Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 19: 373 373 1921 (Syn: (=) Asclepias asthmatica L. f.; (≡) Cynanchum indicum Burm. f. (basionym); (=) Tylophora asthmatica (L. f.) Wight & Arn.);
 
ty-loh-FOR-uh — Greek tylo (knob); phora (bearing), referring to the floral structure … Dave’s Botanary
IN-dih-kuh OR in-DEE-kuh — of or from India … Dave’s Botanary 

commonly known asIndian ipecacIndian ipecacuanhaemetic swallow-wortvomiting swallow-wort • Bengaliঅন্তমূল antomula • Gujaratiદમ વેલ dum vel • Hindiअंतमूल antamulजंगली पीकवान jangli pikvan • Kannadaಅಡುಮುಟ್ಟದಗಿಡ adumuttadagidaಅಂತಮೂಲ antamulaಬಳ್ಳಿಹಾಲೆ ballihaaleಕಿರುಮಂಜಿ kirumanjiನಾಯಿಹಾಲೆ naayihaaleನೇಪಾಳದಬೇರು naepalada baeru • Konkaniपितवेल pitvel • Malayalamവള്ളിപ്പാല vallippala • Marathiअंतमूळ antamulबेडकी bedakiखडकी रास्‍ना khadaki rasnaपितमारी pitamari • Oriyaମେହେନ୍ଦି mehendi • Sanskritअन्त्रपाचक antrapachakaलताक्षीरी latakshiri • Tamilகழுதைப்பாலை kalutai-p-palaiநச்சறுப்பான் naccaruppanநாய்ப்பாலை nay-p-palai • Teluguకక్కుపాల kakkupalaమేక మెయ్యని ఆకు meka meyyani aakuవెర్రి పాల verri pala • Tuluಬಳ್ಳು ಪಾಲೆ ballu paaleನೇಪಾಳಬೇರು nepalaberu 

… more names in Tamilஆதிகம் atikamஅவசி avaciசாரங்கம் carankamகொண்டச்சாணி konta-c-caniகொடகம் kotakamகுரவரம் kuravaramகுறிஞ்சா kurincaபேய்ப்பாலை pey-p-palaiஉன்மத்தி unmattiயவதி yavati 

 

Flower- In axillary umbels, compound; greenish-yellow outside, purple inside. Flowering from February-April and July-October.

Fruit- A cylindric follicle, acute at both ends; seeds many, ovate, flat, coma silky white. Fruiting throughout the year.
Field tips- Leaves glossy. Latex watery.
Leaf Arrangement- Opposite-decussate
Leaf Type- Simple
Leaf Shape- Cordiform, Oblong-lanceolate
Leaf Apex- Acute-obtusely mucronate
Leaf Base- Truncate-cordate
Leaf Margin- Entire
Habit: A large climbing shrub, to 8m
Food plant of Glassy Tiger butterfly. Used in traditional medicine.   
Common along the wayside thickets, scrub jungles and wastelands from plains to 800m.
India, Sri Lanka to S.E.Asia.     

Attributions- Keystone Foundation )

 
I found 4 morphological variations in floral structure of Tylophora indica; 1 is normal, widely available; another 2 rarely seen, one is completely yellow, hairy; another one more purplish; last one with hairs on innerside of petals, the petals are not yellow, pinkish;

this is to show the intra species variation in a species; earlier Evolvulus alsinoides is posted with 3 variations.


 

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Flora of Andaman31- 100111-PKA2: I had seen this Climber near Corbyns Cove Beach (Port Blair, Andaman). Family: Asclepiadaceae
Date/Time: 18-12-2010 / 03:00PM
Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit: Climber.


 

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280812 BRS 404: Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.

Location : Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist.,
Date: July, 2012
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Runners/climber?


Hemidesmus???

This is Tylophora indica [T. asthamatica].


Yes. It is Tylophora.


 

 

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efloraofindia: For ID 271112SP30 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3). 
Please help me to identify this flower.


Could be Tylophora indica.


Thanks a lot … and …


 

 

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Pergularia sp.? Hooghly 19/9/12 SK : 5 posts by 2 authors.
I was very much confused when i noticed this climber twining a betel nut (Areca catechu L.) tree. I thought these are Dioscorea pentahylla L flowers, but later i realized that it is another climber intertwining the former one. I am sorry for the bad quality of the pictures.
Species : UNKNOWN
Habit & Habitat : wild climber on roadside, couldn’t reach the plant to take measurements
Date : 19/912, 3.40 p.m.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)
Any chance of Pergularia tomentosa L.?
Earlier group posts on Pergularia –
It is a Tylophora sp., I think.


