;

SK1601 25 Nov 2018 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)- around 700 kb each.

Location: Victoria Peak, Hong Kong 
Date: 2 November 2018
Elevation: 1300 ft.

Habit : Wild

Asclepiadaceae. ??

Tylophora ovata (Lindl.) Hook. ex Steud. ??

Yes sir, this looks like Tylophora ovata.

SK2079 27 July 2019 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)

Location:  Phedi, Nagarkot, Bhaktapur
Date: 6 July 2019
Elevation:  1623 m.
Habit : Wild
Vincetoxicum hirsutum (Wall.) Kuntze ??
Syn : Tylophora hirsuta (Wall.) Wight

I think matches with Tylophora ovata (Lindl.) Hook. ex Steud. as per synonyms, details and references herein.


Is not it unique that some nodes have 3 leaves instead of opposite leaves ??

Interestingly, both Flora of China  & Flora of Pakistan are silent about leaf arrangements.

However, the genus link of Flora of Pakistan says, leaves opposite.


Climber for ID : 17 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1).
Location : Lengpui, Mizoram. Altitude : ca. 400 m. Date : 21-06-2014.
Habit : climber. Habitat : wild

Thanks, …, Do you have close of the flowers etc. ?

No sir. I think i can have after 2-5 days

Same climber for ID (Asclepiadaceae)
Tylophora sp. ??. Attachments (4).

Beautiful flowers, I could not help but enhancing one! And this looks like – FOI

It looks like Cosmostigma racemosum (Roxb.) Wt.

It is an Asclepiad but not Cosmostigma racemosum, Any Bidaria sp.?

Pic. of same climber. Attachments (1).

It looks like Brachylepis nervosa W&A,

leaves of same climber. Attachments (1).

Gymnema sylvestre ??

it is not Gymnema sylvestre!!

I may be wrong but I still think of all ID proposed in this thread this one is closer to T. ovata, Description can be found at FoC (leaf base rounded obtuse or cordate in T. hirsuta Wight, FBI.IV.43). Slender, acuminate poniard shaped follicles is another character.

Sir, I think Tylophora ovata (Lindl.) Hook. ex Steud is a fairly probable id.

May I request you to pl. post high resolution images to check the details.
What are the species reported in your area?

Only Tylophora longifolia was recorded in Mizoram

If the follicles (in this thread) @ efi thread look like the illustrations –

http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=85951&flora_id=2 I still think there is a fair chance, even if it is not listed in Mizoram flora.
As for distribution one can view KEW map – POWO
Still, I can be wrong altogether.

Leaves here look glabrous unlike those in Tylophora ovata

“Lianas to 5 m, rusty hispid, villous, or pubescent except for adaxial leaf surface and sometimes follicles. ….. ”

Those are the exact words, copied from Flora of China.
Also, attached here Flora of British India entry.
and, also the picture shows hair ! – Link
And, also, here is the protologue
But, that doesn.t conclude the id, I merely suggested the possibility!

Vincetoxicum hirsutum (Decne.) Kuntze ?

I agree with you. After going through GBIF (from India) images and specimens, I find that there is a lot of variation in the leaves’ pubescence and flowers.

I think matches as per GBIF specimen and FOI images.



References: Catalogue of Life  WFO  The Plant List Ver.1.1  Tropicos  IPNI POWO (Vincetoxicum hirsutum (Decne.) Kuntze)  GBIF  BSI Flora of India checklist  Flora of China FOC illustration  Flora of Pakistan  FOP illustration Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Tylophora hirsuta (Wall.) Wight)  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Useful Tropical Plants

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