.
Images by Mahadeswara Swamy & Bimal Sarkar 

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Images by Rashida Atthar

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man-SOH-uh
— for the Brazilian botanist Antonio Luiz Patricio da Silva Manso
Dave’s Botanary
al-lee-AY-see-uh — like Allium (onion genus)Dave’s Botanary
.

commonly known as: garlic vine
.

Native to: Amazon rainforest

.
As per efi thread :
The two genera can be differentiated as under
1. Fruit valves costate, acuminate, plant with garlic odor when bruised or broken; inflorescence racemose on small lateral branchlets calyx-limb flaring, corolla lavender . . . . . . . . Mansoa
1. Fruit valves not notably costate, odor when broken not alliaceous. Inflorescence a twice or more trichotomous cymose panicle, leaflet bases rounded or broadly cuneate, pseudostipules inconspicuous or early caducous, tendril often present and conspicuous; calyx-limb not notably flaring; corolla limb whitish to pink or lavender. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ……………………………………………….. . . . . . . Cydista (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (many correct images) and New field guide describing the lianas of Barro Colorado Island (BCI), Panama for Bignonia aequinoctialis)
The presence of garlic smell in Mansoa and its absence in Cydista is crucial difference in practice. 
.

Saw the pod of Garlic Vine for the first time in April during a visit to the garden.


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Native to South America, Garlic Vine is one of the most rewarding, flowering vines that you can grow. 
Interestingly enough it smells like garlic. However, it doesn’t smell if the plant is left alone, only when the leaves are crushed. 
It can either be described as a shrub or a vine since it produces numerous woody vines from the root that grow only 2-3 m tall and form a shrub-like appearance. 
Its compact habitat and pretty continuos flowers make it a popular ornamental plant in gardens in the tropics. 
It produces bright green leaves up to 15 cm long.
Flowering twice a year you will find it quite often covered with flowers. Flowers start off purple with white throat and change to a lighter shade of lavender with age. Eventually fading to almost white. You will see 3 different color of flowers at the same time on the plant. It can be grown in containers and should be trimmed after the flowers are gone.

lovely Shots of Lahsun bel


 


 

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BIGNONIACEAE WEEK some species from Pantnagar: Enclosing pics of:

1. Mansoa alliacea, a moderate ornamental climber blooming in November here in Pantnagar. Lvs have characteristic smell of Garlic.



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Mansoa alliacea : Confirm ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 310513 : AK-3 : Attachments (1).  5 posts by 3 authors.

Picture taken on 18/3/2013 of this climber.

Kindly confirm id.


yes this is Mansoa alliacea
garlic creeper


Blooming in March there!

In Pantnagar it blooms in autum (Nov).


Lalbagh is full of surprises.
Never lets you down. The more you look around, the more you find.


 

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Scientific name of Rashun lata : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

I would appreciate knowing the name of a flowering creeper with lilac coloured flowers which is quite common. In Bengal it is called Rashun Lata (garlic creeper) as its leaves, when squashed, smells of garlic.

I am attaching an image (not taken by me) to help its identification in English.


If leaves have garlic smell, it should be Mansoa alliacea.

It is very often confused with Bignonia aequinoctialis L (syn: Cydista aequinoctialis (L.) Miers), which does not have garlic smell. You will get confused if you seek answer from the internet, because some websites will even cite them as synonyms, although they are different.
1.  Fruit valves costate, acuminate, plant with garlic odor when bruised or broken; inflorescence racemose on small lateral branchlets calyx-limb flaring, corolla lavender .  . . Mansoa 
1. Fruit valves not notably costate, odor when broken not alliaceous. Inflorescence a twice or more trichotomous cymose panicle, leaflet bases rounded or broadly cuneate, pseudostipules inconspicuous or early caducous, tendril often present and conspicuous; calyx-limb not notably flaring; corolla limb whitish to pink or lavender.. . Cydista 

Thank you most sincerely, …, for your very prompt and helpful response. I have spent a lot of time trying to pry out the correct information from the internet. You are right – it was indeed very confusing. So, thank you again.



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SYMBIOSIS : 872 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage in which a Red-vented Bulbul is on the flowers of Pseudocalymma alliaceum (GARLIC VINE).


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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 878 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
attaching a collage in which female of Purple Sun Bird is visiting flowers of Pseudocalymma alliaceum (GARLIC VINE)


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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 881 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
attaching an image of male Purple Sun Bird visiting flowers of Pseudocalymma alliaceum.


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ID please 090217- PC1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Please identify the climber in the picture.


Seems to be Mansoa alliacea climber growing on a Plumeria.


Thanks … You are right about the climber’s name. But it is not growing on any tree but it on the wooden pargola of car park of CSE in Tuglakabad Intitutional area, Delhi.



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 982 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Bumble bee visiting Mansoa alliacea (GARLIC VINE)



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 983 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Blank Swift visiting flowers of Mansoa allacea (GARLIC VINE).



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1024 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blank Swift visiting flowers of Mansoa allacea (GARLIC VINE).


