Common name: Gaub, Indian persimmon • Hindi: गाब Gaab • Tamil: தும்பிகா Tumbika • Marathi: Temburi • Malayalam: Panancca • Telugu: Bandadamara • Kannada: Holitupare
A medium sized tree grows up to 15 meters in height. Leaves simple, alternate, or sub opposite, oblong-lanceolate, acute, or sometimes obtuse, glabrous, with prominent venation. Flowers unisexual, males in drooping cymes and female simple sessile. Fruits globose, yellow in ripe, with 4-8 compressed seeds.
Medicinal Properties of the Plant as per Ayurveda
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, burning sensation, inflammations, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, diabetes, skin diseases, fever, leucorrhea, urinary tract infections, splenomegali, anemia, burns and scalds
Useful parts of the herb
Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Fruits
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000- Description & Keys-Diospyros chloroxylon, Diospyros peregrina (Syn. of Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. as per The Plant List), Diospyros melanoxylon & Diospyros montana)

ID Request-04042011-PKA1:
I had seen this tree at Veer Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai. Looks like some Diospyros sp.

Date/Time: 03-04-2011/ 11:45AM
Location: Veer Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai
Habitat: Cultivated ??
Plant Habit: Tree
Leaves Alternate, Shining

– this plant is very common (planted)
Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. All. Med. Pharm. 1099, 1834; Almeida, Fl. Mah. 3: 173, 2001; Singh et al, Fl. Mah. St. 2: 302, 1996.
Synonyms: Garcinia malabarica Desr. in Link. Encyclop. 3: 701, 1792. D. embryopteris Pers., Syn. 2: 624, 1807; Cooke, FI. Pres. Bombay 2: 167, 1958 (Repr.). D. peregrina Gurke in Engl & Prantl. Natur. Pflanzen 4 (1): 164, 1897 (non Pers., 1807). Embryopteris peregrina Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 145, 1788. D. glutinosa Koen. ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 533, 1832. D. citrifolia Wall. ex DC., Prodr. 8: 235, 1844.

berry depressed globular, reddish-brown, 2.8-3.5 cm across, with a hard coat, covered with a rusty easily detachable, reddish-brown granular, scruffiness. Leaves coriaceous


Diospyros peregrina:
Botanical name-Diospyros peregrina
Common name-
हिंदी – काला तेंदू ,
संस्कृत- कृष्नासारा
English – Indian Persimmon.
Photographed at Empress garden ,Pune
Dated- 12th June 11

This could be Diospyros peregrina of Ebenaceae family. The new name for this species is Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel
It would be good to have look at the venation of leaves in a close up.

Yes, It is D. malabarica (Syn: Diospyros peregrina) of Ebenaceae family.

Have only one tree of this on my property. It was planted in 1997 but unfortunately has not yet flowered / fruited. Sending a few photographs to highlight the leaves.

Are’t the leaves looks like Garcinia? There is a synonym for this plant as Garcinia malabarica Desr. in Lam.,
Encycl. 3: 701.1792 (ref. Sasidharan 2004)!

This is Diospyros malabarica. Please check my photographs of this in the archives of this group.

Just wanted to confirm as I also have other set of images.



Diospyros malabarica from Hooghly:

Last week students of class X asked me, “Sir, do you want to take photographs of GAAB GAACHH?”
Yesterday, they took me to the location, climbed up the tree and took a few ripe fruits so that i could taste it!
Species : Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.
Habit & Habitat : tree, home garden
Date : 05-05-12, 1.25 p.m.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly), WB
ID help : 1) efi thread
2) efi thread 2

I appreciate your students interest in plant. Nice to see they are aware of their teacher’s fondness.

Yes, .., they love me very much and often give me locations of new species.

Help for ID.: Found this tree fairly tall 20+mtrs growing along the Cauvery river. The fruits look sort of rusty in appearance. I would be much obliged if some one can identify this tree for me.
From some guide books with me I think it might be Diospyros malabarica.

I think Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. of Ebenaceae family.

ID 210911 SB03: (mixed thread) – 2 correct images as above.
Location – Mumbai
Unidentified tree.
The spreading branches and the young leaves are the characteristic feature of this plant, without any flowers.

Looks like Diospyrous sp.

Species of Diospyros (note the spelling) to me as well.

I think Diospyros malabarica

I could id this as Diospyros. Guessing species from the pictures provided is difficult as characters for
species are not visible in those pictures.

both the images showed following characters
Bark turing black towards maturity, Leaves simple, alternate, oblong-lanceolate, acute apex, Leaf stalk 10-15 mm long (Seen in picture), Young leaves are reddish (Also seen in first picture).
Are leaves leathery when touched ?
Its really difficult to conform the ID with morphological characters, but the available information pointing towards Diospyros malabarica?

