Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 4: 427 1819.  (syn. Ervatamia coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf; Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burkill; Ervatamia divaricata var. plena (Roxb. ex Voigt) M.R.Almeida; …; Jasminum zeylanicum Burm.f.; Kopsia cochinchinensis Kuntze; Nerium coronarium Jacq. .; Nyctanthes acuminata Burm.f.; Reichardia grandiflora Dennst. .; Taberna discolor (Sw.) Miers; Tabernaemontana citrifolia Lunan; Tabernaemontana coronaria (Jacq.) Willd.; Tabernaemontana coronaria var. plena Roxb. ex Voigt; Tabernaemontana discolor Sw.; Tabernaemontana flabelliformis (Tsiang) P.T.Li; Tabernaemontana gratissima Lindl.; Tabernaemontana indica Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. [Illegitimate]; Tabernaemontana lurida Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Tabernaemontana recurva Roxb. ex Lindl.; Tabernaemontana recurva Roxb.; Tabernaemontana siamensis Warb. ex Pit.; Testudipes recurva (Roxb. ex Lindl.) Markgr.; Vinca alba Noronha);
Images by Surajit Koley, (Surajit Koley – identified by Aarti Khale), (Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Giby Kuriakose & Ajinkya Gadve), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)




Adam’s-apple, butterfly gardenia, crape jasmine, carnation of India, East Indian rosebay, fleur d’amour, grape jasmine, jasmine grape, moon beam, Nero’s crown, pinwheel flower • Gujarati: સાગર sagar, તગર tagar • Hindi: चांदनी chandani • Kannada: nandi battalu • Konkani: अनंत ananta • Marathi: अनंत anant, टगर tagar • Tamil: நந்தியார்வட்டை nandiar vattai;

SYMBIOSIS : 421 :  Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Attaching an image of a Rice Swift butterfly on the flower of Tabernaemontana divaricata (MOON BEAM/ TAGAR/ CHANDINI )

SYMBIOSIS : 531 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a male Common Mormon butterfly on the flowers of Tabernaemontana coronaria(CHANDNEE/ TAGAR).


SYMBIOSIS : 587 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a female Common Mormon butterfly on the flower of Tabernaemontana coronaria. Commonly known as Moon Beam/ Chandni/ Tagar.


Tabernaemontana divaricata : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 050614 : AK-12: 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Saw this Crape Jasmine in Sitabani, near an Ancient Temple on 17/5/14.
The shape of the flower looks different from the ones usually seen, and is a bit confusing.
Kindly validate.

It is Tabernaemontana divaricata; what we are seeing here is the wild form. It is found in wild form in this area. (Based on the Osmaston 1927, an excellent document to identify woody flora of the region).

Thanks a lot … for confirming the id.
What is it known as locally?

SYMBIOSIS : 609 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Striped Tiger butterfly on the flower of Tabernaemontana coronaria (TAGAR/ CHANDNI)

SYMBIOSIS : 610 :  1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Tailed Jay butterfly on the flowers of Tabernaemontana coronaria. This flower is known as CHANDNI/TAGAR.

SYMBIOSIS : 620 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Common Mime (Dissimilis form) butterfly on the flowers of Tabernaemontana coronaria . This flower is commonly known as CHANDINI/ TAGAR.

SYMBIOSIS : 635 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Chocolate Demon butterfly on the flowers of Tabernaemontana coronaria.

SYMBIOSIS :724 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of a Red Vented Bulbul on the fruits of Tabernaemontana coronaria (CHANDNI/ TAGAR).


Tabernaemontana Species For ID : Muscat : 27FEB15 : AK-27 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Tabernamontana seen in a farm with flower petals looking different than the ones we see commonly.
For Species id please.

It is Tabernaemontana coronaria.

Can you request … to have a look at these?
Is this Tabernaemontana coronaria as suggested by …?

Don’t know about Muscat species, but we have it here in Hooghly too, very common.


2015april_sk16/16 : possibly Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. :  1 post by 1 author. Attachments (10)
This is yet another TAGAR in our home yard. I am yet to see its fruit. FoC description of stamens attachment does not fit in the attached picture. It is rather similar to Icones plate t-477, but buds are not twisted. Flowers are not fragrant as in previous one.

2015april_sk14/14 : Tabernaemontana sp. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
We had three or four TAGAR in our home yard. This one is about 5 years old, 5 ft shrub. It has never produced fruits, but flowering almost through out year.
Corolla tube avg. 2.6 cm long, lobes have same length. Since stamens are inserted above middle of corolla tube it should not be T. divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
A few com sites labelled similar flowers as T. corymbosa while Toptropicals has T. orientalis which is similar looking. Twigs have lenticels as in T. pandacaqui Lam. which maybe the accepted name of T. orientalis!
What would be its correct id?

