Mussaenda frondosa L., Sp. Pl. 177 1753. (Syn: Gardenia frondosa (L.) Lam.; Mussaenda belilla Buch.-Ham.; Mussaenda dovinia Buch.-Ham.; Mussaenda flavescens Buch.-Ham.; Mussaenda formosa L. [Illegitimate]; Mussaenda fruticosa L.; Mussaenda ingrata Wall. ex Hook.f.; Mussaenda macrophylla Kurz [Illegitimate]; Mussaenda sumatrensis B.Heyne ex Roth; Mussaenda tomentosa Wight ex Hook.f. [Illegitimate]; Mussaenda villosa Schltdl. ex Hook.f. [Illegitimate]);
Is it mussaenda roxburghii or other species?
Locality: Kottayam, Kerala
altitude:- 156meters MSL
I think it is Mussaenda frondosa
Same as … thought – Mussaenda frondosa L.
It is Mussaenda bellila.
Now, it is a synonym of M. frondosa, I guess. Please check it with plant list.
Rubiaceae Week: Hedge turner – Mussaenda from Bhagamandala #AR11: Hedge-turner!… Beautiful all the way!!
Flowers, 2cms, close to star shape, stalk hairy
Leaves elliptic oblong, accuminate, size 10-13cms
//Not sure if it is Mussaenda frondosa
Not a M. glabrata for sure,
From the photos, neither I can check the glabrous nature of the leaves nor the loose/close flower arrangement. //
Photo date-27 Jul 2011
Beautiful. Looks Mussaenda frondosa
Wild white flower for ID | 11Mar2010AR03: A wild flower found along the foot steps, while ascending Krishnagiri hills to reach Gingee or Senji Fort, Tamil Nadu touted as one of the most impregnable fortresses (by Shivaji maharaj) in India.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Gingee or Senji Fort, Villupuram district, Tamil nadu
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-Ovate, Mucronate, hairy,
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-Small, White color,
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-Not observed
can be Kopsia or a Gardenia species?????
… the velvety leaves and the flower remind me of Mussaenda.
You may be right …,
I think it is Mussaenda tomentosa. I remember some collection (by Dr. Ravikumar and/or Dr. D.Narasimhan) from the same locality. Also check in Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic. It is an endemic species.
Thanks for the beautiful photos …! Pl confirm the id and tell us.
I too thnk this plant is Mussaenda tomentosa as …, because the morphology of this plant matches with th description in “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic” by K.M. Matthew.
White leaves – As always I wonder, is this odd white leaves because of a disease ? chlorophyll deficiency? Will the leaf survive like as long as its siblings.
Anyway, to me it appears like a natures handiwork.
Kumaraparvatha hills, South Canara, Karnataka
26 Mar 2009, 10.38AM
Basic info: Leaf size – 4 inches, height -10 inches, Shape:- cordate, entire, acuminate
Date/Time-26 Mar 2009, 10.38AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Kumaraparvatha hills, South Canara, Karnataka, 12″39′ 36.77″ N 75″ 40′ 49.68 E, elev 4000ft approx
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild / Western ghats
lant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-
Height/Length-approx – 8-10 inches
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape –cordate, entire, acuminate
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- Three white leaves
this not a disease nor chlorophyll deficiency it completely genetical abnormality. Seen very rarely the leafs wont survive long due to albinism (white) lack of chlorophyll.
These are not leaves. This is the special feature of Mussaenda bellila, wherein the floral bracts are modified, enlarged and brightly white, probably to attract pollinators as the corolla is indistinct naturally. In Malayalam it is known as ‘Vellila’ means ‘white leaf’.
There are many plants in this variety
In Mussaenda, it is the sepals that get modified into coloured leaf like structures and not the bracts.. out of 5 sepals present in it one gets modified into coloured structure either white or red.. this plant is Mussaenda frondosa of the family Rubiaceae..
… have similar looking plant : flickr
Its ofcourse M.frondosa… absolutely no doubt for me… if needed i may post the photos of 2 coloured varieties of the same grown in Western ghats
In M. frontosa the flowers are thick and densely arranged whereas, in M bellila (the old name was M. laxa/M. frontosa var. laxa) the flowers are arranged loose/lax. If you get the specimen, while brushing through the leaves and if you feel rough hairs on the leaves you can be sure of that as M frontosa but if there are small smooth hairs that is M.bellila.
Thanks a lot for your response and validation of id. I always say that identification with photograph may not be always 100 % correct. Whatever name we give is just a lead and it needs further literature verification with actual plant specimen/ Herbarium. As you rightly pointed out plant identification needs critical observation with real specimen.
