Mussaenda frondosa L., Sp. Pl. 177 1753. (Syn: Gardenia frondosa (L.) Lam.; Mussaenda belilla Buch.-Ham.; Mussaenda dovinia Buch.-Ham.; Mussaenda flavescens Buch.-Ham.; Mussaenda formosa L. [Illegitimate]; Mussaenda fruticosa L.; Mussaenda ingrata Wall. ex Hook.f.; Mussaenda macrophylla Kurz [Illegitimate]; Mussaenda sumatrensis B.Heyne ex Roth; Mussaenda tomentosa Wight ex Hook.f. [Illegitimate]; Mussaenda villosa Schltdl. ex Hook.f. [Illegitimate]);
ID of this bush. : 5 posts by 4 authors.
I would love to know the botanical name of this bush. The tender leaves are white. Some of them drop down too.
The plant might be Mussaenda bellila (Rubiaceae)
yes this is Mussaenda bellila
Mussaenda belilla & Mussaenda frondosa– differences;
Photo needed: Mussaenda frondosa: To accompany a “Tree Tidbit” item on the SeasonWatch website
Since research has shown that the white bracts in this species attract long-distance pollinators, we thought that this is a good species to use as an illustration of the use of brightly coloured bracts.
If anyone has such a photo and is willing to allow it to be shown on the SeasonWatch site, could you please email us at the address below?
Here a few pictures at eFI website:
You may seek permission of the poster.
We had found a photo then, and had put up a short post on bracts under Tree Tidbits in SeasonWatch:
Is it mussaenda roxburghii or other species?
Locality: Kottayam, Kerala
altitude:- 156meters MSL
I think it is Mussaenda frondosa
Same as … thought – Mussaenda frondosa L.
It is Mussaenda bellila.
Now, it is a synonym of M. frondosa, I guess. Please check it with plant list.
Rubiaceae Week: Hedge turner – Mussaenda from Bhagamandala #AR11: Hedge-turner!… Beautiful all the way!!
Flowers, 2cms, close to star shape, stalk hairy
Leaves elliptic oblong, accuminate, size 10-13cms
//Not sure if it is Mussaenda frondosa
Not a M. glabrata for sure,
From the photos, neither I can check the glabrous nature of the leaves nor the loose/close flower arrangement. //
Photo date-27 Jul 2011
Beautiful. Looks Mussaenda frondosa
Wild white flower for ID | 11Mar2010AR03: A wild flower found along the foot steps, while ascending Krishnagiri hills to reach Gingee or Senji Fort, Tamil Nadu touted as one of the most impregnable fortresses (by Shivaji maharaj) in India.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Gingee or Senji Fort, Villupuram district, Tamil nadu
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-Ovate, Mucronate, hairy,
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-Small, White color,
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-Not observed
can be Kopsia or a Gardenia species?????
… the velvety leaves and the flower remind me of Mussaenda.
You may be right …,
I think it is Mussaenda tomentosa. I remember some collection (by Dr. Ravikumar and/or Dr. D.Narasimhan) from the same locality. Also check in Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic. It is an endemic species.
Thanks for the beautiful photos …! Pl confirm the id and tell us.
I too thnk this plant is Mussaenda tomentosa as …, because the morphology of this plant matches with th description in “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic” by K.M. Matthew.
White leaves – As always I wonder, is this odd white leaves because of a disease ? chlorophyll deficiency? Will the leaf survive like as long as its siblings.
Anyway, to me it appears like a natures handiwork.
Kumaraparvatha hills, South Canara, Karnataka
26 Mar 2009, 10.38AM
Basic info: Leaf size – 4 inches, height -10 inches, Shape:- cordate, entire, acuminate
Date/Time-26 Mar 2009, 10.38AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Kumaraparvatha hills, South Canara, Karnataka, 12″39′ 36.77″ N 75″ 40′ 49.68 E, elev 4000ft approx
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild / Western ghats
lant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-
Height/Length-approx – 8-10 inches
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape –cordate, entire, acuminate
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- Three white leaves
this not a disease nor chlorophyll deficiency it completely genetical abnormality. Seen very rarely the leafs wont survive long due to albinism (white) lack of chlorophyll.
These are not leaves. This is the special feature of Mussaenda bellila, wherein the floral bracts are modified, enlarged and brightly white, probably to attract pollinators as the corolla is indistinct naturally. In Malayalam it is known as ‘Vellila’ means ‘white leaf’.
There are many plants in this variety
In Mussaenda, it is the sepals that get modified into coloured leaf like structures and not the bracts.. out of 5 sepals present in it one gets modified into coloured structure either white or red.. this plant is Mussaenda frondosa of the family Rubiaceae..
… have similar looking plant : flickr
Its ofcourse M.frondosa… absolutely no doubt for me… if needed i may post the photos of 2 coloured varieties of the same grown in Western ghats
In M. frontosa the flowers are thick and densely arranged whereas, in M bellila (the old name was M. laxa/M. frontosa var. laxa) the flowers are arranged loose/lax. If you get the specimen, while brushing through the leaves and if you feel rough hairs on the leaves you can be sure of that as M frontosa but if there are small smooth hairs that is M.bellila.
Thanks a lot for your response and validation of id. I always say that identification with photograph may not be always 100 % correct. Whatever name we give is just a lead and it needs further literature verification with actual plant specimen/ Herbarium. As you rightly pointed out plant identification needs critical observation with real specimen.
Mussaenda frondosa L : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
Mussaenda frondosa L., (= M. belilla B&H), Fam – Rubiaceae,
wild shrub, walparai tea estate area, (anaimalai) Coimbatore dt Tamilnadu
Mussaenda sp. for ID : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Date : 26-06-2014
M. roxburghii to me
It seems to be Mussaenda frondosa.
Refer Some Beautiful Indian Climbers And Shrubs by N L Bor and M B Raizada.
Mussaenda– some species in India & eFI with some keys
Agumbe :: Mussaenda FOR ID :: DVJAN46 : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Agumbe … Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 26 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 700 m asl
Is there any other wild Mussaenda besides M. frondosa ?
The buds of the photos posted below have a bulge that is not to be seen in the adjacent picture of M. frondosa. Not sure if it is to be considered just as a variation.
From distance, these buds alluded to some ceropegia; we somehow reached near to the plant – Anurag was quick to realize that it is Rubiceae plant – he concluded it to be some Mussaenda.
Mussaenda ¿ species ? … (family: Rubiaceae)
Mussaenda species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)
Mussaenda tomentosa Wall. ex G.Don
Thank you very very much …
I am convinced with your ID.
I could not find the keys to differentiate them, but the type specimen of M. tomentosa says it all.
I think it should be Mussaenda frondosa only as per images and details herein.
Mussaenda frondosa?: 2 high res. images.
Is this a Mussaenda frondosa?
Place- Sevoke, Darjeeling.
Habitat- Along the stream.
I guess it is matching !
Yes. I too have photographed in Western ghats area near Shimoga.