Seems to be T. coronaria.

Thank you …

is there any BSI survey on all the tagars in india?

This is another from Railway stn,
3.5 ft high with small leaves and flowers, non fragrant, stamens are inserted at half of the tube as in others.

We have now BSI checklist. This is also T. divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult.


2015april_sk17/17 : Tabernaemontana sp. variegated : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
This is yet another 5 ft shrub, with non fragrant flowers, in a railway station.
Except the variegated leaves all stats are same as in my earlier post, “2015april_sk14/14 : Tabernaemontana sp.”
There is Tabernaemontana sp. variegata in Toptropicals.
There is T. divaricata with variegated leaf in certain com site
There is T. corymbosa with variegated leaf in certain other website
There is T. pandacaqui with variegated leaf in several other websites.
I do not know which one is this.

Not very sure but I had come across the same plant in a garden in Mumbai.
On searching, it could be Tabernaemontana divaricata ‘Splash’.
This is just a suggested id.

Thank you very much …, but the question is how do you differentiate it with Wikimedia Commons image or with Flowersweb (please scroll down)?

Now I am also confused. Let us wait for experts to comment.

Thanks to …, this is also Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult..


SYMBIOSIS : 892 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
attaching a collage of Red Whiskered Bulbul feeding on the seeds of Tabernaemontana coronaria (CHANDNI/ TAGAR/ MOONBEAM/ WAX FLOWER)

SYMBIOSIS : 893 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Hello, attaching a collage of Black-hooded Oriole feeding on the seeds of Tabernaemontana coronaria (TAGAR/ CHANDNI/ MOON BEAM).

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 945 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Great Mormon (female) visiting flowers of Tabernaemontana coronaria (TAGAR/ CHANDNI/ MOON BEAM).

Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. ex Roem. & Schult ??? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Location: Jamuni, Darjeeling, India
Date: 22 May  2017
Altitude: 1800 ft.

I think matches with Tabernaemontana divaricata as per comparative images at Tabernaemontana

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 999 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blank Swift visiting flowers of Ervatamia divericata (TAGAR/ CHANDNI/ MOON BEAM )

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1015 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of Peacock Pansy visiting flowers of Ervatamia divaricata (TAGAR/ CHANDNI).

Tabernaemontana divaricata ‘Flore Pleno’ :: TMC Biodiversity Park :: 15 APR 18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
TMC Biodiversity Park  Thane
Date: April 15, 2018 … Altitude: about 15 m (50 feet) asl
Tabernaemontana divaricata ‘Flore Pleno’  

Tabernaemontana Species : Nasik : 200418 : AK-2 : 10 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2)
A cultivated, garden plant with White flowers.
For Species id please.
Tabernaemontana alternifolia

Tabernaemontana divaricata  ??

Tabernaemontana divaricata

… me too with Tabernaemontana divaricata, this must be the popular cultivar ‘Flore Pleno’.

Yes, …

at Gwalior- 21-22 August ’10; Kolkata- Aug’10; Gwalior- Sept’10;  in Thane and Mumbai; Herbal Garden, Delhi; Tabernaemontana coronaria – efloraofindia | Google Groups Indian Monnbeam – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Tabernaemontana for ID : 211210 : AK-2:
Taken at Sigiriya Rest house, Sri Lanka on the 16th of November, 2010.


Double-flowered form of Tabernaemontana divaricata:
Sending a photo of Moonbeam flower.

Place : Matheran
Date  :  15.4.2011

–  Tabernaemontana divaricata cv. Flore Feno, formerly T. coronaria 

–  Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burkill var. plena (Voight)
    Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burkill var. plena (Voight) Almeida (comb. nov). Tabernaemontana coronaria var. plena Roxb. ex Voight, Hort. Suburb. Cal. 527, 1845. (Curtis, Bot. Mag. 44: t. 1865, 1816)
This a double flowered variety found in cultivated in the gardens
    Flowers: Throughout the year.

We should not use comb. nov. (or sp. nov., nom. nov. etc.) when citing a published name, because every name would have belonged to that category when first published. It is done only by the original author in the original publication, We just mention the name of the author (followed preferably by year of publication, and also full citation if available).
    Ervatamia divaricata var. plena (Roxb. ex Voigt) M.R.Almeida has been relegated as synonym of Tabernaemontana divaricata as per Kew Plant List. So best choice is just to treat it as cultivar ‘Flore Pleno’ only

– Correct name for Tabernaemontana divaricata is Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burkill. Stapf. segregated the genus Ervatamia from Tabernaemontana L. so any how the cv. ‘Flore Pleno’ should not go under genus Tabernaemontana L.

