Sida rhombifolia L., Sp. Pl. 684 1753. (syn. Diadesma rhombifolia (L.) Raf.; Malva rhombifolia (L.) E.H.L. Krause; Napaea rhombifolia (L.) Moench; Sida alba Cav.; Sida andicola Gand.; Sida arbuscula Zipp. ex Span.; Sida canariensis Cav.; Sida canescens Cav.; Sida capensis DC. (ambiguous synonym); Sida carpinifolia Bourg. ex Griseb. (ambiguous synonym); Sida compressa Wall.; Sida forsteri Montr.; Sida frutescens DC. (ambiguous synonym); Sida fryxellii V. V. Sivarajan & A. K. Pradeep; Sida gorgonea Lowe ex E. G. Baker; Sida grata Gand.; Sida hondensis Kunth; Sida incerta A. St.-Hil. & Naud.; Sida kohautiana C. Presl (ambiguous synonym); Sida longipes Harv. & Sond. (ambiguous synonym); Sida maderensis Lowe; Sida nudata Gand.; Sida ostryifolia Webb; Sida philippica DC.; Sida praelonga Gand.; Sida pringlei Gand.; Sida recisa Link; Sida retusifolia Stokes; Sida rhombifolia var. canariensis Griseb.; Sida rhombifolia subsp. canariensis (Cav.) Pit. & Proust; Sida rhombifolia var. guazumifolia K. Schum.; Sida rhombifolia var. longipedicellata Moir; Sida rhombifolia var. maderensis (Lowe) Lowe; Sida rhombifolia subsp. maderensis (Lowe) Pit. & Proust; Sida rhombifolia var. minor Duss; Sida rhombifolia var. retusa (L.) Griseb. (ambiguous synonym); Sida rhombifolia subsp. rhombifolia; Sida riparia Hochst. ex A. Rich.; Sida ruderata Macfad.; Sida scoparia Vell. (ambiguous synonym); Sida semicrenata Link; Sida sinensis J. F. Gmel.; Sida stipulata Chapm. (ambiguous synonym); Sida subrhombiformis Larranaga; Sida trinervia Splitg. ex De Vriese; Sida troyana Urb.; Sida truncatula Blanco);
USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia), Virgin Isl., Clipperton Isl. (I), Fiji, Lord Howe Isl. (I), Norfolk Isl. (I), Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz, Tarija), N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Para, Amazonas, Tocantins, Acre, Rondonia), NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piaui, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe), WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goias, Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro), Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman), S-Brazil (Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Chile (Coquimbo), Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Cordillera, Pres. Hayes), Uruguay (Montevideo, Paysandu, Rivera, Salto, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres), Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Distrito Federal, Guarico, Merida, Portuguesa, Sucre, Trujillo, Zulia), Galapagos Isl., Peru, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro), Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Belize, Panama, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Isl., Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Virgin Isl. (St. Croix), Lesser Antilles (Antigua, Barbados, Barbuda, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saba, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Martin, St. Vincent), Isla Margarita, Tobago, Trinidad, Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlntico, Bolvar, Boyac, Caldas, Caquet, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choc, Crdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Norte de Santander, Risaralda, San Andrs, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander, Tolima, Valle, Vichada), American Samoa (I) (Manua Isl. (I)), Cook Isl. (I) (Rarotonga (I)), Mapia Isl. (I), Marquesas Isl. (I), Marshall Isl. (I) (Jaluit (I)), Micronesia (I) (Yap (I), Ulithi (I), Truk (I), Moen (I), Dublon (I), Fefan (I), Eten (I), Pohnpei (I), Kosrae (I)), Niue (I), N-Line Isl. (I) (Washington Isl. (I), Christmas Isl. – Kiritimati (I)), Northern Marianas (I) (Agrihan (I), Alamagan (I), Sarigan (I), Pagan (I)), Palau Isl. (I) (Babeldaob (I), Koror (I), Ngarakabesang (I), Malakal (I), Angaur (I)), Society Isl. (I) (Mopelia Atoll (I), Tahiti (I), Huahine (I), Raiatea (I), Tetiaroa Atoll (I), Tupai (I), Tahaa (I)), Southern Marianas (I) (Saipan (I), Tinian (I), Rota (I), Guam (I)), Tokelau (I) (Swains Isl. (I)), Tonga (I) (Late