Copper Leaf, Jacob’s Coat, Chenile Plant, cat’s tail, foxtail, fire-dragon;
Widely cultivated ornamental shrub in Delhi and other warmer climates, ideal for hedges and borders.  

It is my pleasure to share few images of Acalypha wilkesiana, Copper leaf, Green (Euphorbiaceae


Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Cultivated, Ornamental 

Sighting: Chikmagalur district, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 01-06-2014


It is my pleasure to share few images of Acalypha wilkesiana, Copperleaf  (Euphorbiaceae


Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Cultivated, Ornamental 

Sighting: Chikmagalur district in Karnataka, about 900 msl 

Date: 17-06-2014, 03-02-2015 and 09-11-2015

Here, little change of name: 
Acalypha amentacea Roxb. subsp. wilkesiana (Müll.Arg.) Fosberg in Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 45: 10. 1980; Govaerts et al., World Checkl.& Bibl. Euphorbiaceae 1: 48. 2000.  A. wilkesiana Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 817. 1866.

TMC Biodiversity Park  Thane

Date: April 22, 2018 … Altitude: about 15 m (50 feet) asl

Acalypha wilkesiana  Müll.Arg.  

To me looks different from images at Acalypha wilkesiana Müll.Arg. 
Can it be Acalypha paniculata Miq. as per images herein or some other species ?

This is definitely Acalypha wilkesiana Mull.Arg. This species show much variation in colour and patterns on leaves. There are several cultivars and no workable classification is available, 









Euphorbiaceae Week: Acalyha wilkesiana from Delhi: Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg. in A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2):817. 1866
Syn: A. amentacea subsp. wilkesiana (Müll. Arg.) Fosberg; Acalypha tricolor Seem., nom. inval.

Widely cultivated ornamental shrub in Delhi and other warmer climates, ideal for hedges and borders.
Common names: beefsteakplant, copperleaf, fire-dragon, Jacob’s-coat 




Acalypha wilkesiana from Arya PG College Campus: Acalypha wilkesiana
A Small Garden Shrub from Arya P G College (Panipat) 



Sep 2011
Garden Shrub
Height 3-4 ft

Acalypha wilkesiana 

I found a interesting name for this plant on further reading “match-me-if-you-can” 



efloraofindia:”21102011MR2’’ ? ?croton flowering Pune: Sharing pictures of a croton flowering. I agree crotons are appreciated for the foliage but I have observed that when you photograph these not so
attractive flowers they are really beautiful. This croton was chopped by some insensitive gardener. It hardly had any leaves but these tiny flowers attracted my attention. To my surprise there were other well grown crotons around but none were flowering
Date/Time-Oct 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Height/Length- about a foot
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- variegated
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- i do not know how to describe
no fruits seen

croton leaves : touch them are smooth surface, on the thickish side…
not so easy to bruise or tear…

now tough these…
Acalypha leaves .. they are thinner… rougher and
tear off pieces quite easily…




efloraofindia:”For Id 01062012MR1’’ ?bees foraging leaves and not flowers of Acalypha wilkesiana forma circinata @ Pune: Pune May 2012

Found these 3 different bees (I do not know their names) foraging the leaves of Acalypha wilkesiana forma circinata. They did not visit the flowers at all. They were hardly moving as if glued to the leaves. The 3rd bee after 2 hours was found foraging the underside of the leaf. There were many other plants around but these bees were not interested in them. Wonder what exactly they were looking for?

may be there are white flies laying eggs

Fwd: efloraofindia:”For Id 01062012MR1’’ ?bees foraging leaves and not flowers of Acalypha wilkesiana forma circinata @ Pune: This is the same – Polistes sp. [a species of Paper Wasp].

it could be Ropalidia marginata (Vespidae) 
IMG_2349_Bee_2.jpg- might be Ropalidia
Id credit … at InsectIndia 




Hooghly Today : Acalypha wilkesiana Müll.Arg. 6 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.

And the cultivar names i found are ‘petticoat‘, ‘firedragon‘, ‘tricolor‘… maybe more!

Yes it is A.wilkesiana.



