Solanum villosum Mill., Gard. dict. ed. 8: Solanum no. 2. 1768 (Syn: (=) Solanum alatum Moench; (=) Solanum luteum Mill.; (=) Solanum luteum subsp. alatum (Moench) Dostál; (=) Solanum miniatum Bernh. ex Willd.; (=) Solanum nigrum var. villosum L.));

Solanum villosum (left), Solanum americanum (middle) & Solanum nigrum (right)

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Solanum americanum, solanum nigrum & Solanum villosum5 images.

Pictures were taken today from same place, these three species growing here as weeds. Earlier I thought we had only two, no S. americanum Mill., but the eFI and FoC KEY tells me otherwise.

The species is distinct from S. americanum and S. nigrum in distinctly sinuate dentate leaves, 3-5-fld inflorescence, shorter peduncle usually shorter than 10 mm in fruit, berries red, orange or green, globose or ovoid. The typiical S. villosum has villous stems, and our specimens belong to S. miniatum, sometimes named as S. villosum var. miniatum with glabrescent to slightly pubescent slightly angular stems. Kew Plant list, however, does not recognise it as a distinct variety, and treats S. mineatum as simple synonym of S. villosum..  
 

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Solanaceae Week: Solanum villosum from DelhiSolanum villosum Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed. 8) no. 2 no. 2 1768.
Syn: Solanum humile Bernh. ex Willd.; Solanum miniatum Bernh. ex Willd. 
 

The species is distinct from S. americanum (syn: S. nigrum) in distinctly sinuate dentate leaves, 3-5-fld inflorescence, shorter peduncle usually shorter than 10 mm in fruit, berries red, orange or green, globose or ovoid. The typiical S. villosum has villous stems, and our specimens belong to S. miniatum, sometimes named as S. villosum var. miniatum with glabrescent to slightly pubescent slightly angular stems.  
Kew Plant list, however, does not recognise it as a distinct variety, and treats S. mineatum as simple synonym of S. villosum.. 


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Flora of Haryana: Solanum nigrum var villosum from CCS HAU Farms Hisar: Solanum nigrum var. villosum L., Sp. Pl. 186. 1753. from CCS HAU Hisar

Some confusion::?????????
The plant list not have Solanum nigrum var. villosum L in their listing but list Solanum villosum Mill. as an accepted name with following synonyms
Solanum humile Bernh. ex Willd.
Solanum miniatum Bernh. ex Willd.
Solanum nigrum var. humile (Bernh. ex Willd.) C.Y. Wu & S.C. Huang
eflora of Pakistan list following synonyms of Solanum nigrum var. villosum L
Solanum alatum Moench.
Solanum luteum Miller
Solanum luteum ssp. alatum (Moench) Dostal
Solanum miniatum Bernh. ex. Willd.
Solanum villosum (L.) Moench
http://plants.usda.gov have following information (http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOVI8)
Solanum villosum (L.) Mill. with synonyms
SOAL11 Solanum alatum Moench
SOLU9 Solanum luteum Mill.
SOLUA2 Solanum luteum Mill. ssp. alatum (Moench) Dostál
SONIV4 Solanum nigrum L. var. villosum L.
http://ikon.altervista.org/biologia/flora-af/index.php?recn=47293&scientific-name=solanum+nigrum+var.+villosum
this site list Solanum luteum Mill. as accepted name
http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=8753 this site list Solanum villosum Mill. as accepted name with following synonyms
Solanum alatum
Solanum luteum ssp. alatum
Solanum luteum
Solanum nigrum var. villosum
And Also see the link from KEW

Accepted name: Solanum villosum Mill.

Synonyms: Solanum villosum Mill. subsp. villosum, Solanum luteum Mill. subsp. luteum,Solanum luteum Mill., Solanum nigrum var. villosum L., Solanum villosum Moench, Solanum nigrum subsp. villosum (L.) Ball 

Can Anyone Clarify the Situation please


It is reasonable to treat it as Solanum villosum. Our plant is Solanum villosum subsp. miniatum. It was discussed during Solanaceae week
Here is important publication on this
http://www.underutilized-species.org/documents/PUBLICATIONS/black_nightshades.pdf


Seems it grows here in the lower gangetic plains too…


Yes … common in North Indian Plains



 

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Herb

for Id : 290912 RV 1: Please help to id this Solanum plant…..picture taken in Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Borivali Mumbai on 25th Sep,12.


