Common name: Chinese Fairy Bells • Nepali: महजरी Mahjari
Himalaya to S. China and Malesia (as per WCSP);


Lily family herb from Manipur : 11 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)

Herb or shrub from Shirui Hill, Ukhrul distt, Manipur. Altitude: 2000-2500 m
Found blooming in early June.
Looks like a Polygonatum, but not sure.
Please identify

Any chance of Disporum sp. (Liliaceae).

Thanks for the lead! Could be Disporum cantoniense

I think looks different from

There is color variation in the species. Another attached image might help in comparison.

virboga ???

Looks like Disporum cantoniense ‘Blueberry Bere’ ??

flowersofindia ????

The Disporum canotiense image on the eflora of India page looks like D. calcaratum. That said, these are D. cantoniense, but they are quite different from the Chinese D. cantoniense which have dark purple flowers. The plants in Manipur and adjacent Myanmar are typically this pale pink color.



MS May,2016/05 Undershrub ? for Id : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Location : Dampui, Mizoram
Date : 02-05-2016
Habit : Undershrub ?
Habitat : Wild

Polygonatum sps. (Asparagaceae).

This species may be Disporum longistylum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) H.Hara, Colchicaceae

I think it will be Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr. [Liliaceae]

Thanks … Your ID seems correct.

This does look like cantoniense, but the length of the spurs should be measured to make sure.

A reply from another thread:

The Disporum canotiense image on the eflora of India page looks like D. calcaratum

I’ll stay with Disporum cantoniense unless the spurs are longer than 3 mm and the plant occurs at lower elevations. Long spurs and an elevation under 1000 m would suggest this is D. calcaratum.



SK1908 11 May 2019 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (11)- around 600 kb each.

Location: Phulchoki, Lalitpur, Nepal
Altitude: 2130 m.
Date: 8 May 2019
Habit : Wild 
Which Disporum??
Google displaying different colored flowers for both sp.

To me appears close to Disporum calcaratum D.Don as per comparative images at Disporum

I think that these represent the white forms of D. cantoniense that should probably be treated as D. parviflorum or another older name. True cantoniense from China has purple flowers and is a deciduous plant. Most of the Indian plants seem to be evergreen and much larger in size. This is an area where molecular studies would be helpful.



Polygonatum fr id : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).
Location : Maite, Mizoram. Date : 26-06-2012. Habitat : Wild

This is a Disporum species, probably calcaratum or cantoniense given the spurs on the tepals.

Please cross check with following details (http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200027611)
Disporum megalanthum F. T. Wang & Tang, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 15: 250. 1978.

A reply from another thread:
“The Disporum for ID from Mizoram looks like Disporum calcaratum despite the relatively recent Fascicle of the Flora of India that recognizes only D. cantoniense

Can this be also Disporum cantoniense as per your reply in another thread by Saroj ji: SK1908 11 May 2019 ?


MS May,2016/13 Disporum sp. ? for ID : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Location : Maite, Mizoram
Date : 26/06/2009
Habit : Perennial herb or undershrub
Habitat : Wild

The Disporum for ID from Mizoram looks like Disporum calcaratum despite the relatively recent Fascicle of the Flora of India that recognizes only D. cantoniense.

Can this be also Disporum cantoniense as per your reply in another thread by Saroj ji: SK1908 11 May 2019 ?


SK1918 16 May 2019 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6) – around 650 kb each.

Location: Phulchoki, Lalitpur, Nepal
Altitude: 2474 m.
Date: 8 May 2019

Habit : Wild

Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr.

I think more closer to images at Disporum calcaratum

Recorded in Kathmandu valley according to the government of Nepal publication, Flora of Katghmandu Valley for cross reference.
SALISB. in Trans. Hort. Soc. 1 : 33l (I812).
Herbs with erect engular branched leafy stems arising from rhizomes. Leaves sessile or subsessile, alternate, linear or lanceolate. Flowers in terminal or axillary, few-flcwered umbels; pedicels decurved. Perianth campanulate, deciduous; segments 6, erect, base saccate or spurred. Stamens 6, hypogynous; anthers dorsifixed, extrorse. Ovary 3-celled;style long or short, stigmas 3, short; ovary cells 2—6—ovuled. Fruit a berry.
Distribution: Species about 20, distributed in North-temperate regions of Asia and America
Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merrill in Philip. Journ. Sci. 15 : 229 (l9l9)— Kitamura in Fn. Fl. Nep. Himal. 1:92 (I955) – var. parviflorum (Wall.) Hara in Fl. E. Himal.407 (I966) – Bull. Dept. Med. Pl. Nep. 2 I 125 (1969). D. pulluni Salisb.; Fl. Brit. lnd. 6:360 (I892).
Erect herb of aboutl m tall. Leaves 4.5—l2 cm long and 0.7-2.6 cm broad, ovate-oblong or lanceolate. acute or acuminate. Flowers white or greenish-white, in sessile or peduncled many-or few-flowered umbels. Pedicels 1.5-2.3 cm long. Perianth segmentSl-l.3 cm long, spathulate or lanceolate, acute or acuminate, base saccate or subsaccate.Fruit bluc-black, pisiform. — _
Di’stri’burion: Himalaya (Garhwal to NEFA, Khasia, Manipur, N. Burma, N. Thai. Indo-China, Malaysia, China, and Formosa; in Nepal – east, central and west.
Ecology: Common on shady places.
Uses: The juice of its root is used for eye trouble. Local name: Sanukukurdaino (H11fita1’§=|‘t) Flowering: May – _lune_ Fruiting: July —Feb.
Place of collection: Phulchoki, 2300-2438 m; Dhunge, Manichur, I828 m; Sundarijal. 1950 m; Shivapuri, 2133 m.

Yes, it should be Disporum cantoniense as per feedback from … in SK1908 11 May 2019


SK2002 14 June 2019 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9)- around 600 kb each. 

Location: Godawari, Lalitpur,, Nepal
Altitude: 1521 m.
Date: 04 June 2019
Habit : Wild 
Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr.  ??

Appears so as per images at Disporum cantoniense

Thank you …!
Nepali Names : सानो कुकुर दाइनो Saano Kukur Daaino / महजरी Mahajaree

This is what is currently accepted to be Disporum cantoniense in the Himalaya, but the flowers seem smaller, the anthers and filaments shorter, and the style shorter than plants from China.


UP-Meghalay 4 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Id pl-Lily flower seen in the forest of Meghalay near Mauphlong

This is not lily. It is Diosporum species.

Disporum longistylum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) H.Hara ??

I think appears close to images at Disporum cantoniense


Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr.: 5 very high res. images.

Location: Phulchoki
Date:  18 July 2021
Elevation:  2200m.
Habit : Wild


Polygonatum multiflorum from Uttarakhand-GS26062022-3: 4 very high res. images.
Polygonatum multiflorum photographed from near Ukhimath Uttarakhand, 31-5-2013

This is Disporum. Under the current concepts it would fall under D. cantoniense.


Disporum cantoniense from Mandal, Uttarakhand-GS04072022-1:5 very high res. images.
Disporum cantoniense photographed from Mandal, Uttarakhand, 2-6-2013.



The Plant List Ver.1.1 WCSP  IPNI  e-monocot  BSI Flora of India checklist  Flora of China  FOC illustration  Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal   PFAF  plant delights  Dave’s Garden Missouri botanical garden  A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 14 edited by M. D. Dassanayake (2000- details)

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