March 2013 sharing image of female flower spike of Acalypha wilkesiana at Pune at a housing society garden

I never saw a Acalypha wilkesiana flower. May be I does not bloom here in Delhi.





1 post by 1 author.
April 2013
Sharing images of male flower spike of Acalypha wilkesiana at a housing society garden at Pune. It looks unusual as it is not hanging downwards rather erect and on full growth it was only 5 cm in length. Another young male flower spike was also seen.
At the following site the length of male flower spike is mentioned to be 20 cm long
The following site mentions that the male flowers are in long spikes which hang downwards
In my previous post also I can see long male flower spike hanging downwards




Hooghly : angled castor on Acalypha wilkesiana Müll. Arg. Attachments (7). 1 post by 1 author.



Acalypha wilkesiana Müll.Arg. ‘Ceylon Lime’  
In India, a popular garden hedge plant; also grown indoors in large containers.  
in gardens of residential buildings, Vaghbil, Thane at different times during DEC 06 – JAN 07   

Excellent photo of Acalypha wilkesiana.


sharing images of Acalypha wilkesiana from Pune



sharing images of Acalypha wilkesiana forma circinata from Pune

Just do not mention a forma. The identity is correct.




A very colorful tropical shrub grown for its attractive reddish leaves. Beautiful foliage of various shades of red, yellow and green. Cultivars of A. wilkesiana, which can grow as tall as 7FT, are found in a wide variety of colors: green and white, green and yellow, red, bronze, coppery, or brown. The leaves also vary in form, some being flat and others undulating, while the flowers are inconspicuous.
In a garden, where they are often used as informal hedges or in massed beds,
all Acalypha species require full sun, well-drained soil, and careful pruning to prevent them from becoming leggy. They are easily propagated by cuttings.



Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Acalypha wilkesiana from Delhi-GS2 : Attachments (2). 4 posts by 4 authors.

Acalypha wilkesiana Mill.
A shrub with often silver-margined, more or less crisped leaves and 12-20 cm long axillary spikes.
Photographed from Delhi



Acalypha wilkesiana Mull.Arg. is a common hedge shrub in Pantnagar 

Right snap.


This shrub photographed from Delhi University I am not very sure whether it should be A. hispida or A. wilkesiana ‘Macafeeana’. Please help in ID.

I am repeating the photographs plus adding two more 

Acalypha wilkesiana Sir.





This is also a very common garden ornamental, with glossy coloured leaves…
Shared by many this fortnight…. wanted to share my clicks from Panipat…

Excellent shots.




Attached are pictures of Acalypha wilkesiana from various gardens in Mumbai.




Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Acalypha godseffiana : ID Confirmation : Nasik : 101113 : AK-60 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.

Acalypha godseffiana seen at Gangajal Nursery, Nasik.

Kindly validate.

Acalypha godseffiana Mast. is a synonym of Acalypha wilkesiana Muell.Arg., which is sometimes treated as Acalypha amentacea Roxb. subsp. wilkesiana (Muell.Arg.) Fosberg



Acalypha plant seen at the Flower Show in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.

Kindly id.

This species is Acalypha amentacea Roxb. subsp. wilkesiana (Muell.Arg.) Fosberg (Basionym: A. wilkesiana Muell.Arg.), also commonly called Copper Leaf or Jacob’s Coat, is a common garden plant.






Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Acalypha wilkesiana : 131113 : AK-86 : Attachments (11).  5 posts by 3 authors.
Sharing pictures of Acalypha wilkesiana taken at various places.

Acalypha amentacea Roxb. ssp. wilkesiana (Müll.Arg.) Fosberg in Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 45: 10. 1980; Govaerts et al., World Checkl. & Bibl. Euphorbiaceae 1: 48. 2000. A. wilkesiana Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 817. 1866.

Could it be some Acalypha?

yes this is Acalypha

Can it be Acalypha wilkesiana ?

The tree is not Acalypha wilkesiana. A.w. is a shrub (many varieties/colours) commonly planted as hedge in gardens.

Acalypha wilkesiana as per another thread.