The leaves were very smooth to touch (similar to when we touch the young leaves of Polyalthia).

pls check it the character of Botanical name Diospyros malabarica (Desr) Kostel.
Family Ebenaceae
Sanskrit Synonyms Tinduka, Tinduki
Ayurvedic Medicinal Properties
Rasa Tikta, Kashaya, Katu
Guna Guru
Virya Seeta
Name of the herb in other languages
English Indian persimon
Hindi Gabh. Tedu
Malayalam Panachi, Pananji, Panacha

Description of the Plant
A medium sized tree grows up to 15 meters in height. Leaves simple, alternate, or sub opposite, oblong-lanceolate, acute, or sometimes obtuse, glabrous, with prominent venation. Flowers unisexual, males in drooping cymes and female simple sessile. Fruits globose, yellow in ripe, with 4-8 compressed seeds.
Medicinal Properties of the Plant as per Ayurveda
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, kapha, burning sensation, inflammations, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, diabetes, skin diseases, fever, leucorrhea, urinary tract infections, splenomegali, anemia, burns and scalds
Useful parts of the herb
Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Fruits

yes foto here is Diospyros malabarica



VALMIKI : OBSERVER OF NATURE: (mixed thread) – 2 correct images as above.
Valmiki mentioned TINDUKA tree in his Ramayan. In English it is Gaub Persimmon. In my childhood I have eatten ripe fruit of this tree. Sweet but not very tasty. Pulped fruit of this tree is used as preservative for fishing nets (ofcoure before the invesion of polymers).
The scientific name of TINDUKA is Diospyros peregrina.


Ex-situ Silviculture : Diospyros peregrina (Gaertn.) Gürke : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).

Diospyros malabarica ??- 070614-PKA1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).
Big tree seen at Mumbai. Could this be Diospyros malabarica
Kindly validate the ID,.

Yes indeed. Commonly cultivated in gardens and occasionally on the streets in Mumbai. Also found cultivated in Borivali National Park.



Requesting ID of this tree – MNP, Mumbai – May 2014 :: 07JUN2014 :: ARK-15 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).

Requesting to please ID this tree captured in MNP, Mumbai in May 2014.

I think this is similar to what … has also posted today.

Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. [Ebenaceae].

Thank you … for the ID… Are these unripe fruits? What is the green thing surrounding the fruit called? Does it disappear when the fruits ripen to red brown?

Yes, the fruits in your photographs are unripe. The fruit will remain seated on the enlarged persistent calyx.
The mature fruit is about the size of an average plum. It is coated with a deciduous powdery substance which is very pale initially (as seen in your pictures) and eventually turning rufous. When this rusty mealiness comes off, the ripe fruit appears yellow.



Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. SN Aug 58 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.

Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel, one of the common small – medium sized wild tree from western Ghats area of Karnataka

SHIBPUR IBG : sk-Oct-08 : Manilkara sp. : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4).

This tree seems to be a Manilkara sp.

Please check for Diospyros malabarica

Thank you Sir, forgot! I have earlier post, and the greenish yellow skin of Diospyros predominated my mind.

I support … ID.The mature fruits turn yellowish green. I would like to know the ripe fruits are edible?

that’s Gaab in bangla, edible, urchins always beat us to them. must be tasty

Hort has several, one big one on the central lawn

Yes, it is GAAB, though the epicarp is sapota like the leaves are typical Diospyros malabarica.

Diospyros malabarica.

Deshi Gab, edible after ripen, green fruit sap use for fish net longevity in water. Once very common in BD, now uncommon, found in swampy area of South Bengal and somewhere have such ecosystem

…; thanks for the information. In my native village-Kumbalangi- there still remains lot of trees that fruits profusely but nobody ever tastes it. Earlier people used the young fruits for hardening the cotton fishnets. Now simply wasted.

Not at all tasty, Dada efi thread, and the gum is also used, by kids, to fix kites!

welllll… i’ll definitely have to try ne for myself, wont I , now.

Poshabe na, miliye neben…. to little flesh to enjoy!

ANDEC104 Please identify this medium sized tree : 11 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (6)

Growing next to a river
Hebri, Karnataka
27th December 2014

I definitely think Diospyros of Ebanaceae

Diospyros  species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

The plant uploaded seems to be Diospyros digyna

This plant is available in Aurangabad at Milind college of science

This appears to be a Diospyros. Check the descriptions to identify the species.

It seems to be diospyros perigrina

It may be Diospyros malabarica.

looks like Diospyros malabaricum (Ebenaceae), a common riparian tree



id please : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

id please

location : near to thane station, maharashtra.

date : 19.5.2015

Diospyros sp.

