Memecylon celastrinum Kurz, Prelim. Rep. Forest Pegu App. A: 67; App. B: 53 in key 1875. ;

Small trees, 10-12 m tall, evergreen; bark finely fissured and flaking, thin, reddish brown to tan or blackish, inner bark pink to red, cambium whitish purple, wood orange-yellow or cream; branchlets flattened or quadrangular, becoming cylindric with age. Petioles ca. 0.5-0.6 cm long; lamina ca. 7-14 x 4-6 cm, elliptic-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acute or cuneate at base, acuminate at apex, entire, coriaceous, glabrous on both surfaces, glossy above; secondary nerves visible beneath. Inflorescences in leaf axils, cymes, ca. 0.7-1.7 cm, many-flowered; hypanthium funnel-shaped to urceolate, ca. 0.1-0.2 cm, papillose; calyx lobes minute; petals pink, broadly ovate to suborbiculate, ca. 0.2-0.25 cm, apically rounded or acute; anthers crescent-shaped; connective with a small concave abaxial gland. Fruit 7-10 mm in diam., green when immature, drying yellowish, globose, surface pustulate, basally and apically flattened, apex with a ring 1-2 mm in diam. 1 seeded with short calyx limb.

Primary forests; 1500-1800 m.
India: Assam, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand
(Attributions- French Institute of Pondicherry from India Biodiversity Portal)

ID No.07052011 RD 19: Please help me to Id this species
Date/Time-12/03/2011- 11 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Assam,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Small/moderate tree
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Leaf 7-11X3-6 cm
Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in the photos
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- White,
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Globose

This is Memecylon sp. (Melastomataceae).

Pl check for Memecylon edule

These are photographs of Memecylon celastrinum Kurz.



Re: Eugenia/Syzygium ? : 19 posts by 5 authors. 6 images.

Rajnagar, Kumarghat, Tripura
Kindly identify

Syzygium praecox (Roxb.) Rathakr. & N.C.Nair ??

Thanks, …, I do not think matches with Syzygium praecox (Roxb.) Rathakr. & N.C.Nair as per

I do not think these matches with any species so far in efi site as per comparative images at Eugenia & Syzygium

What are the species reported from your area?

it is a species of Memecylon (Melastomataceae) !

This is neither a species of Syzygium nor a Eugenia. It is a species of Memecylon evidently by the nature of fruits and leaves morphological resemblance.

Pl. check comparative images at Memecylon

Thank you very much. It could be Memecylon

How can I find out the species name as there are several Memecylon species.
Location is Pecharthal North Tripura

What are the species reported from your area?

Memecylon umbellatum is reported to be present in Tripura

If so, pl. check details at Memecylon umbellatum

Memecylon is one of the most difficult group for its identification,  and I’m not familiar with the flora of India. Please contact species ID to the expert of this group, Lahiru S. Wijedasa.


Dr Moumita Das Das is an expert of Memecylon.

I think, these images are of representatives of Memecylon celastrinum Kurz. There are also previous collection record from Tripura (Khowai District : Teliamura, dated 21.02.60).

Catalogue of life and GBIF mentions Memecylon celastrinum Kurz as a syn. of Memecylon grande Retz.

Is it correct ?

In my thesis I concluded Memecylon grande Retz. var. khasiana C. B. Clarke as a heterotypic synonym of M. celastrinum Kurz. However, the typical M. grande Retz., i. e. M. grande Retz. var. grande is a distinct species based on an entirely different entity with much larger leaves with longer acuminate apices.

Is there a key for indian memecylon


Posted in 2011 and rediscovered, redescribed and newly recorded for India in 2016
This was posted in 2011 by Raju Das ji as per details at ID No.07052011 RD 19. It was rediscovered, redescribed and newly recorded for India in 2016 as per details at Memecylon cerasiforme (Melastomataceae): a poorly known species rediscovered, redescribed and newly recorded for India– K. Karthigeyan, M. Das Das & L.S. Wijedasa- Gardens’  Bulletin Singapore 68(2): 319–326. 2016.

This time and again highlights the importance of efloraofindia, in bringing such records to the light of the taxonomic fraternity and finally leading to such publications.
Pl. check more details at Memecylon celastrinum

Efloraindia is a great asset for our country. Thank you for developing this largest database of Indian plants




Memecylon cerasiforme (Melastomataceae): a poorly known species rediscovered, redescribed and newly recorded for India– K. Karthigeyan, M. Das Das & L.S. Wijedasa- Gardens’  Bulletin Singapore 68(2): 319–326. 2016 (Abstract- The species Memecylon cerasiforme Kurz was previously known only from the type which was collected in Chittagong, Bangladesh. A recent collection of the species from the Jaldapara National Park, West Bengal, India is not only the first since the species was described in 1877 but also the first record of its occurrence in India and the first flowering collection. Its flowers can now be described and illustrated for the first time. An emended description, figure, phenological and habitat information, notes on related species, and a conservation assessment are also provided. The only original material available at Kew is designated here as a lectotype.)