gulf leaf-flower • Bengali: bhui-amla, হাজারমণি hazarmani • Hindi: भुईंआंवला bhuinanvalah, हजारमणी hajarmani, कनोछा kanocha • Kannada: ಕಿರುನೆಲ್ಲಿ kirunelli, ನೆಲನೆಲ್ಲಿ nelanelli • Malayalam: കീഴാര്‍നെല്ലി kiizhaarnelli • Manipuri: চকপা হৈক্রূ chakpa-heikru • Marathi: भुईआवळी bhuiavali • Mizo: mithi-sunhlu • Sanskrit: भूम्यामलकी bhumyamalaki, तमालकी tamalaki • Tamil: கீழாநெல்லி kila-nelli • Telugu: నేల ఉసిరి nela usiri;
 
Differentiated in male flowers occurring towards base and female towards the apex on the branch, and flower with 6 perianth members.
 
You will notice that on each branch lower few flowers are male, then one or two nodes may (or may not) have one male and one female (see …338) flower, and most of the upper axils have female flowers. In P. amarus in addition to 5 perianth members, male and female flowers generally occur in the same axils
 
Strictly speaking this plant is P. fraternus having 6 tepals and male and female flowers in separate part of the inflorescence, male in clusters of 2-3 in lower part and female singly in upper part. P. amarus has five tepals and male and female flowers occur in same axils, is also supposed to have smaller leaves. Frankly the two look very similar in habit (the leaves of P. fraternus almost as small as P. amarus towards the end of flowering season).
 
Panchang of the plants (esp if grown organically, mine are) very beneficial in minor liver ailments, fevers etc…. ayurvedic texts have many long lists…. If you have it growing, pull out the small plants roots and all, wash away the dirt from the roots, air dry in room temp, (I dry it under the fan on the dining table) fill a paper bag, loosely covered.. make tea as needed… ;
 
 
 

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Euphorbiaceae Week: Phyllanthaceae, Phyllanthus fraternus from Delhi: Phyllanthus fraternus G. L. Webster, Contr. Gray Herb. 176:53. 1955 syn: Phyllanthus niruri sensu Hook.f. (non L.)
A common weed of wastelands and cultivated beds in Delhi differentiated in male flowers occurring towards base and female towards the apex on the branch, and flower with 6 perianth members.


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Request for species id DKV-11062011-1: Loc: Mhow, Dist Indore, Madhya Pradesh 


Agree with … This is Bhui Avala [Phyllanthus fraternus]. 


Nice pic…  look at the under side and you’ll see the timy fruits, exact look alikes of the tree AMLA fruits… birds, mostly house sparrow love these tiny seeds and help spread them… grows all over india, and an important Ayurvedic remedy…

   Edges of my lawn fills up with these… Panchang of the plants (esp if grown organically, mine are) very
beneficial in minor liver ailments, fevers etc…. ayurvedic texts have many long lists….
    If you have it growing, pull out the small plants roots and all, wash away the dirt from the roots, air dry in room temp, (I dry it under the fan on the dining table) fill a paper bag, loosely covered.. make tea as needed…


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PHYLLANTHUS FRATERNUS:  Attaching an image of Phyllanthus fraternus. This plant is known as Bhui Amlaki in Bangla and in Hindi it is known Jaramla.The plant is famous for its medicinal properties

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Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster from Hooghly:  

I hope this time i have made it correct.
Species : Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster
Habit & Habitat : wild herb on roadside; 10 inches height; without branch; stem slightly angular; leaves avg. 11 mm x 4.8 mm;
Date : 16/10/12, 10.18 a.m.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)


Thanks … for detailed analytic photographs. If you look at your photograph number …33, you will notice that on each branch lower few flowers are male, then one or two nodes may (or may not) have one male and one female (see …338) flower, and most of the upper axils have female flowers. In P. amarus in addition to 5 perianth members, male and female flowers generally occur in the same axils. You may please check and verify,
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Phyllanthus ¿ amarus / fraternus ? Attachments (1). 8 posts by 3 authors.

Would like to take a re-look at what I strongly believe to be P. amarus, now afraid it may turn out to be P. fraternus in light of … comment at http://groups.google.co.in/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/d71ee0aec1439ba4
… pl check if the number of tepals is 5 so that it can be confirmed.
P. fraternus has 6 tepals and the elliptic/obovate leaves will have a narrowed base in contrast to the former species.
It is a known fact that there is some confusion between P. amarus, P. fraternus, and P. niruri.
Please help in validating the plant in photo attached (the only one).
It was found growing (24 AUG 07) in an untended area of building premises (Vaghbil, Thane).