Diospyros species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

The photographs look like that of Diospyros malabarica. Nevertheless, one need to check the fruits and other characters for confirmation..

12082015KSB1 for identification : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Date/Time- 09-08-2015

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Mangaluru

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree

Height/Length- Large

Diospyros sp.

Seems Diospyros malabarica to me.

Thanks for the identification.

Identification Please : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)

Please help me by identifying the plant

Any Diospyros species?

Diospyros species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

Diospyros malabarica, I think.

Diospyros species for sure. The leaves (foliage) is / are  not clear in your photographs. It is better if you send these photographs which are essential for  pinpointing the species. Nevertheless, the fruit has a resemblance to chocolate sapote fruit (D.Digyna). But cannot confirm. You need to compare all the characters of leaves fruits etc. Please do provide better pictures of foliage etc. which helps  the members to ID fast.
By the by, what is the location of the tree in Karnataka ?

Looks like Diospyros to me too.

Thanks for identification and suggestions. Species is identifid as Diospyros malabarica

Plant is located in Pilikula in Dakshina Kannada Dist of Karnataka state.
Search in Pilikula web page helped also. 


Diospyros sp ATFEB2016/01 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Kindly help with species identification
Place: Chandigarh
Clicked on 28 Jan, 2016

I hope this should be Diospyros malabarica, often seen planted in our gardens..


Id please : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2)

Please identify this tree of riparian habitat from Kannur, Kerala

May be a Diospyros sp.

comparative images of Diospyros species in efi so far

Seems to be a Diospyros species.

this is Diospyros malabarica


Diospyros is it?- 131209 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Saw this fruiting tree with persistent sepals at Aarey road Mumbai on 12 Dec 09. Is it Diospyros embryopteris ? Kindly ID this please.

I suppose Diospyros malabarica (syn: D. embryopteris)

Thank you sir for the ID validation.

Can it be Diospyros melanoxylon locally called Tendu ?

The leaves and fruit size of D. melanoxylon I think are different.

Yes, this tree is Diospyros malabarica.

D. melanoxylon has thinner leaves and not this much dark green.



Diospyros species ABMAY01/02 : 4 posts by 2 authors.
I found two trees near a Buddhist temple a couple of days ago that appear to me to belong to Diospyros genus (two different species). These are perhaps cultivars. I suspect the first to be D. montana female and the second D. malabarica perhaps. I could be completely off the mark too. Please advise.
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
29-30 April 2016
Diospyros malabarica? 5 images.
Aromatic flowers;

On casually going through their images at comparative images of Diospyros, I feel you may be right. efi pages with images on Diospyros montana & Diospyros malabarica               



Pune: Pl id this tree : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Pl help me id this tree seen at pune dehuroad military area.

It is fruiting branch of evergreen tree.

Diospyros malabarica (D. peregrina, D. embryopteris)

Thank you very much … for a very quick ID. I’m happy to have found a new species in our locality, that too a full grown fruiting tree.

SK886 29 NOV-2017:ID : 21 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
LocationKasara Resort Chitwan, Nepal
Altitude:  550 ft.
Date: 10 August 2014 
Manilkara ???

Pl. check with images at Manilkara zapota 

Most of the Manilkara fruits look alike.

As such difficult to decide. By the way is there any Manilkara which is not edible ?

I think zapota is edible.

Any variety which not edible ?

Diospyros, Ebenaceae

I am afraid it is not correct !

It is Diospyros – the calyx, fruit, leaf strongly indicates it to be Diospyros only

It is Diospyros sp. only.

I guess it could be an introduced sp. in Nepal as no matching is found and it was planted in the office garden of Chitawan National Park.
Never seen Diospyros fruit like Manilkara.

Pl. check

Not able to establish a match !

Closest I can go as per comparative images is Diospyros discolor Willd., but not sure of this id.

Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.  ??

Yes, appears close as per

Thank you …! Nepali Names : अल्लो Allo / खल्लु Khallu / कालोतिन्दु Kaalotindu 



AKNOV11 Diospyros embryopteris : 1 post by 1 author. 4 images.
Diospyros embryopteris from a plantation in FRI, Dehradun.


MS/3/2020/6 Tree for ID : 16 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)
Please ID the tree species in front of a temple in Tamilnadu. It is worshipped. Looks like a species of Garcenia. Could it be ?

Furnish some more information, …

Sorry … These pictures have been sent by someone from Tamil Nadu.  He has no other photographs.

It is Diospyros species (flower character); in some temples in A.P. also Diospyros is worshipped; where it is photographed, even the sign board on the tree is not clear, its tamil name?

