Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn., Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., Naturvidensk. Math. Afd. 4: 195 1829. (Syn: Diasperus nanus (Hook.f.) Kuntze; Phyllanthus amarus var. baronianus Leandri [Invalid]; Phyllanthus nanus Hook.f.; Phyllanthus niruri var. amarus (Schumach. & Thonn.) Leandri; Phyllanthus niruri var. scabrellus (Webb) Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus scabrellus Webb; Phyllanthus swartzii Kostel.);
S. Mexico to Tropical America: Argentina Northeast, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.; Introduced into: Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Burkina, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Howland-Baker Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Oman, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Queensland, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zaïre as per POWO;
Common name: Carry Me Seed, Black catnip, Child pick-a-back, Gale of wind, Gulf leaf flower, Hurricane weed, Shatterstone, Stone breaker • Hindi: भूई आंवला Bhui aonla, जड़ आमला Jaramla, जंगली अमली Jangli amli • Manipuri: চাক্পা হৈক্রু Chakpa heikru • Marathi: भुईआवळी bhuiavali • Tamil: கீழாநெல்லி keelanelli, கீழ்காய்நெல்லி kizkaynelli • Malayalam: Kilanelli • Telugu: నేల ఉసిరి nela usiri • Bengali: ভূঈ আমলা Bhui amla • Sanskrit: bahupatra, भूम्यामलकी bhumyaamalaki • Kannada: ಕಿರುನೆಲ್ಲಿ Kiru Nelli
Phyllanthus amarus Schum.: Seeds ribbed or striate, less than 1.5 mm long; fruiting calyx lobes less than 1.5 mm long, midrib unbranched; style branches scarcely capitate.
Differentiated from closely related species in its male and female flowers occurring in adjacent pairs and 5 perianth members in the flower.
You will notice that on each branch lower few flowers are male, then one or two nodes may (or may not) have one male and one female (see …338) flower, and most of the upper axils have female flowers. In P. amarus in addition to 5 perianth members, male and female flowers generally occur in the same axils
Strictly speaking this plant is P. fraternus having 6 tepals and male and female flowers in separate part of the inflorescence, male in clusters of 2-3 in lower part and female singly in upper part. P. amarus has five tepals and male and female flowers occur in same axils, is also supposed to have smaller leaves. Frankly the two look very similar in habit (the leaves of P. fraternus almost as small as P. amarus towards the end of flowering season).
As per efi thread :
As far as I know, Phyllanthus niruri L. does not occur in India. It is native to tropical Americas (as per GRIN).
The species reported in several Indian literature (incl. FBI) in the past as P. niruri L. is now correctly known as P. amarus Schum. The latter species is also originally of American origin, but is widely naturalized in many paleotropical countries, including India.
Euphorbiaceae Week: Phyllanthaceae, Phyllanthus amarus from Delhi:
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach., Beskr. Guin. pl. 421. 1827 syn: Phyllanthus niruri var. amarus (Schumach. & Thonn.) Leandri
Recently introduced weed in Delhi, differentiated from closely related species in its male and female flowers occurring in adjacent pairs and 5 perianth members in the flower.
– The current accepted name as per Kew Plant List is Phyllanthus amarus Schumach & Thonn. Attaching Type specimen from Kew herbarium.
Yes …, it is Phyllanthus amarus. Good photographs
Searched for Phyllanthus niruri L. and found :-
Species : UNKNOWN
Habit & Habitat : wild herb, both branched and unbranched, very common on roadside, waste places; height about 1 foot or more; leaves = 10mm x 5 mm (image no. DSCN1627.jpg); tepals = 5 (image no. DSCN1635.jpg)
Date : 8-Sept-12, 2.00 p.m.
Place : Hooghly
Well, as i was recording these images a young water monitor was waiting for me!
Nice pictures … Your visit to the pond might have surprised the young Varanus! Please tell him/her you were clicking Phyllanthus amarus.
