Assam; Bangladesh; China South-Central; East Himalaya; India; Laos; Myanmar; Sri Lanka; Thailand as per Catalogue of life;
India to SC. China and Indo-China as per WCSP;

Climbing shrubs, pubescent. Leaves 8 x 3 cm, ovate-lanceolate, apex acute to acuminate, villous; petiole 1 cm, pubescent. Cymes terminal and axillary, bracts ovate, bracteoles linear; calyx tube 2 mm, 7-lobed, 5 mm, linear, curled, pubescent; corolla tube 2.5 cm long, lobes 7, twisted,1.5 cm; ovary 1 mm across; style 7 mm, stigma clavate.

Flowering and fruiting: January-June
Evergreen, shola and moist deciduous forests
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
(attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)



flower-for-ID-251210MN: 2 images.

Requesting for ID of  attached photo of the flower
Date/Time- June 2009 /  11 a.m.
Location- Place, Altitude,  Pattambi, Palghat Dt. Kerala
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-   Shrub
Height/Length-     4 ft.
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-   fragrant

Jasminum malabaricum is the call from me

Bracts are pubescent/foliaceous and not subulate hence this is J. multiflorum.

i think this is  Jasminum malabaricum

For J.multiflorum the calyx-lobes are 5 only.
For J.malabaricum the leaf apex should be acuminate; corolla lobes twisted towards left. The ratio of leaf and flower (across-width) seems to go with J. malabaricum.
Could this be any other species of Jasminum? please validate.

I have collected J. malabaricum from Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai. i never found the ovate-lanceolate leafy bracts of the inflorecence. also check the pic at FOI
Does not looks like J. multiflorum either.

This is nothing but Jasminum rottlerianum (= J. pubescens). There were a lot of confusion regarding the identity of this plant earlier.

Doesn’t look like J. malabaricum,, pls check J. angustifolia..
this plant is common in Konkan

The plant in question is Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. ex A.DC. Not J. pubescens Willd.
Jasminum pubescens  is currently known as J. multiflorum (Burm,.f.) Andrews, is a cultivated species in home gardens.

Whereas J. rottlerianum is a wild species with two varieties viz. Var. rottlerianum and var. glabrior C.B. Clarke. The latter variety is seen only in Kerala.
Kindly see the following article for further reading:
Seema G Gopal & K N Nair 2002. Taxonomic notes on two species of Jasminum Linn (Oleaceae) from south India. J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 26: 128-132.

Shrub Id from Bangladesh SM030 : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3).
Habit: Shrub
Habitat : Hill forest
Fruiting: May
Location : Kaptai NP,Chittagong Hill tracts

Jasminum sp. please confirm species using local flora.

Jasminumspecies in India & eFI with details & some keys

This jasmine is known as Dela.

As per FBI, unlike TPL, Jasminum coarctatum Roxb. and J. rottlerianum Wall. are two deiiferent taxa. This plant can only be J. coarctatum Roxb., “a native of the hills near Chittagong” (Roxb.). Peduncled dense corymbs, ellipsoid carpels are two of several characters.

via Species‎ > ‎J‎ >

Jasminum coarctatum var. coarctatum … family: Oleaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
JAZ-mih-num — Latinized form of Persian name … Dave’s Botanary
koh-ARK-tay-tum — crowded … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known aswhite-bracted jasmine • Kannadaವನಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ vanamallige • Konkaniविसमोगरी vismogri • Malayalamകാട്ടുമുല്ല kattumullaവെള്ളക്കാട്ടുമുല്ല vellakattumulla • Marathiविखमोगरी vikhamogariविसमोगरी vismogri • Tamilஎருமைமுல்லை erumai-mullaiமல்லிகை mallikaiஉய்யக்கொண்டான் uyyakkontan
botanical namesJasminum coarctatum var. coarctatum … synonymsJasminum reticulatum Wall. & G.Don • Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. ex DC. … The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1.Show trimmed content

Very nice, … Why vismogri? or bismogri…    twenty mogra flowers?
is it because there may be an ixora type of umbelliform bunch of flowers as the images on the net suggest?
did it have scent?

