Smilax wallichii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 246 1850.;
E. Himalaya as per WCSP;


Smilax lanceifolia Roxb. ??? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Location: Dhulikhel, Nepal
Altitude: 5500 ft.
Date: 6 February  2017

I think appears close as per images at

कुबिरैना Kubiraina / चोप चिनी Chop Chinee  / छतिवन Chhatiwan 

This has been verified as Smilax wallichii Kunth !

Smilax aspera L. : 11 posts by 2 authors. 4 CORRECT IMAGES- around 800 kb each.
Location: Godawari, Nepal
Altitude:5000 ft.
Date: 22 June 2017 
Is the ID correct?

Looks different from images at Smilax aspera

I am also not convinced !

Check other species in efi site.

Now we have images on all pages of smilax

Pl. check with Smilax zeylanica

Need your help for ID of this please.
Smilax zeylanica and Smilax ovalifolia are two different sp., is it ?
FOI giving both names for same plant.

Both are separate species according to the Plant List

What about the ID of above post?

I think may be more closer to Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don rather than Smilax zeylanica L. (based on the relative size of the umbel and pedicels therein)

It could be …

This has been verified as Smilax wallichii Kunth !
Wrong ID by the Garden !


Smilax wallichii Kunth (mixed thread): 15 posts by 3 authors. First- Attachments (6)

Location: Sundarijal, Kathmandu
Date: 30 July  2019
Elevation: 1577 m.
Habit : Wild 

nice. any flowers or fruits?

No flowers yet and have to visit in April-May !

No flowers yet and asking expert from Nepal for flowering months.

Thanks, …, for the beautiful images along with clear image of the petiole.

Appears similar to your post at SK230DEC08-2016:ID

I shall ask the expert and validate.  

SK230DEC08-2016:ID : 17 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Location: Gurje Bhanjyang, Kathmandu , Nepal
Altitude:  6000 ft.
Date: 6 June 2015

Please check for Smilax (Smilaceae) species.
Smilax in eFI.

I did check but could not come to the conclusion.

What is the habit of the plant?

Herbaceous climbing plant. Thin forest of short trees. Shady.

‘Herbaceous climbing plant’

Smilax seems to be the best possibility. Leaf and inflorescence (type) are good matches for Smilax.

Is it Smilax elegans subsp. elegans (accepted name)  ??
Altitude and fruiting season is as per the following link.

Is this also the same plant from different location ??
Location: Ranikot, Bhaktapur, Nepal

Date :  10 May 2014
Altitude : 6300 ft.

This is Smilax too.
Whether it’s the same species.. that’s difficult to comment on with available data.. but given that the geography, altitude and time of the year are similar, one can make that presumption.

Pl. check with images at

Smilax lanceifolia Roxb. ??

You may be right as per
Smilax lanceifolia  GBIF (with type specimen) FOC illustration  Hong Kong Plant Database

Smilax sp. But which species ?

I guesed S. lanceifolia !

Smilax sp. But which species ?

I guesed S. lanceifolia !

This has been identified as Smilax wallichii Kunth !

Yes, I checked with GBIF, it appears close to Smilax wallichii


SK1855 22 April 2019 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Location:  Nagarjun Forest reserve, Kathmandu
Date: 20 April 2019
Elevation1662 m.
Habit : Wild
Which Smilax ??

Closest I can go with comparative images at Smilax is Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don
But this will only be tentative without flowers or fruits.

No. Looks different.

This has been verified as Smilax wallichii Kunth !


SK1108 25 APR-2018 : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6) – around 600 kb each.

Location:  Godawari, Nepal  
Date: 18 April 2018
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Habit: Wild
Smilax again. 
Smilax zeylanica L.  ??

Its seems some species of Smilax

On further scrutiny,  I think it may be more closer to images at Smilax zeylanica L. as per comparative images at Smilax

This has been verified as Smilax wallichii Kunth !

SK880 25 NOV-2017:ID : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location:  Nagarkot, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Date: 31 January 2017
Elevation : 6600 ft.
Smilax perfoliata Lour.  ??

Leaves appear similar to images at Smilax perfoliata
But can not say anything about the id based on these images.

