Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr., J. Arnold Arbor. 19(4): 353 353 1938. (syn. Calesium grande Kuntze; Dialium coromandelicum Houtt.; Haberlia grandis Dennst.; Lannea grandis (Dennst.) Engl.; Lannea wodier (Roxb.) Adelb.; Lannea wodier (Roxb.) Parker; Odina pinnata Rottler; Odina wodier Roxb.; Rhus odina Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.);
Indian Subcontinent to China (S. Yunnan to SW. Guangdong) and Indo-China: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
China (S-Yunnan, S-Guangxi, SW-Guangdong), Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isl., China (Hainan), Malaysia, Java, Thailand, Andaman Isl., Nicobar Isl., Bhutan, India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kayin, Mandalay, Rakhine, Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon), Nepal, Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, etc.), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Jammu, Kashmir), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life;
Indian ash tree, moya, wodier • Assamese: jia • Bengali: জিওল jiola • Coorgi: ಗೊದ್ದನಮರ goddana-mara • Gujarati: માવૅડી mavedi, મોયણો moyano • Hindi: मोहीं mohin • Kannada:  ಗೊದ್ದ godda, ಗುಮ್ಪಿನ gumpina, ಕುರಟಿಗ kuratige, ಉದಿಮರ udimara • Konkani: मोई moi • Malayalam: കാരിലവ് kaarilav, കലഡം aladam, കരശ് karas, കരയം karayam, ഒടിയന്മരമ് otiyan-maram, ഉതി uthi • Marathi: मोई moi, शेमट shemat, शिमटी shimati, शिंटी shinti • Nepalese: हललुंडे hallunde • Oriya: indramai, moi • Rajasthani: गुर्जन gurjan • Sanskrit: अजशृङ्गी ajashringi, झिङ्गिनी jhingini • Tamil: ஒதி oti • Telugu: అజశృంగి ajasrngi;
It is gum yielding plant called as jhingan gum, wood is good for packing cases;


18042011NVR1 Tree for ID:
Tree found in Goa

– I think this is Lannea coromandelica. MOI

Lannea coromandelica in Fruiting stage

– Yes. It is Lannea coromandelica.
Orchid on Lannea


Pleases Identify this tree at the bank of Powai lake ID07 new:
Location- Powai lake, powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra  

Altitude: Sea level
Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- medium Tree
Height/Length- 15mtr
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- as seen in photo
Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in photo
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-as seen in photo
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not found

For me it looks like Lannea coromandelica of Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)
In Marathi it known as
मोई moi, शेमट shemat, शिमटी shimati, शिंटी shinti


Request for ID : 240511 : AK-1:
Taken on the 13th of March, 2011 on the Mumbai-Agra highway, at the
Kasara Ghat.
Is it Lannea coromandelica ?

Id  requested for the following attachment.
Date/Time-: 29/04/11   –    16:00
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga, Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- tree
Height/Length- 10 mtr
ID confirmation ” Spondias pinnata

Negative. This is Lannea coromandalica locally called Moi, Shemat or Shembat.

It is gum yielding plant called as jhingan gum, wood is good for packing cases

25042012GS1 tree from Nainital for ID:
This tree is common, flowering leafless in April in Nainital Ranikhet area.
A few trees along banks of Naini lake, local person gave me its name as Bangar.
Flowers barely 5-7 mm across in panicles, creamish in colour. Please help in ID.

Can this be Boswellia serrata? a common sight there..

Looks like a member of Anacardiaceae.
The bark and flowers indicate towards Lannea coromandelica. Locally Moi in Marathi

I can see 4 yellowish petals, there also seem to be separate male and female flowers. I tend to go with …, Lannea coromandelica.


Trees of Bangalore – RA – Lannea coromandelica – Indian Ash Tree:
Indian Ash Tree is a deciduous tree, growing up to 14 m tall. Branchlets are minutely covered with starry hairs. Alternately arranged leaves are pinnate, with a single terminal leaflet (pinnae) at the end. The spine carrying the leaflets is up to 7 cm long. Leaflets are usually 5, each laterals opposite, ovate, base rounded, densely velvet-hairy when young. 