Thanks … for the appreciation.
vis = twenty, poison

In Marathi, other than विसमोगरी vismogri, we see विखमोगरी vikhamogari.
विख vikha = विष visha …meaning poison
Perhaps extract from some part(s) of this plant could be poisonous.
This plant is medicinal (Ayurveda, Folk and Sidha) … ENVIS – FRLHT.

JAZ-mih-num — Latinized form of Persian name … Dave’s Botanary
koh-ARK-tay-tum — crowded … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: crowded-flower jasmine, privet-leaved jasmine, white-bracted jasmine • Assamese: খৰিকা লতা kharika lata • Bengali: বন বেলি ban beli • Gujarati: વિખમોગરી vikhmogari • Kannada: ಕಾಡುಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ kaadu mallige, ವರಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ vara mallige • Konkani: विसमोगरी vismogri • Malayalam: കാട്ടുമുല്ല kattumulla, വെള്ളക്കാട്ടുമുല്ല vellakattumulla • Marathi: विखमोगरी vikhamogari, विसमोगरी vismogri • Mizo: hlo-kha-chi-khat • Tamil: எருமைமுல்லை erumai-mullai, மல்லிகை mallikai, ஊசிமல்லிகை uci-mallikai, உய்யக்கொண்டான் uyyakkontan • Tulu: ಕಾಟ್ಟು ಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ kattu mallige

botanical namesJasminum coarctatum var. coarctatum … heterotypic synonymsJasminum bracteatum Wall., nom. nud. • Jasminum reticulatum Wall. • Jasminum rigidum Thwaites, sensu auct. • Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. ex DC. … and more at POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
crowded-flower jasmine
privet-leaved jasmine
  • for Jasminum rigidum Thwaites, sensu auct. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
white-bracted jasmine
  • for Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. ex DC. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
খৰিকা লতা kharika lata
  • Many thanks to Brahmananda Patiri for help with this name … facebook
  • Flora of Assam Vol III by U N Kanjilal, P C Kanjilal, A Das, R N De
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
বন বেলি ban beli
  • Many thanks to Soumyadip Mondal for help with this name … facebook
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
વિખમોગરી vikhmogari
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕಾಡುಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ kaadu mallige
ವರಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ vara mallige
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
विसमोगरी vismogri
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
കാട്ടുമുല്ല kattumulla, വെള്ളക്കാട്ടുമുല്ല vellakattumulla
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
विखमोगरी vikhamogari
  • WISDOM LIBRARY – the greatest source of ancient and modern knowledge
विसमोगरी vismogri
  • WISDOM LIBRARY – the greatest source of ancient and modern knowledge
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
எருமைமுல்லை erumai-mullai, மல்லிகை mallikai
  • for Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. ex DC. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
ஊசிமல்லிகை uci-mallikai
  • for Jasminum rigidum Thwaites, sensu auct. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
உய்யக்கொண்டான் uyyakkontan
  • for white-bracted jasmine … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಕಾಟ್ಟು ಮಲ್ಲಿಗೆ kattu mallige
~~~~~ DISTRIBUTION in states of India ~~~~~
*Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharshtra, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, *Tripura, West Bengal

* no given name / no name found, in the regional language(s) of the state

~~~~~ x ~~~~~


Names of Plants in India :: Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Andrews: 2 posts by 1 author. 1 image.
Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Andrews … (family: Oleaceae)

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~
Photographed at Mollem National Park 23 APR 11

…, the plant in above photo is NOT Jasminum multiflorum. … validated the ID to be Jasminum coarctatum in one of my recent posts – DVMAR07/07.


