Myricaria bracteata Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 214, t. 44, f. 2 1835. (syn: Myricaria alopecuroides Schrenk; Myricaria germanica subsp. alopecuroides (Schrenk) Kitam.; Myricaria germanica var. alopecuroides (Schrenk) Maxim.; Myricaria germanica var. bracteata (Royle) Franch.) as per Catalogue of Life;
Myricaria germanica (L.) Desv. subsp. alopecuroides (Schrenk ex Fisch. & C. A. Mey.) Kitam., Flora of Afghanistan 272. 1960 (syn: (≡) Myricaria alopecuroides Schrenk ex Fisch. & C. A. Mey. (basionym); (=) Myricaria bracteata Royle) as per GRIN;
Krym to SW. Siberia and W. & N. China: Afghanistan, Altay, China North-Central, Inner Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Mongolia, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Qinghai, South European Russi, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang as per POWO;
E-European Russia, Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Armenia, Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia), Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Swat), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit, Astor, Baltistan), Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Wardak, Parwan), Mongolia, Jammu & Kashmir (Ladakh, Leh, Kashmir), India (Himachal Pradesh, Garhwal), China (NW-Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, NW-Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang), Tibet
 as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Kashmir False Tamarisk

040722 JM 3: 6 images.
On way from Nubra to Pangong, in Syok valley near Syok river on 17.6.22 in Ladakh.

Myrtama elegans (Royle) Ovcz. & Kinzik. ??

I feel it is more likely to be Myricaria squamosa Desv. rather than Myrtama elegans (Royle) Ovcz. & Kinzikaeva, as per images and details herein.

Posting more images from the same place.
10 images.

On further scrutiny, I think it is Myricaria bracteata Royle rather than Myricaria squamosa Desv., as per details herein and as per FoC illustration and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.

Attaching high res. images one by one.
6 very high res. images.

Also attaching more images.
6 images.

Also attaching more high res. close up details images, one by one.
7 very high res. images.


Myricaria elegans Royle var. elegans from Kashmir:
Myricaria elegans Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 214. 1839. var. elegans

SynMyrtama elegans (Royle) Ovczinnikov & Kinzikaëva; Tamaricaria elegans (Royle) Qaiser & Ali; Tamarix ladachensis B. R. Baum.
Easily differentiated from Myricaria bracteata (syn: M. germanica var. bracteata) by its larger leaves (10-15 mm as against 2-3 mm) and shorter usually lateral spikes (and not terminal very long).
Erect shrub up to 4 m tall, with reddish-brown older branches, bearing lateral leafy branches and racemes; leaves on branches of current year, elliptic to elliptic lanceolate10-15 mm long with narrowly membranous margin; racemes spike-like, usually lateral, rarely terminal, 10-15 cm long; bracts ovate, 3-5 mm long with broadly membranous margin; pedicel 2-3 mm long; sepals ovate-lanceolate to triangular-ovate, 2 mm long, margin membranous; petals white to pink, obovate to nearly rounded, 5-6 mm long, narrowed at base; capsule nearly 8-10 mm long.
Photographed from Pahalgam, Kashmir

May I request you to pl. confirm this as Myricaria bracteata or otherwise pl.

Yes, this is Myricaria bracteata (the name Myricaria germanica is preferred, I think).

That is the real confusion. If this is M. bracteata (syn: M. germanica var. alopecuroides), then what is the plant which I have now uploaded as M. bracteata and original image of Royle and one which I have shared from BSI Flora of India.

They are all the same, as per my thinking.

Myricaria bracteata Royle from Kashmir for validation-GS31102020-2 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Myricaria bracteata Royle
Syn: M. germanica subsp. alopecuroides (Schrenk) Kitam.
The species is characterised by its typically terminal racemes as opposed to M. elegans having shorter lateral racemes.
Clicked from banks of Sindh nullah in Pahalgam, Kashmir, 23-6-2011.
If this is indeed M. bracteata, then our images under Myricaria germanica subsp. alopecuroides will really need rechecking.

