Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9: 268 (1807) (syn: Diapedium chinense (L.) K.D.Koenig; Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees; Justicia canescens Wall.; Justicia chinensis Roxb.; Justicia chinensis L.; Justicia rotundifolia Wall.; Justicia sexangularis Forssk.);
.
E. Afghanistan to Nansei-shoto and Indo-China: Afghanistan, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam; Introduced into: Hawaii, Jawa as per POWO;
.
Common name: Chinese Foldwing
.


Nees in Wall. Pl. As. Rar. iii. 111, and in DC. Prodr. xi. 483, excl. syn. ; leaves elliptic acute obscurely pubescent or glabrate, flower-clusters axillary and terminal sessile more rarely shortly peduncled, bracts cuneate-elliptic or obovate apiculate not acuminate. T. Anders, in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 519, partly ; Dalz. & Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 196 ?. Justicia chinensis, Wall. Cat. 2466, letter D, and part B, C.
Plains of N. INDIA, from the Punjab to Assam, Silhet and E. Bengal, frequent. BHOTAN ; Griffith.
Stems 1-3 ft., elongate, nearly glabrous. Leaves 2.1/2 by 1 in., base cuneate ; petiole 1/4 in. Bracts nearly 1/2 by 1/5 in., often 3-nerved, ciliate, thinly pubescent. Corolla 3/4 in. Capsule 1/4 in., clavate, puberulous or glabrous. Seeds conspicuously verrucose.The whole of the plains form of D. roxburghiana (now D. chinensis) differs from var. bupleuroides (now D. bupleuroides) in the broader, more or less obovate, bracts (in comparison to bracts linear or linear-oblong nearly parallel-sided acuminate cuspidate in Dicliptera bupleuroides as per FBI) Nees founded his species on the common Assam and E. Bengal plant, and the original ticket on his type specimen is marked Assam. Bentham, however (in Fl. Hongk. 266), says this was an error, and that this type specimen came from the Calcutta Botanic Garden ; but it is not known how Bentham discovered this. Nees, however, is in error in citing Roxburgh’s Justicia chinensis, for Roxburgh’s Ic. Ined, proves this to have been the true plant, long cultivated at Calcutta.
(Attributions: IBIS Flora (Flora of British India))
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Wild Plant for ID : Patni Top : 131112 : AK-3:
A small wild plant found growing by the roadside on 5/9/2011 at Patni Top, on the Jammu-Srinagar Highway.
Tiny purple flowers on the plant.
Id please.


… looks like some species of Dicliptera (family: Acanthaceae)


Yes Dicliptera, D. chinensis


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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efloraofindia: For ID 271112SP9:
Please help me to identify this flower.
Location – Chakrata.

Date: 10/10/2011
habitat : Wild


I hope Dicliptera chinensis


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Requesting ID of this plant – Almora, Uttarakhand :31072013 : ARK-03 : November 2012 : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Requesting to please ID this Dicliptera captured at Almora, Uttarakhand in November 2012.

Please check Peristrophe sp. of Acanthaceae


Peristrophe species in efi so far.


Dicliptera chinensis
Flowers of India


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Chinese Foldwing : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).

These wild flowers which I think are the Chinese Foldwing (Dicliptera chinensis) are blooming in good numbers in Mcleodganj and above. Could you please confirm if I am identifying them correctly?

Chinese Foldwing (Dicliptera chinensis)
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
About 1800m


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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HP, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID :: ARKJAN-07 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Requesting to please provide ID of this Dicliptera at different places in Manali and Mandi, HP in October 2014.
Is this Dicliptera chinensis?


(i) bracts obovate or cuneate, elliptic, apiculate, not acuminate = D. roxburghiana Nees (D. chinensis)
(ii) bracts linear or linear-oblong, with nearly parallel margins, acuminate-cuspidate = var. bupleuroides (D. bupleuroides)
The key above is from “Bengal Plants”

The plant resembles Dicliptera chinensis

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 9: 268. 1807.