Flowers are unisexual, greenish, the male in compound and female in simple racemes. Sepals 4, about 1 mm long, broad ovate. Petals 4, 2 mm long, oblong, green yellow. 
Fruit is ovoid, compressed, in panicles, at the end of leafless branches. Flowering: January-March.
My wait of two months are over. Its in full bloom, after looking at the buds for 2 months.
Ref. Flowers of India

Trees of Bangalore – RA – Lannea coromandelica – Indian Ash Tree:
A common tree in Chennai and Tamil Nadu. The leaves are shed when it is hot summer in May! That is why it is not liked by people for planting in avenues. But most useful tree (timber for making catamarans / like floats).

I have seen a beautiful tree at the entrance of Adyar Cancer Hospital.
The flowers are longer and looks beautiful
I haven’t seen this tree another place in bangalore, where I have roamed around.

Lannea coromandelica (Moi):
Attaching few pics of Lannea coromandelica tree photographed at Barvi
Dam Forest, Badlapur, Maharashtra.
The flower pics were clicked in January and fruit pics in May of 2012.
The captioned tree is found in desiduous forests and is occasionally common.

Nice colours.
I have seen a lot of variation in the flowers of Lannea coromandelica (Moi)
As seen here and also in Vasai I found the red tinge quite strong. Here in Pune I have found both types pure yellow and also mixed yellow and red.
The clusters here are also thick …flowers close to each other.
Sharing some images clicked from Devbagh Karwar hopefully belonging to Lannea which was growing near Seashores.


fruiting tree for ID Dandeli:
Attached are a series of pictures of the same species of tree, but of different individuals. Commonly seen tree in Dandeli, in moist deciduous and semi-evergreen habitat. The species was fruiting and a variety of birds were feeding on the fruit; also the Malabar Giant squirrel was feeding on the fruit.
Date/Time- May 2012

Location- Dandeli Anshi Tiger Reserve, Uttara Kannada Dist. Karnataka. Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree
Height- 15-20 meters
Leaves Type – Compound
Fruits Type – small fruits in pannicles

Could that be Lannea coromandelica. Known as Godda/Geru/Udimara/Moee/Shembat/Shimti in Kannada.

Yes Most probably Lannea coromandelica.



New year greetings.:
I wish all the members of e-flora group a happy, healthy and eventful NEW YEAR 2012 with the photograph of a Lannea coromandelica taken during May 2008 at Chennai.



ID Confirmation : Lannea coromandalica:
Pls confirm if it is Lannea coromandalica, photographed last week at
Barvi, Badlapur, Maharashtra.

Would you please share the picture of leaves, or a branch with leaves, if you have. I think when in flower you may not get leaves. In such cases, if you do not have pictures of leaves with you, you may need to wait. Please check whether the bark is red when you make a cut. Some time when you cut the bark, there would be red exudate that is also a character of Lannea coromandalica.

yes it’s Lannea coromandalica

Yes Lannea coromandelica मोई
Family : Anacardiaceae

why do people cut bark… does not that hurt tree? at the least disfigure it… for its life…
I have never understood this… its like a biopsy or something… but biopsy is done to diagnose a tumor or undiagnosable inflammatory condition… never a normal body part ..:) I hope…..


Boswellia serrata:

Name Salar
Name of species- Boswellia serrata
Family – Burseraceae
Photo taken on- 12, March 2009
At- Virat Nagar, Jaipur
Description- Tree associate with Lannea coromandalica

Very nice close up …

I think you have posted Lannea coromandelica flower instead of its associate.

To me also this appears like Lannea coromandelica rather than Boswellia serrata..
… absolutely right this is Lannea coromandelica. I am extremely sorry now I am posted the same.