Thank you very much. But, if it is Phyllanthus amarus then FoC and FoP both are not much reliable source, specially for leaf sizes, more evident in my grass & Sesbania uploads.
I was digging a bit more on P. niruri L. and P. amarus Schum. & Thonn.
I found a number of papers on medicinal properties of P. niruri L., published by CSIR, some of those are recent publications –
P. niruri L. in other sites –
At the same time i kept in my mind what i learned in group threads, that P. niruri L. doesn’t occur in India, even though it had been mentioned in “THE USEFUL PLANTS OF INDIA” ( CSIR publication ). So, i searched more on Phyllanthus species –
Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn. in –
Whom should i follow for the ID of my species? I think my species doesn’t have terete stem, not sure about apices of leaves.
Please check this paper: http://journal-phytology.com/index.php/phyto/article/view/6070/3109
Documents are saying that P. niruri L. is not found in India.
If i could find some morphological description of P. niruri L.!
The following paper includes keys and descriptions of both the species:
I regret that the doc is not accessible to common people.
I did a big mistake, took wrong interpretation of the term “terete stem”.
This is Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn.
Attaching some more new pics taken today (12/10/12)
Thanks for the ID confirmation …
Me too. Am impressed. knew you dont give up. good for you, … good for us
In addition to above, please note that –
I spent hours to obtain and grasp info on morphological features of BHUI-AMLA.
Phyllanthus amarus : 4 posts by 4 authors.
Can you please guide me to the differences between Phyllanthus amarus and Phyllanthus niruri…
i mean the two are presented at many places interchangeable probably and whatever is present on net is very confusing…
This confusion is widespread, universal and is also not new! Thanks for rekindling!
As per my information Phyllanthus niruri is now correctly known as P. fraternus. It has 6 sepals in two whorls (petals are absent). P. amarus has five sepals in one whorl. I have copied below the information sent to me by … some time back. I have also attached some photos of P. amarus growing in JNU campus, Delhi; did not come across any P. fraternus there, whereas in Lodi road, Delhi, I find presence of only P. fraternus.
Weed for ID Hyderabad (28-09-2013 NAW 1) : Attachments (3). 9 posts by 5 authors.
Kindly identify this weed growing in an abandoned house in Hyderabad. Shot on 25th Sept.
Leaf (leaflets) about 3-5 mm long. height of plants upto 40 cms. note tiny green balls on the underside of branches.
A Phyllanthus sp. family Euphorbiaceae
Would this be Phyllanthus amarus?
Most probably Phyllanthus niruri.
efi page on Phyllanthus amarus
As per efi thread :
As far as I know, Phyllanthus niruri L. does not occur in India. It is native to tropical Americas (as per GRIN).
The species reported in several Indian literature (incl. FBI) in the past as P. niruri L. is now correctly known as P. amarus Schum.
The latter species is also originally of American origin, but is widely naturalized in many paleotropical countries, including India.
It looks like Phyllanthus niruri.
It is Phyllanthus amarus Schum, not P.niruri; P.niruri is american species.
Yes to Phyllanthus amarus!
I do agree with the experts. As far as I know P. niruri and P.amarus are synonyms.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 02112013MR13 Phyllanthus amarus from Pune –MR13 : 6 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbiaceae fortnight: Phyllanthaceae: Phyllanthus amarus in Hyderabad: NAW02 : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
There is no doubt that the photos represent Phyllanthus amarus. P. niruri, although treated in some Indian flora, does not occur in India.
Kindly Id this wild herb growing between the crevices in between the tiles on the ground at Pune
Height/Length- 5-6 cms
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- about 4mm by 2mm
Flowers: flowers along the stem, color light green, some look yellow green, flowers were hidden under the leaves.size 1-2 mm
Fruits – green amla like fruits.
Phyllanthus urinaria !!
I think this one is called ‘Bhui awla’ in Marathi
Plant looks to be Phyllanthus sp.
If there is one male flower and one female flower in each axillary cymule, then it is Phyllanthus amarus.