syn: D. roxburghiana Nees.
The plant was photographed from Kud J & K.
Herb differentiated by leaf ovate-elliptic, abaxially puberulent along veins, base decurrent onto petiole, apex shortly acuminate to acute; floweres in 1-4 flowered cymules, with 3-4 cymules per cyme, on 2-5 mm peduncles from upper leaf axils, bracts subulate to linear to oblanceolate to obovate, 3-7.5 × 0.3-1 mm; outer bracteoles elliptic to obovate, 5-13 × 3-8 mm, unequal, abaxially puberulent, 3-veined,; inner bracteoles linear, ca. 5 mm, abaxially hirsute, apex acuminate. Pedicel 0.5-3 mm, puberulent. Calyx ca. 5 mm; lobes linear, equal, margin hirsute, apex acuminate. Corolla pale purple, 1-1.2 cm, lip in lower position ovate, ca. 5 × 3 mm, apex entire; lip in upper position oblong, ca. 4 × 1.5 mm. filaments ca. 4 mm, style ca. 1.4 cm. Capsule broadly ellipsoid, ca. 6 mm. Seeds 2 mm.

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


All three similar species are listed in FBI (under names D. riparia, D. roxburghiana and D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides): Here is comparison of accepted names
D. riparia Nees is distributed in Pegu  and Tenassarim (Myanmar),FBI according to Flora China Nepal, Myanmar to Yunan: Lesves ovate, obtuse often emarginate bracts, bracteoles 6 mm, linear.
D. chinensis (L.) Juss. (Syn: D. roxburghiana Nees): Leaves ovate-elliptic, base cuneate to attenuate, decurrent on petiole, outer bracteoles 5-13 mm x 3-8 mm , less than twice as long as broad, corolla 10-12 mm long; Throughout India
D. bupleuroides Nees (Syn: D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides (Nees) Clarke): leaves ovate, base cuneate; outer bracteoles 5-7 mm long, more than twice as long as broad; corolla 5 mm long.; Throughout India
When looking for specimens from Western Himalayas we have to be vigilant about size of corolla and relative length breadth ratio of outer bracteoles.
This is D. chinensis

Thanks, for pointing this out.
Yes, agree with your original id as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides


.


Dicliptera chinensis from Kud J & K Pl. validate:
Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 9: 268. 1807.

syn: D. roxburghiana Nees.
The plant was photographed from Kud J & K. Looks clearly different from the other plant in its larger darker coloured flowers, leaves hairy along veins below, bracts broader and flowers mostly in upper parts, and more significantly much longer style.
The species according to Flora of China is differentiated by leaf ovate-elliptic, abaxially puberulent along veins, base decurrent onto petiole, apex shortly acuminate to acute; floweres in 1-4 flowered cymules, with 3-4 cymules per cyme, on 2-5 mm peduncles from upper leaf axils, bracts subulate to linear to oblanceolate to obovate, 3-7.5 × 0.3-1 mm; outer bracteoles elliptic to obovate, 5-13 × 3-8 mm, unequal, abaxially puberulent, 3-veined,; inner bracteoles linear, ca. 5 mm, abaxially hirsute, apex acuminate. Pedicel 0.5-3 mm, puberulent. Calyx ca. 5 mm; lobes linear, equal, margin hirsute, apex acuminate. Corolla pale purple, 1-1.2 cm, lip in lower position ovate, ca. 5 × 3 mm, apex entire; lip in upper position oblong, ca. 4 × 1.5 mm. filaments ca. 4 mm, style ca. 1.4 cm. Capsule broadly ellipsoid, ca. 6 mm. Seeds 2 mm.

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


All three similar species are listed in FBI (under names D. riparia, D. roxburghiana and D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides): Here is comparison of accepted names
D. riparia Nees is distributed in Pegu  and Tenassarim (Myanmar),FBI according to Flora China Nepal, Myanmar to Yunan: Lesves ovate, obtuse often emarginate bracts, bracteoles 6 mm, linear.
D. chinensis (L.) Juss. (Syn: D. roxburghiana Nees): Leaves ovate-elliptic, base cuneate to attenuate, decurrent on petiole, outer bracteoles 5-13 mm x 3-8 mm , less than twice as long as broad, corolla 10-12 mm long; Throughout India
D. bupleuroides Nees (Syn: D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides (Nees) Clarke): leaves ovate, base cuneate; outer bracteoles 5-7 mm long, more than twice as long as broad; corolla 5 mm long.; Throughout India
When looking for specimens from Western Himalayas we have to be vigilant about size of corolla and relative length breadth ratio of outer bracteoles.
    This is also D. chinensis

Thanks, for pointing this out.
Yes, agree with your original id as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides
 



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IDENTIFICATION OF WILD FLOWER:
Could your group of experts please help identify and describe this wild flower i photographed in the foothills of chandigarh. These flowers were found growing on the banks of a wheat field..
I am writing about these flowers in the newspaper and would require your expertise.

