Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I. Darbysh. (Syn: Dianthera bicalyculata Retz.; Dianthera bifida Moench; Dianthera malabarica L. fil.; Dianthera paniculata Forssk.; Dianthera rugosa Perr. ex Nees; Dicliptera bicalyculata Kostel.; Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) J. C. Manning & Goldblatt; Justicia bicalyculata (Retz.) Vahl; Justicia ligulata Lam.; Justicia malabarica (L. fil.) Soland.; Justicia ruderalis Russ. ex Steud.; Peristrophe bicalyculata (Retz.) Nees; Peristrophe dewevrei Wildem. & Th. Dur.; Peristrophe doriae Terrac.; Peristrophe kotschyana Nees; Peristrophe paniculata (Forssk.) R. K. Brummitt; Peristrophe schimperiana Hochst. ex Nees; Ruellia paniculata (Forssk.) C. B. Cl.);
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Egypt (SE-Egypt), Oman (Dhofar), Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir), Yemen (Aden Desert, Tihama, W-Yemen), Pakistan (Karachi, Baluchistan, Peshawar, Pakistani Punjab, Lahore, Rawalpindi), S-Saharan Mts., S-Tibesti, Namibia, Mozambique, Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Mali, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, South Sudan, Senegal, Benin, Gambia, Niger, Nigeria, Socotra, Madagascar, Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava), China (Yunnan, Sichuan), India (Punjab and Scinde to Madras, Assam), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago), Thailand, Nepal, Vietnam, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of life;
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dye-CLIP-ter-uh — Greek: diklis (double-folding); pteron (wing), referring to the wing-like divisions in the capsule … Dave’s Botanary
pan-ick-yoo-LAY-tuh — referring to the flower clusters (panicles) … Dave’s Botanary
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commonly known as: panicled foldwing, panicled peristropheAssamese: কাকজংঘা kakajangha, নাক ভঙা naka bhangaBengali: নাসাভাঙ্গা nasabhangaGujarati: બોડી અઘાડી bodi aghadi, કાકજંઘા kakajangha, કાળી અઘેડી kali aghediHindi: अत्रिलाल atrilal, काकजंघा kakajangha, काकनाडी kakanadi, मसी masi, नसभंगा nasabhangaKachchhi: કારી અઘેડી kari aghedi, લસી અઘેડી lasi aghediKannada: ಚೀಬೀ ಗಿಡ cheebee gida, ಸೀಬಿ ಗಿಡ sibi gidaMalayalam: കാട്ടുപുഴുക്കൊല്ലി kattupuzhukkolliManipuri: খুমন লঙথ্ৰৈ khuman langthreiMarathi: काकजंघा kakajangha, पित्तपापडा pittpapada, रान किरायत ran kirayatSanskrit: काकजङ्घा kakajangha, काकतिक्ता kakatikta, नदीकान्ता nadikanta, प्रचीबल prachibala, सुलोमशा sulomashaSantali: barge khode bahaSindhi: નઝપત najhpatTamil: காரக்காஞ்சிரம் kara-k-kanciramTelugu: చేబీరా chebeera
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Tall erect much branched annual herb with angled stem, 5-10 cm long ovate leaves and with pinkish flowers in lax panicles, corolla bi-lipped; capsule pointed.
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Acanthaceae Week: Dicliptera paniculata from Delhi: Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I.Darbysh., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 113 113 1832.
syn: Dianthera bicalyculata Retz.; Peristrophe bicalyculata (Retz.) Nees; Justicia bicalyculata (Retz.) Vahl; Dianthera malabarica L.f.
Tall erect much branched annual herb with angled stem, 5-10 cm long ovate leaves and with pinkish flowers in lax panicles, corolla bi-lipped; capsule pointed.
Common in Delhi as weed in Rainy season.

Photographed from Khalsa College and Ridge in Delhi.


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Acanthaceae Fortnight: Dicliptera paniculata from Delhi-GSMAR17/18 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I.Darbysh., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 113 113 1832.syn: Dianthera bicalyculata Retz.; Peristrophe bicalyculata (Retz.) Nees; Justicia bicalyculata (Retz.) Vahl; Dianthera malabarica L.f.
Tall erect much branched annual herb with angled stem, 5-10 cm long ovate leaves and with pinkish flowers in lax panicles, corolla bi-lipped; capsule pointed.

Common in Delhi as weed in Rainy season. Photographed from Khalsa College and Ridge in Delhi.



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efloraindia: ID 080911 BRS18: Request for identification of the plant attached herewith. 
Date/Time-Location- Place: 08.09.2011, Sungam, Coimbatore Dist. 
Habitat- Urban 
Habit- Shrub 
Flowers Size- less than one cm.
Colour- pink

The plant in front with pink flowers is Peristrophe paniculata [P. bicalyculata].


… may not be Peristrophe paniculata (my thinking: flowering when leaves are shed) and as name suggests in panicle albeit lax … could be some other Peristrophe OR Dicliptera … me could be wrong.
Here flowers seems to rise shortly from axils amidst dense foliage.