The images available in the net suggest that it is Tylophora sp., maybe T. indica.


How one can identify a Tylophora species from a Pergularia species?


As per key in Bengal Plants this is Tylophora asthmatica (L. f.) Wight & Arn.
Features are : long sepals, peduncles shorter than leaves, pedicels long …etc. These features are not found in all the posts of eFI page – /species/a—l/a/apocynaceae/tylophora/tylophora-indica
I thank … again.


 

 

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ARJUL60 Confirmation of ID- Tylophora indica? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Bangalore July 2014


good photographs of Tylophora indica


 

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medicinal plant for ID260814VRW 1 : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1).

Date/Time-22/08/2014

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- north gujarat

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- university garden

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- climber

Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- medicinal plant


Some Tylophora sp. (Asclepiadaceae).


Tylophora indica


May be Gymnema..


It is Tylophora indica


 

 

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Agumbe Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka

Date: 26 DEC 2014 Altitude: about 700 m asl 
Tylophora ¿ indica / else ? (family: Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae) 


Yes looks like!


You must be correct … I got concerned with the colouring of central structure – it differs from pictures that I see elsewhere. Perhaps the variations exist. I hope this doubt gets validated soon.


 

 

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Climber ID from Bangladesh_ SM1006 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Habitat : mangrove 


Another sp of Heterostemma


Tylophora indica? http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Tylophora 


Appears close to images of Tylophora indica  


It is Tylophora indica, it is a variable species.


 

 

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via Species‎ > ‎T‎ > Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merr. … family: Apocynaceae ~ Asclepiadaceae 
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ty-loh-FOR-uh — Greek tylo (knob); phora (bearing), referring to the floral structure … Dave’s Botanary
IN-dih-kuh OR in-DEE-kuh — of or from India … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asIndian ipecacIndian ipecacuanhaemetic swallow-wortvomiting swallow-wort • Bengaliঅন্তমূল antomula • Gujaratiદમ વેલ dum vel • Hindiअंतमूल antamulजंगली पीकवान jangli pikvan • Kannadaಅಡುಮುಟ್ಟದಗಿಡ adumuttadagidaಅಂತಮೂಲ antamulaಕಿರುಮಂಜಿ kirumanjiನಾಯಿಹಾಲೆ naayihaaleನೆಪಾಳದಬೇರು naepalada baeru • Konkaniपितवेल pitvel • Malayalamവള്ളിപ്പാല vallippala • Marathiअंतमूळ antamulबेडकी bedakiखडकी रास्‍ना khadaki rasnaपितमारी pitamari • Oriya:ମେହେନ୍ଦି mehendi • Sanskritअन्त्रपाचक antrapachakaलताक्षीरी latakshiri • Tamilகழுதைப்பாலை kalutai-p-palaiநச்சறுப்பான் naccaruppanநாய்ப்பாலை nay-p-palai •Teluguకాకపాల kakapala 
… more names in Tamilஆதிகம் atikamஅவசி avaciசாரங்கம் carankamகொண்டச்சாணி konta-c-caniகொடகம் kotakamகுரவரம் kuravaramகுறிஞ்சா kurincaபேய்ப்பாலை pey-p-palaiஉன்மத்தி unmattiயவதி yavati 
botanical namesTylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merr. … synonymsAsclepias asthmatica L. fil. • Cynanchum indicum Burm. f. • Tylophora asthmatica (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. …NPGS / GRIN 
December 26, 2014 … Agumbe 


… names updated … • Kannadaನೇಪಾಳದಬೇರು naepalada baeru • Teluguకక్కుపాల kakkupalaమేక మెయ్యని ఆకు meka meyyani aakuవెర్రి పాల verri pala • Tulu: ನೇಪಾಳಬೇರು nepalaberu 


Images by tspkumar

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143-TSP-ID-29JAN2018-1: A twining shrub near Tumkur for ID assistance. : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Kindly examine and identify this Climber.  

Habit: A twining shrub 

Habitat: wild,Scrub forest 

Sighting: Near Tumkur,Karnataka,about 800 msl 

Date: 23-08-2015


It is Tylophora indica of Apocyanaceae


Supplemental image of fruits, 31-08-2015, near Tumkur

Attachments (1)

 

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Climber for ID : Bangalore : 300418 : AK-14 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2) 
A wild climber seen last week (April’18) in Bangalore.

I can’t recollect the name.


… could be Tylophora indica; please check.  


Thanks a lot.
I have seen it in MNP, but couldn’t recollect the name.

References:

GRIN  The Plant List   Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal 

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