Benkara fasciculata (Roxb.) Ridsdale, Reinwardtia 12: 298 2008. (syn: Fagerlindia fasciculata (Roxb.) Tirveng.; Gardenia fasciculata (Roxb.) Spreng.; Gardenia rigida (Wall.) Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, nom. illeg.; Menestoria rigida (Wall.) DC.; Oxyceros fasciculatus (Roxb.) T.Yamaz.; Posoqueria fasciculata Roxb.; Posoqueria rigida Wall.; Randia fasciculata (Roxb.) DC.; Randia fasciculata var. indica Pit.; Randia malabarica Wall., nom. nud.; Randia rigida (Wall.) DC.; Randia triflora Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Solena fasciculata (Roxb.) D.Dietr.; Solena rigida D.Dietr.; Solena triflora (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) D.Dietr.; Ucriana rigida (Wall.) D.Dietr.; Webera fasciculata (Roxb.) Kurz);
Central Himalaya to Philippines: Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, East Himalaya, Malaya, Nepal, Philippines, Vietnam as per POWO;

This is the description as provided for Randia fasciculata in King & Gamble, J. As. Soc. Beng. 72 (1903) 211.
It is an armed shrub, rough from small tubercles, minutely pubescent, young branches are thicker than a crow’s quill. Leaves are membranous, ovate or oblong-lancceolate or lanceolate, rounded or cuneate at the base, shortly acuminate (mostly blunt), both the surfaces are olive-green in color, usually glabrous upper side, lower-side is paler, minutely pubescent on the midrib usually and nerves only but sometimes the in-between spaces are also pubescent. The main nerves are four-six pairs, slightly curved, distinct on the lower surface, ascending, almost obsolete on the upper part, breadth five to 15in., petioles pubescent. Stipules are much acuminate, broadly triangular and almost as long as the petioles, straight, spines are axillary, ascending, slightly longer than the petioles or sometimes absent. Flowers are 1’5 to 2 in., axillary, long in size (under 1 in var. parviflora) in fasciles or solitary, bracteoles are lanceolate, hairy and acuminate. The calyx is 35in. in length. The tubes is villous, the mouth is with five narrow subulate teeth which are as long as the tube. The corolla is salver-shaped with the tube being nearly 1in. in length and ~5in. in diameter, smooth on the outside, hairy on the inside. Limb is nearly an inch across with five deep elliptic to oblong-elliptic, obtuse to sub-acute lobes. Anthers are half-exerted on the throat, not apiculate, linear, three inches in length. Style is slender, stigma is exerted and with two short broad ovate blunt lobes. Fruit is pisiform, four-seeded, two-celled, sparsely hairy and crowned by the long-toothed tube of the calyx.
(Attributions- Compiled from secondary sources listed in references by Keerthi Krutha for the Assam Biodiversity Portal Project as per India Biodiversity Portal)

Help for identification: 1 high resolution image.

Location: Pokhara, Nepal
Altitude: 850 m
Clicked on: 5th April 2021
On the edge of the forest, Shrub and has thorns

Not jasmine. Check for Brunfelsia species ???

The picture above is not similar to the comparative images of Brunfelsia at efloraofindia.

It looks like a species of Gardenia

Can we check with Catunaregam spinosa?

I see what you mean …, but the corolla tube here seems much longer.

Perhaps some other Randia Species.

Pl. post other images to check more details.
Thanks, …, for the initial clues.
To me appears close to Randia fasciculata (Roxb.) DC. (from the checklist of Nepal) as per GBIF– specimen from Nepal.
Looks different from other species as per GBIF specimens:
Randia sikkimensis Hook. f.
Randia wallichii Hook. f.
Himalrandia tetrasperma

Looks close to Benkara fasciculata (Roxb.) Ridsdale ! Does it have spines ?
Benkara fasciculata (Roxb.) Ridsdale

Yes, it does seem to be Benkara fasciculata. (with a long list of synonyms)

Here are the additional photos of this species.
2 images.


IDENTITY : 51: 4 images.
Attaching a few images of a woody bush in profuse bloom. The bush is armed. Flowers are white and fragrant.

Benkara fasciculata (Roxb.) Ridsdale as per discussions at Help for identification

Habit:  Spiny Shrub
Habitat: Scrub Jungle in plain land
Flowering: May
Fruit: Round, green
Location: Tatulia, Panchagar

Is it not Tamilnadia uliginosa?

May be Randia dumetorum..

Thanks … I am agree with you. It is a spiny shrubs with scented flower and round fruit. R. spinosa could be occur where I found it

Please visit Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Himachal Pradesh

efi page on Catunaregam spinosa (Syn: …. Randia dumetorum (Retz.) Lam.; ….  Randia spinosa (Thunb.) Poir. ……..)

I think close to images at Benkara fasciculata rather than Catunaregam spinosa


Catunaregam spinosa: 2 high res. images.
Catunaregam spinosa
Behali Reserve Forest, Biswanath, Assam, India

I think close to images at Benkara fasciculata rather than Catunaregam spinosa

Fwd: IDENTITY : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Attaching four images of a small tree with spines and white fragrant flowers.
Will you please identify ?

Wild or Cultivated ?
Cooch Bihar, West Bengal ?
Date ?

The plant is wild.
Images taken on 10-3-2019.
At present there are no fruits on the trees (there are few of them on the site).

Looks different from images from Catunaregam spinosa

Appears to be correctly identified

definitely a member of the Gardenieae tribe

Appears to be correctly identified

I will come back once the fruits come up.

Catunaregam spinosa

I think close to images at Benkara fasciculata rather than Catunaregam spinosa


IDENTITY – 58 : 14 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Attaching two collages of a small plant. The plant is having spines. White flowers are fragrant. Fruits are smooth.
Can somebody identify ?


Deccania sp. or Rubovietnamia sp.

Rubovietnamia nonggangensis F.J.Mou & D.X.Zhang??
Elevation, location and dates of flowering and fruiting??

Is it wild or cultivated?
Looks different from images of Rubovietnamia nonggangensis on net.

It is wild. Can it be Vengueria spinosa as suggested by …?

Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng ??
Syn: Xeromphis spinosa (Thunb.) Keay

Looks different from images at Catunaregam spinosa

May I request you to pl. post detailed images along with showing habit of the plant.

At present there are no flowers. I will send images as desired by you within the availability.

Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Tirveng. ??

I think close to images at Benkara fasciculata rather than Catunaregam spinosa


POWO  Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  GBIF– specimen from Nepal (High resolution specimens) Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  India Biodiversity Portal  IBIS Flora PROSEA  Bhutan Biodiversity Portal