Combretum wallichii var. flagrocarpum (C.B.Clarke) M.G.Gangop. & Chakrab., J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 17: 681 1993. (Syn: Combretum flagrocarpum C.B.Clarke; Combretum wallichii Kurz [Illegitimate]; Pentaptera undulata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Terminalia undulata Steud.);

Nepal, Sikkim, N-India, Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing),
Bhutan, Darjeeling, Bangladesh
as per Catalogue of life;

Image by M.Sawmliana – Id by Samiran Panday 


Rubiaceae : Uncaria sp. for ID 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).

Location : Lengpui, Mizoram. Altitude : ca. 400 m. Date : 09-05-2014
Habit : Climbing shrub. Habitat : Wild

First, I have never seen any Uncaria. Secondly, I think it is difficult to suggest species level ID with this single photograph. More so because efI has a single post so far.

Since heads are relatively smaller and leaves seems to be glaucous beneath it maybe U. sessilifructus Roxb.
Please wait for …

Combretum flagocarpum

… worked in a remote area of Mizoram. After seeing the identification I downloaded the Photo.  … is perhaps correct. I never thought that it could be a Combretum. I request the photographer to present us images of fruiting material.

Combretum album ? Or C.wallichii var. flagrocarpum ??

Combretum flagrocarpum C.B.Clarke is a synonym of Combretum wallichii var. flagrocarpum (C.B.Clarke) M.G.Gangop. & Chakrab

Pl. go through Combretum (‎‎‎Combretaceae) page with images of species (mainly done by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

It has been found that the Combretum wallichii complex (with spines on the main body of the fruits) comprises some closely related species, treated as varieties of C. wallichii by Gangopadhyay and Chakrabarty (1997), differing from each another with narrow differences.  Hence Combretum wallichii var. flagrocarpum should now be considered as a distinct species, Combretum flagrocarpus C.B.Clarke.




MS Oct.,2018/11 Combretum flagrocarpum ? for id/confirmation : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Location : Samthang, Mizoram

Date : 02-10-2018
Habit : Large straggling shrub
Habitat : Wild

Gangopadhyay & Chakrabarty (1993) reduced Combretum flagrocarpus C.B. Clarke to a variety of C. wallichii DC. However, Chakrabarty & Chauhan (J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 28: 126-127. 2004) wrote: “Gangopadhyay & Chakrabarty (1993, 1997) applied a rather wide concept while treating C. wallichii by reducing four well established species viz. C. flagrocarpum Clarke, C. griffithii Heurck & Mull.Arg., C. porterianum (Wall. ex C.B. Clarke) Craib and C. yunnanense Exell as its varieties. They also proposed a new variety, var. deciduum , under C. wallichii. It appears that the superficially similar foliage and the difficulty in identifying the incomplete materials of the taxa under discussion possibly prompted Gangopadhyay & Chakrabarty to make such drastic reductions. However, the present studies reveal that C. wallichii in its present state (i.e. sensu Gangopadhyay & Chakrabarty, 1993) represents a heterogeneous assemblage and in fact six closely related species are involved in it rather than varieties with clear-cut differences from each another without any intergradations. Hence it seems appropriate and convenient to remove all the varieties from C. wallichii and reinstate or raise them to specific ranks, following the traditional treatments….”

Here, Chakrabarty & Chauhan (2004) then reinstated Combretum flagrocarpum C.B. Clarke and clarified that it can be distinguished from C. wallichii in being pubescent and in the absence of tufts of yellow hairs or domatia on the lower nerve-axils on the undersurface of the leaves.
Now the present images show dense linear-subulate persistent processes on the main body of the fruits which point to C. wallichii as well as C. flagrocarpum.  However, as the nature of pubescence is not clear in the images (whether pubescent or glabrous) as well as whether the lower surface of the leaves bearing domatia in the lower nerve axils.  In any case, in its present concept, Combretum wallichii is endemic to Nepal and C. flagrocarpum is distributed in Bhutan, NE India, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Conclusion: Combretum flagrocarpus C.B. Clarke.



MS March, 2019/06 Combretum sp. for Id : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Location :Vaphai, Mizoram

Date : 20-03-2019
Habit : Shrub or small tree ?
Habitat : Wild

Combretum album

To me appears more close to images at Combretum wallichii var. flagrocarpum (C.B.Clarke) M.G.Gangop. & Chakrab. rather than those at Combretum albidum G.Don as per comparative images at Combretum

I am unable to arrive at a decision without seeing the fruits.


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