Thank you … for the Id
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 04112013MR16 which Phyllanthus species is this from Pune for ID-MR16 : Attachments (6). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Requesting identification of this wild herb at Pune.
I had posted this herb earlier for Id at
Phyllanthus urinaria !! …
Plant looks to be Phyllanthus sp.The fruits do not match those of Phyllanthus urinaria. …
… looks as if with stunted growth; just guessing: P. amarus or fraternus.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT: Phyllanthus amarus from Uttarakhand_DSR_42 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn. Is a common wild herb in Pantnagar.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT :: Phyllanthus amarus :: SMP 15 : 2 posts by 2 authors.
At many places in Pune city growing as a weed.
Hope the ID is correct
You are right. Phyllanthus amarus has one male and one female flower per axillary cymule.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Phyllanthus amarus from Delhi-GS-62 : Attachments (5). 5 posts by 5 authors.
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach., Beskr. Guin. pl. 421. 1827
syn: Recently introduced weed in Delhi, differentiated from closely related species in its male and female flowers occurring in adjacent pairs and 5 perianth members in the flower.
Many thanks … for sharing this particular photo … Phyllanthus-amarus-Delhi-1.jpg. I am realizing that this top view is unique, tell-tale of P. amarus.
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl. 421. 1827 & Kongl. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 4: 195 -196. 1829.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Phyllanthus for id from Panipat NS-53 : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
This herb is also quite common in our area.. please help to id this Phyllanthus species.. can this be P. amarus..
I am not sure how to differentiate this from P. fraternus..
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Phyllanthus sp. for id from Panipat NS-64 : Attachments (4). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This one is the last Phyllanthus species I am posting for identification this fortnight.. this also looks different from every other species posted by me… one of the pics enclosed show a comparison between this taxon and the one which I suppose to be Phyllanthus fraternus…
Please provide id help..
The first three photos are certainly Phyllanthus amarus. I am not sure about the last photo.
Thanks a lot …, the last picture is a mixed one, P. amarus and P. fraternus….
There is no indication of any pubescece. Hence the safest guess is Phyllanthus amarus.
Many thanks … for this help too… I will try to have a re look…
it is having 5 short acute perianth members, leaf tip nearly obtuse, it is P. amarus only
Heb ID from Bangladesh SM079 : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 4 authors.
It looks like Phyllanthus niruri
It looks like Phyllanthus debilis to me 🙂
It would be good if you include a close up of leaf and flower/fruit in all your uploads.
P. niruri does not grow in India and species identified with it may belong to P. amarus (5 perianth, stem cylindrical), P. urinaria (6 perianth, stem angular, leaf margin hairy, female flowers towards base, male above), P. debilis (6 perianth, stem angular, leaf margin glabrous, male flowers towards base, female above, leaf tip acute) or P. fraternus (6 perianth, stem angular, leaf margin glabrous, male flowers towards base, female above, leaf tip obtuse). Here is an important paper:
Thanks for your very good reply. I will try my best as your important suggestion in-future post. However I have taken past many photos those would not be very close up
Phyllanthus sp. from Assam KD 09 Sept : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
Attached images are Phyllanthus sp. Please ID the plant.
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus & species : Phyllanthus sp.
Habitat: Grows wild
Need id assistance of Phyllanthus sp. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
I need id assistance of following Phyllanthus sp. collected from Jadavpur Univ. campus, Kolkata on 7.6.2015.
Phyllanthus amarus http://www.flowersofindia.CarryMeSeed.html
Yes, a common species..
One male flower and one female flower per axillary cymule is usually a reliable character to identify this species.
Thank you Sir for the KEY, earlier … also provided this KEY to identify it from Phyllanthus fraternus G. L. Webster.
Location: Victoria Memorial Park
Date: 08 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.
No. P. amarus.
Thank you … I guessed so but still could not confirm !
Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn.
Nepali Names : भुइँ अमला Bhuin Amalaa / अमला झार Amalaa Jhaar
Phyllanthus fraternus and P. amarus—————P. amarus???? – efloraofindia | Google Groups