Tibet, China (Shaanxi, Shandong, Henan, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan), Taiwan, Bhutan, India (widespread), Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Bangladesh, Pakistan (Hazara), Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Japan, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Italy (I), Australia (I) (Victoria (I)), Java, New Guinea, trop. Africa, Guinea, Togo, Congo (Brazzaville), South Sudan, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Cameroon, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, etc., Singapore, Philippines, Sumatra, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isl., Moluccas, Sulawesi, Darjeeling, Guyana?(I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Dominica (I)), Trinidad (I), Mauritius, La Runion, Madagascar, Saudi Arabia (Asir), Israel (Rift Valley), Syria, Bonin Isl. (Chichijima), Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Maui (I), Hawaii Isl. (I)), USA (I) (Arkansas (I), California (I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Indiana (I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Maryland (I), Mississippi (I), North Carolina (I), New Jersey (I), Ohio (I), Pennsylvania (I), South Carolina (I), Tennessee (I), Virginia (I), West Virginia (I)), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Italy (I), England (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
As per Flora of Birtish India –
(i) leaves 1-3 inch diam.; fruit much compressed, not pentagonal = javanica
(ii) leaves 0.25-1 inch; fruit somewhat compressed pentagonal = rotundifolia (sibthorpioides)


Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides from shillong:
Is it Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides ? Please confirm the ID.
Time of collection :19/10/12
Location : ICAR Campus, Barapani
Habitate : grown on wet place.
Habit : Herb
Flowers : not found during collecion

Yes it is Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lamarck, in Manipur it is known as ‘Lai-peruk’.


Apiaceae Fortnight 1-14 June 2015: Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides from Uttarakhand DSR_June_1/1 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)

Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam (Apiaceae) is a creeping perennial, rooting at nodes.
Flowers are minute and greenish
Photographed in Corbett National Park environ along a river in sandy bed
This species and genus are not represented in eFI

Morphological Taxonomists are a bit behind now! Hydrocotyle is now placed in Araliaceae and have its fair representation in eFI.
I stand corrected.

This small, prostrate herb with glossy leaves was recorded from Pelling in Sikkim..
Please help to conclude the id..
Should this be Hydrocotyle javanica ?

I hope Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. (syn: H. rotundifolia Roxb.)
note rounded lobes, in H. javanica they are triangular

Thanks Sir for correction ..

NA20/07(2) Id required for plant : 17 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)
Attached herewith the plant found growing and covering the ground surface.
Also observed was the white sticky substance [latex] (seen in image)

Photgraphed on 30th April and 15th June 2015
Location: Thane, Maharashtra

Looks like Hydrocotyle sp. (Apiaceae). May be H. verticillata.

Please check in eFI-

This is commonly called as Bramhi, a reputed ayurvedic medicine.

efi pages on Centella asiatica (Brahmi) & Hydrocotyle verticillata

This is not Centella asiatica I have neither Hydrocotyle verticillata.

H. conferta Wight is confined to Kerala and TN, hairy and have sessile umbels.
So, it should be one of H. javanica Thunb. and H. sibthorpioides Lam. as per BSI checklist.
Don’t know which one of the two.

Yeah Sir, both the plant (H. javanica and H. sibthorpioides) have close resemblance. Will have to wait for experts to reply. Attached recent image dated 25/7/15

recent image? and latex would show clearly if photographed against black paper or non-shiney cloth if its/the plant close by, its doable

I will be visiting the place again soon.. will try to photograph it.
During the recent visit most of the plant growth was disturbed .. Will still do the needful
Attachments (1)

forgot to tell you if there is latex please be careful
all latex must be considered toxic and markedly irritant
wear goggles (big ones that cover the eye properly) and preferably gloves
carry lactocalamine bottle and water with you
wash profusely from the skin and apply lactocalamiime right away
if it gets in the eye ulcer may develop and …..
go to emergency room of a good hospital and tell them what happened
alll latex must be considered poisonous …

Sure … I will be careful..

efi pages on Hydrocotyle javanica  & Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides  

As per Flora of Birtish India –
(i) leaves 1-3 inch diam.; fruit much compressed, not pentagonal = javanica
(ii) leaves 0.25-1 inch; fruit somewhat compressed pentagonal = rotundifolia (sibthorpioides)

Thanks a ton, Sir! For always providing a detailed information.. Thank you

Thank you Madam. Attached herewith related entries in Flora of British India. Please note the fruit descriptions in both the species are confusing in FBI. So, please check description in FoP and FoC as well.
And please tell us what you think of your species so that we can conclude this thread.
Attachments (3)

Thank you for the links.. It is Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides.

Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Sharing some pictures of Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. shot at Gyaneswor Kathmandu Nepal on 25 August 2016 at 4500 ft.

Herb for ID, Sylhet Bangladesh NAW-APR19-03 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this herb with minute leaves about 5 mm in diameter, photographed in April 2019, near Sylhet Bangladesh on an abandoned paddy field.

Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. ??

Pl. check with details and images at Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. as suggested by …
To me also appears close.



Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. : 7 posts by 2 authors. 5 images- 2 to 7 mb each.
Location : Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation : 1300 m.
Date : 05 May 2020
Habitat : Wild


Request for identification wetland species: 1 high resolution image.
Location baijnath himachal pradesh
Date 31 march 2021
Mostly at wetland areas..

Hydrocotyle, Araliaceae,

Thanks, … Maybe Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. as per comparative images at Hydrocotyle


ID Request – 15/09/2023PC1: 3 images.

Please identify the plant growing in NIODA, U.P. 
Height of the plant is 1.5-2 inches above ground, spreading through runners, leaves simple, suborbicular, inflorescence at the tip of a leafless axis.

Is it Cardamine lyrata?

Centella asiatica I hope

I have resent the images in jpg format. Got confused because of the small leaf size (the maximum lamina width is just 1cm) and the glossy surface.
3 jpg images.

It looks different from images at

I think this is close to images at

It does look like  and most likely is Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides. Shall try to get close ups of the inflorescence.

check with Centella verticellata

Stem: weak, slender, creeping, branched, rooting at nodes

Leaves: Simple, alternate, stipulate, petiole less than 1 cm, glabrous, lamina sub-orbicular, shallowly 7-lobed, each lobe further 3-lobed, about 1 cm across.
Inflorescence: Umbel, capitate, many (more than 7) flowered, leaf-opposed, solitary at each node, peduncle as long as petiole, 
Flower: sessile, bracteate (one bract), sepals 5, minute green lobes, petals 5, may be imbricate, spreading, white with rose tip, stamens 5, styles 2, spreading, as long as filaments, stylopodia prominent, fruit globose, laterally flattened, glabrous, prominent intermediate ribs, carpophore absent.
Resembles Hydrocotyle. 5 images.

I don’t think C. verticillata which is now known as Hydrocotyle verticillata in which leaves are peltate and hardly lobed, I have photographed from Delhi.

Could it be Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides?

Yes possible




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