… it is I suppose Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees
In Peristrophe paniculate (now correctly known as Dicliptera paniculata) the inflorescence is much longer and broader on long stalks and petals much narrower.

Since the inflorescence of this plant is axillary clusters and not panicles, this may not be P. paniculata.


Yes I agree with … and … as this plant is Dicliptera bupleuroides of Acanthaceae family
eFlora


Perhaps a caution is needed in light of diverse treatment in eFlora of Pakistan and eFlora of China.

Flora of British India recognises two taxa: D. roxburghiana Nees growing in plains on N. India from Punjab to Assam (it has elliptic acute leaves; bracts elliptic or obovate, apiculate not acuminate (less than twice as long as broad-eFl China) and D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides growing in hills from 1000-6000 ft. (which is now treated as distinct species D. bupleuroides; leaves ovate or elliptic acute or acuminate; bracts linear or linear-oblong nearly parallel sided and acuminate-cuspidate at tip)
Pakistan Flora does not list D. roxburghiana and treats D. roxburgiana auct (non Nees); T. Anders as synonym of D. bupleuroides, in which flowers are supposed to be 12-15 mm long, lists flowers shorter than 5 mm in D. verticillata which also has linear-lanceolate bracts.
Flora of China luckily includes both the species D. bupleuroides (corolla 5 mm long) and D. chinensis (L.) Juss. (with D. roxburghiana Nees as synonym). Both are reported to be growing in India, D. bupleuroides according to Useful Plants of India, CSIR known as Bouna in Simla and D. Roxburhiana as Kirch or Somni in Punjab.
Luckily … not following the posting guidelines has been blessing in disguise, because after downloading I could enlarge the photograph and focus on bracteoles, they are clearly broader and nearly rounded at apex nearly obovate with apiculate apex, suggesting that species could be D. chinensis, that matches with distribution in FBI.
I am attaching the cropped photograph

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Attached are pictures of Dicliptera chinensis captured at Almora, Uttarakhand in November 2012.
Was posted on the forum earlier and identified.

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Attached are pictures of Dicliptera chinensis captured at Dharamshala, Mandia nd Manali in HP in October 2014.
Requested to validate the ID.

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Dicliptera bupleuroides ABMAY01/09 : 4 posts by 2 authors.
I have been lazy in identifying this correctly in the past. New photos and a careful look suggests Roxburgh’s Foldwing. Please advise.
Dicliptera bupleuroidesRoxburgh’s Foldwing
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1800m
11 May 2016

As per efi thread;

(i) bracts obovate or cuneate, elliptic, apiculate, not acuminate = D. roxburghiana Nees (D. chinensis)
(ii) bracts linear or linear-oblong, with nearly parallel margins, acuminate-cuspidate = var. bupleuroides (D. bupleuroides)
The key above is from “Bengal Plants”
Should it be Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees) as per the above keys ?

Thank you … for correcting me. The bracts in my sample are indeed obovate and end abruptly in points rather then tapering into them. It is very likely D. chinensis.


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.




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Kalatope id al240511a… Dicliptera??:
This is one of the Dicliptera…. (I think)

Location Kalatope
Altitude 2100mts
Habit herb
Habitat wild
Height 8 inches approx

Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.
Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees in Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 111. 1832.
syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees var. bupleuroides (Nees) C. B. Clarke.
There seems to be a lot of variation combined with confusion in some books and databases. While on trip to Kashmir last year I did find two distinct populations, that after seeing the two plants shown by … appear two distinct species.
The species is differentiated according to Flora of China by leaf ovate, apex acuminate; cymes subsessile or on 3-5 mm long peduncle, many flowered; bracts lanceolate, 2-3 mm; outer bracteoles green, oblong-lanceolate, 5-7 × ca. 2 mm, abaxially pubescent, base cuneate, apex mucronate; inner bracteoles green with yellowish margin, lanceolate, ca. 4 × 1.5 mm; calyx ca. 3 mm; corolla ca. 5 mm, outside pubescent; lip in lower position orbicular, ca. 1.5 × 1.5 mm; lip in upper position oblong, ca. 2 × 1 mm, Staminal filaments ca. 2 mm; style ca. 3 mm. Capsule ca. 3 mm, seeds1 mm

I have been on a lookout for this species for a long time, but none of the findings agreed with the description. This plant of yours agrees very well with the description of Dicliptera bupleuroides. Particularly striking for me is the 3-toothed upper lip, and a round lower lip, and the flowers being velvety on the outer side. To put any remaining doubt to rest, I would probably be happy to see a mature leaf, to see if it is long-pointed.


Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.
Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


All three similar species are listed in FBI (under names D. riparia, D. roxburghiana and D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides): Here is comparison of accepted names
D. riparia Nees is distributed in Pegu  and Tenassarim (Myanmar),FBI according to Flora China Nepal, Myanmar to Yunan: Lesves ovate, obtuse often emarginate bracts, bracteoles 6 mm, linear.
D. chinensis (L.) Juss. (Syn: D. roxburghiana Nees): Leaves ovate-elliptic, base cuneate to attenuate, decurrent on petiole, outer bracteoles 5-13 mm x 3-8 mm , less than twice as long as broad, corolla 10-12 mm long; Throughout India
D. bupleuroides Nees (Syn: D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides (Nees) Clarke): leaves ovate, base cuneate; outer bracteoles 5-7 mm long, more than twice as long as broad; corolla 5 mm long.; Throughout India
When looking for specimens from Western Himalayas we have to be vigilant about size of corolla and relative length breadth ratio of outer bracteoles.
This is clearly D. bupleuroides, observe smaller corolla and shape of corolla lobes.

This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides


.


Acanthaceae Fortnight: Dicliptera bupleuroides from Nandini J & K-GSMAR12/13 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees, Pl. asiat. rar. 3:111. 1832
syn: Dicliptera buergeriana Miq.; Dicliptera cardiocarpa Nees; Dicliptera roxburghii T.Anderson; Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides (Nees) C.B. Clarke; Dicliptera roxburghiana auct. (non Nees)
Hairy diffuse herb with ovate-lanceolate about 5 cm long leaves, flowers pink spotted with purple spots.
Common along pathways in Manali and Kullu. Photographed from Mandi in October, 2009.

Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.
Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


All three similar species are listed in FBI (under names D. riparia, D. roxburghiana and D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides): Here is comparison of accepted names
D. riparia Nees is distributed in Pegu  and Tenassarim (Myanmar),FBI according to Flora China Nepal, Myanmar to Yunan: Lesves ovate, obtuse often emarginate bracts, bracteoles 6 mm, linear.
D. chinensis (L.) Juss. (Syn: D. roxburghiana Nees): Leaves ovate-elliptic, base cuneate to attenuate, decurrent on petiole, outer bracteoles 5-13 mm x 3-8 mm , less than twice as long as broad, corolla 10-12 mm long; Throughout India
D. bupleuroides Nees (Syn: D. roxburghiana var. bupleuroides (Nees) Clarke): leaves ovate, base cuneate; outer bracteoles 5-7 mm long, more than twice as long as broad; corolla 5 mm long.; Throughout India
When looking for specimens from Western Himalayas we have to be vigilant about size of corolla and relative length breadth ratio of outer bracteoles.
It is clearly D. bupleuroides

This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



 

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PLANT FOR ID 26112012AMF03: 2 correct images as above.
Plant found in Bhadarwah (j&k)
Elevation.1613,mtrs

Dicliptera bupleuroides


Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.
Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ???, I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Wild Herb For ID : Uttarakhand : 180413 : AK-2 : Attachments (2). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Small herb seen along the roadside with tiny purple flowers.
Id please.


Looks like Dicliptera bupleuroides


Yes …, nice capture of the tiny flowers..


Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.
Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides


.


Dicliptera bupleuroides?/ABMAR28 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
These foldwings are emerging slowly now. Are these Dicliptera bupleuroides?
The flowers are tiny, not larger than 25mm from top to bottom with hairy undersides.
Dicliptera bupleuroides–Please confirm
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1750m
26 March 2015

Nice images … I think the id is right..


Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.

Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Please validate if the pics belong to Dicliptera bupleuroides, these were recorded from Chakrata, Uttrakhand..


Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.

Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Request for HP Flora PB120123 – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 3 images.
I had earlier posted pictures of this particular plant earlier in the year but couldn’t get it identified. Posting them once again for identification. Hope these pictures are better than my earlier ones.


Dicliptera bupleuroides


Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein. Looks different from Dicliptera bupleuroides as per images and details herein.
Differences between the two species are better appreciated as per FoC illustration and FoP illustration


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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(120409SCS-3-4) Wild Flower from Asan Barrage, Dehradun : Attachments (2). 5 posts by 3 authors.
These images were posted on this list for ID help.
Re-posted with a similar request.
Asan Barrage, Dehradun, 14 Mar 09, on the roadside.

Looks like some “Peristrophe Var” from Acanthaceae family. Also check for “Dicliptera“, may be Dicliptera resupinata, 


Thank you …, it resembles – leaves and flowers – with Dicliptera resupinata at
home.att.net/%7Elarvalbugbio/foldwing.html
While flower does match with Peristrophe var, but not the leaves.


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Some flowering plants from Kalesar National Park, Haryana – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 1 correct images as above.
Attaching some flowering plants from Asan Barrage, Dehradun and nearby Kalesar National Park, Haryana.
Flowers-in-Kashlesar2.jpg – abundantly flower all around.


Dicliptera spe. from Acanthaceae

On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Wild flower-1 : Attachments (1). 9 posts by 6 authors.

just returned from a lovely trip to the north Bengal hills and forests. Five of us (…) visited Buxa Tiger Reserve-Chilapata Forests and Jaldapara WLS, and seen lots of wildlife, wild plants and birds.
Enjoyed bathing in Jainty river and hill streams at Buxa, the elephant ride thru dense forest at Jaldapara was exciting, the butterflies of the hills were awesome…. and the rhinos of forests simply amazing… the hills were clothed with wild flora…. got spectacular views of the buxa hills on moonlit Purnima nights….
sharing images of wild flowers taken in the Buxa hills near Tashigaon (2000 feet).
plz help with the IDs.

This looks like some species of Dicliptera.


Thanks for identifying the genus of this flower….
can u tell me whats the species?


Have been to Buxa Tiger Reserve & Jaldapara WLS but am not familiar with the local flora there. To get to the species level you will have to consult the local field guides.


Yes, this is Dicliptera, most probably D. cuneata.


Dicliptera for sure


However, India Biodiversity Portal  gives its range as Peninsular India only


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Flower for Id -ID06072020SH1 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1) – 2 mb.

Flower for id pl
Location -Mandal, Uttarakhand
Date – November 2019

Dicliptera sp. ?

Can it be Dicliptera bupleuroides ? I had seen these flowers in Chakrata few years back.


I guess it could be. Looks matching!


No. It is Dicliptera chinensis as per images and details herein.


On further examination and discussions at thread: Dicliptera bupleuroides Nees (accepted name) ??? , I feel it should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn: Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per distribution, specimens and references herein.


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides


.


Dicliptera chinensis in FOI : 13 posts by 2 authors.
Images of Dicliptera chinensis in FOI appears close to Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as mentioned in the Checklist of Nepal as per GBIF specimens.
Catalogue of Life gives its distribution as India (Himalayas, Plains of E-, N- & NE-India, Upper Gangetic Plains), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Taninthayi), Thailand, Nepal.
For Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees), Catalogue of life (China (Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Hongkong, Macao, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan), Taiwan, Indochina, Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Dir, Swat, Pakistani Punjab, Salt Range, Rawalpindi, Hazara), Ryukyu Isl., Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I))) does not mention its distribution in India. POWO (Afghanistan, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam) also does not give its distribution in the Himalayas.
So I think our Himalyan plants should be Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist)

According to POWO, Dicliptera riparia is found from Nepal eastwards to China. Flowers at FOI were found in Nainital. So, it is highly unlikely they belong to Dicliptera riparia.


For Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees), POWO does not give its distribution in the Himalayas.
So it is highly that it is Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) as per Catalogue of Life (Himalayas, Plains of E-, N- & NE-India, Upper Gangetic Plains), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Taninthayi), Thailand, Nepal.
Also our observations match with GBIF specimens and are the same as those from Nepal.

There are no other closer species found in the Himalayas.