Mussaenda frondosa L : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
Agumbe :: Mussaenda FOR ID :: DVJAN46 : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Agumbe … Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 26 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 700 m asl
Is there any other wild Mussaenda besides M. frondosa ?
The buds of the photos posted below have a bulge that is not to be seen in the adjacent picture of M. frondosa. Not sure if it is to be considered just as a variation.
From distance, these buds alluded to some ceropegia; we somehow reached near to the plant – Anurag was quick to realize that it is Rubiceae plant – he concluded it to be some Mussaenda.
Mussaenda ¿ species ? … (family: Rubiaceae)
Mussaenda species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)
Mussaenda tomentosa Wall. ex G.Don
Thank you very very much … I am convinced with your ID.
No. This does not match with the type specimen of Mussaenda tomentosa Wall. ex G.Don as per GBIF (only two specimens including one type specimen).
I guess https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/m—z/r/rubiaceae/mussaenda/mussaenda-frondosa has other sp. also mixed up.
Pl. see current page at Mussaenda frondosa
Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Flower date: 17.07.2021, 12.25pm
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: climbing/erect, branches, hard stem, long lasting
Height: 06 meters feet
Leaves: green and white coloured, opposite, heart shaped, apex, size:13×7cm or less
Flower: bunches, diameter:15mm, orange/yellow, non fragrant
Fruit: ovate green into black size:9×5mm, edible sweet
Camera: Samsung Galaxy A21s
Mussaenda treutleri Stapf
Yes, it is dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant.
Yes, it is very close to Mussaenda frondosa. Thank you very much for ID my plant,
Rubiaceae Week : Mussanda glabrata Amboli.:
Rubiaceae Week :: Mussaenda glabrata at Prabalgad:
Sharing photographs of a large climbing Shrub, ” Mussaenda glabrata” from Prabalgad (Maharashtra).
Rubiaceae Week :: Mussaenda glabrata in Belgaum and Murudeshwar:
mew-say-EN-duh — Latinized form of Sinhalese vernacular name mussenda
GLAB-rah-tuh — somewhat smooth
May 14, 2007 … at Murudeshwar, Karnataka
commonly known as: mussaenda • Bengali: sada patta • Hindi: bedina • Konkani: मिठाइ फुल mithai phool • Manipuri: hanu-rei • Sinhalese: mussenda • Tamil: வெள்ளையிலை vellaiyilai
Native to: tropical Africa, Asia, Pacific Islands
References: Flowers of India • Wikipedia • Len Webb Ecological Images Collection
more views: May 14, 2007 … at Murudeshwar, Karnataka
May 29, 2011 … off SH 34 near Kumbharwadi, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
Hedge-turner!… Beautiful all the way!!
I always like the contrasts it makes. Here it is white large bracts & the little red flower
Putting now the pronunciation and meaning of glabrata:
In my plant the inflorescence looks clearly hairy, thus revising it to Mussaenda frondosa, shortly.
along KSH 34 between Ramnagar & Malamba :: Mussaenda glabrata :: DVFEB42/75 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.
along Karnataka State Highway No. 34 … between Ramnagar & Malamba
Date: 29 MAY 2011 … Altitude: about 640 m asl
Mussaenda glabrata (Hook.f.) Hutch. ex Gamble … (family: Rubiaceae)
Flower for Id – ID21082017SH1 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Flower for Id pl.
Location – Near Guhagar (Konkan, Maharashtra)
Date – 03.08.2017
Mussaenda species. Pl. check comparative images at efi site at genus page.
Pl. Check comparative images at /species/m—z/r/rubiaceae/mussaenda
I think close to images at /species/m—z/r/rubiaceae/mussaenda/mussaenda-glabrata
Photo needed: Mussaenda frondosa: To accompany a “Tree Tidbit” item on the SeasonWatch website
Since research has shown that the white bracts in this species attract long-distance pollinators, we thought that this is a good species to use as an illustration of the use of brightly coloured bracts.
If anyone has such a photo and is willing to allow it to be shown on the SeasonWatch site, could you please email us at the address below?
Here a few pictures at eFI website:
We had found a photo then, and had put up a short post on bracts under Tree Tidbits in SeasonWatch:
Attached images are unknown sp. Pl. ID the plant.
Family : ??
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild
Habit : Small tree
Mussaenda sp. I think…
Thanks, … Fruit images look similar to images at http://icwow.blogspot.in/2011/07/schizomussaenda-mussaenda-frondosa.html?m=1
Mussaenda species so far in efi
Maybe Mussaenda frondosa L. as per images and details herein, going by the size of the calyx lobes.