Solanum insanum L., Mant. Pl.: 46 (1767) (syn: Solanum acanthifolium Mill.; Solanum campechiense var. fuscatum (L.) L.; Solanum canescens Blume; Solanum cumingii Dunal; Solanum fuscatum L.; Solanum fuscatum var. luteum G.Don; Solanum fuscatum var. violaceum G.Don; Solanum melanocarpum Dunal; Solanum melanocarpum var. atropurpureum Dunal; Solanum melongena subsp. cumingii (Dunal) J.Samuel; Solanum melongena subsp. insanum (L.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci; Solanum pinnatum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Solanum schoenbrunnense Dunal; Solanum undatum Lam.);
W. Indian Ocean, Tropical & Subtropical Asia: China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Laos, Madagascar, Malaya, Mauritius, Myanmar, Philippines, Réunion, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO;

Armed subshrubs to 75 cm. Leaves alternate, angulate, 7-12 x 6-8 cm, thick, lateral nerves ca. 5 pairs, stellate-pubescent, prickly along the nerves, base obliquely truncate, apex (sub)acute; petiole to 4 cm, prickly. Flower(s) 1-4, extra-axillary. Calyx-lobes 5, lanceolate, 6 mm, thick, stellate-pubescent and prickly without, acute. Corolla purple to violet, 3.5 cm across; lobes 5, triangular, 1.5 cm, stellate-pubescent without, and along midnerve within, acute. Stamens 5; filaments 3 mm; anthers 6 mm. Ovary 3 mm; style 1 cm, villous. Berry oblong-globose, 3 cm across; fruiting calyx enlarging; seeds minutely pitted.

Flowering and fruiting: April-December
Roadsides, wastelands, homesteads and sometimes grown as medicinal plants
Tropical Asia
Solanum for ID : Lonavala : 161012 : AK-2 : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 4 authors.
A Solanum species found growing wild by the roadside in Lonavala on 18/8/2012.
Id please.

Is it Solanum torvum?

An another possibility could be Solanum melongena var. insanum.

Today, I saw a similar post from Lonavala by …
Could this wild plant also be Solanum anguivi?
Earlier suggested ids were Solanum torvum by … and Solanum melongena var. insanum by …

It is Solanum melongena var insanum only

Thanks for the id.
Does it have any common name?

This is our common Eggplant, Aubergine?

Solanaceae Week: Solanum Solanum melongena var. insanum PKFEB12/12 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
please find Solanum melongena L. var. insanum (L.) Prain

Solanaceae fortnight SN 08 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Solanum melongena varinsanum (L.) Prain.
Frequent wild weed, fruits used as a vegetable.

This shrub closely resembles eggplant until one goes closer to see spines, also when it bears fruits, the things get clearer to indicate this as a different species..
Please correct the id if wrong…
Solanum violaceum Orteg.
Recorded from Morni HIlls, Haryana..

Fruit size??

Yes flowers suggest Solanum melongena

Solanum melongena or Solanum violaceum ?

I think Solanum melongena var. insanum (of course not given a separate status in databases)- efi thread



Attached images may be variety of Solanum melongena L. Please ID the plant.  
Date :15.012.2015
Location: Assam
Family : Solanaceae
Genus & species :
Habitat: Grows as cultivated plants.
Habit : Under-shrub

Solanum melongena var. insanum (L.) Prain.?

I attached here images of the fruit of the same plant . Hope it will facilitate its easy identification. Attachments (3)

Please find the KEY in Bengal Plants and description in Flora Indica.
Attachments (2)

Thank you very much for ID and information regarding the specimen.

17 May 2010, Cheeranahalli, Mysore dist.;  small bunglow near Taljai hill – Aug’10?; Eggplant #3 with thorns in the leaves + yellow riped fruits – efloraofindia | Google Groups


efloraindia: 281011 BRS 94:

Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. confirmation (Fruit is not that much clear).
Date and Location: Some time in August, 2011 CODISIA Road
Place: Near Air Port, Coimbatore.
Habitat: Urban (road side)
Habit: Shrub

I believe it is Solanum sp.

May be Solanum wrightii

Solanum wrightii does not have prickles on leaf. Here they are clearly seen.

Appears close to images at Solanum insanum L.


Solanaceae Fortnight : Solanum violaceum : Sri Lanka : 26FEB15 : AK-41 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Seen in Sri Lanka.

There seems to be a mistake in the id of these two posts of mine.
…, you had identified earlier as Solanum violaceum.
But my recent post from Bangalore is Solanum violaceum.. it has tiny orange berries.

Kindly recheck.

efi page on Solanum violaceum with images

To me appears close to images at Solanum incanum L.

Further to your correction to my post, Solanum incanum that I have seen elsewhere, does not have dark prickles on the leaves.

Going by leaves, it may be Solanum insanum
Both are quite close and confusing.


Solanum for ID : 211210 : AK-3: 8 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)
Taken on the 15th of November, 2010 at a Spice garden in Sri Lanka.

could it be Solanum virginianum L. (Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad.& Wendl.) ???

For me also Solanum virginianum (syn. Solanum xanthocarpum)

I suppose this plant is not Solanum xanthocarpum, rather it can be
Solanum indicum.

Solanum violaceum Orteg (syn: S. indicum Clarke (non L.)

There seems to be a mistake in the id of these two posts of mine.
…, you had identified earlier as Solanum violaceum.
But my recent post from Bangalore is Solanum violaceum.. it has tiny orange berries.
Kindly recheck.

To me appears close to images at Solanum incanum L.

Going by leaves, it may be Solanum insanum
Both are quite close and confusing.


Solanaceae: Solanum violaceum subsp. violaceum: 1 image.
synonyms: Solanum violaceum Ortega, Solanum indicum L.
location/date: Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994

Fruit color OK ?

Yes. Details have been burnt in the photo.






POWO  Catalogue of Life  
Tropicos  India Biodiversity Portal  My species  Flora of Peninsular India

Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 6, Fruits, Volume 6 By T. K. Lim (2013)

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2002- Details) 

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