rose apple, Water Apple, Malay apple, Malabar plum, jambu, champakka, pomarrosa, chom pu or chom-phu, jamrul, Gulab jamun, pannerale • Hindi: Gulab jamun गुलाब जामुन • Malayalam: Malakkacampa • Kannada: Pannerale • Assamese: Golapi-jamuk • Telugu: Jambuneredu • Marathi: जांब Jamb • Tamil: Champai;
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Syzugium jambos is completely different from S. malaccense.
S.jambos: small tree, stem irregular, bark reddish brown – grey
S. malaccense medium tree, stem monopodial, bark whitish pale brown
S. jambos: leaves oblong-lanceolate 15-28 x 2-5 cm
S. malaccense: leaves elliptic-oblong 16-45 x 9-20 cm
S. jambos: Inflorescence white
S. malaccense: Inflorescence pink
S. jambos: fruits globose 3-4 mm diam. green, yellowish.
S. malaccense: pear shaped, obovoid, globose, 3-8 cm diam. greenish, white, pink striped, red, dark red-blackish.

Besides the scientific differences enumerated by .., there is one big difference in the FRUITS of these three
Syzygium Jambo… fruit is not pear shaped, is oblong,  yellowish pinkish with a tinge of green, and brown as it ripens… and is hollow… with a  round seed or two inside… the wall of the hollow fruit is 5 – 8 mm thick, fragrant, smells faintly of a rose… or even a honeysuckle flower…
Syzygium samarangense and Syzygium malaccense  while very different botanically… share the characteristics that the fruits are oblong  yet pear shaped, and almost solid , 1- 1.5 cms  on either side
from the center, which may or may not have a seed…(seedless varieties are taking over in commercial cultivation, it seems) ….



*TSP-MAY2016-14-343:Images of Syzygium jambos (Myrtaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Syzygium jambos (Myrtaceae

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=2992&cat=1 

Habit: Medium sized tree 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl 

Date: 12-10-2014, 13-10-2014, 24-01-2015 and 05-04-2016

Beautifully captured.

Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight :: Myrtaceae :: Syzygium jambos :: MNP :: ARKDEC-37 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Attached are pictures of Syzygium jambos captured at MNP in March 2013.
Requested to please validate the ID.

very nice complete set,

Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight : Myrtaceae : Syzygium jambos Fruits : Bangalore : 29DEC14 : AK-97 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
These were sold under the name Paneer Fruits in the Bangalore market.
On searching, I found that these were none other than Syzygium jambos.
For validation.

Yes, it looks like so.

Yes, I think it is S. jambos, although a little bit different from my fruits.

Yes; I endorse …

Seems to be Syzygium jambos.

Attaching herewith pictures of Rose Apple. Also copying some links.
You have been sent 3 pictures.

i love this fruit very much only available in summer in has has a lovely fragnance.

I have seen a pink and long variety of this fruit in Thailand. But our fruit is more tasty.
…, we are on the same boat,  I also love fruits very much.

We did have the pink variety, however, we do not have it any more. The original plant (yellow) is no more but thanks to birds, it has been
dispersed all over and we have a couple of these in our farm and plenty in the neighboring forests. It is these birds that will save our forests by dispersing seeds of many a fruit in the forest which man converted into just plain teak plantations. Thanks to the elephants, we now see a couple of jack fruit trees in the forest too.

My photographs of Love Apple [Syzygium jambos]. They were taken at my friends farm at Kolad.

I too have this plant but the fruit does not have the fragrance of Rose. It is slightly sour. I have both the white variety as well as the red one. The seeds are very much like that of The Rose apple that I know. There seems to be some confusion. If you go through the link that I had copied to my mail, you will find that Rose apple is a name given to several fruits. I guess the experts in our group will have to discuss the matter.

Tree for ID, Sylhet Bangladesh, NAW-APR17-02 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Kindly identify this tree with white flowers growing in a garden northeast of Sylhet, Bangladesh photographed in April 2017.

