Galium spurium L., Sp. Pl. 106 1753. (syn: Aparine tenera (Gren.) Fourr.; Aparine vaillantii (DC.) Fourr.; Galium adhaerens (ambiguous synonym); Galium agreste nom.superfl.; Galium agreste var. echinospermum Wallr.; Galium aparine subsp. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Jauzein; Galium aparine var. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Ortega Oliv., Devesa, Muñoz Garm., Herrero & R.Gonzalo; Galium aparine var. echinospermum (Wallr.) T.Durand; Galium aparine subsp. infestum Schübl. & G.Martens; Galium aparine var. infestum nom.superfl.; Galium aparine f. leiocarpum Makino; Galium aparine var. minor Benth., nom.illeg.; Galium aparine f. pauciflorum Maxim.; Galium aparine var. scaberrimum (Vahl ex Hornem.) Webb & Berthel.; Galium aparine f. strigosa (Thunb.) Maxim.; Galium aparine subsp. tenerum (Gren.) Cout.; Galium aparine f. tenerum (Gren.) Hallier; Galium aparine var. tenerum (Gren.) Rchb.f.; Galium aparine var. vaillantii (DC.) Lej.; Galium aparinella Lange ex Cutanda; Galium aparinoides K.Koch, nom.illeg. (ambiguous synonym); Galium biflorum Hochst. ex Boiss.; Galium campestre Hochst. ex Boiss., nom.illeg.; Galium hispidum Roth; Galium hongnoense H.Lév.; Galium infestum Waldst. & Kit.; Galium oliganthum Nakai & Kitag.; Galium pauciflorum Bunge, nom.illeg.; Galium scaberrimum Vahl ex Hornem.; Galium sororium Hance; Galium spurium var. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Nyman; Galium spurium subsp. aparinella (Lange ex Cutanda) Rivas Mart. & Castrov.; Galium spurium var. echinospermum (Wallr.) Klett & Richt.; Galium spurium subsp. infestum (Waldst. & Kit.) Janch.; Galium spurium var. infestum (Waldst. & Kit.) Trevir.; Galium spurium f. strigosum (Thunb.) Kitag.; Galium spurium subsp. tenerum (Gren.) Nyman; Galium spurium var. tenerum Gren.; Galium spurium subsp. vaillantii (DC.) Gaudin; Galium spurium var. vaillantii (DC.) Gren.; Galium spurium f. vaillantii (DC.) R.J.Moore; Galium strigosum Thunb.; Galium tenerum Schleich. ex Gaudin, nom.illeg.; Galium tibeticum Aswal & Mehrotra; Galium trinioides Pomel; Galium tsukinanats Hassk.; Galium vaillantii DC.; Galium wutaicum Hurus.);
Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Africa as per WCSP;
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Galium aparine/ABMAR24 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Is this Galium aparine (Goose Grass)?

Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
22 March 2015 

I agree with you it is Galium aparine

Can it be Galium verum subsp. verum ?
Kindly confirm.

G. spurium looks a possibility  

Thank you … These photos are not sufficient to reach an ID. I will collect more evidence soon if I can.

Pl. post high resolution images of these.

Thanks, …, Flora of Pakistan gives the following keys:
11 (5) Leaves elliptic, lanceolate or oblanceolate, usually obtuse   8 Galium spurium
+ Leaves linear, acute or cuspidata   (12)
12 (11) Inflorescence terminal or subterminal. Pedicel c. 2 mm long. Corolla bright yellow. Stem pubescent-glabrate; leaves 8-10 (-12) in a whorl   9 Galium verum
+ Inflorescence axillary and terminal. Pedicel 3-5 mm long. Corolla usually white. Stem minutely scabrid; leaves 6 in a whorl (13)

In view, I will go for Galium verum subsp. verum as per above and as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration rather than G. supirium as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration

Thanks, …, On further review, I agree with you as per GBIF specimen of G. supirium
Let us further see high resolution images when ever … posts them


2 Attachments – 2 & 3 mb each.

Thanks, … I will go for G. supirium as ided by …

I found some plants growing near home today and photographed them. Also found some photos in my archive from 2018. I hope this help further in deciding the identity.
Attachments (20)

Thank you … I have doubts about it being G. spurium as the stalks on our plants are smooth (no hooked bristles on the edges).

Pl. do not go by any single character as it is widely distributed and you can see numerous synonyms (showing how complicated its taxonomy is) at Catalogue of Life
Plant listed in Nepal and Bhutan is Galium aparine var. echinospermum (Wallr.) T.Durand which is a syn. of Galium spurium subsp. spurium


Spergula fallax (Lowe) E. H. L. Krause – SN Mar 4 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
Spergula fallax (Lowe) E. H. L. Krause

spreading herb over bushes and floor
Near Haridwar, Uthrakhand

I think Galium aparine
Fruits would further confirm species.

Yes, this should be a Galium sp. instead…

I am agree with …, It is Galium aparine.

I think it may be Galium verum subsp. verum
Kindly confirm.

On further review, this may also be G. spurium as per GBIF specimen and as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration

Galium Species For ID : Srinagar : 07JUN16 : AK-2 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Galium Species seen growing wild on Shankaracharya Hill.
Pictures taken on 28th April,16.
Could be Galium aparine?

Should be Galium aparine. Fruits should have hooked hairs.

Liked the 2nd one.

Can it be Galium verum subsp. verum ?
Kindly confirm.

G. spurium I hope

Thanks, …, I agree with you as per as per GBIF FOP illustration Flora of Pakistan Flora of China FoC illustration

Two Galiums ABAPR01/16 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 1 correct image as above.
These two plants which I believe to be Galium species were growing next to each other making it easy for comparison. Are we looking at G. verum, left and G. aparine, right? Please advise.

Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
12 April 2015

efi page on Galium verum & Galium aparine   

Galium aparine & Galium rotundifolium

Can left image be Galium verum subsp. verum ?
Kindly confirm.

Thanks, …, I agree with you as per GBIF specimen of G. supirium


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