Homalium napaulense (DC.) Benth., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 4: 34 (1859) (syn: Blakwellia acuminata Wall. ex C. B. Clarke; Blakwellia napaulensis DC.; Blakwellia nepalensis Wall.);
India (Nagaland, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh), ?Nepal as per Catalogue of Life;

Trees, about 7-15 m tall. Bark grayish brown, branchlets and young twigs puberulous. Leaves simple, alternate, lanceolate-elliptic, about 7-16 x 4.5-10 cm across, base cuneate, sometimes subtruncate or rounded, margin coarsely crenate, apex deeply acute to acuminate, lateral veins 6-8 on either side of the midrib, impressed above and slightly prominent on midrib beneath, subcoriaceous, moderately velutinous to glabrescent along the midrib and lateral veins on both sides, conspicuously end in a gland beneath at each teeth of the margin, veinlets reticulate, petiole brown tomentose, about 15-25 mm long, stipules caducous. Inflorescence in shortly pedunculate, simple or axillary panicles or catkins, many flowered. Flowers greenish white, foetid, bisexual, epigynous, hypanthium funnel shaped, pedicels articulate in below, densely pubescent, about 1.2 mm long, hypanthium appressed hairy, slightly ribbed in fruits, about 1.5 mm long, bracts ovate, caducous, persistent, calyx tube about 1.5 mm long, sepals 6-8, linear oblong, margin ciliate, with episepalous nectar gland opposite to every sepal, accrescent after anthesis, densely pilose outside, sparsely pilose inside, petals 6-8, spathulate or oblanceolate, slightly longer and broader and alternating with sepals, inserted in the rim of the calyx tube. Stamens before each petals, alternating with staminodes and densely hairy episepalous glands, filaments about 1.5 mm long, anthers 2 loculed, globular, dorsifixed, extrorse, pollen tricolporate. Ovary semi-inferior, globose, unilocular, sparsely pubescent inside to densely pilose outside, style 3-4. Fruit not seen.

Subtropical and tropical mixed forests, altitude 700-2100 m.
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi as per India Biodiversity Portal)

SK 3106 04 November 2021: 9 very high res. images.
Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 562m.
Date: 29 August 2021
Habit : Wild

Homalium nepalense



ID003_Tree_BK_03 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- around 900 kb each.

Help Post to ID attached tree photo
  • Date: Last week of July, 2019
  • Elevation: 1400 masl
  • Habit: Wild
  • Location: Bagmati Province, Central Nepal
  • Stage of Tree: early fruiting stage
  • Flower: small white, many 
  • Stem color: inner bark and stem is yellowish red
  • Height: 14-35 m
Thank you in Advance…

Check with Celastraceae members locally 

Checked it.. but looks different.

It’s Flacourtiaceae (Salicaceae) member, Homalium, mostly Homalium nepalense,

Thank you …, for the reply and correction…but need to check it…

Thanks, …, for the id.
To me also appears close as per links:
Homalium nepalense (Homalium napaulense (DC.) Benth.- India (Nagaland, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh), ?Nepal as per Catalogue of Life)
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details with keys
However, … may further check.


Regarding identification of the sp. collected from Koraput Odisha on April 24: 3 high res. images.

Homalium napaulense !


Catalogue of Life  POWO  The Plant List Ver.1.1  IPNI  GBIF (High resolution specimens) Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flora of peninsular India  India Biodiversity Portal

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details with keys