Thank you … I guess no other Smilax has big size leaf of the water bottle length.

This has been verified as Smilax wightii A.DC. !

SK1938 22 May 2019 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)- around 650 kb each.
Location: Nagarkot, Bhaktapur
Date: 16  May 2019
Elevation: 1850 m.
Habit : Wild 
Smilax zeylanica L. ??

May be as per Smilax zeylanica ?

This has been verified as Smilax wallichii Kunth !


SK 2338 22 December 2019 : 5 posts by 1 author. 4 images- 6 mb or more.

Location: Suryabinayak, Bhaktapur
Date: 15 November 2019 
Elevation: 1424m.
Habitat: Wild
Smilax lanceifolia Roxb. ??

Smilax wallichii Kunth

IDENTITY OF A SPINY CLIMBER : 9 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)
Attaching two images of a climber whose main stem is spiny.
Can any one identify the species please?

Smilax sp.

Possibly Heterosmilax?

seems to be what was once called “aw green climber”, a smilax sp. once for a few years grown /shown in the greenhouses at NYBG. they were studying the taxonomic revisions. don’t have time to track those things now. i am sure some botany professor will know

Looks like Smilax sp.

Smilax wallichii


MS, Jan.,2021/09 Smilax sp. for I’d.:
Location : Reiek, Mizoram

Date : 07-09-218
Habit : Climber
Habitat : Wild

Smilax wallichiiKunth

Pl. send a high resolution image, to show the petiole clearly.
To me it looks different from images at Smilax wallichii
Smilax ovalifolia Roxb. ex D.Don may be possible as per images and details herein and as per comparative images at Smilax

On further scrutiny, maybe also Smilax lanceifolia Roxb.

1 high resolution image.

ID was from Smilax expert from Nepal !

Maybe. Both appear to be quite close. We have to find the difference between the two.  Can you ask him ?


MS,Jan.,2021/10 Smilax sp. for id: 1 high resolution image.
Location : Reiek, Mizoram

Date : 30-06-2018
Habit : Climber
Habitat : Wild

I think it may be Smilax lanceifolia Roxb. as per images and details herein.

This may also be the same as in ‘MS, Jan.,2021/09 Smilax sp. for I’d.’


Smilax wallichii Kunth: 7 very high res. images.

Location: Suryavinayak, Bhaktapur, Nepal 
Date: 02 March 2023
Elevation: 1364 m.
Habit : Wild

How is it different from images at

Any keys?

3 images.

It says inflorescence single umbel, costate, trinerved for S.lanceifolia and branched umbel, costate, trinerved or triplinerved for S.wallichii

I will further examine, with the detailed descriptions.

As per keys, it should be S.lanceifolia.
I have not found a description of S.wallichii on the net.
Can you post it here for further examination?

Here are the details: 

From your book (S.wallichii)  From your book (S.lanceifolia)
Large climbing vine reaching sometimes up to the top canopy of the forest, with stout stems. Flowering branches, terete, striate and sparsely prickly, prickles hooked downwards; stem cross section round; scales 1.5*1 cm, brown.
Leaves shining green; petioles winged, non clasping, wings triangular 1-2 mm long, wings narrow in younger leaves; tendrils arising in pair from the base of the wings; abscission at the base of the tendrils;leaves shape oblanceolate to lanceolate, leaf base truncate, apex acuminate; nerves 5-7, triplinerved, two lateral veins jointed upto 3 mm above the leaf base, marginal veins weak.Inflorescence branched umbel containing 1-3 umbels, sometimes solitary umbel. one or more rudimentary umble is always present; bracts present, almost triangular, 4-5*3-3.5 mm, arising from half of the peduncle where the umbel branches; receptacle reniform; prophylls present, triangular 7*7 mm, tio acuminate; peduncle longer than pedicel; 25-40 flowers per umbel in male, 15-25 flowers per umbel in female.
Staminate flower: flowers bell shaped; perianth 6, dimorphic, arranged in two whorls, outer lanceolate, 9*3 mm, inner linear, 9*1 mm, recurved on blooming; stamens 6, ca 9 mm long, all equal in size, filaments 8 mm long, fales union up to 3.5-4 mm from the base, anther lobes white, lanceolate, 1-1.5 mm long. Female flowers: smaller the male, light green, perianth 6, arranged in two whorls, outer whorl of lanceolate, 5.5*2.5 mm, inner whorl of linear, 5*1 mm; staminodes 3, arising from the gap of inner and outer perianth, linear, 3-3.5 mm; stigma 3, curved downwards, almost reniform, 1.5*1 mm. Fruit berry, 4-5 mm diameter, green when unripe, young fruit is always glaucous, red when ripe. 
Climbing vine with long, woody, terete stems; scales 2, Outer one covering inner one 7*4 mm; flowering branches elongate, terete or obscurely angular, smooth, sometimes variegated, 2-3 mm across, green.

