Crotalaria retusa L., Sp. pl. 2:715. 1753 (Syn: Crotalaria cuneifolia Raf.; Crotalaria cuneifolia (Forssk.) “Schrank, p.p.A”; Crotalaria hostmannii Steud.; Crotalaria retusa var. maritima Trimen; Crotalaria retusifolia Stokes; Dolichos cuneifolius Forssk.; Lupinus cochinchinensis Lour.);
.
kroh-tuh-LAR-ee-uh — Greek krotalos; refers to sound, dried pods make when shaken … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary
.
commonly known asdevil-beangolden yellow sweet pearattleboxshack-shackwedge-leaf rattlepod • Assameseঘণ্টাকৰ্ণ ghantakarna • Bengaliঅতসী atasiবনশণ bansan • Gujaratiઘૂઘરો ghugharo • Hindiघुनघुनिया ghunghuniya • Kannadaಗೆಜ್ಜೆ ಗಿಡ gejje gidaಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ಗಿಡ gijigiji gida • Konkaniघागरी ghagari • Malayalamചണ chanaകിലുകിലുക്കി kilukilukkiകിലുകിലുപ്പ kilukiluppaതന്തലക്കൊട്ടി tantalakkotti • Marathiडिंगळा dingalaघागरी ghagariखुळखुळा khulkhula • Sanskritमहाशण mahashanaशणघण्टिका shanaghantikaशणपुष्पी shanapuspi • Tamilகிலுகிலுப்பை kilu-kiluppai • Teluguపొట్టి గిలిగిచ్చ potti gilligichacha • Tuluಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ದೈ gijigiji dai
.
Native to: tropical Africa, w Asia, s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, n Australia; widely naturalized in tropics
.
Flora of Pakistan gives the following keys:

8 (7) Bract linear, subulate, 6 mm or less long   Crotalaria retusa
+ Bract ovate, c. 10 mm or more long   Crotalaria spectabilis

.

Up to 1.4 m tall herb or shrubby, branches glabrous; eaf simple, oblanceolate-oblong up to 8 cm long, apex obtuse or retuse, glabrous above, pubescent beneath; flowers yellow tinged with purple, 2.5-3 cm long in erect terminal raceme up to 30 cm long; pod up to 5 cm long, glabrous, 15-20 seeded.
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Crotalaria retusa from Tirupati (AP): Crotalaria retusa SV University Campus


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Wild plant from Kukke| IDReq 19Nov10AR03: Wild plant from Kukke| IDReq 19Nov10AR03
Leaf shape & flower color is new to me

Kumara Parvata forest path, Kukke, Western ghats
09 Nov 2010
flower size: 3 – 4cms,
plant height- 70 cms approx
Leaf size -13cms, shape-tapered, margin-entire


– I think this represents Crotalaria retusa. It is a highly variable species



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Shrub 6 for identification:  This shrub was clicked at Chennai, South India by the road side. There were

only 2 plants in the area, just at this one spot. One plant had dried up flowers and fruits while the other had fresh flowers. The butterflies were more attracted to the plant with dried flowers. The butterflies seen were
the blue tiger, plain tiger, stripped tiger, common crow. Yes sir this plant attracts butterflies.

……………………………..

Crotalaria sp. of Leguminosae family. In Malayalam (in Tamil as well, I guess) it is called Kilukkachedy. The dry fruit while shaking makes nice sound (we use to play around when I was a child). The flowers are not visible hence I may not be able to confirm the id.

Camera:
……………………………..

Your plant looks more like Crotalaria retusa.

……………………………..


.


Crotalaria retusa Linn., Sp.Pl. 715. 1753

Common names: devilbeanrattleboxwedgeleaf crotalaria
Up to 1.4 m tall herb or shrubby, branches glabrous; eaf simple, oblanceolate-oblong up to 8 cm long, apex obtuse or retuse, glabrous above, pubescent beneath; flowers yellow tinged with purple, 2.5-3 cm long in erect terminal raceme up to 30 cm long; pod up to 5 cm long, glabrous, 15-20 seeded.
Photographed from Botanical Garden, Khalsa College, Delhi