Lannea coromandelica : female flowers :
A simple raceme bearing the female flowers of Lannea coromandelica [syn. Odina wodier]. The styles are stout and the stamens are reduced to short staminodes as can be seen in the second picture. Clicked today morning on the rocky plateau above Kanheri Caves in Borivali National Park, North Mumbai. This tree grows quite easily from cuttings.

Yes it is.

Nice closeups. The wood is used for catamarans in Tamil Nadu.


Requesting ID of this tree : 29032012 : ARK-01 : 5 images. 5 posts by 4 authors.
Requesting ID of this tree. Captured in Mumbai, Mar 2013. The first 3 pics are of one tree, the last 2 of another, however, I think they are the same species.

Lannea coromandelica [syn. Odina wodier] … Moi or Shimti in Marathi.

YES. Lannea coromandelica. jhingan guma very useful product from tree. and fruits are also use for fish capturing. propagation through cutting is easy

Yes Lannea coromandelica मोई


Hooghly Today : Odina wodier Roxb. : Attachments (11).  7 posts by 4 authors.
This seems to be what is known as জিয়ল (JIYAL) in Bengali. Fruits seem to be favourite to birds like red-vented bulbul.

Yes now I suppose known as Lannea coromandelica. मोई Funnily some pronounce it as Oh Diana Oh Dear.

Oh Diana Oh Dear! Great … One interesting find is GRIN doesn’t recognise Diana – !!!

Nice pix, great efforts and minute details.

Thank you very much Sir, missed the flowers this year.

It is flowering nowadays (30.4.13) in lower hills of Uttarakhand. At the time of flowering trees are leafless.

I have also noticed the deciduous nature of this tree. There were a few of them. The biggest one just has started growing leaves, while the smaller ones already grew new foliage.


SYMBIOSIS : 358 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of two Chestnut tailed starling on the fruits of Lannea coromandelia. (Jiyal in Bangla and Jhingan in Hindi).



tree for id mm2 14 07 2013 : Attachments (6). 5 posts by 4 authors.
large tree, growing commonly in the shivalik hills
june 2013
would very much appreciate an id

Lannea coromandelica perhaps

Feel that Lannea coromandelica usually has bunches of fruits and here they appear single. Can it be Garuga?

Looks more like Lannea coromandelica with most of fruits already dropped off.
leaves of Garuga pinnata are not like this at all.

I think that … and … are right in saying that this may be Lannea coramandelica. It surely cannot be Garuga pinnata as the leaves of G. pinnata are toothed and the fruit is round while the tree in the photographs has ovoid fruits and leaves with smooth margins.


Identification of this TREE :  Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Could you help me with identifying this tree? The tree is about 25′ high and looks to be under 5 years old.
I first thought it was Ailanthus excelsa but on closer inspection the leaf shape didn’t match
Melia azaderach.. leaf shape does not match.
Gliricidia sepium… leaf shape does not match.
Toona ciliata… bark is very different.
Melia dubia… leaf shape???
Could it be Chukrasia tabularis?

Lannea coromandelica


Fwd: [efloraofindia:186348] Identification of some trees species TK7 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments(1 + 6).
Identification of some trees from Dev Giri forest of Jalgaon district Maharashtra..
3.I think Toona ciliata ?

The last one looks like Lannea coromandelica.. …

Agree with … This is Moi / Shemat / Shembat [Lannea coromandalica]. Sending a few of my photographs.

Very good photographs of Lannea coromandelica. मोई

Tree For ID : Jim Corbett,Uttarakhand : 030614 : AK-3 :  7 posts by 6 authors. Attachments(3).
Another tree seen near the river bank with buds, no open flowers seen when picture was taken.

? sp. of Lannea 

Yes, this seems to match with the only Lannea I know,  i.e. L. coromandelica..

Lannea coromandelica and Garuga pinnata are two possibilities but the leaves have only up to 5 leaflets (both species have many leaflets). Additionally, L.coromandelica develops shining green fruits which is not visible here.