Leaves dark green; petioles 10-15 mm, bent upward above the middle, lower petiole winged for 6-8 mm, wings narrow 2-3 mm wide; tendrils rudimentary in flowering branch, strong and persistent in non-flowering branch;
blades variable in shape and size, broadly oblanceolate to lanceolate, 5-16*2-8 cm, upper surface shining; base obtuse, apex acuminate, trinerved, 3+2 nerved, sometimes 2 lateral nerves present in large leaves not terminating at the apex veinlets distinct in lower surface.

Inflorescence single umbel, bracts single, almost triangular, 3*4 mm, obtuse; 15-20 flowers per umbel in male, 10-15 flowers per umbel in female, receptacle reniform; pedicle always longer than the peduncle.

Staminate flowers light green, perianth 6, arranged in two whorls, inner whorl linear, 5*1 mm, alternating outer whorl lanceolate, 5-6*1.5-2 mm, stamens 6, dimorphic, longer stamens 6 mm long alternating with short stamens 5 mm, anther lobes ca 1 mm long white, spathulate, extrose.
Pistillate flowers light green; perianth shorter than staminate flower, dimorphic, outer almost triangular 2.5*1 mm, alternating inner almost linear, 2.5*0.5 mm; staminodes 3, pointed apex bifurcate, ca 1 mm long; stigma 2, reniform, ca 1 mm long, ovary oval, disc present. Fruit berry, dark green when immature, ca 2 mm in diameter.


As per Flora of China

Vines climbing. Stem branched, terete, 1–2 m, woody; branchlets occasionally zigzagged. Petiole 1–2(–2.5) cm, narrowly winged for 1/5–1/4 its length; abscission zone at middle; tendrils usually present. Leaf blade lanceolate to ovate-oblong, 6–17 × 2–8 cm. Inflorescence of 1(or 2) umbels, basally prophyllate; peduncle 1–1.5 cm, proximally articulate; umbels of both sexes densely 20–30-flowered, base slightly thickened. Male flowers: tepals yellowish green, 3–4.5 × ca. 1 mm; stamens 3–4 mm. Female flowers: tepals 1.5–2 × ca. 0.6 mm; staminodes 6. Berries yellowish red to black, globose, 6–7 mm in diam. Fl. Sep–Mar, fr. Oct–Nov. 

All these points of it being S.lanceilfolia

Please have a look at these two  images, one each from Suryabinayak, S. wallichii having all leaf venation emerging from the base of the leaf, and from Phulchoki, S. lanceifolia having leaf venation emerging differently from the base of the leaf.
May I have your opinion please !
2 images

Based on detailed description and keys, 1st one is S.lanceifolia and 2nd one is S. wallichii.

This is Smilax wallichii Kunth !

No, it is S.lanceifolia

On detailed checking as per your another post (Smilax lanceifolia Roxb.), both these images are of S.lanceifolia.

Mr. Sajan Subedi has confirmed this as S. wallichii !

I have already sent you keys for all sp. from his book.

But those are not correct as they lead to wrong identification.

He has suggested to refer to the Flora of taiwan.

But no keys available online as in

Keys and descriptions from the Flora of Bhutan !

I checked with our observations in eFI. But these keys and illustrations also does not satisfy the difference between the two.

Better to ask the Expert Sh. Subedi (?).


Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  World Flora Online  WCSP  IPNI  POWO  GBIF (High resolution specimens) Flickr