Solanum incanum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 188 188 1753. (Syn: Solanum floccosistellatum Bitter; Solanum hierochunticum Dun.; Solanum incanum var. unguiculatum (A. Rich.) S. Abedin, M. A. Al-Yahya, S. A. Chaudhary & J. S. Mossa; Solanum melongena var. incanum (L.) Kuntze; Solanum sanctum L.; (=) Solanum unguiculatum A. Rich.);

Native to: Afghanistan, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe; Introduced into: Andaman Is., Taiwan, Vietnam as per POWO;

South Africa (Transvaal, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Prov.), Chad, Gabon, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Angola, D.R. Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Swaziland, Lesotho, Botswana, Senegal, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, South Sudan, ?Togo, Sudan, Djibouti, Mauritania, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Central African Republic, Comores, Zanzibar, Kenya, Pemba Isl., Somalia, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Mauritius, Madagascar, Socotra, Bahrain, Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, SE-Egypt), Iran (S-Iran), Israel (Rift Valley), Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Rub al Khali, Asir), Jordania (E-Jordania), Yemen (Aden Desert, coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut, N-Inner Yemen, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost), Pakistan (Karachi, Baluchistan, Kurram, Swat, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Murree, Rawalpindi), Vietnam, Taiwan, NW-India as per Catalogue of life;




Solanum incanum L. SN Nov 27 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Solanum incanum L., an undershrub, preferable introduced from the out skirts of Bangalore.

Thanks … It provided me oppurtunity to update my key on the website.




Native to Oman, found at higher elevations in the mountains.

I think it is Solanum incanum.

Please help to identify this Solanum sp. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Help need to verify
Solanum sp.
1 March 20

Morena, M.P.

Resembles S. incanum,


Solanum aculeatissimum ? : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)
Solanum aculeatissimum or Solanum khasianum or Solanum capsicoides or Solanum viarum ?
Mettur, Salem, Tamilnadu

Kindly confirm

I think close to images at Solanum viarum  

It is not Solanum viarum at least..

It could be S. incanum, because very close to that one rather than others, pointed characters: Habit, Leaf lobes, dense tomentose and spines,

yes, Solanum incanum

Yes, appears close as per Solanum incanum,Kenya-DSCN7735.JPG?part=0.2&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEmBvIPqcJ4-B821kz1JIvADZJShP8jmb6SDw6GJlUMxLMQ8tsi3mDZ6Bh8lXKiSwBDR3D1X5LwhMQ_3zuc7mhTH8BSoTDePWrgBWU85l5v70WZPws,Kenya-DSCN7734.JPG?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrHwOgEHX0kFefCyAPuEqgrInZdO0VvWx2wrwQJ6NgR8MmPsgxEZND7s8nySP2L_YRh_u_BX1ZNUJQxpb9GjoYUiAcTFFfysqBt2XOj5mrDk3wWXgLE,Kenya-DSCN7738.JPG?part=0.3&view=1&vt=ANaJVrFOQJWghNLvEIVcxWuf8zBpzISi3gO3tqpUsmlk10VDyLpPQEJs2bXjIlW1cblqDC81fsRzNFpt6HldKfenrTop43IGCAkAGKE--KA7V6sNMkvxKm4
Solanum Species For ID : Kenya : 13MAR16 : AK-5 : 05/05 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Solanum Species seen by the roadside in Limuru, Kenya during a visit in Jan, 2009.

Found these while going through my pictures.

Are these the Common Egg Plant?

efi page on Solanum melongena

I also remember observing it in large numbers by roadside

We need to find the id. I will check further.

Could this be Solanum incanum?

I guess Solanum incanum L. should be correct ID !
Solanum for ID : Kenya : 010711 : AK-3 : 11 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3)
Taken at Nairobi, Kenya on the 30th of Jan, 2009.
A cultivated plant….flowers look like Brinjal.
Height was 5-6 meters, unusually very high for normal Brinjal.
Fruits can be seen….both unripe and ripe.
Kindly id.

I think it  looks similar to “Solanum elaeagnifolium”

“I think this is Solanum violaceum Orteg.”

As per FoC the height of S. violaceum Ortega is 0.5 to 2 m.

The species here is more than twice as big and it is cultivated and comes from Africa. Why they would cultivate S. violaceum when they have their own S. anguivi Lam.?

Nice pictures …!
Can this also be Solanum incanum?

Thanks for your feedback with possible ids.
The leaves do look like Solanum incanum.
Another Species I cam across in Google Images with similar looking leaves is Solanum burchelli.

Also, kindly amend the height of plant to approx 5-6 feet and not as previously mentioned since pictures were taken at eye level.

I didn’t mean your species is Solanum anguivi, … I simply asked why it had to be S. violaceum?

In fact fruits here look rather bigger and cultivated S. anguivi in Africa are now known as S. aethiopicum, I think.
The cultivated forms are very variable in Africa as can be seen in
But I am not suggesting that your plant is S. aethiopicum, because I simply do not know which Solanum species are cultivated in Africa and for what purpose, ie. edible or medicinal or ornamental? Without resolving these questions, I think, it is impossible to find the correct ID.
Leaves of Solanum are very variable in many species, that too in cultivation. Why not your plant is S. campylacanthum?

There is a paper on African Solanum, KEY for identification can be found from page 251 onward –

Suggested as S. incanum

S.incanum seems to be correct ID.

Solanaceae Fortnight : Solanum For ID : Nairobi,Kenya : 20FEB15 : AK-7 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Reposting under family fortnight.

Solanum plant taken in Nairobi, Kenya during visit in Jan,2009.

I think this is Solanum violaceum Orteg.

Thanks for the suggested id.

Hope to get it validated.

Many other species suggested in another thread.

Pl. check Solanum incanum

Yes. Looks close to Solanum incanum.

Solanum aculeatissimum ? : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)

Solanum aculeatissimum or Solanum khasianum or Solanum capsicoides or Solanum viarum ?
Mettur, Salem, Tamilnadu

Kindly confirm

I think close to images at Solanum viarum

It is not Solanum viarum at least..

It could be S. incanum, because very close to that one rather than others, pointed characters: Habit, Leaf lobes, dense tomentose and spines,

yes, Solanum incanum

Yes, appears close as per Solanum incanum



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