Its Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston
Common Name :  Gulab Jamun
Family : Myrtaceae

Recently we had a very short season of Rose apple in Kolkata…
Family: Myrtaceae
Syzyygium jambos Alston Synonyms: Eugenia jambos L. and Jambosa jambos Millsp.
It has an interesting small, which is best perceived when one bites into the fruit… the seed rattles inside, and if one handles it roughly, the pale soft skin bruises easily and turns brown…
I brought some home, the first of the season got eaten rapidly, nobody would let me take pictures…
With the second set (next week) I could get some pictures and keep the seeds for my experiments…
Here’s the result in pictures…
There is imperceptible ridges on the outer skin.. size is variable from the same tree ( my vendor’s own)
The fruit is hollow, thin wall… seeds have brown skin, usually one seed with a few embroys inside ( see
later) one seed had two skin coated halves, one of which was very eager, and had started sprouting already…
Many years ago I had searched for the rose apple on the net and found* Julia Morton’s* write up the most complete, on reviewing these few lines intriguing and worth repeating… I quote:
Fruit: In 1849, it was announced in Bengal that the ripe fruits, with seeds removed, could be distilled 4 times to make a “rosewater” equal to the best obtained from rose petals..
Medicinal Uses: In India, the fruit is regarded as a tonic for the brain and liver. An infusion of the fruit acts as a diuretic. A sweetened preparation of the flowers is believed to reduce fever. The seeds are employed against diarrhea, dysentery and catarrh.” ….  end quote.  This whole essay can be seen at URL:

Nicely illustrated….thanks … for showing the seeds of this, never seen so clearly.

Across continents  in the subject line means: : the top tree is from Northern suburbs of Los Angeles in 2010 I think, or 08… the second is from an arboretum in orange county , southern california, ( a third tree foto not included because it was an old ptint) had been from 24 paraganas in West bengal, and the fruits are from Baruipur area West Bengal, bought at the lake market satellite shop… and the seedlings are in my balcony….in West Bengal phew… seven seas, seven oceans and seven continents apart…. I might as well have been to the moon and back…

Syzygium jambos :: Hooghly, West Bengal:  5 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.

This is GOLAP JAM in Bengali and according to the “Plant Groups” (a college text book) the scientific name is Eugenia jambos. Now a wikipedia search tells me that it is also known as Syzygium jambos.

Species : Syzygium jambos (syn. 1. Eugenia jambos 2. Jambosa jambos)

Habit & Habitat : Garden tree, not common

Date : 17.03.2012, 10.30 a.m.

Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly), WB

This morning captured the fruits from the same tree. Attachments (4)

Species : Syzygium jambos (syn. 1. Eugenia jambos 2. Jambosa jambos)

Habit & Habitat : Garden tree, not common

Date : 30.04.2012, 10.40 a.m.

Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly), WB


The size shown in the plates is priced at Rs.6/- each, this is an avg size. Attachments (4)

Fruit Trees of Bangalore – RA – Syzygium Jambos – Malabar Jamun Tree: 8 images.

A tropical fruit tree up to 10 m tall.

The terminal inflorescence is showy and usually carries four whitish-green flowers on the outside of the crown. The tree has long, glossy green leaves. Flowering can occur two or three times per year.

The fruits are whitish-green, rose scented, about 5 cm long and ripen over an extended period. The edible fruit is shaped like a small pear. The flesh is a bit softer than that of an apple. It tastes like a cross between apple and watermelon, with a very mild rose scent and a slightly bitter aftertaste.

The plant is native to Southeast Asia but is naturalized in India, especially the state of Kerala. In ancient Sanskrit, the land now called India was referred to by the ancient Indians themselves as Jambudvipa, which means Rose-apple-land (jambu = rose apple; dvipa = land).

The dry, crisp fresh fruit is used to make jellies. Fruit/seed can be produced following self-pollination.

Ref. Syzygium jambos – Malabar Plum – Flowers of India

Thanks a lot for sharing. It is common in Indonesia. The leaves in your 6th picture is unusual to me, they are green, not dark green.

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5) – around 700 kb each.
Location: Motel du Mugling, Kurintar, Nepal 
Date: 13 July 2017
Altitude: 900 ft.
Nepali Name : गुलाब जामुन  Gulaab Jaamun


Fwd: SYZYGIUM JAMBOS ( ROSE-APPLE ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Syzygium jambos (ROSE-APPLE).


SYMBIOSIS : 312 : 1 image.
Attaching an image of a Black Hooded Oriole on the flower of Syzygium jambos. This tree is commonly known as ROSE APPLE.

SYMBIOSIS :313 : 1 image.
Attaching an image of a Common Iora on the flowers of Syzygium Jambos.


SYMBIOSIS : 314 : 1 Image. 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of male Scarlet Sunbird on the flowers of Syzygium jambos.

SYMBIOSIS : 329 : 1 image. 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Red spot Jezebel butterfly on the flowers of Syzygium jambos. The tree is commonly known as ROSE APPLE.