– We can’t ignore the reputed databases GRIN and Kew Plant List. Both treat Ervatamia as a synonym and Tabernaemontana as accepted name especially so for T. divaricata. And also as var. pleno is relegated to synonymy of T. divaricata, we have no choice other than just calling it as cultivar ‘Flore Pleno’
    Please note that Dr. Almeida suggested this variety combination in 2001, and lot has changed in last 10 years.
Not a single species is accepted name at present.

Very common variety in gardens of South India (Chennai and other places).


Tabernamontana divericata miniature with Butterfly in Kolkata UD 08052011 005:
at a local Ashram garden… it was tranquil, very hot and  the TAGAR miniature tabernamontana divericata were blooming and  seemed to be popular with a group of Chilades pandava pandava butterflies…
the first one is a recent hatch- ling I think… its wings are intact…
the one with the open wings has seen better days… there are tears on its wings…
fights with fellow butterflies or flew into a crow or two who may have tried to make a meal of them…  ????

Nice catch.  Miniature tabernamontana divericata are ornamental and being popularised.  I have these plants in my garden and observed many insects and butterflies visiting the plant.


Flora of Panipat: Tabernaemontana divaricata from Arya PG College panipat:
Tabernaemontana divaricata  from Arya PG College panipat

Yes. Its a very popular street planting in side smaller streets…in calcutta… Harish mukherjee street is fulll of these as are some streets in North calcutta…

Yes … very common plant here also

The plant is common in South India.  Each and every house has this plant be it Chennai, Bangalore, Mysore or Madurai.  I have two varieties of this plant in my home garden.


Flora of Haryana: Tabernaemontana Divaricata from ITI Gannour Sonipat Haryana campus:
Tabernaemontana divaricata from ITI Gannour Sonipat Haryana campus
Growing there in garden

nice…flowers white are often difficult to photograph…

Tagar is very common street bush/ small tree in parts of Calcutta… the white flowers carpet the sidewalks often.
fallen flowers are not useful for puja… and with prices of puja flowers sky rocketing .. Now a days I see these tagar being “attacked”  by Homo sapien domesticus so much so that not a single flower or bud is left … Gods must be happy with their daily offerings though…
Local markets sell garlands made of these Tagar flowers… apparently Tagar is grown in the flower belt just for that purpose…


efloraofindia:”For Id 10032012MR1’’ herb with white flowers at Pune:
Kindly help Id this herb at Pune

I had got this herb last monsoon from a local nursery at Pune. 
Height/Length- about 6-7 inches
I do not have the dimensions of leaves and flowers but the leaves and flowers appeared like a dwarf variety of ‘Tagar’ as we call in Marathi. 
Unfortunately this delicate plant did not survive the heavy monsoon that we had last year

Miniature Tabernaemontana divaricata  


efloraindia: 281111 BRS217:

Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.
Location : NBNP Garden, Anaikatti.
Date: 25.11.2011
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Herb?


ID of Host Plant requested – 161012 – RK5:
Would appreciate ID of the host plant. This was a special request when i had posted these pics on Indian Flora. I had referred to this in my previous post -161012 – RK4. Pics taken in Lalbagh, Bangalore on 11/12/11 at 8.45am.

Tabernaemontana divaricata cultivar

… I just cant let this pass….. you have sent me LOL kinda set of pic… the green monster face looks like a green baby hippopotamus…
and the last one reminds me of the book The very hungry caterpillar, its as if this guy was the model for the paitings in this book.. I love that book and so do millions of kids and their parents and aunts (: ) ) ….
I loved it.. and the plant is definitely a tabernamontana and not the golden gardenia in the other post… in Bengal we call it TAGAR …. the flower buds give it away … though the gardenia and tagar leaves may sometimes be similar esp the young leaves…

… and the very hungry caterpillar is of Daphnis nerii , commonly known as Oleander Hawk moth
Wikipedia image


SYMBIOSIS : 399 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Grass Demon butterfly on the flower of Tabernaemontana coronaria. (TAGAR/ CHANDNI/ EAST INDIAN ROSEBAY )

Tabernaemontana Species seen at the nursery in April.
Id please.

On checking the comparable images in the net the closest match is the one suggested by … (Tabernaemontana divaricata)

SK1469 25 Sep 2018 : 27 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Hong Kong Park  
Date: 15 August 2018
Elevation: 200 ft.
Habit : Cultivated
Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.  ??

yes. often scented

Yes …!

Was it labelled ? To me looks different from images at Tabernaemontana

Sorry, it was not labeled …!

this is what bengali gardeners call : double tagar, in gujarati: butmogro. tabernamontana….
i wish the botnist/taxonomists had given it a separate identity. but they have not it seems.

