Iris collettii Hook.f. (E. Himalaya to S. Central China and Indo-China: Doubtfully present in: Nepal; China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam as per POWO)

Iris decora Wall. (Pakistan to S. Central China: Assam, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya as per POWO)


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Iris × germanica L. (Introduced)

Iris x hollandica H.R.Wehrh. (Great Britain; West Himalaya as per CoL)


Iris japonica Thunb. (Introduced)





Iris pseudacorus L. (Introduced)

Iris reticulata M.Bieb. (Introduced) (E. Turkey to Iran: Iran, Iraq, North Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey; Introduced into: West Himalaya as per POWO)

Iris spuria L. (Introduced)



Iris variegata L. (Cultivated)


An important document for Monocots taxa of India is FLORAE INDICAE ENUMERATIO: MONOCOTYLEDONAE written by S. KARTHIKEYAN, S.K. JAIN, M.P. NAYAR & M. SANJAPPA and published by Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta in 1989. In this document (Karthikeyan et al. 1989) following species of Iris are mentioned growing in India:

1-  Iris aitchisonii (Baker) Boiss. (Northwest India)
2-  I. aurea Lindl. (Northwest Himalaya) [synonym of I. crocea Jacquem. ex R.C. Foster]
3-  I. clarkei Baker ex Hook.f. (Himalaya)
4-  I. decora Wall. (Temperate Himalaya, Northeast India)
5-  I. deflexa Knowles & Westc. (India) [synonym of I. x germanica L.]
6-  I. duthiei Foster (Western Himalaya) [synonym of I. kemaonensis Wall. ex D. Don]
7-  I. ensata Thunb. (Western Himalaya)
8-  I. germanica L. var. nepalensis (Wall. ex Lindl.) Herb. (Western to Central Himalaya) [synonym of I. x germanica L.]
9-  I. goniocarpa Baker (Central to Eastern Himalaya)
10- I. hookeriana Foster (Western Himalaya)
11- I. kemaonansis Wall. ex D. Don (Himalaya)
12- I. kashmeriana Baker (Western Himalaya)
13- I. longifolia Royle (India) [synonym of I. ensata Thunb.]
14- I. milesii Baker ex Foster (Western Himalaya)
15- I. spuria L. (Northwest Himalaya)
16- I. stantonii Hara (Nepal)
17- I. wattii Baker ex Hook.f. (Northeast India)

Scrutiny of names in Plant List indicate some of them as synonyms which are mentioned in square brackets [ ]                

No Iris species is mentioned in Red Data Book of Indian Plants by Nayar & Sastry, 1987-90)


From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distr.
Iris germanica L. Herb Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Mediterra nean Region Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989 Nilgiri
Iris japonica Thunb. Herb Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of East Asiatic  Region Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989 Nilgiri
Iris unguicularis Poir. Herb Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Mediterra nean Region Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989 Nilgiri


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Iris clarkei Iridaceae Clark’s Iris
Iris crocea Iris spuria subsp. aurea Iridaceae Golden Iris
Iris domestica Belamcanda chinensis Iridaceae Leopard Flower
Iris germanica Iridaceae German Iris
Iris hookeriana Iridaceae Hooker’s Iris
Iris japonica Iris fimbriata, Iris chinensis Iridaceae Fringed Iris
Iris kashmiriana Iris bartonii Iridaceae Kashmir Iris
Iris kemaonensis Iridaceae Kumaon Iris
Iris lactea Eremiris lactea Iridaceae Milky Iris
Iris macrosiphon Iridaceae Ground Iris
Iris milesii Iridaceae Red Flower Iris
Iris pseudacorus Iridaceae Yellow Iris
Iris tectorum Iridaceae Roof Iris
Iris variegata Iris flavescens, Iris lepida, Iris reginae Iridaceae Hungarian Iris
Iris versicolor Iridaceae Blue Flag Iris
Iris virginica Iridaceae Virginia Iris
Iris x hollandica Iridaceae Blue Dutch Iris



Does Iris sikkimensis Dykes occur in India? By D. D. BAHALI CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 89, NO. 10, 25 NOVEMBER 2005

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)-


Iris : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Iris

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added list of species of Iris in India based on a BSI document (Karthikeyan et al. 1989). Since it is 25 years old the list may not be up-to-date.