Attaching an image of a WHITE EYE on the flowers of Syzygium jambos. (ROSE APPLE).


Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight : Myrtaceae : Syzygium jambos : Kumarakom : 23DEC14 : AK-74 :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Posted earlier, flowers & fruits separately.

Identified by … as Syzygium.
And as Syzygium jambos by …
Fruits for ID : 040811 : AK-1
Myrtaceae For ID : Kumarakom,Kerala : 290513 : AK-4


Fruits for ID : 040811 : AK-1:
Taken at Kochi, Kerala on 17/10/08.
A medium size tree.
Seems to be some Syzygium species.

Syzygium jambos of Myrtaceae family. Panineerchamba in Malayalam the ripened fruits are yummy, but, bats wont let you get ripened one!


Myrtaceae For ID : Kumarakom,Kerala : 290513 : AK-4 :  Attachments (1). 10 posts by 5 authors.
Saw this medium sized tree with white buds at a resort in Kumarakom, Kerala on 17/10/2008.

I think Calophyllum inophyllum

Thanks for a possible id. I am familiar with Calophyllum inophyllum. As far as my understanding goes, the buds are round. Experts kindly correct me if wrong.

I think you are right … It looks like Syzygium to me too. It may be S. malaccense.

OK; it is Syzygium jambos. Common names are Pomme rosa, Rose apple.

Syzygium jambos to me too

I agree that it is S. jambos because: the twigs are brown, the leaves are dark green and lanceolate.

Flower of Syzygium jambos from Mahabaleshwar. Posted earlier, reposting under family fortnight.


Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight: December 11- 24,2014 SN 17 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston, cultivated tree for its white, tasty fruit, got naturalized at some places.

Thanks …, this means to me that we do not have this species in our area…the tree with smaller, almost inedible fruits is suggested to be a variety of Syzygium cumini  which I had labelled as S. jambos and also this fortnight..

ID request- 09022014-PKA-Feb28 : Attachments (6).  5 posts by 4 authors.
Small tree / big Shrub was seen at village Kaimara (Karnataka) in Coffee estate. Could this be some Capparis sp..
Date/Time: 24-01-2014 / 05:45PM
Habitat: Seen in Coffee Estate (not sure be Wild or could be planted..)
Plant Habit: Small Tree approx. 3 to 4 m

Most probably Syzygium jambos

Thanks … for the lead. I too think that this could be S. jambos..

I agree with …

… is correct….


Small tree / big Shrub was seen at village Kaimara (Karnataka) in Coffee estate.
This has been  identified as Syzygium jambos.
Date/Time: 24-01-2014 / 05:45PM
Habitat: Seen in Coffee Estate (not sure be Wild or could be planted..)
Plant Habit: Small Tree approx. 3 to 4 m

Yes, Syzygium jambos

Thanks …  I send you the fruits Sir. Attachments (1)

Nice set of pictures
I agree to the diagnosis 🙂 only because of the nice new leaf in the first picture…
its the same as what I got when I planted  seeds from some rose jambus we had eaten…
and because I think I see a rudimentary Jambu in the background in the last picture

Fwd: RABINDRA SANGIT : BEE-9 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Here is translation of another song (translated by Rumela Sengupta). Bees are visiting flowers of Syzygium jambos



pannerale trees are –they rare ? : 5 posts by 2 authors.
i saw one on busy road side in bangalore
their flowers are v pretty
i am working on a book of indian flowers- from purana angle
i dont find padari flowers anymore in mysore market, i have not seen their trees

are these rare trees now – 1. padari and 2. pannerale

Photographs are needed for ID. They are missing.

In our site, on search I found the following fro Padri:
For Pannerale, I found the following matches:
Syzygium jambos
You can check the details here.

yess1. For Pannerale, I found the following matches:
Syzygium hemisphericum
Syzygium jambos i saw their images also , their flowers are v pretty and fruits fragrant, thanks

Radermachera xylocarpa– beautiful fragrance 
we used to have lots of blue varieties of this in mysore market, they were tied there with pacche tene, panner ele and mysore jasmines in mala for daily hair decoration, now none are seen of padari, i heard their trees are not any more there
thanks for this
u are so very quick in responding to longstanding doubts in my mind,
the book aqauatic flowers is not accessible in google, unless bought, i refered to e flora tumkur, hassan ,etc  – some i have referred in forest libraries etc ..i am really not clear about anatomy of aquatic flowers which i want to know, and college botanical texts dont give extensive details datta, M R gururdeva (he is a botany teacher in Bangalore), he has written many texts in botany in kannada and english too, i visited college libraries for this purpose and browsed google too …. any suggestion pls


Posting photos of flower and fruits for Id
Date/Time – 16.04.2012 / 10.40 a.m.
Location – Place – Kaziranga National Park
Habitat – Garden/ Urban/ Wild / Type – Wild
Could be a species of Eugenia (E.jambos?).