I think Peristrophe paniculata only


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This plant once was identified by …
(confused which one is accepted name)
Bengali name : NASABHANGA
H & H : small herb on roadside
Date : 25/10/12, 11.40 a.m.

Place : Hooghly


I think yes. Nice photographs

What a weird flower with just two petals??


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Herb ID request – RK52 – 27-Nov-2012:  Request id of this herb from Vasai region. It is around 3 – 4 feet tall and is flowering now. The stem is thin and ridged, the leaves are covered with soft hair.


This is Peristrophe paniculata [previously P.bicalyculata].


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Peristrophe paniculata (Family: Acanthaceae) Hooghly (WB) : Attachments (4).  5 posts by 3 authors.

I attach hereby images of Peristrophe paniculata, identified by … sometimes in January in the facebook group.
I am sorry that i fail to give the facebook-link here as i have deactivated and left my facebook account a couple of days ago.
Species : Peristrophe paniculata
Type : wild herb
Date : 06-Dec-2011, 11.39 a.m.
Place : Hooghly, West Bengal

ID Help : http://www.flowersofindia.in/catalog/slides/Panicled%20Peristrophe.html


Yes Peristrophe paniculata


very nice color… bangla name?


I do not know its Bengali name, Madam.

However, according to the ‘Plant Groups’ (by H. Mukherji) the Bengali name for P. bicalyculata is NASABHANGA. But i am yet to know this plant as well.


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ID Request 031213SG : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 4 authors.

Please help identify this plant, 5-6ft, bush type, found on road side at Tembhurni, Maharashtra.

Photographed 28Nov13.


Quite likely to be Peristrophe sp. perhaps P. bicalyculata….


efi page on Dicliptera paniculata (syn. P. bicalyculata


yes, it does look like the ones in eFI link.



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Wild Plant For ID : MNP,Mumbai : 270114 : AK-26 : Attachments (1). 5 posts by 3 authors.

A small wild plant with tiny purple flowers.

I have seen this before, can’t recollect the name.

Picture taken on 29/11/13 at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai.


Peristrophe paniculata I hope.


… hope is authentic. Peristrophe paniculata (Forssk.) Brummitt



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Could the learned members of the group establish the identity of these tiny flowers growing wild at the Sukhna Lake Reserve Forests, Chandigarh? This is in the Shiwalik foothills.
These flowers were photographed on October 28, 2014.

Any background information on this flower would be welcome.


Dicliptera cuneata, I think.


… has kindly offered on my request the following perspective on the shrub:

“This plant is Peristrophe paniculata a native of Southeast Asia and Malaysia, basically a weed by nature, this has spread to entire Indian sub-continent from plains to lower hills.. actually it is a much branched herb but gives shrub-like appearance in aggregation.. leaves towards the apex are much narrower, while the lower ones are ovate-lanceolate..

Though this belongs to Acanthaceae- the family of “Vasaka” (Adhatoda vasica) which is a valuable medicinal plant.. this is not valued for medicinal properties..”



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ANOCT89 Acanthaceae herb for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Dicliptera sp.?
Bangalore 30th October 2014


Peristrophe bicalyculata (Retz.) Nees



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Flower for Id- 04022015SH3 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Flower for Id pl.
Location – Vasai.
Date- 15.12.2013
Habitat –Wild


PERISTROPHE BICALYCULATA – ACANTHACEAE


Thanx … Can anyone tell me it’s name in Marathi ?

I checked it on web and it is mentioned as ” पित्तपापडा” but Fumaria parviflora is also known as “पित्तपापडा”. Pl. help to sort out the confusion.



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Acanthaceae Fortnight::Peristrope paniculata :: NSJ-21 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

Peristrope paniculata?? / Dicliptera paniculata – Both the pictures are slightly different



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Peristrophe paniculata (Forssk.) Brummitt

along Ghodbunder Road on November 11, 2007



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Requesting to please provide ID of the plant captured at Aarey Milk Colony in November 2014.


I think Dicliptera paniculata ..


Agreeing with … thought; yes to Dicliptera paniculata.



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Peristrophe paniculata? from Mumbai.


Dicliptera paniculata


Yes, it looks like so, what I have learned from FoI and DV.


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Fwd: [efloraofindia:239291] For Id GP070216 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Please help me identify this plant.


Peristrophe paniculata



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at Bhadreshwar, Hooghly, West Bengal on 11/11/2007; in Mumbai’s SGNP at Silonda Trail- 7th December, 2008; smriti van Jaipur- 19.10.2008; in Satpura tiger reserve on 11-10-09; On 21/11/09 in Osmania University, Hyderabad, A.P. ; Aarey area Goregaon Mumbai- Nov’09?; in Kothrud, Pune- 2/1/10; At nagoan, Alibag 11Dec, 2010; PLANT FOR IDENTIFICATION -25 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Pea Blue (Lampides boeticus) at Hodal – indiantreepix | Google Groups
For ID 091208 VR – indiantreepix | Google Groups Peristrophe sp from Satpura – NSD 62 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Peristrophe paniculata (?) white flowers – indiantreepix | Google Groups Peristophe paniculata – efloraofindia | Google Groups Peristrophe paniculata Var.white – efloraofindia | Google Groups ID(ID-DKB143) – indiantreepix | Google Groups Peristrophe paniculata – indiantreepix | Google Groups

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Yeoor Hills  … part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Date: December 29, 2019 … Altitude range: about 100 ft (30 m) to 1575 ft (480 m) asl
Peristrophe paniculata  (Forssk.) R.K.Brummitt

Yes sir !