It looks like Lannea coromandelica with many red insect galls. These are not the normal fruit of the tree.

Agree with … These are fruit galls [also quite common in Pongamia pinnata]. My photographs of the fruit for comparison are available at this link :
Google Groups

Thanks for identifying this tree and the additional information.


Lannea coromandelica : Attachments (3 + 1).
Could this be the same tree, Garuga pinnata?

Different Parakeets seem to be enjoying the fruits.


Negative. This is Shembat [Lannea coromandalica].

Thanks for correcting me and providing the right id.
Will do the necessary corrections.


ID PLEASE: CR06042015 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Could you please identify this fragrant flower. Location: Girawali, Ghodegao.

Lannea coromandelica  family : Anacardiaceae

Lannea coromandelica

new to me. I was wonder when would someone tell what this was. thanks both …

…Pictures show only fruits.

so the fruits are fragrant? or some thing else in the neighborhood was scented. what month was this in, …??? is it possible for you to do follow up

I think some of them are galls (in the second picture).

so we need better pictures of both the far off flowers and closer “fruit” or the “Galls”. so we really do not exactly what this is. do we?

We do know …; Lannea coromandelica

just from that two or three bunches of “Flowers” in the distance?

Those are fruits, … A very familiar sight.

how can you even id some objects that i cant even make out if its flower or fruit. amazing. so local knowledge is essential… it must over ride objects visibility. that would be like poker or game of chance


Mhow, Indore, Madhya Pradesh: Request for species id : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Requesting species id.
Commonly seen forest tree. Favourite with birds.
Mhow, Dist Indore, Madhya Pradesh.

Lannea coromandelica



Tree For ID : Tiny Flowers : Panvel : 13AUG15 : AK-27 : 27/27 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Came across this old picture taken in Panvel.
Taken on 1st March,2011.
Lannea coromandelica?

Affirmative. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.

Lannea coromandelica SMP MAY 2016/6 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Sharing images of another Anacardiaceae member
Lannea coromandelica

Thanks … for beautiful images…
This tree is common in lower altitude of Himalayan region, captured many times but your shots are really impressive !!

25072017BHAR1 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1) – 3 MB
I found it near tropical dry forest land near Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. sapling


19 Feb. 2008- at Vetal Tekdi, Pune, Maharashtra; At AP Forest Academy on 7/2/09 in Hyderabad; Sagargad, Alibag MS: 18 Mar,2010- 8.30 am; Chennai– May’10; Near Khadakwasla Dam, on the outskirts of Pune; Devgad, Maharashtra;

Lannea coromandelica – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Lannea grandis – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Plant from Chhattisgarh 12 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Lannea coromandelica and Boswellia serrata – indiantreepix | Google Groups
ID of a tree 2 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Request for ID : 110710 : AK-2 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Lannea grandis – indiantreepix | Google Groups
How to Re-size in Microsoft Phot Editor?- Fwd: [indiantreepix:7609] Lannea coromandelica – indiantreepix | Google Groups
pic of Miliusa tomentosum, host plant of Spot Swordtail – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Black-naped Oriole (Oriolus chinensis) feeding on Lannea coromandelica (Wodier Tree) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Lannea coromandelica (Wodier Tree) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
ID Please-1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
a tree for i.d. – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Tree resin – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Lannea coromandelica fruits – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Identification of tree : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- 1 mb each.
Wish to get this tree identified.  The tree has pinnate leaves, is imparipinnate, acuminate, subsessile, and glabrous. Is this Chukrasia tabularis?

Garuga pinnata. Burseraceae.

Don’t think so, the leaf margins are entire!

Ok, sir, we will be a wait but check it once Chukrasia tabularis

Pl. check with images at Lannea coromandelica

To me appears close at first glance.

Thank you, Sir.  It is Lannea coromandelica.  New images of a different bigger tree in the same locality with fruits attached.
Attachments (3) – 1 mb each.

I think it’s Chukrasia tabularis. Pls note the oblique base of the leaflets and lenticels on bark. May be corrected if I am wrong.

Different from images at Chukrasia tabularis

Also see the attached images from …


Mumbai :: Tree for ID :: ARK2019-43 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Requesting to please ID this small tree. This was growing, most probably wild, in Mumbai.
The pics were captured in Apr 2019. No flowers or fruits seen.
Requested to please provide ID.

Seems to Stereospermum sp.Bignoniaceae.

How about Lannea coromandelica ?

Thanks … Could be possible. There are some L. coromandelica trees in the vicinity.

I have seen that … is hardly wrong in her ids.
This time too, she is right as per images and details at Lannea coromandelica

Yes …, accepted.


14122020PP2: 2 images.
Request for identification of tree.
Date: 22nd June 2020
Time: 1108 hrs
Location- Eco-park, Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh
Habitat- Wild, on a hilly slope

Close-up of leaves

Lannea coromandelica


18122020PP1: 2 images.
Request for identification of tree.
Date: 25th June 2020
Time: 1206 hrs
Location- Jangal Sungal Uperla, Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh
Habitat- Wild, on a hilly slope.
Close-up of leaves in the following mail.

Close-up of leaf

Lannea coromandelica


Please identify this plant: 2 images.
Please identify the plant given in the attached photographs. Photographed at Kharghar Hill (Navi Mumbai) Maharashtra on 25/08/2021.

Lannea coromamdelica


SK 3674 19 January 2023: 4 very high res. images.

Location: Jalthal, Jhapa, East Nepal
Date: 01 January 2023
Elevation: 97 m.
Habitat: Wild

I think it is difficult in vegetative stage.

Lannea coromandelica

Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr.
Nepali Names:  हल्लुन्ड़े Hallunde /  होलोङ्ग्ग्रे Holonggre 

Yes, appears close as per images at


Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. :: Chinchoti, Thane district :: Apr 14, 2010 · JUN23 DV562: 5 images.

Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr.
Chinchoti, Thane district :: Apr 14, 2010 · 11:59 AM IST :: about 5 m (16 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach and Bharat Godambe for validating the ID at iNaturalist


identification: 3 high res. images.

identify this tree species by their leaves.
location pantnagar university uttarakhand

It reminds me of Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. [Anacardiaceae].

Yes, appears close.


SK 3756 22 June 2023: 4 very high res. images.

Location:  Rimna, Jajarkot, West Nepal 
Date: 30 May 2023
Elevation 800m.
Habit : Wild

Pl. check Ligustrum?

I am not sure but it looks different.

Pl. check

Lannea coromandelica most likely.

I guess you are right


Anacardiaceae: Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr.: 2 high res. images.
synonym: Lannea wodier (Roxb.) Adel., Lannea grandis (Dennst.) Engl., Odina wodier Roxb.
location/date (both): Barha, Jabalpur Distr., Madhya Pradesh, October 1994


529 ID wild tree: 17 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: bloomed near Vannappuram Thodupuzha Idukki Kerala INDIA
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 29JAN2024, 02.05pm
Habitat: wild moisture rock outcrop misty (in rainy season) windy sloppy alpine
Plant habit: tree, erect branches, hard woody cylindrical stem 35 inches base circumference, rough black flaky bark
Height: 06 meters
Leaves: terminally clustered alternate odd pinnate, leaflets elliptic acute simple glossy flexible wavy, size upto: 10×5cm, purplish sprouts
Flower: terminal bunches spike inflorescence, diameter:04mm, greenish yellow, fragrant
Fruit: berry green into purple ovoid size: 22x08mm

Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Anacardiaceae, related to Rhus or Toxicodendron ??

Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Merr. [Anacardiaceae].

Yes! It’s Lannea coromandelica.

Yes, it is Lannea coromandelica dear …, thank you very much for ID my tree.

Sharing more images.

Flower date: 29NOV2023, 05.30pm of same tree same location
7 high res. images.



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