Zanthoxylum rhetsa DC., Prodr. 1: 728 1824. (Syn: Fagara rhetsa Roxb.; Tipalia limonella Dennst. (Unresolved);  Zanthoxylum limonella (Dennst.) Alston (Unresolved); Zanthoxylum oblongum Wall.);
Tropical Asia to N. Australia: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Vietnam, Western Australia as per POWO;
India (Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Nadu, Kerala), Sikkim, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, S-Vietnam, Laos, Java, Philippines (Luzon to Mindanao), Palawan, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea (Papua New Guinea), peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan), Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mon, Sagaing, Taninthayi), Australia (N-Queensland, Northern Territory, NE-Western Australia) as per Catalogue of life;
Common name: Indian Prickly Ash • Adi: Onger • Assamese: Bajarmani, Bajarmali • Kannada: ಜುಮ್ಮಿ Jummi, Jummina,ಅರಮಾದಲ, ಅರಮಾದಳ Aramaadala, ತುಂಬುರು Tumburu, Kadumenasu • Khasi: Dieng-soh-mirik, Dieng-soh-aruin, Dieng-nadkor • Malayalam: Kothumurikku, Mullilavu, Mullilam • Manipuri: ꯉꯥꯡ Ngang • Marathi: Chiphal, Chirphala, Kokli • Naga: Hechui-ching • Tamil: Iraccai, Iraccaimaram, Karuppuk kaliyana murunkai • Telugu: morapu, raccamanu, racha, rachamam • Mizo: Ching-it

*ANJUL08 Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb) DC. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10)

Family: Rutaceae
Date: 24th July 2016
Place: Sagara, Shimoga District, Karnataka
Habit: Armed tree
Habitat: Evergreen forest

Wonderful details.

LNS_Chukrasia? : 15 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1) – 3 MB.
Could you help determining this tree species.?
Location: Bandipur 600m asl. central Nepal. Picture taken: 25 Sept 2018.
tree 10m, Stem and branches are thorny. Fruits were bright red one week ago (15 sept) now turned dark and brown.
I guess its Chukrasia (meliaceae), but literature do not mention about the thorns.

Looks different from images at
Pl. check

Thank you very much. It could be some member of Araliaceae as you suggested.

I am going to Bandipur tomorrow. Can you please tell me where exactly the tree is?

Thank you for your interest. When you go up from Dumre towards Bandipur, it should be at the halfway. I think you should not reach to goat farm. Its near small settlemet. A resturant nearby. At least not thick forest on both sides. Its on the left side of the road. Only one individual of this species. You can see the tree from road while driving up. Tree does not look high from road as it is rooted on the slope.
I have tentative location attched. I did not record GPS there.  But keep watching on left side of the road.
Hope you will notice it.
Attachments (1)

Could not find a match as per comparative images at Meliaceae
May be some Aglaia species ?

Thank you. I do not see any memebers in Meliaceae which has spines. hope someone is there to determine it.

Other recipients:
I think it is Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC. (Rutaceae) Please can you post a clear picture of the leaves, especially the margins? regards Radha
I think it is Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC. (Rutaceae)
Please can you post a clear picture of the leaves, especially the margins?

Thank you for the email and support.
…: Thank you very much. I am sorry I do not have better photos. I think you are right. If this is Zanthoxylum rhetsa, it will be a new edition to flora of Nepal. 

Thanks, … In this situation, it will be nice if you can check other species also in efi site at

Here is Zanthoxylum rhetsa tree f. rutaceae, showing its spinous bark and prickly branches seen below Aswalkhind in Mahad taluka in konkan.
So far I have seen this tree only in the forests and that also occasionally.
Small round hard berry-like fruits are used as spice in sea food.
or photo of the flowers I have referreda book `further Flowers of Sahyadri..
could not see flowers and fruits this time. I wonder whether it is cultivated or grows only in nature
i have seen it before on Patan- Koyana road near Koyana and in Dev-rai near Shedani on Mulashi- Lonavala road..


Zanthoxylum rhetsa DC.
Loc.: Mariyang, Arunachal Pradesh (ca 1200m)
Date: Sept., 2007


Rutaceae week: Is it some Rutaceae member?:
After observing … recent post I thought of sharing the image of a tree spotted in Someshwar Karnataka. Is it some Rutaceae member?

Xanthoxylum rhetsa

I think this one is same as the one which we observe in Ajivali Devrai. Near Pune

Fw: Zanthoxylum species : 8 posts by 3 authors. 7 images.
This is  from Senapati, Manipur
Please confirm

Zanthoxylum tomentellum Hook.f. ??

I could get these images/ specimens of this as below:

What are the species reported from the area?
Also species available in efi site so far at Zanthoxylum

Does look like Zanthoxylum. The infructescence is massive. Have not seen this here and am unfamiliar with it…may not be able to help you with the species..

Zanthoxylum acanthopodium
The collector from Senapati, Manipur told me it to be Zanthoxylum limonella (Synonym of Zanthoxylum rhetsa)
 Zanthoxylum armatum syn Zanthoxylum alatum
Zanthoxylum nitidum
All Indian Zanthoxylum species may be available in the North East India.


Zanthoxylum acanthopodium
Family: Rutaceae
Loc.: Itanagar Vegetable market, Arunachal Pradesh
Uses: Leaves are boiled and eaten.

This is not Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC., as rachis is not winged.
It appears close to images at Zanthoxylum rhetsa DC.

Zanthoxylum spp. tender shoots, leaves used vegetables in Northeast India…. Underutilsed vegetable.

Request ID Erythrina sp.: 4 images.
Observation: 28/03/2023. Riung District, Flores, Indonesia.
Description: It is a tree that can reach a height of 20m and a circumference of 150cm. Its trunk is densely covered with thorns (straight). Compound leaf, spiral alternate phyllotaxis. Hardwood.
Habitus: Common in all dry tropical forest with sea influenced climate. Up to an altitude of 500m (possibly more).
Use: Its bark (bitter) is used as a remedy against malaria.
First ID: Erythrina sp. (from the local name : Wangka / Waké / Wéké – téré)
Photos : A = young tree with leaves B = old tree bark (he can be larger)
Thanks for the huge help

Zanthoxylum spp.

Maybe Zanthoxylum rhetsa, what do you think ?

Seems to be Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC.

Yes, possible as per images at


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