Solanum virginianum L., Sp. pl. 1:187. 1753 (Mant. pl. 2:340. 1771, as “virginicum“) (syn: (=) Solanum surattense Burm. f.; (=) Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad.; Solanum mairei H. Lév.);
NE. Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, S. Iran to S. Central China and Indo-China: Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Egypt, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Japan, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen as per POWO;
dwarf wild brinjal, Jacquin’s nightshade, prickly brinjal, prickly nightshade, thai eggplant, thorny nightshade, yellow-berried-night shade, yellow-fruit nightshade • Assamese: কণ্টকাৰি kantakaari • Bengali: কংটকরী kantakari • Gujarati: બેઠી ભોંય રિંગણી bethi bhoy ringani • Hindi: बंगकटिया bang-katiya, भटकटैया bhat-kataiya, भीरु bhiru, कण्टकारी kantakari, कटेली kateli, ऊंट कंटेली oonth-kateli, रेंगनी rengni • Kannada: ನೆಲಗುಳ್ಳ nelagulla, ರಾಮಗುಳ್ಳ raamagulla • Manipuri: লৈপুংখাংগ leipungkhanga • Marathi: डोरली रिंगणी dorali ringani, कंटकारी kantakari, कांटेरिंगणी kanteringani, रिंगणी ringani • Nepalese: अड़ेरि areri, दमनी damani, कण्टकारि kantakari • Oriya: rengini bhejiri • Punjabi: ਛੋਟੀ ਮੌਹਰੀ chhoti mauhari, ਊਂਟ ਕਟਾਰਾ unt katara • Sanskrit: अग्निदमनी agni-damani, अनाक्रान्ता anakranta, भीरु bhiru, दुःस्पर्ष duhsparsha, कण्टकश्रेणी kantaka-shreni, कण्टकारी kantakari, कासघ्नी kasagni, निर्दिग्धा nirdigdha, प्रचोदिनी prachodini, प्रपूरिका prapurika, राष्ट्रिका rashtrika, वार्हत varhat • Tamil: கண்டங்கத்தரி kantankattari • Telugu: గుర్రపు గట్టాకు gurrapu-gatt-aku, క్షుద్రము kshudramu, నేలముల్లాకు nela-mull-aku, వ్రాకుడు vrakudu • Urdu: گل خار gul khar;
This small spreading shrub has flowers blue or violet; prickles yellow; leaves deeply lobed, greenish and glabrescent; flowers 2 cm across, violet; fruit globose, yellow, 2 cm across;
– I hope Solanum virginianum (syn: S. xanthocarpum; S. surattense).
Solanaceae Week: Solanum virginianum from Delhi:
Solanum virginianum L.,Sp. Pl. 1: 187, 1753
Syn: Solanum surattense Burm. f.; Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & H. Wendl.
this small spreading shrub has flowers blue or violet; prickles yellow; leaves deeply lobed, greenish and glabrescent; flowers 2 cm across, violet; fruit globose, yellow, 2 cm across
English: Yellow-berried nightshade,
– Adding my photographs observed on way to Phansad in the attachment.
Chamba id al070811a:
Now I will be posting a series of photos from higher regions of Chamba, Himachal (ranging from 1100 mts to 5000 mts) starting my journey with
this one found at the beginning of my travel
Altitude 1100 mts
Habitat wild – roadside
Height 5 inches
is this one of the several Kanta kari s that the herbal dealers sell
Yes kanta kari or kateli
Request for ID : 060611 : AK-2:
Sorry for the mix-up of the pictures….this is Solanum growing wild by the roadside at Khandala, Maharashtra on the 24/3/11.
Probably Solanum virginianum vern.- kateringani.
I think … is right. Please go through the link
Is this Solanum sisymbriifolium ?? – Flora of Pune:
May be S. virginianum L. (syn: S. xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl.; S. surattense Burm.f.)
Yes … is right. Solanum virginianum
Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Solanum virginianum L. from Maihar MP:
Solanum virginianum : Confirm ID : Uttarakhand : 240413 : AK-4 :
Solanum surattense : Attachments (10). 6 posts by 4 authors.
Solanum virginianum L.
Yes, you are right..
Yes it is
Yes. Kantakari in kannada & kantankattiri in Tamil. The plant has medicinal uses.
Any record of Solanum pyracanthum from India?? : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Pl. see if this (Which solanum?) is Solanum pyracanthum.
It is S. virginianum only
Which solanum? : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).
took the pic. of this flower at Tungareshwar, at dry bed of stream. Pls confirm the ID.
Seems to be Solanum virginianum— Kate rigni.
This is Solanum pyrecanthum, an ornamental from Madagascar that rapidly becomes a noxious weed. The thorns are vicious, and it sets fruit continuously.
… both are Solanum pyrecanthum?
The one with spikes on the foliage and purple/yellow flowers is S. pyrecanthum.
Can it be Solanum xanthocarpum (Kantakari ) ???