Thanks. In Tamil it is written as “Tamala maram” the Krishna’s favourite tree. It is a tree planted in front of a temple (Purandhara temple a Vaishanavaite’s temple) in a town near Tirunelveli. Here in Mysore I consulted an expert taxonomist, who confirmed that the tree is Garcinia xanthochymus only. I also checked a review paper on  Garcinia sps in Researgate and matched with G.xanthochymus. Now I am really confused !
Madam, I shall be thankful if you could post the photographs of the Diospyros planted in A.P temples. I am curious to know.

I have one photo of Diospyros species (D.malabarica) Noted at South Gujarat but here we are not able for proper identification because we have no more photos.
Attachments (1) – 3 mb.

The posted tree seems to have alternate leaves so Garcinia can be ruled out.

It is not Garcinia xanthochymos; because I know the plant very well; the crown is pyramidal like Polyalthea longifolia tree; it is most probably Diospyros malabarica; which is known as tumbika in tamil; one tamil fisherman showed Diospyros tree as tamala; but actually in Sanskrit it is Cinnamomum tamala (tej patta tree). In many areas people worship Diospyros chloroxylon, D.malabarica (Syn.D.peregrina) as an incarnation of Goddess Parvati (as village deity). The first image clear, the flower is of typical Diospyros

This is how trees are worshipped;
Attachments (2) – Diospyros chloroxylon tree.JPG & garcinia xanthochymos tree.JPG

I have two photos of Diospyros malabarica flowering.
Attachments (2) – 2 & 3 mb.


Fwd: Pls id this tree : 4 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3)
In Delhi’s Lutyens area. Has very fragrant white flowers in April

Leaves seems like Mimusops elangi L. (can I have picture of flowers for confirmation?)

To me it does not appear like Mimusops elengi
Do you have any ther pictures? If so, pl. post.

My email says flowers in April – so no I don’t have any pictures of flowers – I would have thought these tree gurus should not have a problem with the id

Diospyros malabarica


Flora of Haryana: Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel (1) from Botanical Garden CCSHAU Hisar: Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel (1) from Botanical Garden CCSHAU Hisar

In Traditional Entomotherapy, toxicity caused by medicinal insect Indarbela quadrinotata is treated with the help of Diospyros malabarica based formulations.

yes gaab

Ya!! Common name is Gaab

This is Diospyros discolor as per images and details herein.

Diospyros malabarica

D.malabarica is a little different. Pl. see https://efloraofindia.com/2011/02/26/diospyros-malabarica/

On further examination as per leaves and calyx, I think you are right.

11042013 BRS 474 : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. confirmation. The photo has been send to me by …, Chennai for id. request.
Date: 09.04.2013
Location: Saidapet, Chennai (PWD Office)
Habitat: garden
Habit: Tree

Looking at the un-opened flower buds and the leaves the plant has a resemblance to Lecithidaceae members (Careya sps.?)

Could be even a Clusiaceae member as the leaves have a resemblance to Canophyllum. Try to get a photograph of the fully opened flower

This looks like a species of Diospyros to me.

This is Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. as per images and details herein.

Diospyros for ID : 060111 : AK-1: Taken at Sigiriya, Sri Lanka on the 16th of November, 2010.
It was a huge tree growing wild. Seems some species of Diospyros.

Yes, Diospyros malabarica (= D. peregrina).

This is Diospyros malabarica as said by … Did you taken this from a proximity of a water body?

No…I don’t recollect any water body in the proximity.

Diospyros from Pecharthal Tripura: 6 images.
This is not cultivated
Kindly identify

Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. ??

Yes, appears close as per images at Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. and as per comparative images at Diospyros.


Diospyros in the garden SN1622: 1 high res. image.
Female flower of Diospyros peregrina (= D.malabarica)?

Something else.
Looks different from images at Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.

yes, it is not D.malabarica

It looks correct to me. Female flowers of D. malabarica


Diospyros: 5 images.
Kindly identify the species

Please check Diospyros !

Please check Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel. !

Yes, appears close as per images at



Unknown fruit from salem Tamilnadu: 4 images.
Kindly identify the species

Please check Dyospyros !


To me appears close to images at
Pl. check.


MS/2023/116 Id of the tree: 5 images.
I am forwarding herewith a few photographs for ID. Photos taken at Theosophical society campus, Chennai. Please Id the tree.

Goniothalamus salicinus ???

It reminds me of Diospyros malabarica

First I  too thought like that. But Diospyros species has not been reported in the flora of Theosophical society, Chennai. Hence, I thought it could be a member of Annonaceae

Looks different from specimen at

Diospyros malabarica only.




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