Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd.) Blume (Images by Anant Borah (Id by Pascal Bruggeman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Typhonium roxburghii Schott (Images by Harish Singh (Id by Pascal Bruggeman), Pravin Kawale, Alka Khare & Prashant Awale (Id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))


Typhonium trilobatum (L.) Schott (Images by Karuna Kanta Das, Vijayasankar Raman, Surajit Koley & A. Sivapalan (Id by Vijayasankar Raman)  (Inserted by J.M.Garg & Surajit Koley) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

species of Typhonium are known in India:

  1. Typhonium
  2. T. blumei
    Nicolson & Sivad.
  3. T.
    Wall. ex Schott [=Sauromatum diversifolium (Wall. ex Schott)
    Cusimano & Hett] 
  4. T.
    (Roxb. ex Lodd.) Bl.
  5. T. foliolosum
    (Schott) Engl. [=
    Sauromatum diversifolium (Wall. ex Schott) Cusimano & Hett.]
  6. T. gracile
    (Roxb.) Schott
  7. T. inopinatum
  8. Typhonium
    Yasin & Mustakim
  9. T. listeri
    Prain T. roxburghii Schott
  10. T. roxburghii
  11. T. trilobatum
    (L.) Schott
  12. T. uniseriatum
    Blatt. & McC.

Note: Typhonium uniseriatum Blatt. & McC. is
not listed in TPL 2013 as well as Tropicos; however, the publication details (J.
Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 35: 25. 1931) clearly indicate that it is
Theriophonum uniseriatum (synonym of Theriophonum dalzellii Schott) and
included in the list of Typhonium species by Karthikeyan et al. due to some
S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. 1989. Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae, Botanical Survey of
India, Calcutta, pp.13.
Mujaffar, S., Yasin,
C.M., Moinuddin, S. and Mustakim, S. 2013. Typhonium khandwaense (Araceae:
Areae), a
new species
from Madhya Pradesh, India. Biosci. Disc., 4(1):25-29.

TYPHONIUM KHANDWAENSE (ARACEAE: AREAE), A NEW SPECIES FROM MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA by S. Mujaffar, C.M. Yasin, S. Moinuddin and S. Mustakim- Bioscience Discovery, 4(1): 25-29, Jan. 2013-
ABSTRACT : Typhonium khandwaense Mujaffar, Yasin & Mustakim, a new species of Typhonium from Khandwa district in Madhya Pradesh, India is described and illustrated. The new species resembles Typhonium roxburghii, Typhonium trilobatum & Typhonium inopinatum in its ovate-reniform, hastate or triangular lamina and spathe-limb twisted at tip. But the new species differs from these in having subcylindric tubers, with male zone yellow, sterile flowers filiforms and decurved covering female zone partially.  


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Typhonium diversifolium is a synonym of Sauromatum diversifolium (Wall. ex Schott) Cusimano & Hett. Heterostalis diversifolia Araceae Himalayan Typhonium
Typhonium roxburghii Araceae Dwarf Voodoo Lily
Typhonium trilobatum Arum trilobatum, Arum orixense Araceae Bengal Arum

Tuber & Root Crops (2008)- Brief details-
Typhonium divaricatum DECNE (? Typhonium divaricatum Blume is a synonym of Typhonium roxburghii Schott)
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-
Aquatic and Semi-aquatic Plants of the Lower Ganga Delta: Its Taxonomy …  By Kumudranjan Naskar (1990)- Details with keys
Biodiversity in India, Volume 2 edited by T. Pullaiah (2003)-
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-
Biodiversity and Its Conservation in India By Sharad Singh Negi (1993)-
Typhonium incurvatum Blatt. & McCann is a synonym of Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd.) Blume — very rare, on the verge of extinction


Pl. go through Typhonium page (‎‎‎‎Araceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done mainly by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.