Jasminum caudatum Wall. ex Lindl. (Indian Subcontinent to Andaman Islands: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal as per POWO)
Jasminum fluminense Vell. (Introduced)
Jasminum mesnyi Hance (Introduced)
Jasminum parkeri Dunn (syn. of Chrysojasminum parkeri (Dunn) Banfi)
Jasminum polyanthum Franch. (Introduced)
FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. :
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 7.1.14 :
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986- Brief details-
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Jasminum andamanicum N.P.Balakr. & N.G.Nair- Andamans
Jasminum wightii C.B.Clarke is a synonym of Jasminum trichotomum B.Heyne ex Roth- Tamilnadu
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)-
Details with Keys–
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details with Keys–
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)-
Details with Keys–
Jasmines in India : 7 posts by 4 authors.
Various varieties of Jasmines are found in India, and matching their botanical names to prevalent Hindi names has always been a nightmare to me.
Bose and Choudhury’s book mentions the following Jasmines in the category of shrubs:
1. Jasminum humile. सोनजुही
2. Jasminum pubescens and J. pubescens ‘Rubescens’ कुंद
3. Jasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine). बेला
Various varieties are grown in In India:
a. Japapnese sambac ‘Rai’ and ‘Japanese Rai’ मोगरा. The two varieties differ in the size of the flower. Both have compact buds and flowers.
b. J. sambac ‘motia’ मोतिया
It is presumed that all these varieties are native to India.
In the category of climbers they have mentioned a larger number
1. Jasminum augustifolium
*2. J. auriculatum जूही
4. J. grandiflorum (Spanish Jasmine): Grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions, preferably in mild climate, for perfumery industry.
5. J. nitidum
*6. Jasminum officinale (white jasmine) चमेली, यास्मीन. Native of Persia, China and North India. It is the national flower of Pakistan, as well as of Phlippines and Indonesia.
7. J. sessiliflorum
*8. J. trinerve
*9. J. undulatum
All the varieties with asterisk are native. J. sambac is also named as Arabic Jasmine, so it could have been initially brought from arabia, althogh it has been naturalised centuries ago. It may be noted that the concept and design of formal gardens have been brought to India by Mughals only.
There are reportedly 200 species of Jasmine which are native to tropical and warm climate of the oid world. However, several varieties have duplicate names and in truth there seems to about 90 original varieties,
Another flower which is often considered Jasmine is Echites caryophyllata मालती, a large woody climber which flowers profusely in the late summer and rains. It is a native of Florida, Mexico and West Indies.
For several varieties I have not mentioned the Hindi equivalent. I don’t know them. I would request the members for any help in this matter. Also any suggestions for improvement and correction are welcome.
A sweet-smelling topic! 🙂
I will try to complement the information provided by AK Bhatt. Some more names here:
Jasminum angustifolium – Wild Jasmine (Native)
Hindi: बनमल्लिका Banmallika • Tamil: Kattumalligai • Malayalam: Kattumallika • Telugu: Adavimalli • Kannada: Kananamallika, Adavimallige • Sanskrit: वनमल्लिका Vanamallika, Asphota
Jasminum nitidum – Angelwing Jasmine, Royal jasmine, Shining jasmine (Introduced) Hindi: राज चमेली Raj Chameli
Jasminum polyanthum – Pink jasmine, Winter jasmine, Chinese jasmine (Introduced)
Hindi: गुलाबी चमेली Gulabi chameli • Tamil: ஜாதி மல்லி Jaadi-malli
Jasminum humile – Yellow Jasmine, Italian Jasmine (Native)
Hindi: पीली चमेली Peeli chameli, सोन चमेली Son chameli • Nepalese: मसिनो जाई Masino Jaai
Jasminum mesnyi – Primrose jasmine, Japanese jasmine (Introduced)
Hindi: Japani chameli जापानी चमेली
Jasminum fluminense – River Jasmine, Brazilian Jasmine (Intrduced)
Jasminum malabaricum – Malabar Jasmine (Native)
Marathi: कुसर kusar, रान मोगरा ran mogra • Tamil: கொடிவகை kotivakai • Kannada: Kadu mallige • Sanskrit: मुद्गर mudgara
Jasminum nervosum (Native)
Manipuri: Warakki Kundo • Telugu: Kundamu malle • Hindi: Kunda कुंद
Jasminum officinale – Common Jasmine, True jasmine, Poet’s jasmine (Native) Hindi: चमेली Chameli • Marathi: Jati-jai • Konkani: Sanjui • Sanskrit: मल्लिका Mallika
Jasminum multiflorum – Star jasmine, Downy jasmine (Native) Manipuri: কুন্দো Kundo • Telugu: Kundamu malle • Hindi: Kunda कुंद • Malayalam: Kurukuttimulla • Tamil: மகரந்தம் Makarandam • Gujarati:
Kund (Jasminum multiflorum) find wide mention in ancient literature. It was supposed to be a beautiful flower. beautiful teeth were compared to kund buds. Instead of the common western phrase ‘white as snow’, what often appears in Hindu mythological stories is ‘white as kund’. It is sad to see that today even many gardeners are not aware of the name Kund कुंद.
I wonder which jasmines my sister and I are – our names are Jai and Jui (marathi for jasmine). Everyone in the family tells us Jai is a slightly ‘bigger’ variety of jasmine than ‘Jui’. My grandpa had both shrubs, but I’m still confused.
Jai is either common Jasmine (J. officinale) चमेली or J.auriclatum जूही
Thanks for the information …! Just one change, Jui in marathi is same as Juhi in hindi.. so Jui = Jasminum auriculatum and Jai = J. officinale (my grandpa had both Jai and Jui in his garden and both were fragrant and white)
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Jasminum
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other databases.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
Jasminum (Oleaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 2 posts by 1 author.
If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.