I think this is Syzygium siamense (Craib) P.Chantaranothai & J.Parn. It is almost like S. jambos, but the tree is taller and larger, the twig is terete, the leaves are wider, and not dark green. 

Could be… Let us wait till the tree bears fruit to reveal its identity.

Thanks, …, for id.
But Syzygium siamense does not have any distribution in India.

Is it the flower bud or fruit ? Looks like flower bud. Pl clarify. Also check for E.jambos.

I send you some pictures of S. jambos for comparison. Attachments (2)

Can it be Syzygium hemisphericum (Wight) Alston as per images herein ?
To me appears close.

Can it be Syzygium cordata ? does it have distribution here ?

Can it be S.cordatum ? Does it have distribution here ?

Something that make me confused is the shape of the leaves.  Are they lanceolate?  If I am not mistaken, some days ago someone thought that it was S. jambos. If the leaves are lanceolate,and the fruits are aromatic like roses? If yes, then it is jambos.

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1118 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Scarlet sunbird (male) visiting flowers of Syzygium jambos (ROSE APPLE)

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1121 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red spot Jezebel visiting flowers of Syzygium jambos (ROSE APPLE/ GOLAP JAM).

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS 1124 : Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of bee visiting flowers of Syzygium jambos (ROSE APPLE/ GOLAPJAM)

very nice to add data for pollinators of  flowers of Syzygium jambos. is it a honey bee ??

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1125 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching an image of White eye visiting flowers of Syzygium jambos (ROSE APPLE/ GOLAP JAM)

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1128 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red vented Bulbul visiting flowers of Syzygium jambos (ROSE APPLE/ GOLAP JAM)

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1129 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- around 700 kb each.
Attaching a collage of Common Baron visiting flowers of Syzygium jambos (ROSE APPLE/ GOLAP JAM)

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Location Narayan Chaur, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation :  1300 m.
Date  26 May 2019


Syzygium jambos FOR VALIDATION :: Pookode lake, Wayanad :: 13 NOV 19 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
Pookode Lake  Wayanad
Date: November 13, 2019 … Altitude: about 770 m (2,530 ft) asl
Syzygium jambos  (L.) Alston

Dear friends,
This tree is growing on bank of lake; I would like to get Syzygium jambos validated. Hope the photos help

leaves are exactly like the leaves i had from my seedings of the fruit i buy. never got flowers in the potted seedlings.
but the flower you have matches what i photographed in southern California. it was a botanist curated garden. so yes. this looks like Syzygium Jambos

Yes, to me also appears close to Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston as per comparative images at Syzygium


Requesting a tree id_180422-1: 1 very high res. image.
A handsome tree with pale-white flowers with numerous filaments.
The leaves appear thick and coriaceous. 
Wayanad, Kerala

Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston

Yes, Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston, as per images herein.


Swamy/2023/ 104: Syzigium jambos: 4 images.
I am teaching herewith the photograph of the tree sent for ID from a contact. Photographed in a park in Mysore. My ID is Syzigium jambos. 

Yes, appears close to images at


Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston: 5 very high res. images.

Location: Ranibari, Kathmandu
Date: 21 March 2023
Altitude: 1370m.
Habitat : Wild

Yes, appears close as per images at


MS, May, 2023/16 Helicia sp. for id.: 5 images.
Location : Hmuifang, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.1,480 m
Habit : Large evergreen tree
Habitat : Wild


Close to Syzygium sp.


Myrtaceae ?

Syzygium sp. ?

The fruit is very large, edible. Leaves also eaten raw with salt. Fruit is as large as hen’s egg I think, but not yet seen. It is growing wild. Syzygium jambos ??

Fruit image  ??

Sorry ! Not yet available sir. I think it will available during Aug.

Syzygium jambos


Myrtaceae: Syzygium jambos: 2 high res. images.
Syzygium jambos from Paderu forest area of Andhra Pradesh on 24/03/2024