I hope Solanum villosum subsp. miniatum


Yes Sir Solanum villosum subsp. miniatum


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Solanum sp. ID-01 25/02/2012 Hooghly (WB) SK : Attachments (5).  5 posts by 3 authors.

Posting images of Solanum nigrum. Please confirm the ID.
Species : Solanum sp.
Date : 02-Feb-2012, 12.36 P.M.
Place : Nalikul (Hooghly), West Bengal


Solanum villosum i think


Yes Solanum villosum



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Solanum villosum from Delhi : Attachments (6).  3 posts by 2 authors.

Solanum villosum Mill. from Delhi, distinct from S. nigrum in orange to red fruits, peduncle shorter peduncle (usually less than 1 cm long) and smaller shining fruit (6-8 mm), frequently confused and identified with S. nigrum but now treated as a distinct species (previously also treated as S. luteum or S. alatum).  


Nice detailed catch of the plant 


 

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Solanum sp. ID-03 25/02/2012 Hooghly (WB) SK :  Attachments (6). 5 posts by 3 authors.

Posting images of Solanum villosum. Or, is it also S.nigrum?
I took these photographs on 12th and 23rd this month at two different places in Hooghly.
Please confirm the ID.
Species : Solanum sp.
Date : 12-Feb-2012, 12.08 P.M. & 23-Feb-2012, 8.59 a.m.
Place : Hooghly, West Bengal


Solanum villosum I hope 


Yes Solanum villosum



 

Solanum ID from Bangladesh SM096 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).

Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild
Location: Dhaka City


I hope it is Solanum americanum Mill. (Syn. S. nigrum L.).


Solanum americanum has small shining black fruits. This has orange yellow, Solanum villosum subsp. miniatum. Moreover, S. nigrum (large dull black fruits, larger flowers) and S. american (smaller shining black fruits, smaller fruits) are two distinct species.


S. villosum, fruit is orange red when ripe


 

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Jan2015sk07 – Solanum villosum Mill. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)

Another 1.5 ft wild herb recorded today (15.1.15). No ripe fruit seen yet. Didn’t scale. Flowers and fruit about same size as in S. nigrum L., uploaded a little while ago. This should be S. villosum Mill.


 

 

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Herb for ID, Rajasthan NAW-JAN15-07 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).   
Kindly identify this herb with white flowers, photographed in Ajmer district, Rajasthan in December 2014.

Height of herb about 40-50 cm. Spherical green berries about 5 mm diameter.  


I hope Solanum villosum subsp. mineatum.


 

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Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanum villosum from Delhi-GSFEB01/03 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Solanum villosum Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed. 8) no. 2 no. 2 1768.
Syn: Solanum humile Bernh. ex Willd.; Solanum miniatum Bernh. ex Willd.
The species is distinct from S. americanum and S. nigrum in distinctly sinuate dentate leaves, 3-5-fld inflorescence, shorter peduncle usually shorter than 10 mm in fruit, berries red, orange or green, globose or ovoid. The typiical S. villosum has villous stems, and our specimens belong to S. miniatum, sometimes named as S. villosum var. miniatum with glabrescent to slightly pubescent slightly angular stems. Kew Plant list, however, does not recognise it as a distinct variety, and treats S. mineatum as simple synonym of S. villosum..


These pictures clarifies my doubts regarding ID of plants growing here in Pantnagar. This species blooms in winters and spring here.


 

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Solanaceae Fortnight: Feb2015sk02/19: Solanum villosum Mill. : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
This is another common wild herb here. My earlier post


Yes …, I agree..


To me it looks like Solanum indicum (Orange fruited type).-
Berries are sweet in taste. Near roadsides & Village Habitations around Shimla.


As per Flora of British India, Solanum indicum L. is prickly undershrub, but my plant is not prickly. I am not sure if it can be Solanum indicum.


 

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3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)
These pics are largely recorded from district Kaithal of Haryana, but this herb is quite frequent elsewhere also, grows in dense patches, sometimes mingled with those of S. americanum Mill.
Here the berries are orange red on ripening, flowers larger, stems purple, villous..
Solanum villosum Mill.


Please also compare size and tinge of flowers of Solanum americanum Mill. (left) and Solanum villosum Mill. (right) 
Attachments (1) 


 

 

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This herb is surely a representative of “Solanum nigrum complex”..
Please suggest id for this, I suspect it closer to S. villosum, than any of other two, was recorded from margin of LBG, Darjeeling..