Isl. (I), Tongatapu (I), ‘Eua (I), Vava’u (I), Tafahi (I)), Tuamotu Arch. (I) (Makatea Isl. (I), Rangiroa Atoll (I), Takapoto Atoll (I), etc. (I)), Western Samoa (I) (Aleipata Isl. (I), Upolu (I), Savaii (I)), Austral Isl. (I) (Tubuai (I), Rurutu (I), Raivavae (I), Rapa Iti (I)), Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima), Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima, Iwojima), Hawaii (I) (Midway Isl. (I), Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Molokai (I), Lanai (I), Maui (I), Kahoolawe Isl. (I), Hawaii Isl. (I), Niihau (I)), Rotuma Isl. (I), Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma], India (widespread), Bangladesh, Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Jhelum), Bhutan, China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Philippines, Georgia [Caucasus] (I), Japan (Yakushima Isl., Tanegashima Isl.), Ryukyu Isl., Korea (I), Lithuania (I), Nepal, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (I), Sri Lanka, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Australia (I) (Northern Territory (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I)), Christmas Isl. (Austr.), Spain (I), France (I), Portugal (I), Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, W-Cameroon, S-Chad, Gabon, Central African Republic, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Congo (Brazzaville), D.R.Congo (Zaire), ?Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Lesotho, Swaziland, Botswana, Annobon Isl., Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Principe Isl., Sao Tome, Seychelles (I), Madagascar, +Mauritius, +Runion, Oman (Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir), Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai), Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl.), Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo, Ilha Brava), Madeira (Madeira Isl.), Canary Isl. (I) (La Palma (I), La Gomera (I), Tenerife (I), Gran Canaria (I)), New Caledonia (I), Czech Republic (I), Croatia (I) as per Catalogue of Life (Sida rhombifolia subsp. rhombifolia);
Common name: Cuban jute, Jelly leaf, Queensland hemp • Hindi: Sahadeva सहदेव • Manipuri: উহল উকাবী Uhal ukabi • Tamil: Kurundotti • Malayalam: Vankuruntotti • Bengali: Svetbarela • Guajarati: Baladana • Marathi: Sadeda • Assamese: Boriala
Subshrubs; branchlets brown, stellate pubescent. Leaves 2-5 x 1.5-3.5 cm, rhomboid, apex acute, base obtuse or cuneate, margins serrate above the upper half, lower side tomentose; petiole 0.5 to 1 cm, stipule to 1 cm, linear. Flowers axillary, solitary or in clusters, yellow; pedicels to 6 mm, tomentose; calyx broadly campanulate, lobes triangular, to 3 mm, tomentose outside; petals 9 x 5 mm, obovate. Schizocarp enclosed in calyx, semiorbicular, 3 mm long; mericarps 8-10, awned at apex, to 1 mm.
Wastelands, also in degraded forest areas
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi
Sida sp for Id from bank of canal in Panipat
at the time of shot i was not aware of the importance of fruit so no info about fruits
I identified this herb as Sida cordata
Nice pictures, … This looks like Sida rhombifolia.
Yes this is Sida rhombifolia
Malvaceae week: RVS3: Sida rhombifolia:
Date/Time- 11th March, 2012
Location- Place- Merrut, Uttar Pradesh
Plant Habit- shrub
pls id this small shrub looks like Sida but sp i am confused
Wild, shot from roadside area near Panipat (220Mts).
I have tried to capture most the features in these pics
I think this is Sida rhomboidea
This plant … and … is interesting in more than one way. I am after this plant for last week or so, obviously S. rhombifolia var. obovata of FBI, but now interpreted differently in different Floras. Please wait for my next upload today.
I’ll wait for your upload
i also think its Sida rhomboidea,
Found this Sida on roadside.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : roadside herb, about 1 foot high
Date : 26/10/12, 10.00 a.m.
Place : Hooghly
This is Sida rhombifolia var. rhomboidea
Sida rhombifolia L.(?) -2 from Kamrup district (Rural), Assam:
Yes, all the pictures appear to be of Sida rhombifolia.