Common names: devilbean, rattlebox, wedgeleaf crotalaria
Up to 1.4 m tall herb or shrubby, branches glabrous; eaf simple, oblanceolate-oblong up to 8 cm long, apex obtuse or retuse, glabrous above, pubescent beneath; flowers yellow tinged with purple, 2.5-3 cm long in erect terminal raceme up to 30 cm long; pod up to 5 cm long, glabrous, 15-20 seeded.
Photographed from Botanical Garden, Khalsa College, Delhi


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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week ::Crotalaria retusa – PKA15:   Large Herb growing as tall as 2m, leaves alternate, base wedge shaped, retuse at apex.
Bot. name: Crotalaria retusa
Family: Fabaceae
Location: Chiplun (near Valmiki river), Maharashtra
Habitat: Wild.


Obovate leaves with obtuse apex and cuneate base pubescent beneath……..


.


Large Herb growing as tall as 2m, leaves alternate, base wedge shaped, retuse at apex.
Bot. name: Crotalaria retusa
Family: Fabaceae
Location: Chiplun (near Valmiki river), Maharashtra
Habitat: Wild.


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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week :: Crotalaria retusa in northern Western Ghats at Chiplun:  Crotalaria retusa L.

kroh-tuh-LAR-ee-uh — Greek krotalos; refers to sound, dried pods make when shaken
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip

Mar 5, 2011 … Chiplun, Maharashtra
commonly known as: devil-bean, rattlebox, wedge-leaf crotalaria • Bengali: বনশণ bansan • Gujarati: ઘૂઘરા ghughra • Hindi: घुनघुनिया ghunghunia • Malayalam: കിലുകിലുപ്പ kilukiluppa • Marathi: घागरी ghagri, समुद्री डिंगळा samudri dingla • Tamil: கிலுகிலுப்பை kilukiluppai • Telugu: పొట్టిగిలిగింత potti-giliginta
Native to: tropical Africa, w Asia, s China, Indian subcontinent, Indo-China, n Australia; widely naturalized in tropics
some views: Mar 5, 2011 … Chiplun, Maharashtra


 


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Satara, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID – small shrub :: ARKNOV-20 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Requesting to please provide ID of this small plant/shrub captured near Satara, Maharashtra in October 2014.


It crotalaria retusa.

Flowers are in budding stage.


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Agumbe Ghat (part of Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary)Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka

Date: 28 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 600 m asl at crest, about 250 m asl at foothill
Could this plant be Crotalaria spectabilis? Not sure of any close species.
Please validate.

Crotalaria ¿ spectabilis / else ? … (family: Fabaceae)


efi page on Crotalaria spectabilis  


This is tricky. I think this is not Crotalaria spectabilis Roth, because of absence of any visible stipules or bracts which are persistent in the species.

It can be Crotalaria retusa L., even though majority leaves are not retuse, where stipules are minute and bracts are deciduous. But, I am not sure.


This is Crotalaria retusa.


This one does not look like C. spectablis.


C retusa


If anyone has confirmed pictures of Crotalaria spectabilis please could you post them?
There is so often confusion between C. retusa and C. spectabilis.  I, for one, would benefit from being able to compare the two.


I will post my pictures of Crotalaria spectabilis and retusa place-wise, date-wise …
after I finish my family uploads.

Looking forward to others’ posts too.


.


Crotalaria retusa L.
at Bhile, Chiplun on March 5, 2011

along Agumbe Ghat on December 28, 2014 



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Charmadi Ghat Karnataka
Date: 12 NOV 2016 … Altitude: explored between: 873 – 976 m (2863 – 3201 ft) asl
Crotalaria ¿ retusa ? … (family: Fabaceae)

Dear friends,
Please validate posted plant to be Crotalaria retusa
Pods were not seen. The herb about 4 – 5 ft tall, flowers about 15 – 20 mm across.


I think looks close as per images at Crotalaria retusa



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Tell me the ID about the Plant


It looks like Crotalaria retusa with stunted growth


.


Please help me with Telugu name(s) of Crotalaria retusa.


it is known as giligitcha గిలిగిచ్చ or Potti gilligichacha పొట్టి గిలిగిచ్చ (Tel.) by local people.


.


Names of Plants in India :: Crotalaria retusa L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > Crotalaria retusa L. … family: Fabaceae ~ Papilionaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
kroh-tuh-LAR-ee-uh — Greek krotalos; refers to sound, dried pods make when shaken … Dave’s Botanary
re-TOO-suh — rounded and notched tip … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asdevil-beangolden yellow sweet pearattleboxshack-shackwedge-leaf rattlepod • Assameseঘণ্টাকৰ্ণ ghantakarna • Bengaliঅতসী atasiবনশণ bansan • Gujaratiઘૂઘરો ghugharo • Hindiघुनघुनिया ghunghuniya • Kannadaಗೆಜ್ಜೆ ಗಿಡ gejje gidaಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ಗಿಡ gijigiji gida • Konkaniघागरी ghagari • Malayalamചണ chanaകിലുകിലുക്കി kilukilukkiകിലുകിലുപ്പ kilukiluppaതന്തലക്കൊട്ടി tantalakkotti • Marathiडिंगळा dingalaघागरी ghagariखुळखुळा khulkhula • Sanskritमहाशण mahashanaशणघण्टिका shanaghantikaशणपुष्पी shanapuspi • Tamilகிலுகிலுப்பை kilu-kiluppai • Teluguపొట్టి గిలిగిచ్చ potti gilligichacha • Tuluಗಿಜಿಗಿಜಿ ದೈ gijigiji dai 
botanical namesCrotalaria retusa L. … synonymsCrotalaria cuneifolia (Forssk.) “Schrank, p.p.A” • Crotalaria hostmannii Steud. • Crotalaria retusifolia Stokes • Dolichos cuneifolius Forssk. • Lupinus cochinchinensis Lour. … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
March 5, 2011 … Bhile, Chiplun


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Charmadi Ghat Karnataka
Date: 12 NOV 2016 … Altitude: explored between: 873 – 976 m (2863 – 3201 ft) asl 
Crotalaria ¿ retusa ? … (family: Fabaceae)

Dear friends,
Please validate posted plant to be Crotalaria retusa
Pods were not seen. The herb about 4 – 5 ft tall, flowers about 15 – 20 mm across.


I think looks close as per images at Crotalaria retusa


Yes sir it’s Crotalaria retusa.



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Crotalaria for ID : Bangalore : 010712 : AK-3:  A small, cultivated, garden plant seen at the Butterfly Park, Banerghatta National Park,Bangalore on 14/04/12.

Plant was small with yellow flowers & pods.

I think close to images at Crotalaria retusa L.


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Crotalaria retusa L. ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Location:  New Town Eco Park
                 Kolkata, India
Date: 10 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.

I also think appear close to images of the same species at


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Flower for Id -ID24022018SH1 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Flower for id pl. Is it Crotalaria ?
Location – Vasai ( Maharashtra)
Date – Dec. 2016

It is Crotalaria retusa


.


sir can I get botanical name ? – खिलखिला in Marathi

Could be variant of खुळखुळा … a name for some species of Crotalaria like C. retusa, C. verrucosa.

In case I come across खिलखिला, will return to this post.


खिलखिला is just a variant of खुळखुळा (rattle toy). It must be arising out of accent / dialect in some place(s).


As children, we use to with play with the dry pods and call them Chanbichiya.



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Crotalaria for ID, Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh NAW-OCT18-03 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3) – around 300 kb each.
Kindly identify this herb possibly of Crotalaria, which is attracting a lot of butterflies. Photographed in October 2018 at a farm in Mafanapalle district, Andhra Pradesh.

It is difficult to ID the plant without the flowers. Nevertheless, it looks like a species of Crotalaria, possibly the common weed C.spectabilis.


Please check


Looking at the images of butterflies it looks like C. spectabilis as suggested by …

Images of Crotalaria spectabilis Roth look different as per images herein.
It does not attract butterflies as does Crotalaria retusa L.


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I came across two different types of Crotalaria could somebody help conform their Id please.


you got good pics showing inflorescence, buds, flower, fruit.
the plant here seems to be Crotalaria retusa.


Crotalaria retusa var retusa


2nd image is of Crotalaria spectabilis Roth as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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in Butterfly Park, Bannarghatta Forest area- 04-10-09; Flower for ID-111009-RK-3 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


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Fwd: MS/10/4/2019 – ID of the plant Crotalaria specis : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- around 450 kb each.
Kindly identify the herb  :
Date/Time- October 2019 
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS- Bahasura Sagar Dam Area, Wayanad, Kerala
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild : Planted in a garden
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb: runner : Perennial Herb
Height/Length-   4 ft
Flower – yellow, at bud stage
My ID : Could be C.retusa, the  host plant for butterflies. Supports moths, though it does not  provide nectar for butterflies.