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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1025 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of female Purple Sun Bird visiting flowers of Masoa allacea. (GARLIC VINE)



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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1026 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching a collage of Red Vented Bulbul visiting flowers of Mosoa allacea (GARLIC VINE).



Images by Aarti Khale, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click link to see details)

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Correct ID : Between Cydista aequinoctialis OR Adenocalymma nitidum : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 07FEB15 : AK-16 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)Pictures taken on 12/1/15. Kindly validate which would be correct of the two.


efi page on Bignonia aequinoctialis (syn: Cydista aequinoctialis) & Adenocalymma comosum (Syn: Adenocalymma nitidum) 


To me it is Cydista aequinoctialis (GARLIC VINE).The leaves on crushing gives smell of GARLIC. Hence the common name is GARLIC VINE.


Thanks … for the id. You are right, common name is Garlic Vine. Leaves when crushed give the smell of Garlic.I was confused as … link of the same flowers taken at the same place shows id as Adenocalymma nitidum. https://www.flickr.com/photos/shubhada_nikharge/5418910222/


It is Mansoa alliacea as per keys, details and images herein.Bignonia aequinoctialis is different as per correct links as below: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (many correct images)  New field guide describing the lianas of Barro Colorado Island (BCI), Panama


… has provided the valuable information to differentiate the two species.  For me the ID by … is correct in view of the references he has provided in the links. Nevertheless, the ball is in … court to recheck the characters physically and arrive at the proper ID.


Thanks… To me also it is Mansoa alliacea. But, … Flickr photostream from same location…… https://www.flickr.com/photos/shubhada_nikharge/5418910222/in/photostream/  has it identified as Adenocalymma nitidum.


Its Mansoa alliacea indeed.



 

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BND 3 2/11/14 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1). Please ID tis ornamental climber with pink/violet flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in March 2013.


Clytostoma callistegioides. Common Names: violet trumpet vine, painted trumpet, Argentine trumpet vine. Family: Bignoniaceae


Looks more close to images at Bignonia aequinoctialis L. rather than those at Bignonia callistegioides Cham.


It is Mansoa alliacea as per keys, details and images herein.
Bignonia aequinoctialis is different as per correct links as below:
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Bignoniaceae Week :: Mansoa alliacea : Garlic Vine : Mumbai : 090113 : AK : Adding picture of Garlic Vine seen in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.

Leaves when crushed, give the smell of garlic.



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SYMBIOSIS :365 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a Bumble bee on the flowers of Mansoa alliacea ( GARLIC VINE ).



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SYMBIOSIS :459 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a rice Swift butterfly on the flowers of Mansoa alliacea (GARLIC VINE).



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Pachyptera hymenaea : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Flowering Pachyptera hymenaea seen at the Botany department garden of the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad, during first week of Sep.’10.


Some more information and closeup of the plant from the link below

http://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/Mansoa_alliacea.htm


Thanks for the interesting additional info.


Is there any other species of Pachyptera with light blue flowers?


Is this the new name for Garlic Vine?


Top tropical considers Mansoa alliacea, Pachyptera hymenaea, Pseudocalymma alliacea, Cydista aequinoctialis as same although they are different.
There is no post on Mansoa hymenaea (DC.) A.H.Gentry in efi except this old post.

I think it should be Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A.H.Gentry with which its images match



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For Identification_)2012011_DS_SN1: This flower is from my roof garden- collected from Garchumuk , Hooghly, West Bengal. Flowers in winter. Please id the climber.

– It is Adenocalymma alliaceum of Bignoniaceae. (Pl observe the paired leaves). The leaves emit garlic smell when crushed.


-I searched Google with this id – it is interesting to know that it is a medicinal plant.



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MS010511 – 4- Adenocalymma alliaceum: I am enclosing the photographs of Adenocalymma alliaceum. Photos taken during  2006 December.   Place.  C L R I campus, Adyar, Chennai.



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Adenocalymma Alliaceum : Garlic Vine : 100111 : AK: Commonly known as Garlic Vine.. leaves when crushed give the smell of Garlic. Taken at Nasik, Maharashtra.



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Climber smells garlic:  Could you ID the species and family of my climber please.  The leaves & stem smell like garlic.

Cydista aequinoctialis (Mansoa hymenaea) of Bignoniaceae


Cydista aequinoctialis also commonly known as garlic vine


i am a bit confused. CYDISTA AEQUINOCTIALIS has an older synonym Adenocalymma alliaceum also ?????
i know garlic vine only by this name i try to keep myself updated for the new names but i think i missed to follow this up….