There is no confusion regarding P. niruri because it doesn’t occur in India. All plants which earlier called in that name are belong to (and to be called as) P. amarus, as we all know.
And the attached picture 1225059862_a5fc85a488_o.jpg is not P. amarus. Probably P. fraternus.


… but why “probably P. fraternus”, if already asserted it to be “not P. amarus” ?

I believe there can be no other Phyllanthus species comimg closer to these two.


Strictly speaking this plant is P. fraternus having 6 tepals and male and female flowers in separate part of the inflorescence, male in clusters of 2-3 in lower part and female singly in upper part. P. amarus has five tepals and male and female flowers occur in same axils, is also supposed to have smaller leaves. Frankly the two look very similar in habit (the leaves of P. fraternus almost as small as P. amarus towards the end of flowering season). They are distinct species if you follow GRIN taxonomy website, and P. fraternus synonym of P. amarus (priority application) if you follow Kew World checklist. Take your pick.


… this query because the same photo is put up at FOI with the belief that it is P. amarus.
At that time with the available resources, the ID seemed perfect to me … the recent discussions on P. amarus and P.fraternus is making me re-think.
The flowers in my photo have 6 tepals (no confusion here) … attaching a cropped version of the same photo where we will be able to see 6 tepals including the hind (eclipsed) one. 


Here is the key according to Eflora of Pakistan

Plant completely glabrous; male & female flowers occuring together in some axils; sepals of both sexes 5; female disc 5-lobed, the lobes triangular 3 Phyllanthus amarus
+ Plant glabrous, subglabrous, scaberulous or scabrid; male & female flowers usually in separate axils, sometimes together; sepals of both sexes 6 (9)
9 (8) Leaves elliptic-oblong to elliptic-oblanceolate, up to 5 mm wide, not asperulous, dark green; female disc irregularly deeply 6-10-lobed; seeds ochreous-fulvous

2 Phyllanthus fraternus


Thanks very much … for resolving the ID of this plant to Phyllanthus fraternus … commonly known as: gulf leaf-flower • Bengali: bhui-amla, হাজারমণি hazarmani • Hindi: भुईंआंवला bhuinanvalah, हजारमणी hajarmani, कनोछा kanocha • Kannada: ಕಿರುನೆಲ್ಲಿ kirunelli, ನೆಲನೆಲ್ಲಿ nelanelli • Malayalam: കീഴാര്‍നെല്ലി kiizhaarnelli • Manipuri: চকপা হৈক্রূ chakpa-heikru • Marathi: भुईआवळी bhuiavali • Mizo: mithi-sunhlu • Sanskrit: भूम्यामलकी bhumyamalaki, तमालकी tamalaki • Tamil: கீழாநெல்லி kila-nelli • Telugu: నేల ఉసిరి nela usiri


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Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae :: Phyllanthus fraternus at Vaghbil :: DV64 : 2 images. 2 posts by 2 authors.

Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l. 
at Vaghbil on 24 AUG 07 


Hmm. okay.

 

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Attachments (6). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Attached images may be  Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster from Assam. Please validate .    
Date :08.11..2013
Location: Kamrup district
Family : Phyllanthaceae


Okay.

 

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This is commonest of the Phyllanthus species found in our area.. these shots are recorded from Panipat..
Please validate if this is Phyllanthus fraternus


Yes, it is correct.


Local name “Bhui amla”.
Could this be Phyllanthus amarus??
(Family:
Phyllanthaceae).


I think P. fraternus

6 perianth


I also think it is Phyllanthus fraternus.


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Phyllanthus fraternus from Delhi-GS-63 : Attachments (5). 4 posts by 4 authors. 

Phyllanthus fraternus G. L. Webster, Contr. Gray Herb. 176:53. 1955

 

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syn: Phyllanthus niruri sensu Hook.f. (non L.)
A common weed of wastelands and cultivated beds in Delhi differentiated in male flowers occurring towards base and female towards the apex on the branch, and flower with 6 perianth members.


Yes Sir, it is Phyllanthus fraternus.


Nice presentation. Liked it.


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