Mollem National Park :: Jasminum multiflorum :: DVMAR07/07 : 13 posts by 5 authors. 3 images.
Mollem National Park Goa
Date: 23 APR 2011 … Altitude: about 200 m asl
Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Andrews (family: Oleaceae)

What a lively and refreshing pic!!! As I opened the file, I felt as if the room has got filled with soothing fragrance of the jasmine flowers…. thanks for sharing the pic.

Spectacular graphic set up esp. the second picture
love the diffuse brick  color border at bottom
throws the flowers in a better contrast …
very important for white flowers
technically great too

It looks different to what I have, identified by …, twice.
I think your flickr uploads of J. multiflorum and J. coarctatum got mixed up.
Please correct me if I am wrong.

I went through all the posts in the group’s database. Those posted from the north India as J. multiflorum are definitely different from what I have posted. The posted plant agrees very well with J. coarctatum. 
I also found another post from south (… ANFEB29) which was thought to be J. multiflorum – but you have commented as J. coarctatum.
Many many thanks … for validating this ID. Will correct my notes at flickr soon.

I think the confusion lies in the description of bracts. Even Flora Indica recorded bracts are few, lanceolate in J. pubescens. Surprisingly FI doesn’t give description of bracts of J. coarctatum, only informs. “amply bracted.”
Sir Prain also recorded that bracts, in J. pubescens, often absent, if present ovate-lanceolate.
Only Haines, in his BoBO, described “bracts same shape as leaves”.
Perhaps Rheede’s illustration may also created confusion which was addressed in FBI. You might have already read the FBI and other literature. Yet I attach here the FBI and BoBO entry, for further examination.
Attachments (2)

Thanks … for dissection of the various descriptions !
Just for information, a descriptive name given in Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras for J. rottlerianum … synonym of J. coarctatum var coarctatum. is white-bracted jasmine ! Not sure whether the bracts of J. coarctatum are indeed white-coloured; it could also imply the bracts are brighter OR lighter tone than that of other Jasminum species.

Yes, …, I agree, I have read about white bracts in FBI, of coarctatum and rottlerianum. FBI says “prominent white” in both. I couldn’t find, in the net, the paper, ‘Taxonomic notes on two…’, … mentioned in the thread – efi thread.

However, Wight recorded, in his Ic Pl, bracts of J. rottlerianum are with “pale whitish hue”. FBI has a var. of rottlerianum, var. thwaitesii from ‘Nilgherries’ where bracts are “whitish”.
I can be wrong while trying to guess and express my thoughts about the two species, coarctatum complex, and mutiflorum, my points are –
  • in illustration of Burm. f. of J. multiflorum no bract can be seen
  • FoC informs bracts in multiflorum are leafy, basal ovate, upper linear (please also see note in FBI)
  • if you see the corolla tubes in your photographs you will notice tube is rather extended, inflated in the upper part, just bellow the spreading lobes, which I think are missing in multiflorum uploads, both in cultivated form and in wild form
  • I think in multiflorum corolla tube evenly dilated from base to lobes
  • if you permit me I think your Flickr series is multiflorum

Thank you

…, thanks very much … by now, I have lost my familiarity with coarctatum & multiflorum; I will have to slowly build it up in due course by meeting them in future.

About the point where you are suggesting one of my plants as multiflorum, requesting you to look at other views of the same plant and express your views with confidence. Will then gladly correct my notes at flickr.

I am really sorry that I gave you a wrong direction, regarding the ID of Flickr. There is a problem here and in the series you have linked. I only stressed on bracts, overlooked number of corolla lobes.
Again I think none of the above series is J. coarctatum.
But, now I am hesitant about multiflorum too, for corolla lobes should be 7-9 (FoC), or 6-9 (FoP, FI). Here they are five.
The sepals in your pics are long, linear, pubescent; nerves are 4 pairs.
If we go through FBI we are left with only sambac, multiflorum and malabaricum. We can skip three or four more for they are not distributed in South-West I think.m Rest of the FBI species have sepals either short to minute lobes or glabrous.
We can skip malabaricum for number of sec. nerves is more in that species.
For, sambac, it is a real problem. It can have 5 corolla lobes (FoP). But, in wild form cymes should be few flowered, 3 (FBI), 1-5 (FoC).
Roxburgh’s J. bracteatum is synonymous with J. pubescens Willd. of FBI, this var. can have 5 (5-8) corolla lobes (FI).
So, please note loops of lateral veins, your species should not be sambac, I think, either multiflorum or bracteatum Roxb. Please do check your local flora and give your opinion.

