Boerhavia erecta L., Sp. Pl. 3 1753. (Syn: Boerhavia atomaria Raf.; Boerhavia diandra Burm. fil.; Boerhavia discolor Kunth; Boerhavia elongata Salisb.; Boerhavia erecta var. thornberi Standl.; Boerhavia glutinosa Miers ex Bert.; Boerhavia lateriflora Standl.; Boerhavia paniculata var. subacuta Choisy; Boerhavia scabrida Steud. & Hochst. ex Steud.; Boerhavia virgata Kunth; Senkenbergia erecta Benth. & Hook. fil.);
USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas), Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Isl., Cayman Isl., Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda), Lesser Antilles (Antigua, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Grenadines, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Saba, St. Barthelemy, St. Eustatius, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Martin), Aruba, Curacao, Isla Margarita, Costa Rica, Galapagos Isl., Belize, Nicaragua, Peru, Ecuador, Revillagigedos Isl. (introduced) (Isla Socorro (introduced)), Panama, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Guatemala, Honduras, Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz), NE-Brazil (Piaui, Paraiba, Bahia, Alagoas), WC-Brazil (Goias, Mato Grosso do Sul), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais), Colombia (Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Cauca, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Nariño, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle), Java (introduced), Burkina Faso (introduced), Niger (introduced), Guinea-Bissau (introduced), Ghana (introduced), Sudan (introduced), South Sudan (introduced), S-Somalia (introduced), Kenya (introduced), Tanzania (introduced), Uganda (introduced), Zambia (introduced), Zimbabwe (introduced), Malawi (introduced), Mozambique (introduced), Somalia (introduced), South Africa (introduced) (Transvaal (introduced), Free State (introduced), KwaZulu-Natal (introduced), Cape Prov. (introduced)), Angola (introduced), Benin (introduced), Togo (introduced), Thailand (introduced), Sumatra (introduced), Vietnam (introduced), Lesser Sunda Isl. (introduced), New Guinea (introduced), Sri Lanka (introduced), India (introduced), Laos (introduced), China (introduced) (Guangdong (introduced)), Qatar (introduced), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) (introduced), Maldives (introduced) as per Catalogue of Life;
Erect Spiderling, Erect boerhavia, Erect tar vine • Hindi: श्वेता shweta • Marathi: पांढरी पुनर्नवा pandhari punarnava;


Boerhavia erecta? – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 2 posts by 2 authors. 3 images.
On 13/6/09 in Hyderabad, AP.

… I too think so.

ForID 080613GK :  Attachments (4).  3 posts by 3 authors.
Kindly help in identification
Weed-creeper on sides of plowed field grown after a couple of pre-monsoon showers. Solapur
Pictures taken on 6June13, 7.15AM.

Boerhaavia erecta


herb for ID – Tiruvanamalai – 07022014-NAW3:  Attachments (3). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Kindly identify this herb growing in an agricultural field on the outskirts of Tiruvanamalai, Tamil Nadu. photographed end Jan 2014.

Very thin stem so difficult to photograph full plant with my compact camera. height of plants about 30-40 cm. pale to deep pink flower is possibly 1 mm or smaller – the green conical fruit seen in the first picture is about 3-4 mm in length. leaves about 2.5 – 3 cm length…

Boerhavia erecta L.

Yes, Boerhaavia erecta



Sangli, May 2015 :: Requesting ID of this shrub :: ARKJUL-02/02 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Requesting to please ID this shrub growing in a sugar cane field at Kagwad near Sangli, Maharahstra in May 2015.

Ma’am, this seems like Vernonia species .. (Asteraceae). Cyanthillium cinereum (Vernonia cinerea)

Thanks … for the possible ID…..the flowers look a bit different though. Hoping to get the ID validated.

This is Boerhavia sps. (Boerhavia diffusa ?). There are many eco-typic species in this and therefore plenty of variations in the leavesThey grow very luxuriously in calcium rich soils.

This is Boerhavia erecta

Thank you … for the ID help.
I also got this identified as Boerhavia erecta on the Indian Flora facebook group. The ice cream cone shaped fruits were the identifying feature.

It is Boerhavia erecta L. belongs to family Nyctaginaceae



Herb for ID: SPC-022 : 24-09-12 : Baroda:
Please help to identify this herb (around 1.5 – 2 feet tall) growing wild in a dry area near Baroda. The flowers are tiny and the leaves have a prominent magenta margin.

… looks like Boerhavia diffusa (family Nyctaginaceae).

twigs magenta hue too?

Yes … it is Boerhavia diffusa

the twigs were not magenta, unfortunately I don’t have additional pictures of this plant.

Appears close to images at Boerhavia erecta L. rather than those at Boerhavia diffusa L.


31072013 BRS 495 :  Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. confirmation.

Date: 30.07.2013
Location: Adyar, Chennai
Habitat: Urban
Habit: herb

Likely to be Boerhavia diffusa. Nyctaginaceae

Appears close to images at Boerhavia erecta L. rather than those at Boerhavia diffusa L.