This is one of the hybrids of Tabernaemontana divaricata I think.

this site calls it. gardenia Barbados.
you have to scroll and scroll till almost halfway down this loooong page

Thank you. … I also have this plant with me.

i used to  have one also, but neglect killed it one year when i was tending to some relatives’ terminal illness. description says its flowers have scent but mine locally sourced, did not. so there must  two variants: one with scent, another without.
i have seen and experienced very fragrant variety double tagar plants in a long row in a temple in Bihar.

The website calls it Tabernaemontana divaricata and the common name is Gardenia barbados.
I believe this is a hybrid or a double petaled polyploid form of T. divaricata and not the original T. divaricata.

you are right, …  i am all for lumping in classification but in this case i would go for splitting, and  create a new species, name it away from t. divaricata. may be genetic studies will show enough differences to split it off from t. divaricata but i wont live to see it!!!
giving ideas to professors to direct some ms or phd candidates? ms may be. good project. who knows

Giving a new name doesn’t take much time though and you will surely live to see the new name if given, don’t worry. BUT, I advice not to give, Because, this seems more like a garden cultivar than a wild one.

ha ha and bless you. long live me? but the way they cut down newer names and label then illegitimate. i shudder when i see them in the plant list as illegitimate.
wonder who took the time to cultivate it enough to do selective breeding to get double tagar (bengali name).
may be i will or someone will stumble on its story in some old gardening or botanical magazine such as Curtis’s …

may be some one cultivated or even sometimes such aberration occurs naturally in wild. Its just for someone to pick up and make a market for it. There are many such examples.
In China and Japan they keep looking for such aberrations in wild on orchids like Cymbidium. For example a Cymbidum in wild with variegated leaves may sell for thousands.
Sometimes they do inbreeding to bring out such deformities and of course then there is a market for such plants too.

very true, keen gardeners and collectors are always on look out for the unusual.

SYMBIOSIS : 1423 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Hedge Blue butterfly visiting flowers of Ervatamia divaricata (TAGAR/ CHANDNI)

Tabernaemontana divaricata ‘Variegata : 4 posts by 1 author. 4 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location :  Koh Chang, Thailand
Date: 08 December 2019
Elevation : MSL
Habitat : Cultivated


28032020EPT72 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)- around 500 kb each.
Presenting for ID
Location : Javadhu hills, Eastern Ghats
Elevation : 3600 feet
Habitat : Among wild bush
Taken on 12.02.2020

Tabernaemontana divaricata


ID please : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- around 900 kb each.
from Burhanpur, MP, 250m, january 2020.

Tabernaemontana sp. may be divaricata!!

Yes seems T.divaricata.

Yes sir its a bonsie of T.divericata.


Tabernaemontana Species For ID : Mumbai : 20SEP15 : AK-7 : 07/47 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Seen in a cultivated garden in Mumbai.
Unfortunately, there were no open flowers.
Buds were larger and pointed.

Tabernaemontana divericata

Could be Tabernaemontana divaricata ‘Flore Pleno’ with larger buds?


SK391 23FEB-2017:ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Location: Kualalumpur, Malyasia 
Altitude: 180 ft.
Date: 23 February 2017
Jasminum…. ???

I think no


Appears close to images at Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.

Kakoijana RF, Assam- Nov.10?;

Plant of Indonesia 2 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
We would like to know the name of the following plant please.

Perhaps a dwarf Ervatamia (Tabernaemontana) divaricata

Agree it’s a tabernamontana
how short is the plant and the flower size?

efi page on Tabernaemontana alternifolia (syn: Tabernaemontana divaricata)

Seems to be a species of Tabernaemontana.

Appears to be dwarf Ervatamia (Tabernaemontana) divaricata as pointed out by …

I agree with Ervatamia.


Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.: 10 very high res. images.

Location: Dailekh, West Nepal
Altitude: 815 m.
Date: 14 August 2021 
Habit : Wild 

Yes … This is a common garden plant seen in almost all house gardens in this part of South India. Flowers used for worship and to make “kannukappu” in Kannada  (natural eyelash  liner). I have this plant and another hybrid variety of this species. It has many other medicinal properties.

Thank you … for the additional information.
I was surprised to find it in wild for the first time !


Botanical Name: Jasminum sambac: 2 images.
Location:  Jammu, j and k
Date: 20/05/2023

Looks different. Check for Tabernaemontana species.

Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.

By the way, isn’t it the syn ?


Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. :: Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 11, 2008 · JUN23 DV548: 3 images.

Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 11, 2008 · 9:04 AM IST :: about 11 m (36 ft) asl
Many thanks to Bharat Godambe for validating the ID at iNaturalist.
Cultivar – ornamental, dwarf habit


Apocynaceae: Tabernaemontana divaricata R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.: 1 high res. image.
synonyms: Tabernaemontana coronaria (Jacq.) Willd., Ervatamia coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf, Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burkill
location/date: Chikaldara, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Amravati Distr.,  Maharashtra, November 1994





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