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via Species‎ > ‎D‎ > Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I.Darbysh. … family: Acanthaceae

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
dye-CLIP-ter-uh — Greek: diklis (double-folding); pteron (wing), referring to the wing-like divisions in the capsuleDave’s Botanary
pan-ick-yoo-LAY-tuh — referring to the flower clusters (panicles) … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: panicled foldwing, panicled peristropheAssamese: কাকজংঘা kakajangha, নাক ভঙা naka bhangaBengali: নাসাভাঙ্গা nasabhangaGujarati: બોડી અઘાડી bodi aghadi, કાકજંઘા kakajangha, કાળી અઘેડી kali aghediHindi: अत्रिलाल atrilal, काकजंघा kakajangha, काकनाडी kakanadi, मसी masi, नसभंगा nasabhangaKachchhi: કારી અઘેડી kari aghedi, લસી અઘેડી lasi aghediKannada: ಚೀಬೀ ಗಿಡ cheebee gida, ಸೀಬಿ ಗಿಡ sibi gidaMalayalam: കാട്ടുപുഴുക്കൊല്ലി kattupuzhukkolliManipuri: খুমন লঙথ্ৰৈ khuman langthreiMarathi: काकजंघा kakajangha, पित्तपापडा pittpapada, रान किरायत ran kirayatSanskrit: काकजङ्घा kakajangha, काकतिक्ता kakatikta, नदीकान्ता nadikanta, प्रचीबल prachibala, सुलोमशा sulomashaSantali: barge khode bahaSindhi: નઝપત najhpatTamil: காரக்காஞ்சிரம் kara-k-kanciramTelugu: చేబీరా chebeera
botanical names: Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I.Darbysh. … synonyms: Dianthera bicalyculata Retz. • Dianthera paniculata Forssk. • Dicliptera bicalyculata Kostel. • Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) J.C.Manning & Goldblatt • Justicia bicalyculata (Retz.) Vahl • Justicia ligulata Lam. • Peristrophe bicalyculata (Retz.) Nees • Peristrophe paniculata (Forssk.) R.K.Brummitt … GBIF
November 11, 2007 … along Ghodbunder Road


Kannada transliteration is correct.


I want to correct name for Santali Language.
Badge khode baha
Badge means Garden, Khode is a native name, baha means flower
Correct name:

ᱵᱟᱲᱜᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱲᱜᱮ Badge Khodge


Thank you very much …, for validating the Santali name, and for providing it in the modern Ol Chiki script.

I will incorporate the correction shortly in my notes.


This is again a common herb in Morni Hill area, also in other parts of Haryana,

I hope the identification is right as Dicliptera paniculata


Could it be D.roxburhgiana? (now D.chinense).


efi page on Peristrophe paniculata (syn. Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I. Darbysh.) & Dicliptera chinensis 


…, your plant looks different from D. paniculata.


I think this is Dicliptera paniculata (Forssk.) I. Darbysh. only as per images and details herein.


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Images of Dicliptera cuneata Nees of … has been wrongly placed at Peristrophe paniculata in Flora of Peninsular India.
Pl. correct.


Thanks … I hope … will soon take note of this post.


I do not think so. I am not getting any response to so many corrections sent so far.


OK, Let us mark a copy to an additional email box – herbarium@ces.iisc.ernet.in


I am marking a copy to both mail addresses.

Oh! I hope …, at least heeds and acknowledges receipt of our mails.

He may respond later when he is free from his busy schedule.


My apologies for not responding to your mails. I need to do a little bit of explaining. My wife had undergone heart surgery and is in the recovering phase.

We are advised not to engage any domestic help on account of COVID.  This has complicated my life further.  The two youngsters working full-time on the  Database had gone home, and not been able to return. IISc has appealed to all retired faculty not to come to their labs for now.  I am 80 plus. Work, has therefore come to a grinding halt. Thank you very much for taking trouble to suggest corrections.
I will have these attended at the earliest.

Thanks, … Sorry, I failed to comprehend such a situation. No hurry at all.

We all should be proud of you, for having done such an excellent work with Flora of Peninsular India.


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A wild plant with tiny flowers.


D. paniculata


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Flower for Id -ID10022021SH2
1 image.

Flower for Id pl.
Location – Taljai Hills,Pune
Date – January 2021

I think this is Dicliptera beddomei


I guess Dicliptera cuneata Nees!


Peristrophe paniculata synonym of D.paniculata


I too agree with …


 

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References: Catalogue of life  POWO  Tropicos  Flora of China  Flora of Pakistan  GRIN  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  Flowers of India  Flora of Peninsular India  Peristrophe paniculata on Flickr – Photo Sharing!  Flickr: Search  IIIM Herbarium  Wikimedia Commons  Flora Of Guntur District: Andhra Pradesh, India (Description)

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