It is S. virginianum only
Feb2015sk10 Hooghly – Solanum surattense Burm. f. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
This is a small prostrate herb, very uncommon, recorded today for the first time. This should be Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl. of Bengal Plants.
Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanum virginianum from Delhi-GSFEB06/08 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Solanum virginianum L.,Sp. Pl. 1: 187, 1753
Bihar: Rengenei, bhatkhataya
Nice pics Sir..
Solanum virginianum L.
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on March 20, 2010
along National Highway No. 8 on April 14, 2010
at Vangani on April 17, 2011
Yes … Very good photographs
Solanaceae Fortnight SN 01 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Solanum virginianum L.(= Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & H. Wendl), wild prostrate under shrub, common in the southern states.
We consider that S. surattense and S. xanthocarpum are same, but the plant list treated both as separate entity.
Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl. Feb2015sk16/34 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
In my earlier upload … said the name would be Solanum virginianum, GRIN and FoC also say so, but not TPL or FoP. So I leave it as I find in the Bengal Plants.
Please note that even in The Plant List S. xanthocarpum Schrad. (the name under which it was described in earlier Indian Floras including FBI) is considered as synonym of S. virginianum L.
S. surattense being distinct or synonym of S. virginianum does not change status of our plant.
In ‘Bengal Plants’, I find the entry as – Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl.; F. B. I. iv. 236; E. D. S. 2345. S. diffusum F. I. i. 568. S. jacquini F. I. i. 569.
In FoP I have noticed all the above three names under Solanum surattense Burm. f.
This was the reason behind the title of my earlier upload. I do not know if S. surattense is distinct from S. virginianum or not. What I know is that my plant is S. xanthocarpum.
Now, from your reply I also come to know that I should accept S. virginianum L. as current accepted name for the S. xanthocarpum of ‘Bengal Plants’.
Solanaceae Week: Solanum virginianum PKFEB22/22 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanum virginianum at Mumbai : PKA-FEB35/35:: : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Solanum virginianum at Mumbai.
Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanum virginiatum::SMPFEB 7/7 : 4 posts by 4 authors. 2 images.
I think slight spelling error: Solanum virginianum
Yes, good photos …
Solanaceae Fortnight :: ID Request – Solanum :: Jijamata Udyan :: ARKFEB-31/37 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Requesting to please provide ID of the plant captured at Jijamata Udyan at the Flower Show in February 2015.
Is this S. virginanium?
Solanaceae Fortnight:: Solanum virginianum-NS Feb 56/56 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
A very common plant of dry places, berries considered slightly poisonous, still find use as veterinary medicines..
Nice images …, is it kantakari, well known dasamoola herb?
Solanaceae Fortnight :: Solanum virginianum :: MNP :: ARKFEB-27/33 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Attached are pictures of Solanum virginianum captured at MNP in April 2014.
Requested to validate the ID.
Solanaceae Fortnight : Solanum virginianum : MNP,Mumbai : 26FEB15 : AK-44 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)
From Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai.
Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanum virginianum at Navi Mumbai : PKA-FEB37/37:: : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Solanum virginianum at Navi Mumbai (CBD Belapur Hills).
How different it is from Solanum surattense ?>
Need Id of Solanum sp. : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
I need id of following Asclepiad taxon.
Solanum virginianum (Thorny Nightshade). FOI
Yes, Solanum virginianum…
Solanum Species For ID : Nasik : 09AUG15 : AK-15 : 15/15 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Solanum Species seen on a mountain slope.
Picture taken on 4th July,15.
Unfortunately, I have only one picture.
I hope Solanum virginianum
Thanks for the id and a prompt reply to my post.
Solanum virginianum—–for sharing : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in May 15.
Request for ID-010410SC2-Is it Solanum xanthocarpum ? – efloraofindia | Google Groups
PURPLE FLOWER WITH YELLOW FRUITS, SPINES IN THE ARID AREA OF SHIVALIK FOOTHILLS, PUNJAB: 3 images.
Could the members of this esteemed group help identify this plant growing in arid conditions with purple flowers, prominent spines and yellow fruits/pods blooming currently (14.5.21) in the Punjab Shivalik foothills, 26 km north-west of Chandigarh, Mirzapur village area.
Solanum virginianum L. !
I concur with … ID. For further information check this link.
Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.: 6 very high res. images.
Location: Kalikot, West Nepal
Date: 16 August 2021
Habit : Wild
Yes. The plant is a weed seen in many places here in my neighborhood.
You seem to be right
Dholpur, January 2022 :: Solanum virginianum :: ARK2022-061: Mixed thread. 2 correct high res. images.
Yes, close to images at Solanum virginianum
I guess the attached pics are the same.
No, last two images appears close to images at Argemone mexicana (Introduced)
Thank you … for validating the first set of pics.
And the ID of the second set.
I too had initially thought it to be Argemone mexicana, however its proximity to the first plant posted let me to believe otherwise.