They are not synonymous according to both KEW Plant list and GRIN
    Cydista aequinoctialis (L.) Miers is synonym of Bignonia aequinoctialis L. <http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-319795>
(according to GRIN Cydista aequinoctialis is the correct name)
Adenocalymma alliaceum (Lam.) Miers <http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-319319> is a synonym of Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A.H.Gentry
The two look similar and it would be interesting to find differences between them

Perhaps the above plant is Mansoa alliacea (or else Mansoa hymenaea) of it smells of garlic
It is not Cydista aequinoctialis, which lacks garlic smell
    Perhaps the whole internet considers them as synonyms but not the taxonomic world (incl GRIN and KEW Plant List) which knows their differences. After a lot of seach I found answer here:
http://zmypulse.info/2011/sctb-0081-wpow/
The answer is found in Flora of Micronesia, 5: Bignoniaceae-Rubiaceae F . Raymond Fosberg, Marie-Helene Sachet and Royce L . O i e lvr SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION PRESS, Washington,D.C. 1993
The two genera can be differentiated as under 

     1.  Fruit valves costate, acuminate, plant with garlic odor when bruised or broken; inflorescence racemose on small lateral branchlets calyx-limb flaring, corolla lavender . . . . . . . . Mansoa

     1. Fruit valves not notably costate, odor when broken not alliaceous.  Inflorescence a twice or more trichotomous cymose panicle, leaflet bases rounded or broadly cuneate, pseudostipules inconspicuous or early caducous, tendril often present and conspicuous; calyx-limb not notably flaring; corolla limb whitish to pink or lavender. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ……………………………………………….. . . . . . . Cydista
    There are, however, at least two vines known as garlic vine: Mansoa hymenaea (DC.) A. H. Gentry and Mansoa alliacea (Lamk) A H Gentry. The two are also confused with each other. Perhaps some one can find above plant is ultimately Mansoa alliacea or Mansoa hymenaea. For that a key is needed.


Pls check Adenocalymna alliaceum Miers.


could it be Adelocalymna nitidum Mart.ex DC.


Pseudocalymma alliaceum. a popular garden creeper.


Yes that should be consensus Pseudocalymma alliaceum (Lam.) Sandwith, Adenocalymma alliaceum (Lam.) Miers, but now correctly known as Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A.H.Gentry

However, we have still to exclude Mansoa hymenaea (another garlic smell climber). The two are very similar and some one has to hunt out a key separating these two species to put stamp on identification. This I had written earlier also.


Yes Sir Manosa alliacea



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Flora of Panipat- Pseudocalymma alliaceum (Lam.) Sandwith: Pseudocalymma alliaceum (Lam.) Sandwith Scientific Name: Pseudocalymma alliaceum Family :Bignoniaceae Common Name :Garlic creeper, Lasun vel from Arya P G College panipat


I have seen this plant being referred to as Cydista aequinoctialis.
Was that an old invalid synonym? Could somebody help clarify the situation.


Mansoa alliacea (Lam.) A.H.Gentry is an accepted<http://www.theplantlist.org/about/#accepted> name
for this plant now as per theplantlist.org
Cydista aequinoctialis (L.) Miers is a synonym<http://www.theplantlist.org/about/#synonym>
of Bignonia aequinoctialis L and a different plant but
Yes ..  there is a confusion pls see
http://www.flickr.com/photos/13514533@N02/page3/

How do you distinguish Mansoa alliacea from Cydista aequinoctialis or Bignonia aequinoctialis if they are indeed two different plants.


These two plants have been discussed in detail in an earlier thread. Please see my responses to get clear. https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/2a…

The presence of garlic smell in Mansoa and its absence in Cydista is crucial difference in practice.
I reproduce the key from that thread for your benefit
 1.  Fruit valves costate, acuminate, plant with garlic odor when bruised or broken; inflorescence racemose on small lateral branchlets calyx-limb flaring, corolla lavender . . . . . . . . Mansoa

     1. Fruit valves not notably costate, odor when broken not alliaceous.  Inflorescence a twice or more trichotomous cymose panicle, leaflet bases rounded or broadly cuneate, pseudostipules inconspicuous or early caducous, tendril often present and conspicuous; calyx-limb not notably flaring; corolla limb whitish to pink or lavender. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cydista


.

For Identification_)2012011_DS_SN1:  This flower is from my roof garden- collected from Garchumuk , Hooghly, West Bengal. Flowers in wtnter.
Please id the climber.


Looks like some Thunbergia. May be Thunbergia erecta.


It is Adenocalymma alliaceum of Bignoniaceae. (Pl observe the paired leaves).

The leaves emit garlic smell when crushed.



 

man-SOH-uh — for the Brazilian botanist Antonio Luiz Patricio da Silva MansoDave’s Botanary
al-lee-AY-see-uh — like Allium (onion genus)Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: garlic vine
Native to: Amazon rainforest
References: Flowers of IndiaWikipediaNPGS / GRIN
at Chota Kashmir, Mumbai on 11 MAR 07

I remember the first time I smelt this plant. It just swept my feet out from under me! Thank you for the photos …



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Bignoniaceae Week :: Mansoa alliacea at Mizoram:: PKA11: : Bot. name: Mansoa alliacea
Photographed at “Aizwal, Mizoram”.



 

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FJ7 031113 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Please ID this climber with puple flower. Photo was taken in Fiji in Oct 2013


It may be the garlic vine, Mansoa alliacea of Bignoniaceae.


Wikimedia. ??



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References:

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