Attaching images of what looks like�Sida rhombifolia L. I have sent images of two specimens – Sida rhombifolia L.-1 & Sida rhombifolia L.-2. Both are grown on the same place.
My ‘yes’ to Sida rhombifolia, again.
Sida sp from Chakrata Kalsi road
Can it be Sida rhombifolia
yes …, to me also it appear like Sida rhombifolia
Plant from North gujarat
3000 m msl
Please check Sida rhombifolia
This belongs to the Sida rhombifolia complex group. We want to see the mericarp before jumping to a conclusion. I suspect this belongs to Sida rhomboidea rather than to S. rhombifolia. Will see the mericarp in future post.
Hooghly Today : Sida sp. : Attachments (8). 8 posts by 3 authors.
This is a 1.5 ft herb in Bamboo thicket.
I am very sorry that i forgot to update this post. I have already received ID. It is Sida rhomboidea. I have another post –
This seems to be Sida cordifolia– Nag bala.
Thank you very much …
Two of my uploads have been accepted as Sida cordifolia L. –
I learned the above species from …-
The plant in this thread is different.
Indonesian Sida 2 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Nice picture of Sida rhombifolia!
Please help me for identifying this species (mixed thread): one correct image as above. Attachments (1).
Sida rhombifolia L. SN Mar 31 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
Sida rhombifolia L. Fam Malvaceae, Undershrub, root and aerial part used in ayurvedic medicine.
Wild, grows both in the plains and hilly areas, more population is observed in the coorg area near Virajpet. Variations in the leaf shape also observed
Malvaceae Fortnight (incl. Tiliaceae): Sida rhombifolia : 1 post by 1 author.
Sida rhombifolia aka Jelly Leaf
Need id of Sida sp. from JNU Campus : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
I need id assistance of following two images of Sida sp.
This is Sida rhombifolia, commonly known as Arrowleaf Sida or Atibalaa in Sanskrit, a renowned medicine in Ayurveda.
Wild Plant For ID : Bangalore : 02DEC16 : AK-5 : 19 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Malvaceae ? Sida or similar species ?
Hoping to get the correct id.
Could be Sida rhombifolia?
Pl. post the original image if you do not have any other good image.
Here it is…
I could not match it with any species at Sida
Looks like a Sida species to me.
I found … link of Sida acuta, having similar leaves with reddish veins. https://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/6256027669
But stem of inflorescence is very long.
Sida id from BD_SM_1205 : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Sida sp… may be Sida acuta………
But leaf structure is different
Closet I can reach is Sida ovata Forssk. as per the comparative images at /species/m—z/m/malvaceae/sida
It is Sida rhombifolia L.,
sida acuminata and other one is sida rhombifolia : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)
presenting here 2 different species. as i think one is sida acuminata and other one is sida rhombifolia. kindly make me sure as per your expertise.
I think matches as per comparative images at Sida
SK1566 14 Nov 2018 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)- around 500 kb each.
Location: Bandipur, Nepal
Date: 06 October 2018
Elevation: 3500 ft.
Habit : Wild
Is this Sida ovata Forssk. ?? If so, seems not listed in Nepal.
Looks different from images at
Pl. check images and details at
Ok, I will check.
SK 2219 12 October 2019 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- around 1200 kb each.
Location: Indra Daha, Kathmandu
Attachments (3)- 1, 2 & 2 mb.
Attachments (1)- 6 mb.
Attachments (1)- 7 mb.
Attachments (1)- 6 mb.
Sida rhombifolia. Though leaves a bit on narrow side .
Sida rhombifolia L. ! Thank you …
Yes, … is correct,
Sida rhombifolia L. : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3)- 1 , 2 & 2 mb.
Location: Pharping, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 1690 m.
Date: 14 September 2019
Habit : Wild
Attachments (2)- 2 mb each.
Attachments (1)- 7 mb.
MS/10/3/2019 – ID of the plant : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Typical population of Sida rhombifolia.
In this species leaf shape changes from early life to flowering stage to when plant is really old 6 months or more …
In early life leaves are broad, so much so they look like leaf of S. rhomboidea.