I think S. villosum subsp. mineatum.


I would like to use this thread to record what I have observed about Solanum nigrum complex around our region. I have uploaded 3 members which have been identified as villosum, nigrum and americanum. But, my nigrum species received a question mark in a personal mail and I have addressed it during last fortnight. The points of doubt were – 1) S. nigrum is uncommon species, 2) flowers after spring 3) nigrum is almost similar to villosum (?).
Assuming my nigrum species has been correctly identified I would like to record my observation of this plant –
  1. S. nigrum has almost entire leaf, different looking than the villosum I have, one or two bears similarity to villosum to some extent
  2. the leaf size of well built (which has been not disturbed to grow) nigrum is rather bigger than the sizes mentioned in FoC or in pdf. Leaf at base can have lamina of more than 10 cm long.
  3. nigrum fruits here have both strongly reflexed sepals and not so recflexed ones. Usually they are reflexed
  4. on one occasion I have seen a few flowers on a plant have light purplish petals but other flowers on the same individual were white
I think my nigrum rather shows feature of Solanum scabrum Mill. or have a tendency toward it!
I didn’t find any S. villosum with entire leaf.


 

 

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Hooghly-skMAY12/13 Solanum villosum Mill. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
It is also flowering+fruiting in summer


 

 

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Flora of Madh: Solanum nigrum L. : VG-JUL-04 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Sharing some images of the flowers & the leaves of Solanum nigrum, a small herb (the photographed specimen was about 9 inches tall). Flower size is 8 – 9 mm across. Mature fruits not seen.
Strangely, S. nigrum is said to be a synonym of S. americanum in The Plant List
Photographed in March 2015.


Beautiful pics …

And this seems to be Solanum villosum instead, neither S. nigrum nor S. americanum

which are both distinct taxa..


Many thanks … I’ll keep a watch for the fruits.


 

 

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Solanum villosum ABJUN01/14 : 14 posts by 5 authors. 5 images.
This small plant grows on the ground and on stone walls here. The fruit is a tomato-coloured small berry. I think this is Solanum villosum. Please advise. 
Solanum villosumRed-fruited Nightshade
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1800m
29-30 June 2016


Yes … Very good photographs.

Always nice to see.


I forgot to ask if it is safe to eat the fruit. Please advise.


Nice pics …, the berries can be safely consumed, they are good in taste…


We used to eat them in our childhood.


Thank you … I picked one after this message and it was indeed tasty.


Thank you … I will collect these more often.


Yes …, we used to eat ripe ones of both S. nigrum and S. villosum in our childhood, but not unripe green berries considered toxic.


Thank you … I will make sure to pick only the ripe ones.


all those foraging in the wild classes I have attended and lived off of in weekends has always said to learn to distinguish between the nightshades. Please learn to differentiate them. this one you are showing is indded. edible, berries when ripe.

NOT leaves. nor the unripe ones.

The one to be BEWARE of is the nightshade named but rally the
Atropa belladona:

Please look up all the guides and the internet for the distinguishing features.  FOR a quick reference.
==

just as an side…. There is a good book, i have perused it though not bought it myself called the Black nightshades

i cant find it to buy

may be better horticulture or botany libriries in INdia will have one.


Thank you …. I wouldn’t have eaten the ripe berries of this plant had … not confirmed. I will do the same with other plants.


 

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Re: Solanum species from Kalimpong : 3 posts by 3 authors. 2 correct images.
May I know the name of this Solanum species ?

I hope this is Solanum villosum

Solanum villosum Mill from Assam KD 10 Mar. 2020 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)- around 800 kb each. 
Attached images are Solanum villosum Mill from Assam. 
Date : 25.03. 2020
Location: Assam

Family : Solanaceae
Genus & species : Solanum villosum Mill
Habit :  Herb  
Fruits : colour orange 


Solanum sp. from Assam KD 01 April 2020 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Attached images may be Solanum villosum Mill.. Please validate. 
Date :.10.01.2015
Location: Tejpur (Assam)

Family : Solanaceae
Genus & species : Solanum villosum Mil
Habitat: Grows wild on home garden
Habit :  Herb

Flower : White
Fruits : Not mature

Looks good !


 
References:

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