Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T.Anderson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 456 1867. (Syn: Hemiadelphis polysperma (Roxb.) Nees; Justicia polysperma Roxb.; Ruellia uliginosa Wall.);
dwarf hygrophila, dwarf hygro, Miramar weed or Indian waterweed;


lowland herb Hooghly 30-01-13 sk2:
Found this small herb in a lowland which remains underwater from July to December.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : about 15 cm high or less, diffused; flowers are about the size of R. parviflora or a bit smaller.
Date : 30/1/13
Place : Hooghly

i think this is species of Lepidagathis,
Family : Acanthceae

This is most likely Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson.
Checked Lepidagathis, didn’t help ūüôĀ

Attaching more pics…


Hooghly : if i am to believe the net… : 8 images. 1 post by 1 author.

…… this is also Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders. !
Links :-

Found a colony just beside the one at efi thread, yesterday.


Hooghly Today : might be Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders. :  4 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.

This seems to be the one, described and illustrated in –
This plant is Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T.Anderson. Besides other features the glabrous capsule with pubescent tip can clearly be seen in image no. DSCN7837.
And this is the same plant as in – efi thread, though in different stage of growth. This is more mature stage. More the waterline recedes the spikes of this plant elongate more, and the leaves, i think, reduce, both in number and size.
The following links might help to determine the species :-
2015april_sk01/01 : Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (18)
One more time I share this, to show how the species looks at different stages of growth.

ACANTHACEAE FORTNIGHT:: For id from Kaithal::NS MARCH 34/34 : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
This small herb with minute flowers was recorded from my village, usually comes with rice crop (after rains)..
I am yet to know the name, the tentative id for me is any Phaulopsis sp., please advise..

Only species of Phaulopsis so far in efi is Phaulopsis imbricata

Please check the probability of Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders.

Yes agree with … Looks like Hygrophila polysperma.

There is only one Phaylopsis in FBI, P. parviflora Willd., the correct name of the genus is Phaulopsis (ref. Tropicos) though.
This is plant is not Phaulopsis parviflora Willd.

Thank you very much … for id conclusion..I will check the local floras for further information…!!

Unbelievable! …. isn’t it?

pls id this small wild herb about 10 cm high
found in Pujam Karnal Haryana (230 mts)
leaves opposite and flowers white

Please check for species of Adenosma

Hygrophila polysperma


Acanthaceae …Hygrophila sp. ?? : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (12)
Presenting for identification and deliberation … is of opinion it is probably Hygrophila polysperma (on fb).
An auatic herbaceous plant from Surat, Gujarat, seen today (28.11.19) around 0930 hrs in morning.
Habitat a vacant plot, was waterlogged. Other plants around were Alternanthera sessilis, Hygrophila auriculata, some grasses, Stemodia viscosa, Ammannia baccifera.
Habit is prostrate, terminal part of stem or branches erect.
Flower very small…size evident compared to fingers in frames.

To me also appears close to Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T.Anderson as per images and details herein and as per comparative images at Hygrophila‎

Herb from Pench РNSD -36 : 7 posts by 4 authors.

This herb is from Pench Tiger Reserve
Photo taken on 28-12-07
This forms like a carpet in wet area during winter
Please id this plant

My guess is Striga sp.

This looks more like a member of Acanthaceae not striga

Lepidagathis cuspidata ??

No. It looks different as per Lepidagathis cuspidata

Thanks a lot … for resurfacing. I think this plant is¬†Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T.Anderson…‚Ķ.


14102011-BS-3 Small herb for id from Pujam Karnal:
Small herb for id from Pujam Karnal

about 10-20 cm high wild with white flowers
Shot in Pujam Karnal Haryana (230 mts)
pls id …

Check for Asystasia mysorensis...looks similar to the one posted by me
earlier from Nasik and identified as above.
Just a guess.

Not agree with Asystasia mysorensis
sharing closeup of flower

Just a wild guess
Looks like Limnophilla rugosa (Scrophulariaceae) but it is a aromatic plants your plants have any aroma pls check sir !

I don’t remember about any aroma. I think Aroma was not there in this herb

Yes, there was no aroma, as we shot this herb together..from the same place..

Acanthaceae, probably a member of Justicia


I think it is Hygrophila polysperma as per images and details herein.

Justicia sp? SN9121: 3 images.
wild herb near Korba

Details are not clear.
May I request you to pl. post high resolution images of 1st two images.

2 images.

Pl. check comparative images at Lythraceae

Maybe some Rotala species as per comparative images herein.

It is close to Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T.Anderson of our comparative images.


Marsh land species for identification: 2 high res. images.
Please help in indentifying this aquatic/marshland plant with small inconspicuous yellow flowers and alternatively arranged triangular, densely packed leaves leaves looking like rosettes resembling Callisia Repens.
Location: Karla Near Lonavala Pune
it is not Lindernia (funnel shaped dotted corolla or Hygrophila (labiate purple flowers) as these have different flowers. Though both these species were found in  same aquatic habitat.

It reminds me of Hygrophila polysperma, Indian Swampweed, a very variable plant.


I’d of a herb from Bilaspur: 3 images.
Request for I’d of a herb with white tiny flowers from Bilaspur. Photographed in January, 2023.

Appears to be some Acanthaceae member.

Pl. check




The Plant List  GRIN  Flora of Pakistan  Annonated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal  Flora of China  Wikipedia  UFL EDU  Fresh Aquarium  issg Database: Ecology of Hygrophila polysperma