In flowering stage, while older leaves are retained in lower section of plant, newer leaves definitely become longer than wide, a typical rhoiboid shape. Late life, old plants, leaves become much narrow, smaller in length too. Flowers become smaller too. But it survives and re-invigorates when gets water, in next monsoon, or due to human intervention. Really a perennial in favourable circumstances.
I wd. love to see variants, but could not go much ahead on the links provided by … in an earlier post.
yes. mahabala of ayurved
Thanks … for the interesting information on the plant. I was sure it was Sida but got doubt on the species ID.
Subspecies of Sida rhombifolia : 4 posts by 1 author.
Catalogue of Life mentions gives subspecies of Sida rhombifolia with their distribution.
Those distributed in India are
Sida rhombifolia var. corynocarpa (Wall.) S. Y. Hu (syn: Sida corynocarpa Wall.)
Sida rhombifolia var. scabrida (Wight & Arn.) Mast. (syn: Sida scabrida Wight & Arn.)
Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep – 1996- from p.228, gives details of both Sida rhombifolia subsp. rhombifolia and Sida rhombifolia var. scabrida (Wight & Arn.) Mast. (syn: Sida scabrida Wight & Arn.). Sida acuta also have variable leaves. we have to go through this detailed monograph to have a relook at our postings.
Can anybody fish out Sida rhombifolia var. scabrida (Wight & Arn.) Mast. (syn: Sida scabrida Wight & Arn.) from our posts at Sida rhombifolia subsp. rhombifolia ?
I will try to go through the monograph as and when time permits.
Forwarding Monograph link as requested.
Sida species for ID : 6 posts by 4 authors. 1 image.
This Sida I saw in May ’18 near Kerala-Tamilnadu border, on way Munnar to Kumily, noon time.
It was top of a hill with wind-mill generators, and a cliff-face and deep down huge valley with farmland and coconut groves.
Place name I do not remember now.
It was a very beautiful specimen.
I have also seen this recently in Wayanad area.
I guess Sida cordifolia !
There was a similar image with name Sida cordifolia on internet, but leaf is not matching. Leaf is much like S. rhombifolia.
SK477 24 APR-2017:ID : 13 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Sourinee, Mirik, India
Date: 21 April 2017
Altitude: 4200 ft.
It is a small shrub on the roadside. Coulld it be some Hibiscus sp ?
It is a Sida species….
Thanks, … In that case pl. check comparative images.
Did not find any match to Sida sp. Stems are hardy and flower buds look like Hibiscus.
There is a big gap in altitude and as per images the images leaf texture. do not look like matching.
If not Sida, please compare with Malvastrum coromandelianum, which shows a lot of variation…!!
I agree with …
I agree with you.
help identify : 5 posts by 4 authors.
Please help identify this tree.
I think it should be a shrub & not a tree.
This plant is clicked from Rajarhaat, New Town, Kolkata in Nov 2012.
Looks like Malvaceae, probably Sida.
Sida rhombifolia ?
Yes, I also agree. POWO treats Sida rhomboidea as a syn. of S. rhombifolia.
Wild Plant For ID : Nasik : 300613 : AK-1 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
A wild plant seen in Nasik on 27/9/10.
A single, small yellow flower.
Is this Sida species?
Maybe Sida rhombifolia L.
Plant for ID : Nasik : 15JAN21 : AK-10: 3 images.
Please check Malvaceae !
I thought of Malvaceae as well. Sida Species?
I did not find matching to efi. Need to see in detail !
Thanks for the id.
It looked like a Malvaceae, but we couldn’t find a match as the leaves were very small.
I had clicked more pictures a couple of days ago.
MS,Oct.,2021/37 Sida sp. for id.: 1 high res. image.
Location : Mawmrang
Date : 06-11-2019
Habit : Undershrub
Habitat : Wild
Could be Sida rhombifolia
What are the keys?
Yes, I agree with …
It may be Sida rhombifolia L.
I feel it appears close to images at
Looks different from images at
No …, its not Sida acuta,
I agree with … after a clear diagnosis.
I agree as per details in Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep – 1996