I think Crotalaria retusa L. as per images and details herein.


Noted with thanks …



Crotalaria spectabilis from Panvel.


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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The Greater Rattle Pod: 

The Greater Rattle Pod [Crotolaria leschenaultii] is favoured by Milkweed butterflies like the Striped Tiger as a source of alkaloids essential for their reproduction and their distasteful nature. Sending a few photographs.


Superb set of pix!


Beautiful pictures … esp the carpenter Bee liked the color of the wings.


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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Crotalaria spectabilis—for sharing and validation : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1). 
Pic of Showy Rattlepod, taken at ambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune in nov 12


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week :: DV- 10JAN09-0132 :: Crotalaria at Tungar Hills: This bushy Crotalaria appears to be C. spectabilis, please validate.

Place: Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra.
Time: Jan 10, 2009 at 1.32 pm
Habit: large bush
Habitat: along clearing, semi-deciduous forest
Plant height: about 1.5 m

Leaf, as well as fruit closely resembles that of C. spectabilis.
The habit seems different; the inflorescence too comparatively shorter.


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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Crotalaria spectabilis.  : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Crotalaria spectabilis
Kaas plateau

second week of October 2016


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.


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Crotalaria spectabilis Roth
at Mahabaleshwar on January 13, 2008 
at Matheran on December 8, 2009 

near Kas plateau on October 19, 2007


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.


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Place: in premises of St Stephen’s Church, Ooty (~ 7428 ft asl), Tamilnadu
Time: November 17, 2011 at 2.18pm
Habit: medium-sized bushy shrub
Habitat: garden planted
Plant: about 6-7 ft high, many branched from base, perhaps pruned, may grow to become a large shrub
Flower: quite handsome, about (or over) an inch across … largest of Crotalaria flower seen yet.
Seedpod: about 2 – 2.5 inches long X 0.75 – 1 inch wide; this too largest of Crotalaria pod seen yet … may actually serve as a rattletoy.

Were the leaf simple? it has stipules at the base

I dont think this is Crotalaria. May be I am wrong


OH !! just went by the tell-tale looks of flower and seedpod.


I feel it as a species of Crotalaria only. Crotalaria spectabilis is a possibility as this plant shows variations in high altitudes.

But the pod looks different!

it does look like a Crotalaria spectabilis oversized in all aspects.– also wondering if it could be some introduced species of Crotalaria.


Yes, it seems to be Crotalaria spectabilis Roth (Indian Rattle Box). Please see the website: http://www.floridainvasives.org/Central/rattlebox.pdf


It could be that C. spectabilis cultivated as ornamental has variations compared to what is found in wild.
http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Crotalariaspectabilis&w=91314344%40N00&m=tags


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.


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Rattlepod for Id 280911 NS1: Attached fabaceae member is for Id. Plz identify.

Plant Habit- Small tree of abt 9-10 feet.
Habitat- Wild
Location- Mahabaleshwar
Date- 26 th Jan 11.


… my strong guess: Crotalaria spectabilis … commonly known as: cats bell, greater rattle pod, showy crotalaria, showy rattlepod • *Hindi*: ghungri, जंगली सन jangli san, jhunjhunia • *Kannada*: kaadu senabu • *Marathi*: डिंगळा dingala, खुळखुळा khulkhula


I think … is correct in guessing this plant as *Crotalaria spectabilis *of Leguminosae family.


I have a nagging doubt that the leaf shape of Crotalaria spectabilis is obovate and of this species is somehow cuneate.
Also the leaves of this species were shiny, like of rubber plant (Ficus elastica).

But may be this is due to it’s habitat.
Plz tell me is it so ?


… stressed my guess based on the pod that could be seen in one of your photos.
For kind of width to length ratio of these leaves, slight variance in the shape may show the shape as EITHER cuneate OR obovate … simply my opinion, may not be a correct thought.
Here is my sighting of of pod and leaf of C. spectabilis at Mahabaleshwar, 13 JAN 2008 for comparison … pod and leaf in your photos look quite the same.
The other question is: any other Crotalaria close to this species … … seems unlikely.