Also references in POWO seem quite old.
Karthikeyan et al. (2009), I think did the revision/ checklist in 2009 as per detail at Dicliptera: FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S.Karthikeyan, M.Sanjappa and S.Moorthy and published by Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata in 2009

POWO does not give its distribution in the Himalayas. ”
That may be just because it is found only in the Himalayan foothills, and not the Himalayas. According to Flora of Morni Hills, it is found in Morni hills. However, Dicliptera chinensis is supposed to have a very wide distribution, from E. Afghanistan to SE Asia.

Well, I don’t know about others, but Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581.is reasonably new.


My feeling is that for some taxon it has given some references and for others it has not. It is also not based on WCSP, as it is not available over there. The Plant List is based on WCSP (under review). It does not show any reference of Karthikeyan et al. (2009), which is the main work on this genus in India.


POWO shows distribution of species on Maps, which can be very misleading for India.
Just to give an example, Dicliptera nasikensis is distributed in Nasik district of Maharashtra only as per Catalogue of Life and Flora of Peninsular India.
However, if you see it in POWO, its map will show as if it is distributed all over India except for Assam and Himalayas. On clicking Full Distribution Listing under it, it says Native to India.
As per my experience with it, it has divided India into four regions- India, Assam, West Himalaya and East Himalaya.
So it is found in Nasik or Maharashtra only, it will show the area as shown at POWO and similarly for other three regions.
So beware- don’t think it is distributed all over India and be careful.


Well, now Dicliptera chinensis, with a wide distribution, is completely missing from eFI. More thinking and research may be required in this.


All of our observations are from the Himalayas, where Dicliptera riparia Nees (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana var. riparia (Nees) Benoist) is found and not Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees).
Nobody has posted anything similar to Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. (syn. Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees) from other areas.

Even the page of Dicliptera roxburghiana in Flora of Peninsular India is blank.
Neither Flora of Pakistan nor Checklist of Nepal mentions it.
I could not find many regional references where it is mentioned at Dicliptera
Catalogue of Life also does not give its distribution in India (China (Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Hongkong, Macao, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan), Taiwan, Indochina, Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Dir, Swat, Pakistani Punjab, Salt Range, Rawalpindi, Hazara), Ryukyu Isl., Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I))
So it may be rare in India or some other variety other than type variety of Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees may be reported.


This is D.chinensis only as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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Flower for Id- ID23082020SH1 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)- 3 mb.
Flower for Id pl.
Location – Nainital
Date – November. 2016

Dicliptera sp. ??

Yes It’s Dicliptera, I too agree with …


Thanks … Can i be Dicliptera bupleuroides ? Leaves are not seen, hence unsure.


Cannot say with this image !


It is Dicliptera riparia Nees


This is D.chinensis only as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides



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PLANT FOR IDENTIFICATION -58 : Attachments (4). 10 posts by 8 authors.
Location :  Chilkagarh, Near Jhargram, Dist. Midnapore, West Bengal. 
Date : 24/12/2007.
Would you please identify this plant.


Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Justicia sp?
Need to identify the species.


it seems to me some Dicliptera species


Could be Peristrophe roxburghiana – an identification with low confidence.
It could as well be a Dicliptera species, as … says


The flowers and spathulate (spoon-shaped) bracteoles suggest this is Dicliptera, most probably D. cuneata.


However, India BiodiversityPortal  gives its range as Paninsulur India only.


I too think that this could be a species of Peristrophe.


I think Dicliptera riparia Nees as per comparative images at Dicliptera


This is D.chinensis only as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides


.


Please have a look on this Dicliptera sp from Rajouri, jandk: 1 high res. image.


Not sufficient details. Dicliptera verticillata (Forssk.) C.Chr. ??


Pl. post clear images of the plant as many plants are seen here.


Appears close to images at Dicliptera riparia Nees as per comparative images at Dicliptera


This is D.chinensis only as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides


.


Plant ID help SD142: 2 high res. images.
pls assist with plant ID
Clicked in Pachmarhi, Feb’22


Please check Dicliptera !


This is D.chinensis as per details at Dicliptera roxburghiana and Dicliptera roxburghiana var. bupleuroides


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References:
POWO  Catalogue of Life  GBIF (High resolution specimens)  Flora of China  FOC illustration  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  IBIS Flora (Flora of British India)

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