Boerhavia erecta in FOI : 7 posts by 2 authors.
Boerhavia erecta in FOI looks more like Boerhavia diffusa L. rather than Boerhavia erecta L. as per images herein.
Also image is insufficient for proper id as fruit is very important for it.

Thanks … for validating the plant at FoI; may be you are correct.
I do not have any pictures of its fruits. I hope those familiar may comment looking at the leaves.

I think this image needs to be removed with properly identified images

Please take a look at the attached cropped picture – the fruits seen in it belong to the same plant (same sighting). Perhaps it will help in ascertaining the species.
Attachments (1)

Yes it is Boerhavia diffusa L. rather than Boerhavia erecta L. as per images herein.

Thanks … I have revised my notes now.

Now corrected in FOI.

SD250718-2 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
ID request. Kindly assist. Clicked in Pali, Rajasthan.
Also are there any good reference books available to identify wild flowers/weeds- something that is easy to understand for people who have a non-botany background.

Pl. check

Boerhavia erecta ???

Thanks, …, for the id. Yes to me also matches with images at Boerhavia erecta L.

boerhavia spp. ??: I’d confirm pls : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Location : Anjar, Kutch Gujarat
Date : 1/7/2018
Habit : herb
Habitat : wild

b. coccinea?? just a guess because of white flowered hogweed

B. erecta.

B.erecta looks good for me


I am looking for Boerhavia verticillata and Boerhavia erecta. can anyone please guide me to the location of these two plants anywhere?
Earlier we had collected Boerhavia verticillata from Rajasthan but unfortunately the specimen was not B verticillata.

We have B. erecta in My university campus, Available in season only(Aug.-Nov.)
Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Ananthapuramu, Andhra Pradesh,
sorry for verticillata,

B. erecta is growing as a weed as and when it rains here. in Mysore.

Thank you very much for the information. Is it growing wild or is it maintained as live plant collection at your campus? because i need to collect the same for my research purposes. I hope it is growing wild in areas near your university also.

Thank You for the information. If I or some of my student approach you, can you please guide me to the location of the plant in your area? I need the plant for my research purposes.

You’re right sir, it’s growing wild in and outside of the campus,

Please go through this paper, it may help you..
Attachments (1) – Boerhaavia in India.pdf- A TAXONOMIC REVISION OF THE GENUS BOERHAVIA L. (NYCTAGINACEAE) IN INDIA – Dutta Pramanick Debasmita 1, G. G. Maiti 2 and M. S. Mondal 3- Journal of Global Biosciences 4(3):1704-1717

Noted. First I need to check up whether it is available now in my surroundings or in some fields, as it is a dry period and almost all the plants  (weeds)  have dried up. Secondly, how much material you need:  with roots or without, fresh or dried  etc..
Therefore I will find out the plant and then send the photographs to efloragroup for confirmation. Once confirmed, in case it is possible to send by courier I can send the plant material to you. I need time, as I am at present out of station and I can check once I return.
All the best in your research work..

There are three Boerhavia verticillata species as per Catalogue of Life, out of which two are reported from India as below:
Boerhavia verticillata Poir. syn. of Commicarpus helenae
Boerhavia verticillata Rottl. syn. of Boerhavia crispa Heyne ex Wall.

Thanks, …, for this publication.
There were lot of discussions in the past for correct placement of our species.
I have a re-look in ef site again on the species. These are correctly placed.
However, they have mentioned B. rubicunda (which is a syn. of Boerhavia elegans subsp. elegans as per Catalogue of life. However, only Boerhavia elegans subsp. stenophylla (Boiss.) A. G. Miller has distribution in India as per Catalogue of Life)


89 ID wild plant: 16 images.

Please ID wild plant.  Stem and leaves are tiny but similar to Boerhavia diffusa,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Flower date: 29.05.2021, 01.25pm
Altitude: 1400fsl
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: erect branches, slender stem, annual
Height: 10cm
Leaves: alternate, heart shaped, apex
Flower: diameter:02mm, white, non fragrant
Fruit: rigid beans, green into yellow, size:7×2mm, not edible
Camera: mobile LG K10 2017 13mp +macro lens

Boerhavia erecta, it seems like.
(I am not a taxonomist. So I will wait for an expert opinion.)


Goa, August 2021 :: Boerhavia erecta for validation :: ARK2021-122: 4 images.

This was clicked near Varca, South Goa in August 2021.
Guessing this to be Boerhavia erecta
Requested to please validate.

Yes !


For I’d 290422SK 1: 1 high res. images.

Boerhavia erecta L.

Always post date, location and elevation of the sp. along with multiple images showing
different aspects of the sp. with close-ups of flowers for different angles for an easy ID,.

Yes, appears close to images at


A TAXONOMIC REVISION OF THE GENUS BOERHAVIA L. (NYCTAGINACEAE) IN INDIA – Dutta Pramanick Debasmita 1, G. G. Maiti 2 and M. S. Mondal 3- Journal of Global Biosciences 4(3):1704-1717 (Abstract- The genus Boerhavia L. is a pantropical taxon, distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of both Old and New World. In the present paper, taxonomic revision of the genus in India has been undertaken by the authors to provide detailed taxonomic accounts of infra-generic taxa. A key has been provided for easy identification of the species.)

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