Good Close up of Fruits …. Fruits are same but i also have doubt in this being C spectabilis


Yes the pods and the leaves looks same ….
Thanks for clearing my doubt.


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week :: Crotalaria spectabilis in northern Western Ghats:Crotalaria spectabilis Roth

kroh-tuh-LAR-ee-uh — Greek krotalos; refers to sound, dried pods make when shaken
speck-TAB-ih-liss — spectacular

Dec 21, 2008 … Kumbharli Ghat, Maharashtra
commonly known as: cats bell, greater rattle pod, showy crotalaria, showy rattlepod • Hindi: ghungri, जंगली सन jangli san, jhunjhunia • Kannada: kaadu senabu • Marathi: डिंगळा dingala, खुळखुळा khulkhula
Native of: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia; naturalized throughout tropics
some views: Jan 13, 2008 … Mahabaleshwar, MaharashtraDec 8, 2009 … Matheran, Maharashtra


Nice big plant with terminal inflorescence.

I had seen this in Mahabaleshwar and Mulshi


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Crotalaria spectabilis: Attaching photos of Crotalaria spectabilis– (Dingla in Marathi) Photo taken at Satara.


Crotalaria Spectabilis.
The beauty is itself in the name which is seen here


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Shrubs/Herbs : Crotalaria spectabilis: Crotalaria spectabilis
Sharing with you pictures of this plant from Mahabaleshwar and Mulshi


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.


 


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Request for ID – 130512SC3: Posting 2 photos of a shrub with flowers and fruit for Id please. Date/Time – 06.05.2012 / 08.40 a.m.

Location – Place – Vasai (Near Mumbai)

Habitat – Garden/ Urban/ Wild / Type – Wild


Crotalaria spectabilis of Fabaceae family

Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



Mahabaleshwar Nov 2009.
A fairly common shrub bright yellow big inflorescence.
Which Crotolaria?


This is C. spectabilis, Dingla, Khulkhula etc. Pls note correction in FOS from C. retusa to C. spectabilis.


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.


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Crotalaria spp. – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 4 images.


Id please
A crotalaria spp
photographed Revas creak, Alibag


It looks the Greater Rattle Pod [Crotolaria leschenaultii]


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.

i saw crotolaria retusa plant at Panchgani, mahabaleshwar, St. maharashtra on 10th Jan 09
(pics of leaves, flowers and fruits are attached).
retuse means having a rounded apex with a central shallow notch.(see the petal). It is also called rattle pod or ‘khulkhula‘ in marathi meaning the rattle which babies play with.
pl. identify whether it is C. retusa or C. leschenaultii


It is the Greater Rattle Pod [C.leschenaultii].


L.leschenaultii is found at an altitude and its leaves have a pointed / acute tip.

L.retusa is found more in the coastal areas and its leaf tips are ‘turned inwards’.


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Wild flower for id – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 1 image.


Requesting id for this wild flower. Must have been about 3 feet tall. Taken near Karad


in marathi Khulkhula.

food plant for tigercrow varityies of butterfly larvae


This is GREATER RATTLE POD (Crotalaria leschenaultii).

Marathi name : Dingla or Dayali
Flowering : Nov – Mar

ID Source : Isaac’s book Page 50 ( Item # 43 )


Crotalaria retusa as per details herein and as per keys in Flora of Pakistan.



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28032020EPT71 (mixed thread): 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)- around 550 kb each.
Presenting for ID
Location : Javadhu hills, Eastern Ghats
Elevation : 3600 feet
Habitat : wild
Taken on 12.02.2020


Check with C. retusa, …


Thanks to … It resembles C.retusa


Excuse me Sir.

Unfortunately I failed to take sufficient pictures for proper ID. Sorry.


.


Matheran, MH :: Crotalaria for ID :: ARK2021-011

3 images.
Seen these flowers at Matheran, an hill station near Mumbai, MH in the last week of December 2020.

Requested to please provide ID.


Crotalaria spectabilis Roth ??


I thought too same …


As bracts are linear, it is Crotalaria retusa 


Crotalaria retusa for me


Based on analysis by …, I will take this as C. retusa.



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References:

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