I feel it may be Myricaria davurica (Willd.) Ehrenb. as per GBIF rather than Myricaria bracteata Royle as per GBIF.
Pl. see

Racemes are mostly lateral and only 4-7 cm long, here they are terminal and much longer
You may check M. bracteata images on GBIF only

Key in eFlora of Pakistan

2 (1)Racemes lateral, up to 10 cm long. Bracts not acuminate (3)
+Racemes terminal or terminal and lateral, up to 30 cm long. Bracts long acuminate (4)
3 (2)Leaves 3-7 mm long, elliptic. Petals 1.5 mm broad 3 Myricaria squamosa
+Leaves 7-15 mm long, lanceolate. Petals 2.5-3 mm broad 4 Myricaria davurica
4 (2)Racemes lax throughout. Sepals usually longer than petals 2 Myricaria germanica ssp. pakistanica
+Racemes not lax throughout. Sepals shorter than petals 2 Myricaria germanica ssp. alopecuroides

Original illustration of Royle
Right one, left is Lythrum

Illustration of Myricaria bracteata (syn: M. germanica var. alopecuroides) from Flora of India page 14:

Illustration of Myricaria bracteata

Myricaria in Kashmir :

Today morning I wrote this mail to … for his opinion. I find that we have not been able to sort out our images of Myricaria and Tamarix connvinsibly.

1. Is Myricaria elegans (now correctlly Myrtama elegans, Tamaricaria elegans) depicted on Flowers of India Correctly identified?
2. Is my Myricaria bracteata from Pahalgam (syn: M. germanica var. alopecuroides on  Efloraofindia, I am also attaching pictures) is correctly identified?
3. If so, what is my Myricaria elegans from Pahalgam, depicted on efloraofindia, (I am attaching pictures) and what is M. germanica on Flowers of India.?
Here is link to Royle’s original illustration of Myricaria bracteata (right image)
I am also attaching illustration from Flora of India page 14
In addition to this I find image in Flowers of India by … under Tamarix ramosissima but in efloraofindia under Myricaria germanica (now tentatively shifted to M. squamosa).
If my images from Pahalgam really belong to M. bracteata, what should be status of images under M. germanica in Flowers of India.

Myrtama elegans
Myricaria bracteata

Thanks for bringing this up – always nice to recheck identifications. Your “Myricaria elegans” from Pahalgam should be something else, and not Myricaria elegans, in my opinion. In Myricaria elegans flowers petals are 5-6 mm long, whereas sepals are very small in comparison, only 1-2 mm long. In the flowers in your pictures, the sepals look almost comparable to the petals in length. I am attaching a closeup of the flowers of the plant which is on FOI as Myricaria elegans.
Also attaching closeup of flowers of  Myricaria bracteata on FOI. Notice the sepals – seems to agree well with the drawing you attached.  Would have liked to compare the stamens, but the flowers are not fully open.
Can’t comment on other things as yet.

Myrtama elegans from Flora of Ladakh
Myricaria bracteata from Flora of Ladakh

Enclosing images of 2 sp from Flora of Ladakh for ref:

After going through all the discussions and attachments here as well as from eFloras, I feel your plant from ‘Myricaria elegans from Pahalgam’ may be Myricaria bracteata only. Flora of China says ‘Sepals lanceolate, oblong, or narrowly elliptic, ca. 4 × 1-2 mm, margin broadly membranous, apex obtuse or acute, often incurved’. On close scrutiny of your sepals, these may be something like 4 mm by 1 mm. You may check these again with original enlarged images.

Thanks a lot … for your valuable comments.
Hope things are resolved soon.

Your plant from ‘Myricaria elegans from Pahalgam’ is confirmed as Myricaria bracteata by Miroslav ji in another thread: Myricaria elegans Royle var. elegans from Kashmir

That is the real confusion. If this is M. bracteata (syn: M. germanica var. alopecuroides), then what is the plant which I have now uploaded as M. bracteata and original image of Royle and one which I have shared from BSI Flora of India.

They are all the same, as per my thinking.

I have stated that much before Miroslav ji’s reply.


Myricaria bracteata Royle- Ladakh:
In Nubra valley, Ladakh in the sand dunes, on 16.6.22.



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