…………….auct. inside, wilkesiana outside

Nice photographs but consider especially the spike
Female bracts entire, minute; inflorescences to 30 cm long, dense-flowered, with massed red styles Acalypha hispida
+ Female bracts toothed, accrescent; inflorescences to 12 cm long, lax flowered, styles yellowish- or greenish-white, occasionally reddish  5 Acalypha wilkesiana

Yes Sir, but I did the reverse because googling “Acalypha musaica auct.” gives the desired result first, as in ‘TopTropicals’!

And also yes, I didn’t check the KEY, but more elaborate description can also be found in

Is it Acalypha hispida finally ?

Conspicuous toothed female bracts in lax flowered pistillate spike indicates it is Acalypha wilkesiana Muell. Arg.

As per Flora of India volume 23, it is Acalypha amentacea ssp. wilkesiana.

Thank you very much Sir for the accepted name in Flora of India.



Plant for ID : 180710 : AK-3 : 6 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)
Date/Time : 16th of April, 2010.
Location Place : Gangajal Nursery, Nasik … Altitude : do not know … GPS : do not know
Habitat : Garden … Type : cultivated
Plant Habit : Herb … Height : small plant 

This could be a variety [Acalypha inferno ‘Firestorm’] of Acalypha godseffiana, a horticultural species.

Acalypha godseffiana kind of plat , not very sure !!

acalypha godseffiana

yes, this is Acalypha godseffiana

Ornamental shrub for ID from Pantnagar: DSR_5/5_May2016 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
This ornamental shrub is planted along road in Pantnagar. I have never seen flowers on it. Foliage nowadays is colourful.
I have no idea about its ID, please suggest!

Could be Copper Leaf, Acalypha Species?

Acalypha inferno

Thank you … for leading to the ID.
I am taking it as Acalypha wilkesiana ‘Inferno’ (Euphorbiaceae).
Other A.wilkesiana produce inflorescence here (though sterile), but not this one. I will keep close eye on it to ensure.

A cultivated plant.

Pictures taken in Jan,17.
For validation please.
These Acalyphas are confusing.

Yes …



SK777 07 OCT-2017:ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Location :  Pokhara, Nepal 

Date : 9 August 2017

Altitude : 2800 ft.

Pl. check comparative images at 


Kindly provide ID : 3 posts by 3 authors. 2 images.
Shrub in Mumbai growing in the open.  Want to confirm if its a Coleus. Want help with its name. 

Acalypha wilkesiana 

Yes. It is Acalypha wilkesiana variety


ID please : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Mândû, MP, january 2020. Cultivar without doubt.

Seems to be Acalypha wilkesiana

Yes …

Yes, thank you all. I did not think it was Euphorbiaceae.


Acalypha Species for ID : Bangalore : 19AUG20 : AK-08 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Acalypha Species seen in Bangalore in June.

For Species id please.

Acalypha wilkesiana variety



Acalypha Species for ID : Bangalore : 19AUG20 : AK-09 : 13 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Acalypha Species seen in Bangalore in June.

For Species id please.

The first picture is showing correct position in my sent mail, but here it shows a rotation.

One of the varieties of Acalypha wilkesiana. There are innumerable varieties in this species. 

Thanks, …, for the id.
There are two plants.
One with broad leaves is Acalypha wilkesiana as identified by you.
2nd one is not clear. May be Melicope denhamii or Codiaeum variegatum
Hi, …, Pl. post a high resolution image of the 3rd image to check the details.

These are all Acalypha only, why the leaves are turning this way is a mystery.
I found Acalypha godseffiana ‘Heterophylla’ images on searching that look similar.
Will post the original.

Attachments (1)

I think more closer to Melicope denhamii as per details herein.

For me the images are different and not comparable with the posted ones.

I was talking of narrow leaf plant.

Not Melicope denhamii. This is Acalypha only.
There is a lake close by, where many cultivated Acalypha are planted.

I do not know this species of Acalypha. The third image looks different.

I have tried to crop the third image.
The mature leaves are normal, only the later ones look like they are shredded.
You can see a few normal leaves.
Attachments (1)

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