Galium spurium L., Sp. Pl. 106 1753. (syn: Aparine tenera (Gren.) Fourr.; Aparine vaillantii (DC.) Fourr.; Galium adhaerens (ambiguous synonym); Galium agreste nom.superfl.; Galium agreste var. echinospermum Wallr.; Galium aparine subsp. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Jauzein; Galium aparine var. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Ortega Oliv.,
Devesa, Muñoz Garm., Herrero & R.Gonzalo; Galium aparine var. echinospermum (Wallr.) T.Durand; Galium aparine subsp. infestum Schübl. & G.Martens; Galium aparine var. infestum nom.superfl.; Galium aparine f. leiocarpum Makino; Galium aparine var. minor Benth., nom.illeg.; Galium aparine f. pauciflorum Maxim.; Galium aparine var. scaberrimum (Vahl ex Hornem.) Webb &
Berthel.; Galium aparine f. strigosa (Thunb.) Maxim.; Galium aparine subsp. tenerum (Gren.) Cout.; Galium aparine f. tenerum (Gren.) Hallier; Galium aparine var. tenerum (Gren.) Rchb.f.; Galium aparine var. vaillantii (DC.) Lej.; Galium aparinella Lange ex Cutanda; Galium aparinoides K.Koch, nom.illeg. (ambiguous synonym); Galium biflorum Hochst. ex Boiss.; Galium campestre Hochst. ex Boiss., nom.illeg.; Galium hispidum Roth; Galium hongnoense H.Lév.; Galium infestum Waldst. & Kit.; Galium oliganthum Nakai & Kitag.; Galium pauciflorum Bunge, nom.illeg.; Galium scaberrimum Vahl ex Hornem.; Galium sororium Hance; Galium spurium var. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Nyman; Galium spurium subsp. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Rivas Mart.
& Castrov.; Galium spurium var. echinospermum (Wallr.) Klett & Richt.; Galium spurium subsp. infestum (Waldst. & Kit.) Janch.; Galium spurium var. infestum (Waldst. & Kit.) Trevir.; Galium spurium f. strigosum (Thunb.) Kitag.; Galium spurium subsp. tenerum (Gren.) Nyman; Galium spurium var. tenerum Gren.; Galium spurium subsp. vaillantii (DC.) Gaudin; Galium spurium var. vaillantii (DC.) Gren.; Galium spurium f. vaillantii (DC.) R.J.Moore; Galium strigosum Thunb.; Galium tenerum Schleich. ex Gaudin, nom.illeg.; Galium tibeticum Aswal & Mehrotra; Galium trinioides Pomel; Galium tsukinanats Hassk.; Galium vaillantii DC.; Galium wutaicum Hurus.);                 

Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Africa as per WCSP;

Afghanistan; Albania; Alberta; Algeria; Amur; Austria; Baltic States; Belarus;
Belgium; Bulgaria; Canary Is.; Central European Rus; China North-Central; China
South-Central; China Southeast;
Corse; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; East Aegean Is.;
East European Russia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain; Greece; Hungary;
Illinois; Inner Mongolia; Iran; Iraq; Italy; Japan; Kirgizstan; Korea; Kriti;
Krym; Libya; Manchuria; Manitoba; Morocco; Netherlands; New Brunswick; New
Mexico; New South Wales; North European Russi; Northwest European R; Norway;
Nova Scotia; Ontario; Pakistan; Palestine; Poland; Portugal; Prince Edward I.;
Qinghai; Qubec; Romania; Sardegna; Saskatchewan; Sicilia; South Australia; South
European Russi; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan; Tibet; Tunisia; Turkey;
Turkey-in-Europe; Ukraine; Victoria; Western Australia; Xinjiang; Yugoslavia
as per Catalogue of Life;


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Galium aparine/ABMAR24 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) 

Is this Galium aparine (Goose Grass)?

Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1750m
22 March 2015 


I agree with you it is Galium aparine


Kindly confirm.


G. spurium looks a possibility

http://www.luontoportti.com/suomi/en/kukkakasvit/false-cleavers  


Thank you … These photos are not sufficient to reach an ID. I will collect more evidence soon if I can.


Pl. post high resolution images of these.


Thanks, …, Flora of Pakistan gives the following keys:
11 (5) Leaves elliptic, lanceolate or oblanceolate, usually obtuse   8 Galium spurium
+ Leaves linear, acute or cuspidata   (12)
       
12 (11) Inflorescence terminal or subterminal. Pedicel c. 2 mm long. Corolla bright yellow. Stem pubescent-glabrate; leaves 8-10 (-12) in a whorl   9 Galium verum
+ Inflorescence axillary and terminal. Pedicel 3-5 mm long. Corolla usually white. Stem minutely scabrid; leaves 6 in a whorl   (13)
In view, I will go for Galium verum subsp. verum as per above and as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration rather than G. supirium as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration


Thanks, …, On further review, I agree with you as per GBIF specimen of G. supirium
Let us further see high resolution images when ever … posts them


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2 Attachments – 2 & 3 mb each.


Thanks, … I will go for G. supirium as ided by …


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I found some plants growing near home today and photographed them. Also found some photos in my archive from 2018. I hope this help further in deciding the identity.

Attachments (20)


Thank you … I have doubts about it being G. spurium as the stalks on our plants are smooth (no hooked bristles on the edges).


Pl. do not go by any single character as it is widely distributed and you can see numerous synonyms (showing how complicated its taxonomy is) at Catalogue of Life
Plant listed in Nepal and Bhutan is Galium aparine var. echinospermum (Wallr.) T.Durand which is a syn. of Galium spurium subsp. spurium


   

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Spergula fallax (Lowe) E. H. L. Krause – SN Mar 4 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).  

Spergula fallax (Lowe) E. H. L. Krause

Caryophyllaceae
spreading herb over bushes and floor
Near Haridwar, Uthrakand


I think Galium aparine

Fruits would further confirm species.


Yes, this should be a Galium sp. instead…


I am agree with …, It is Galium aparine.


I think it may be Galium verum subsp. verum
Kindly confirm.


On further review, this may also be G. spurium as per GBIF specimen and as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration


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Galium Species For ID : Srinagar : 07JUN16 : AK-2 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Galium Species seen growing wild on Shankaracharya Hill.

Pictures taken on 28th April,16. 
Could be Galium aparine?


Should be Galium aparine. Fruits should have hooked hairs.


Liked the 2nd one.


Kindly confirm.


G. spurium I hope


Thanks, …, I agree with you as per as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration 


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Two Galiums ABAPR01/16 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 1 correct image as above.
These two plants which I believe to be Galium species were growing next to each other making it easy for comparison. Are we looking at G. verum, left and G. aparine, right? Please advise.

Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1750m
12 April 2015


efi page on Galium verum & Galium aparine   


Galium aparine & Galium rotundifolium


Can left image be Galium verum subsp. verum ?
Kindly confirm.


Thanks, …, I agree with you as per GBIF specimen of G. supirium




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