You can go ahead with J. multiflorum, even after the shortage of at least one petal. The lower leaves of 2nd pic in the series clearly shows smaller leaf, just as in KEW herb.
Thank you very much for bearing with me.

ID KANNUR 08 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 Mb or more.
Please identify this Jasminum species. It was bearing White flowers. Location: Kannur, Kerala

Jasminum pubescens

I think better matches with images at Jasminum coarctatum rather than those at Jasminum multiflorum


ANFEB29 Jasminum sp. for identification : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Family: Oleaceae
Date: 1st February 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Climber
I found this Jasminum sp. at about .5 km into the trekking trail. The trail begins at a small village so I am not sure if it was an escape or otherwise.

Jasminum species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

Jasminum pubescens

Thanks, …
There are two plants:
Jasminum pubescens Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. is a synonym of Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton
Jasminum pubescens (Retz.) Willd. is a synonym of Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Andrews

This is which one of the above?

To me it seems to be Jasminum auriculatum.

This is none of the two species which are synonymous with the epithet ‘pubescens’. I do not know if there is a third one I do not have flora of Karfnataka. Maybe … can tell us more.
To me it is a member of Jusminum coarctatum Roxb.-Jasminum rottlerianum Wall. complex. SInce TPL grouped all under J. coarctatum Roxb. and several herbarium can be viewed in KEW, please check probability.

I would like to correct myself, there is a third J. pubscens, as per FBI. iii. 593 J. rottlerianum is synonymous with J. pubescens Miq., in herfb. Hohenack, not of Willd.

Appears close to images at Jasminum coarctatum Roxb.

MS May, 2018/03 Jasminum sp. for Id. : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Tamdil, Mizoram
Date : 30-04-2018
Habit : Climber
Habitat : Wild

Looks like Jasminum multiflorum, commonly called Kunda or Kundo. Hope you are doing well.

Jasminum multiflorum looks correct ID

To me looks slightly different from other images at Jasminum multiflorum

I think closer to images at Jasminum coarctatum Roxb.


69 Identify wild plant wild jasmine: 9 images.

Please ID wild plant,
Location:  near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               27.03.2021, 09.00am
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture
Plant habit:      climbing perennial hard stem
Height:             03 meters
Leaves:            opposite oval oblong apex
Flower:             diameter:22mm, white
Camera:           mobile LGK102017 13mp

Could be a J. angustifolium variety. Not sure .

Looks different as per Jasminum angustifolium (L.) Willd. It is Jasminum coarctatum Roxb.
as per comparative images at Jasminum

I guess you are right … ! Plantillustrations  Jasminum coarctatum


MS,Nov.,2021/50 Jasminum sp. for id.: 1 very high res. image.
Location : Tamdil

Date : 02-06-2018
Habit : Climbing shrub
Habitat : Wild

Jasminum coarctatum Roxb. !


Requesting a climber id_110422-3.: 2 high res. images.
Climber with opposite-superposed leaves, the flowers are white with a long corolla tube. Looks like Jasminum sp. Could you confirm which of those?

Please check Jasminum

Pl. check comparative images in efloraofindia.

Appears close to images at Jasminum coarctatum Roxb.


Jasminum coarctatum Roxb. … FOR VALIDATION :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Mar 16, 2010 · 4:51 PM IST: 3 images.

Jasminum coarctatum Roxb. … FOR VALIDATION

Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Mar 16, 2010 · 4:51 PM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl